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TOURNAMENT STANDINGS
Hastings Tournament

Harry Nelson Pillsbury16.5/21(+15 -3 =3)[games]
Mikhail Chigorin16/21(+14 -3 =4)[games]
Emanuel Lasker15.5/21(+14 -4 =3)[games]
Siegbert Tarrasch14/21(+12 -5 =4)[games]
Wilhelm Steinitz13/21(+11 -6 =4)[games]
Emmanuel Schiffers12/21(+9 -6 =6)[games]
Curt von Bardeleben11.5/21(+8 -6 =7)[games]
Richard Teichmann11.5/21(+8 -6 =7)[games]
Carl Schlechter11/21(+5 -4 =12)[games]
Joseph Henry Blackburne10.5/21(+9 -9 =3)[games]
Karl August Walbrodt10/21(+6 -7 =8)[games]
Amos Burn9.5/21(+8 -10 =3)[games]
David Janowski9.5/21(+7 -9 =5)[games]
James Mason9.5/21(+7 -9 =5)[games]
Henry Edward Bird9/21(+4 -7 =10)[games]
Isidor Gunsberg9/21(+7 -10 =4)[games]
Adolf Albin8.5/21(+5 -9 =7)[games]
Georg Marco8.5/21(+5 -9 =7)[games]
William Henry Krause Pollock8/21(+6 -11 =4)[games]
Jacques Mieses7.5/21(+4 -10 =7)[games]
Samuel Tinsley7.5/21(+7 -13 =1)[games]
Beniamino Vergani3/21(+2 -17 =2)[games]
*

Chessgames.com Chess Event Description
Hastings (1895)

The chess club in the English town of Hastings was founded in 1882. In 1895 the club organized a tournament (1) that was the strongest ever held up to that time. Taking place over the month of August all the leading players of the day participated. Among the participants were the veterans Blackburne and Bird and the young masters Janowski, Schlechter, Teichmann and Walbrodt. The favourites were Lasker, Steinitz, Tarrasch and Chigorin. The winner turned out to be the then relatively unknown American Pillsbury, who was playing in his first major tournament. The tournament was memorable for a number of masterpieces created and a very exciting finish with the lead changing hands in the last three rounds.

Hastings, England, 5 August - 2 September 1895

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 Pts 1 Pillsbury * 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 1 1 1 ˝ 1 1 1 1 16˝ 2 Chigorin 1 * 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 ˝ 1 0 1 ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1 ˝ 1 1 16 3 Lasker 1 0 * 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 ˝ 1 1 ˝ 1 1 ˝ 1 1 15˝ 4 Tarrasch 0 0 1 * 1 1 ˝ 0 ˝ 1 1 1 1 0 1 ˝ 1 1 0 ˝ 1 1 14 5 Steinitz 0 1 0 0 * 1 1 ˝ ˝ 1 1 ˝ 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 ˝ 1 1 13 6 Schiffers 0 1 0 0 0 * ˝ ˝ 0 1 1 ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1 0 ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1 12 7 von Bardeleben 0 0 1 ˝ 0 ˝ * ˝ ˝ 0 0 1 ˝ 1 ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1 1 0 1 11˝ 8 Teichmann 0 0 0 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ * ˝ 0 0 1 ˝ 1 1 0 ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1 1 11˝ 9 Schlechter 1 0 0 ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ * ˝ ˝ 1 0 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 0 11 10 Blackburne ˝ 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 ˝ * 0 1 1 0 ˝ 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 10˝ 11 Walbrodt ˝ ˝ 0 0 0 0 1 1 ˝ 1 * 0 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 10 12 Burn 0 0 0 0 ˝ ˝ 0 0 0 0 1 * 1 0 ˝ 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 9˝ 13 Janowski 0 1 0 0 1 0 ˝ ˝ 1 0 1 0 * ˝ ˝ 0 0 1 ˝ 1 0 1 9˝ 14 Mason 0 0 ˝ 1 0 ˝ 0 0 0 1 ˝ 1 ˝ * 1 0 ˝ 0 1 1 0 1 9˝ 15 Bird 0 ˝ 0 0 1 0 ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 * 1 1 ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ 1 9 16 Gunsberg 0 0 0 ˝ 0 0 0 1 ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1 1 0 * 1 ˝ 0 1 0 0 9 17 Albin 0 ˝ ˝ 0 0 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 1 0 1 ˝ 0 0 * 0 0 1 1 ˝ 8˝ 18 Marco ˝ 0 0 0 0 ˝ 0 0 ˝ 1 ˝ 0 0 1 ˝ ˝ 1 * 1 1 0 ˝ 8˝ 19 Pollock 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ 0 ˝ 0 1 1 1 0 * 0 0 1 8 20 Mieses 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 0 ˝ 1 0 0 0 0 ˝ 0 0 0 1 * 1 1 7˝ 21 Tinsley 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 ˝ 1 0 1 1 0 * 1 7˝ 22 Vergani 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 ˝ ˝ 0 0 0 * 3

Pillsbury, after his return to the USA, said "The reception to me at Hastings was very cordial, especially on the part of Steinitz, Tarrasch, and Tschigorin. The English players, Blackburne and Bird, were also very courteous. Before the tournament began, we would sit for hours and discuss matters pertaining to chess, or analyze a game, or try to expand the theories of certain openings, and so on, and I shall not forget the many happy and pleasant hours I spent with these gentlemen at Hastings. The same feeling was shown to me after defeating Gunsberg in the final round. When it was known that I had won the game, Tschigorin, Steinitz and Tarrasch left their respective boards on which they were engaged to play and came over to congratulate me on my success, saying many nice things to me." (2)

At the closing banquet Chigorin announced that the top prize winners had been invited to the St. Petersburg (1895/96) tournament to begin in December that year.

The main source for this collection was Hastings 1895 The Centenary Book by Colin S Crouch & Kean Haines. ISBN 0 9524033 1 5.

References: (1) Wikipedia article: Hastings International Chess Congress, (2) https://picasaweb.google.com/Caissa..., (3) Blackburne / Pillsbury vs Chigorin / Schiffers, 1895 (exhibition game between rounds 8-9).

Original collection: Game Collection: Hastings 1895, by User: Benzol.

 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 89  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Chigorin vs Pillsbury 1-0511895HastingsC30 King's Gambit Declined
2. Lasker vs G Marco 1-0291895HastingsD37 Queen's Gambit Declined
3. Steinitz vs B Vergani 1-0411895HastingsC11 French
4. Schiffers vs Gunsberg 1-0361895HastingsC46 Three Knights
5. J Mason vs Tarrasch 1-0301895HastingsC50 Giuoco Piano
6. G Marco vs W Pollock 1-0261895HastingsC62 Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense
7. J Mieses vs Blackburne 1-0321895HastingsC45 Scotch Game
8. Pillsbury vs Tarrasch 1-0521895HastingsD63 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
9. Tinsley vs J Mason 1-0511895HastingsD05 Queen's Pawn Game
10. Gunsberg vs Burn 1-0531895HastingsC01 French, Exchange
11. W Pollock vs B Vergani 1-0231895HastingsB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
12. Von Bardeleben vs Lasker 1-0581895HastingsD37 Queen's Gambit Declined
13. Tarrasch vs K A Walbrodt 1-0381895HastingsC77 Ruy Lopez
14. Schiffers vs Chigorin 1-0201895HastingsC56 Two Knights
15. Pillsbury vs W Pollock 1-0561895HastingsC83 Ruy Lopez, Open
16. Steinitz vs J Mason 1-0341895HastingsC41 Philidor Defense
17. Burn vs Janowski 1-0631895HastingsD37 Queen's Gambit Declined
18. Von Bardeleben vs B Vergani 1-0381895HastingsD35 Queen's Gambit Declined
19. Pillsbury vs Albin 1-0451895HastingsC80 Ruy Lopez, Open
20. Lasker vs Janowski 1-0361895HastingsD55 Queen's Gambit Declined
21. Schiffers vs Blackburne 1-0321895HastingsC10 French
22. Chigorin vs Teichmann 1-0311895HastingsC00 French Defense
23. Tarrasch vs Schiffers 1-0361895HastingsC29 Vienna Gambit
24. Pillsbury vs Steinitz 1-0531895HastingsD50 Queen's Gambit Declined
25. Bird vs B Vergani 1-0421895HastingsA02 Bird's Opening
 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 89  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  


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Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Feb-02-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: Recall John Nunn writing of the former Hastings venue in his best games collection from 1994, and hardly in glowing terms, to put it mildly.
Feb-02-15  john barleycorn: <perfidious: Recall John Nunn writing of the former Hastings venue in his best games collection from 1994, and hardly in glowing terms, to put it mildly.>

That was about 100 years later and we all know how much the british invested into the maintainance of the british empire. Lol.

Feb-02-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Nunn's books are crusty - like his underpants.
Jun-29-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  Chessical: According to Raymond Keene in "The Spectator" of 27th June 2015: "In the first round of Hastings 1895, the German grandmaster Dr Siegbert Tarrasch lost on time with me move to go against Amos Burn."

In fact, Burn lost to Tarrasch in round 9, whilst Tarrasch lost on time to James Mason in round 1.

Sep-09-15  The Kings Domain: One of the most fabled tournaments, and the one that introduced Pillsbury to the world.
May-08-16  RookFile: Win, lose or draw, it's always interesting to play over a Pillsbury game.
Feb-06-17  solskytz: One should mention that Lasker was ill with Typhus at the time of the tournament, and almost died.

He still dragged himself to play - and it was incredible that he could finish in the top three, a healthy distance from the pack, in his condition - he could still play world-class chess.

In his state and despite winning the WCH on the preceding year, he couldn't be perceived as "a favorite" by any stretch. Immense will power and ability to fight!

May-27-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: http://cplorg.cdmhost.com/cdm/singl...
May-28-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: I've read that Blackburne played a vital role in Pillsbury's invitation to the event. Anyone know more?

The <Pall Mall Gazette> of July 13th 1895, p.9, reveals that 38 masters applied for places, from which the final 22 had been selected. Perhaps this is stage where Blackburne's apparent influence was felt.

The tournament intro claims that Pillsbury was 'relatively unknown', which is relatively inarguable, but I do note the <(London) Standard> of July 16th, p.7, states the line-up are all <well known, with the exception of Vergani>.

May-28-17  Paarhufer: <solskytz: One should mention that Lasker was ill with Typhus at the time of the tournament, and almost died.>

Lasker's illness begun at the end of October 1894 (newspapers reported on a cancelled appointment). The following text is from the <The Belfast News-Letter>, 1 November 1894:

"It is with regret that we learn that Herr Lasker, the eminent chess master, and Chess Champion of the world, is now lying in St. Thomas' Hospital, suffering from an attack of gastric fever with additional danger through the breaking of a bloodvessel. So critical was Lasker's condition at the end of last week that his brother Dr. Lasker was summoned from Berlin. Since that time the illness has taken a favourable course towards recovery, and it is hoped that the greatest part of the danger is now past. The patient is in good hands and nothing will be left undone that can either alleviate his sufferings or hasten his recovery. In any case many weeks must necessarily elapse before he can resume to play."

In Cheshire's tournament book (p.4) the following is said:

"... whilst Lasker, though scarcly yet robust, would probably be sufficiently recovered from his exhausting illness .."

May-30-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: I think Cheshire's tb (p347) has more to say on the matter:

<

On May 26, 1894, he won the championship of the world by scoring his tenth win against Steinitz's five (four drawn). On October 19, in the same year, he was taken suddenly ill with typhoid fever, when he was carefully attended by Dr. B. Lasker, his brother, who came over from Berlin for the purpose. This illness, after some delays, prevented him playing his promised return match with Steinitz. Doubtless he will, however, now soon give Steinitz an opportunity for revenge.

>

whereupon we learn the exact affliction, and the exact date it struck.

https://books.google.com/books?id=H...

(Other sources agree with the above i.e. typhoid; others might have "fun" digging those refs out - I'll leave that to the "pros".)

Would some kind biographer editor change the bio above?

Typhus is certainly wrong, and gastic fever, although overlapping, is not specific enough.

<<Gastric fever>

Related to Gastric fever: Nervous fever, Gastric flu

(Med.) a fever attended with prominent gastric symptoms; - a name applied to certain forms of typhoid fever; also, to catarrhal inflammation of the stomach attended with fever.

<<>>>

http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Ga...

.

May-30-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: <While "typhoid" means "typhus-like", typhus and typhoid fever are distinct diseases caused by different types of bacteria.>

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Typhus

May-31-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: < On October 19, in the same year, he was taken suddenly ill with typhoid fever, when he was carefully attended by Dr. B. Lasker, his brother, who came over from Berlin for the purpose.>

Berthold even helped his brother OTB:

B Lasker vs F Brendel, 1894

May-31-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: <MissS> can you possibly spell out exactly how Berthold helped out his brother in that game?
May-31-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: I believe Emanuel was scheduled to give that simul, but Berthold stepped into the breach. I'll look up the source tomorrow.
May-31-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Ah, interesting...
May-31-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: You probably submitted the game too, given that it has a source tag(!):

<[Source "The (London) Standard, 1894.11.12, p.7"]>

.

Jun-09-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Something I hadn't noticed before was the lack of a systematic white-black alternation of rounds. Lasker, for instance, had the White pieces for rounds 11-14, followed by five consecutive games with Black. Anyone know more about the pairing methods used at the time?
Jun-09-18  Retireborn: <MissS> Crouch's tournament book implies that drawings for rounds took place every day and the players did not know until 30 minutes before the start who their opponent of the day would be. Except the last round, I suppose.

ISTR something similar at New York 1924.

Jun-09-18  Olavi: Schallopp's tournament book states the same.
Jun-10-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Pillsbury, Steinitz, Schlechter, Blackburne, Walbrodt, Burn, Mason, Gunsberg, Albin, Marco and Tinsley were the players who enjoyed an extra White.
Jun-10-18  Retireborn: One of Pillsbury's Whites was his walk-over against von Bardeleben; possibly he'd have preferred to use up a Black in that way.
Jun-10-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: As well as the pre-round drawing of lots in another effort to spice things up there was a special prize donated by Joseph Cooke of Knockgraffon (it's in Ireland) of a 'handsome' ring and four volumes of 'The Theory and Practise of Chess' by Salvioli to the player who won the most Evans Gambits Accepted with either colour.

There were 9 Evans Gambits but one was declined W Pollock vs Lasker, 1895 which prompted this wonderful caustic note from Tarrasch:

"It is noteworthy that Lasker usually declines the Evans’ Gambit, although he has declared that he knows a winning defence."

Of the remaining 8 games,

Steinitz won 2, Pillsbury won 2 and Chigorin won 2. A tie breaker was in place, it was resolved by the player who was involved in the most Evans Gambits (with either colour) This was Chigorin with 4 games.

The tournament book by Horace Cheshire duly reports that Chigorin did indeed receive the Evans Gambit Joseph Cooke Prize.

We now need a benefactor in the shape of another Joseph Cooke to award a 'handsome' ring to players who do NOT play the Berlin Defence.

Jun-10-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <Steinitz won 2>

But neither with own winning defence: C.N. 4171

Jun-10-18  WorstPlayerEver: <MissScarlett>

Oh well, how many times did Ruy Lopez play the Ruy Lopez?

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