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TOURNAMENT STANDINGS
Berlin Tournament

Joseph Henry Blackburne14/16(+13 -1 =2)[view games]
Johannes Zukertort11/16(+9 -3 =4)[view games]
Simon Winawer10.5/16(+9 -4 =3)[view games]
Mikhail Chigorin10.5/16(+10 -5 =1)[view games]
James Mason9.5/16(+7 -4 =5)[view games]
Alexander Wittek9.5/16(+7 -4 =5)[view games]
Johannes Minckwitz8.5/16(+6 -5 =5)[view games]
Jacques Schwarz8.5/16(+6 -5 =5)[view games]
Johann Nepomuk Berger8/16(+5 -5 =6)[view games]
Louis Paulsen8/16(+6 -6 =4)[view games]
Wilfried Paulsen7.5/16(+5 -6 =5)[view games]
Emil Schallopp7/16(+7 -9 =0)[view games]
Fritz Riemann6.5/16(+4 -7 =5)[view games]
Carl Wemmers6.5/16(+5 -8 =3)[view games]
Josef Noa5.5/16(+4 -9 =3)[view games]
Carl Friedrich Schmid3.5/16(+1 -10 =5)[view games]
H von Schuetz1.5/16(+1 -14 =1)[view games]
Karl Pitschel0/3(+0 -3 =0)[view games]
*

Chessgames.com Chess Event Description
Berlin (1881)
The 2nd Deutscher Schachkongress ("German chess congress") was organised by Hermann Zwanzig and Emil Schallopp, and took place in Berlin from August to September 1881. It included the 2nd Meisterturnier (master's tournament) organized by the Deutscher Schachbund (DSB) in the two years since Berthold Englisch won the first at Leipzig (1879). A large field of German masters shared the board with many of the best that Europe had to offer. The brightest lights among the German participants were Louis Paulsen and his brother Wilfried, and Johannes Minckwitz. Great Britain was represented by Joseph Henry Blackburne and James Mason. Mikhail Chigorin travelled over from Russia, and two great masters from Poland, Simon Winawer and Johannes Zukertort, also participated. The 18 collected masters was a field of strength that had not been seen since Baden-Baden (1870). The games were fiercely fought, as few draws were recorded, and a formula from this event would serve as a template for all future chess congresses in Germany before the Great War.

Berlin, 29 August - 17 September 1881

1st Blackburne 14 /16 * 1 1 1 0 ½ 1 1 ½ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2nd Zukertort 11 /16 0 * ½ 1 ½ 1 1 1 ½ 1 0 0 1 1 ½ 1 1 =3rd Winawer 10½/16 0 ½ * 0 1 0 1 ½ 1 1 1 0 1 1 ½ 1 1 =3rd Chigorin 10½/16 0 0 1 * 0 0 0 ½ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 =5th Mason 9½/16 1 ½ 0 1 * ½ ½ 0 ½ 1 0 1 0 1 1 ½ 1 =5th Wittek 9½/16 ½ 0 1 1 ½ * ½ 1 ½ 0 1 0 ½ 1 0 1 1 =7th von Minckwitz 8½/16 0 0 0 1 ½ ½ * 1 ½ 0 0 1 ½ 1 1 1 ½ =7th Schwarz 8½/16 0 0 ½ ½ 1 0 0 * 1 1 ½ 1 0 ½ 1 ½ 1 =9th Berger 8 /16 ½ ½ 0 0 ½ ½ ½ 0 * 0 0 1 1 ½ 1 1 1 =9th Paulsen, L 8 /16 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 * ½ 1 ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 11th Paulsen, W 7½/16 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 ½ 1 ½ * 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ 1 12th Schallopp 7 /16 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 * 1 0 1 0 1 =13th Riemann 6½/16 0 0 0 0 1 ½ ½ 1 0 ½ ½ 0 * 0 1 ½ 1 =13th Wemmers 6½/16 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ 1 1 * 1 1 1 15th Noa 5½/16 0 ½ ½ 0 0 1 0 0 0 ½ 1 0 0 0 * 1 1 16th Schmid 3½/16 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 0 ½ 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ 0 0 * 0 17th von Schuetz 1½/16 0 0 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 * Pitschel 0/3 - - 0 0 - - - - 0 - - - - - - - - (expunged)

The last round game Blackburne - Noa was not played (the latter was sick and forfeited the game). Pitschel played in the first three rounds and withdrew from the tournament. His games did not count in the official tournament record, but are included in this collection. This was the best tournament result of Blackburne's career. He dominated the field with an amazing final score of 14/16, losing only one game to his countryman Mason, and earning wins against some of the best chess masters of the day.

The Berlin Hauptturnier (1881) was won by Curt von Bardeleben, qualifying him for DSB's 3rd Meisterturnier at Nuremberg (1883).

Tournament book

Der erste, zweite und dritte Kongress des Deutschen Schachbundes: Leipzig 1879 Berlin 1881 Nürnberg 1883 by Emil Schallopp. New ed. by Edition Olms, Zürich 1979. ISBN 3283000255.

Original collection: Game Collection: Berlin 1881 by User: suenteus po 147.

 page 1 of 6; games 1-25 of 138  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Chigorin vs Wittek 0-141 1881 BerlinC44 King's Pawn Game
2. Winawer vs Wemmers 1-028 1881 BerlinC30 King's Gambit Declined
3. C F Schmid vs E Schallopp 1-032 1881 BerlinC33 King's Gambit Accepted
4. Zukertort vs W Paulsen 0-124 1881 BerlinB43 Sicilian, Kan, 5.Nc3
5. H Von Schuetz vs F Riemann 0-128 1881 BerlinC63 Ruy Lopez, Schliemann Defense
6. Paulsen vs J Minckwitz 1-040 1881 BerlinC47 Four Knights
7. Blackburne vs J Mason 0-178 1881 BerlinC11 French
8. J Schwarz vs J Noa 1-036 1881 BerlinC49 Four Knights
9. J N Berger vs K Pitschel 1-026 1881 BerlinC77 Ruy Lopez
10. Wittek vs E Schallopp 0-134 1881 BerlinC49 Four Knights
11. C F Schmid vs J Mason ½-½102 1881 BerlinC11 French
12. Winawer vs Zukertort ½-½45 1881 BerlinC37 King's Gambit Accepted
13. W Paulsen vs F Riemann ½-½38 1881 BerlinC22 Center Game
14. J Schwarz vs H Von Schuetz 1-039 1881 BerlinC49 Four Knights
15. Paulsen vs J Noa ½-½64 1881 BerlinC02 French, Advance
16. Wemmers vs J Minckwitz 0-153 1881 BerlinC67 Ruy Lopez
17. Chigorin vs K Pitschel 1-031 1881 BerlinC34 King's Gambit Accepted
18. J N Berger vs Blackburne ½-½27 1881 BerlinC11 French
19. F Riemann vs E Schallopp 0-141 1881 BerlinC25 Vienna
20. Paulsen vs J Mason 0-147 1881 BerlinC02 French, Advance
21. Winawer vs K Pitschel 1-039 1881 BerlinC34 King's Gambit Accepted
22. H Von Schuetz vs Blackburne 0-125 1881 BerlinC01 French, Exchange
23. Zukertort vs J Noa ½-½46 1881 BerlinA35 English, Symmetrical
24. J Schwarz vs J Minckwitz  0-162 1881 BerlinC49 Four Knights
25. J N Berger vs Wemmers  ½-½37 1881 BerlinC77 Ruy Lopez
 page 1 of 6; games 1-25 of 138  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Nov-02-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  Shams: Does anyone know why 1879 winner Berthold Englisch did not participate?
Nov-02-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  waustad: <ws>I've been in Berlin, but dialect there is a stretch. I remember how hard it was to try to cut through the Viennese dialect pieces in Kurier (http://kurier.at/) and I even lived there for a while. There is no guarantee that they still have those little dialect poems. The media is probably evening out dialects now like everywhere. We don't talk the same but we all pretty much understand a TV standard.
Nov-02-12  MountainMatt: And where was Steinitz???
Nov-03-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  Shams: Are there not complete game scores for this tournament? The winner has only 15 games out of 16, while runners-up Winawer and Chigorin have apparently 17 out of 16 games each (?).
Nov-03-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: <Shams> Chigorin, Winawer and Berger were the only ones who played Pitschel.
Nov-03-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  Shams: <Benzol> I see, thank you. But where is Blackburne's missing game? From the crosstable, he played 16 games, and there's no mention of a forfeit in the tournament summary.
Nov-03-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  Shams: 365chess.com has a link to the missing game Blackburne - Noa, but the PGN is empty.
Nov-03-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: <Shams> The empty PGN indicates the score is not available. It's just 365's way of filling out the tournament table.
Nov-03-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  twinlark: Shame about the missing game scores, but it's amazing so many actually survived through to the present day.
Nov-03-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  twinlark: Not literally, but long enough to be recorded for posterity.

Having been involved in the transcription of tournament scores for online publication, I know what an incredibly tedious job it to decipher hundreds of score sheets.

Nov-03-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: <twinlark> added a footnote to explain the missing game. I did the Rd/Dates for this one and dimly recalled something about. Editor Hermann Zwanzig wrote "Die Partie Blackburne - Dr Noa wurde nicht gespielt, the letzterer sich unwohl fühlte und deshalb auf das Spiel verzichtete."
Nov-04-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: <waustad> <Thanks cg!> Whilst I want to thank <chessgames> too, I also want to thank <suenteus po 147> for creating the collection in the first place and <Calli> for the work he put in to make it possible for this "live" page to become a reality.

Cheers Guys!

:)

Feb-10-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  optimal play: Amazing to compare Blackburne’s superb performance at this tournament with his relatively poor showing just a month or so earlier in his match with Zukertort in London. In that match, Blackburne was roundly beaten by Zukertort by 7 wins to 2, yet in this tournament he scored 12 wins out of 15 (including Zukertort) only losing the one game (against Mason) and finishing a clear 1st.

Interesting to consider Wilhelm Steinitz’s assessment of Blackburne’s playing style and how it was more suitable to tournaments rather than a one-on-one match: <<Mr Blackburne’s anti-drawing inclination makes him one of the most dangerous rivals in tournaments where the draws count half ; but the same characteristic places him at great disadvantage in a single-handed match, more especially when he stands already behind in the score. In such a case it is most dangerous policy to try to force a win at some hazard, for this amounts actually to giving the large odds of the draw, which, in the opinion of some authorities, is equivalent to pawn and move, while it is clearly the wiser plan for the party who stands at a disadvantage in the score to take such odds for himself by keeping on the defensive, and watching for more positive opportunities of increasing his score.> The Field, London, 1881.07.16>

Steinitz wrote that comment during Blackburne’s match with Zukertort and before the Berlin tournament, so his rivals should have been well aware not to underestimate him.

Mar-28-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  suenteus po 147: Wow, just...wow. A guy disappears on walkabout for roughly a year and suddenly he comes back to find the whole world has gone crazy! When did this happen? And why are people reading my terrible tournament introductions???
Mar-28-13  Jim Bartle: He's like Moses returning from the Mountain.
Mar-28-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  suenteus po 147: <Jim Bartle> I do feel like I have horns growing out of my forehead.
Mar-28-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  Shams: <suenteus po 147> Welcome back! Any shamanic visions to share with us?
Mar-28-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  suenteus po 147: <Shams> Yes! Stop taking out student loans, don't go for that extra graduate degree! Work hard, but live well. Doing for others is doing for yourself. Etc.
Mar-28-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  Shams: I was hoping for mystical fireworks, but ça marche.
Apr-04-16  zanzibar: At the time of the tournament Zukertort was viewed as representing Britain, and not Poland:

<Thankful as we are to Dr. Zukertort for the able manner in which he has represented this country as a naturalised Englishman in several tourneys, we cannot of course disguise our satisfaction that an Englishman by birth has succeeded in wresting the first prize at Berlin from so many other doughty champions.>

BCM v1 (Oct 1882) p317/326

And it should be mentioned that Winawer's Poland was part of the Russian Empire at the time, and so he was often referred to as representing Russia in the press.

Apr-04-16  zanzibar: Some important parameters of the tournament found here:

<BCM v1 (Aug/Sep 1881) p292/301

FOREIGN NEWS.

Germany. We have received a copy of the Programme of the Second Congress of the German Chess Association, which will commence at the Germania Restaurant, 34, Taubenstrasse, Berlin, on the 29th inst. These will be, as usual, a Masters' Tourney, and three other game tourneys, besides the Tombola and Problem tourneys. Also the proceedings are intended to include blindfold play, consultation games, and a solution tourney, and they will be diversified with a banquet and two excursions. For the Masters' tourney the entrance fee is 30 marks, and there will be four prizes of 1200, 600, 400, and 300 marks respectively. The time limit is 15 moves an hour. Some admirable rules, which we cannot notice in detail, with regard to "private agreements," "interruptions," and the appointment of a "Decision Court" for cases not contemplated by the rules, conclude the programme of this tourney. In the chief of the inferior tourneys, the entrance fee is 10 marks, and the play will be in groups, the winners of each group afterwards contending for the prizes, of which there will be four, valued at 200, 120, 80, and 50 marks. In this, as well as the two other minor tourneys, the time limit is 20 moves an hour. All entries must be sent in by Aug. 20th to Herr E. Schallopp, Berlin W., Reichstag.
>

Important notes: time control = 20 moves/hr

Prizes: 1200, 600, 400, and 300 ℳ

(Note later notice discusses tiebreak for 5th/6th where Wittek resigned contest to Mason without any games being played. Also, with the approval of the committee Winawer and Chigorin shared 3rd/4th prize).

Apr-04-16  zanzibar: <For the third and fourth prizes there was a tie between Messrs. Tschigorin and Winawer, who scored 10½ games each, and for the fifth and sixth prizes, which were additionally presented by the Committee, there were also equal scores of 9½ games each made by Messrs. Mason and Wittek.>

BCM v1 (Oct 1882) p317/326

Apr-04-16  zanzibar: Does anyone know what this statement is about:

<a formula from this event would serve as a template for all future chess congresses in Germany before the Great War>

at the end of the intro?

Apr-04-16  zanzibar: Can somebody please supply me with a quotable ref for the Blackburne--Noa forfeit?

I.e. a ref from one of the contemporaneous periodicals, or the tb.

Thanks.

Apr-04-16  zanzibar: An exact ref for Calli's post is what I had in mind:

Berlin (1881) (kibitz #20)

<The game Blackburne - Dr Noa was not played, the latter felt uneasy and therefore renounced the game>

<Die Partie Blackburne - Dr Noa wurde nicht gespielt, the letzterer sich unwohl fühlte und deshalb auf das Spiel verzichtete>

< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
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