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  WCC Overview
Fischer vs FIDE, 1975
Fischer forfeits.

After defeating Spassky in 1972, Bobby Fischer stopped playing serious chess, turning down several lucrative offers to play in public.

Fischer, circa 1971 In 1974, Fischer's challenger was decided: he was an emerging Russian chess superstar, Anatoly Karpov, who had defeated Korchnoi in the candidate's final to earn him the right to challenge Fischer.

In September, 1973, Fred Cramer, Vice President (Zone 5) of FIDE, proposed that the world championship match be decided on 10 wins, draws not counting. He also proposed that the champion retains his title if it were a 9-9 tie. This became known as the Cramer proposal. Fischer telegrammed FIDE informing them that they should adopt the Cramer proposal.[1]

Opponents of the proposal argued that the unlimited format is impractical, and that the 9-9 rule affords the champion too great of an advantage. Proponents claimed that the proposal would encourage exciting chess (because draws do not count) and that it more accurately determined the better player. Fischer argued the merits of the proposal in a 1974 letter to FIDE:

The first player to win ten games, draws not counting, with unlimited number of games wins the match. If the score is nine wins to nine wins, draws not counting, the champion retains title and the match is declared drawn with the money split equally. Versus the old system of the best of 24 games wins the match (12.5 points) and if 12-12 the match is drawn with the champion retaining the title and prize fund is split equally. Draws do count in this system.

The unlimited match favors the better player. This is the most important point, because in the limited game system the match outcome can turn on a very low number of wins, giving the weaker player a chance to "luck out." Also, in the limited game system the player who takes a game or two lead has an advantage out of all proportion. This creates an added element of chance. The player who wins the match should be the player who plays best over the long run, not the player who jumps off to an early lead.[2]

In June, 1974, the FIDE Congress in Nice approved the 10-win regulation and the elimination of draws from the scoring, but imposed a 36-game limit and rejected the 9-9 proposal. On June 27, 1974, Fischer sent a telegram from Pasadena, California to the FIDE Congress:
As I made clear in my telegram to the FIDE delegates, the match conditions I proposed were non-negotiable ... FIDE has decided against my participation in the 1975 World Chess Championship. I therefore resign my FIDE World Championship title.

In March, 1975, an extraordinary FIDE Congress was held in Bergen, Netherlands, and it was agreed to have an unlimited number of world championship games, but still refused the 9-9 rule (32 votes for it, and 35 votes against it). [3] Fischer, unwilling to budge, refused to defend his title.

In Karpov's memoirs he recounts how he was disappointed to not have a chance to become champion in the traditional manner:

I don't know how Fischer feels about it, but I consider it a huge loss that he and I never played our match. I felt like the child who has been promised a wonderful toy and has it offered to him but then, at the last moment, it's taken away.[4]

On April 3rd, 1975, Karpov was declared the 12th World Champion.


  1. Robert James Fischer, by Bill Wall
    2 Bobby Fischer letter to FIDE, 1974
    3 Robert James Fischer, by Bill Wall
    4 Karpov on Karpov: Memoirs of a Chess World Champion, by Anatoly Karpov, Athenuem Press, 1992.

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Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 125 OF 125 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Jun-16-18  WorstPlayerEver: <Mazymetric>

No, I think the second on the left is the painter.

Premium Chessgames Member
  morfishine: <Mazymetric> I'm sure someone can

For example, 4 people from the right in the back row, thats definitely Jeff Goldblum

Or its Kramer

Premium Chessgames Member
  morfishine: <Mazymetric> I will try, maybe make it a short contest, I think I know at least half of the pictured
Jun-16-18  FredGambit: The small man seated at the center is <Tobey Maguire>. ;)
Premium Chessgames Member
  morfishine: Ok, from the back, left to right, I got (1) Kramnik (2) unknown (3) Capa (4) J Polgar (5) unknown (6) Steinitz (7) Fischer (8) Jeff Goldblum (9) Petrosian (10) Tal (11) unknown

Sitting from left to right, I got (1) Kasparov (2) Spassky (3) Alekhine (4) Karpov (5) unknown (6) Lasker

Standing, 1st from the right and 5th from the left are probably Euwe & Botvinnik


Premium Chessgames Member
  ChessHigherCat: This one's Lasker:



Max Euwe:

Billy Boy Steinitz:

It's more of an expressionist than a realistic approach. That's the least flattering portrait of Fischer I've ever seen. Isn't Tal in there somewhere?

Premium Chessgames Member
  morfishine: "Fisching for a Karp"


Jun-17-18  Mazymetric: <ChessHigherCat: Isn't Tal in there somewhere?> Tal is standing between Euwe and Petrosian behind Lasker and Botvinnik.
Jun-17-18  Mazymetric: <morfishine> Standing (5) is Smyslov, (11) is Euwe and sitting (5) is Botvinnik.
Jun-17-18  Mazymetric: Just one left. The guy between Kramnik and Capa.
Jun-17-18  WorstPlayerEver: <Mazymetric>

Why you ask if I already gave the answer? It's the painter and he's holding -what looks like- a camera (the green is the camera strap). Obviously a reference to the fact these paintings are made after pictures.

I could be wrong, I could be right :P

Premium Chessgames Member
  morfishine: <Mazymetric> Thanks, but who's the guy between Fischer & Petrosian (the guy I keep joking around looks like Jeff Goldblum)


PS: Where's Morphy?

Jun-17-18  Mazymetric: <morfishine: <Mazymetric> Thanks, but who's the guy between Fischer & Petrosian (the guy I keep joking around looks like Jeff Goldblum)> That's Anand.
Jun-17-18  Mazymetric: <WorstPlayerEver: <Mazymetric> Why you ask if I already gave the answer? It's the painter and he's holding -what looks like- a camera (the green is the camera strap). Obviously a reference to the fact these paintings are made after pictures.> Thanks. I thought you were saying that Spassky is the painter.
Jun-17-18  Mazymetric: <morfishine: PS: Where's Morphy?> This is a painting of all the world champions. Morphy wasn't an official world champion.
Jun-17-18  WorstPlayerEver: <Mazymetric>

Lol I also was in doubt for a moment. Two Spasskys? ;)

Jun-17-18  WorstPlayerEver: That sweater...

Seems the painter is playing with facial expression. He's pretty good.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Joshka: <Mazymetric> Then that has to be Carlsen between Vlad and Capa.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Joshka: Although it does not look like him at all, IMHO.
Jun-17-18  WorstPlayerEver: <Joshka>

Carlsen just lost to Lasker, now it's Kasparov's turn.

Premium Chessgames Member
  morfishine: <Mazymetric> Thanks, now it makes sense, Anand bears a striking resemblance to Jeff Goldblum lol
Premium Chessgames Member
  harrylime: Nothing to see here ! lol lol lol

Only Geeks ...

Like I posted earlier, Bobby would have destroyed Karpov in 75 if he had had to.

The fact Karpov struggled and nearly lost to an ancient Korchnoi in 78 , with the match infested with poor chess, is proof of this.

Fischer, a motivated primed Fischer, would have eaten Karpov alive in 75

Premium Chessgames Member
  AylerKupp: <<harrylime> Nothing to see here ! lol lol lol Only Geeks ...>

If there’s nothing to see here and there are only geeks, why are you bothering to post?

<Fischer, a motivated primed Fischer, would have eaten Karpov alive in 75>

Probably. But the question is whether in 1975 Fischer was either motivated or primed has never been answered, and can never be. And that, after all, it the real question.

Jun-17-18  nok: <Then that has to be Carlsen between Vlad and Capa.>

Behind Capa is Vlad Akopian.

Jun-18-18  Mazymetric: <harrylime> Korchnoi was a really strong dude. He had a plus score against almost all the top players of his time like, Tal, Spassky, Petrosian, Geller, Larsen and Stein. That's why Karpov had a hard time beating him.
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