Following the successes in international tournaments of
Moscow (1925) and
Moscow (1935), Nikolai Vasilyevich Krylenko again sought to stun the chess world and the Soviet Union with a third international event between Soviet masters and their foreign counterparts. This time, however, he conceived of a more rigorous format, with the ten players (five Soviets and five foreigners) in a double round robin competition. The lineup was impressive, with Capablanca and Lasker being invited back a third time to compete in Moscow, in addition to the previous year's winners, Botvinnik and Flohr. The tournament was held in Moscow's famous Hall of Columns from May 14 to June 8. Capablanca's near flawless accuracy and superiority in the endgame proved to be instrumental in winning first prize by a full point over the future world champion Botvinnik. Lasker, who had always finished ahead of his successor to the crown in prior tournaments, started out strongly, but at 67 years of age he became fatigued more easily and his performance suffered during the second cycle. The tournament brought immense excitement and interest, both to the citizens of the Soviet Union and to the greater world at large. Capablanca's first place was to be one of the last successes against the Soviet Chess School before the triumph of Robert James Fischer 36 years later. It was also the last hurrah for Krylenko, the founder and organizer of the tournament. He was arrested in January 1938, tried and executed later that year.
Moscow, Soviet Union (Russia), 14 May - 8 June 1936
Original collection : Game Collection: Moscow 1936, by User: suenteus po 147.
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 Pts
1 Capablanca ** 1˝ ˝˝ 1˝ 1˝ ˝1 ˝˝ ˝1 ˝1 11 13
2 Botvinnik 0˝ ** ˝1 1˝ ˝1 ˝1 ˝˝ ˝˝ 11 ˝1 12
3 Flohr ˝˝ ˝0 ** ˝1 0˝ ˝1 ˝0 11 0˝ ˝1 9˝
4 Lilienthal 0˝ 0˝ ˝0 ** ˝˝ ˝1 ˝1 ˝˝ ˝1 ˝˝ 9
5 Ragozin 0˝ ˝0 1˝ ˝˝ ** 1˝ 1˝ ˝0 0˝ ˝˝ 8˝
6 Lasker ˝0 ˝0 ˝0 ˝0 0˝ ** ˝1 1˝ ˝˝ 1˝ 8
=7 Levenfish ˝˝ ˝˝ ˝1 ˝0 0˝ ˝0 ** 10 ˝˝ ˝0 7˝
=7 Eliskases ˝0 ˝˝ 00 ˝˝ ˝1 0˝ 01 ** ˝˝ ˝˝ 7˝
=7 Kan ˝0 00 1˝ ˝0 1˝ ˝˝ ˝˝ ˝˝ ** 0˝ 7˝
=7 Riumin 00 ˝0 ˝0 ˝˝ ˝˝ 0˝ ˝1 ˝˝ 1˝ ** 7˝
| page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 90
|1. Flohr vs Riumin
|| ||½-½||31||1936||Moscow||A95 Dutch, Stonewall|
|2. Levenfish vs Lilienthal
|| ||½-½||34||1936||Moscow||D17 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav|
|3. Capablanca vs Kan
||½-½||39||1936||Moscow||E43 Nimzo-Indian, Fischer Variation|
|4. Lasker vs Botvinnik
||½-½||37||1936||Moscow||C01 French, Exchange|
|5. Ragozin vs E Eliskases
|6. Flohr vs Capablanca
||½-½||45||1936||Moscow||D58 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tartakower (Makagonov-Bondarevsky) Syst|
|7. Kan vs Ragozin
||1-0||58||1936||Moscow||B84 Sicilian, Scheveningen|
|8. Lilienthal vs Lasker
||½-½||20||1936||Moscow||D62 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox, Rubinstein Attack|
|9. Riumin vs Botvinnik
||½-½||80||1936||Moscow||C90 Ruy Lopez, Closed|
|10. E Eliskases vs Levenfish
|11. Capablanca vs Riumin
||1-0||27||1936||Moscow||A53 Old Indian|
|12. Lasker vs E Eliskases
||1-0||44||1936||Moscow||C14 French, Classical|
|13. Levenfish vs Kan
|| ||½-½||46||1936||Moscow||E22 Nimzo-Indian, Spielmann Variation|
|14. Botvinnik vs Lilienthal
|15. Ragozin vs Flohr
||1-0||35||1936||Moscow||D19 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Dutch|
|16. E Eliskases vs Botvinnik
|| ||½-½||30||1936||Moscow||E22 Nimzo-Indian, Spielmann Variation|
|17. Riumin vs Lilienthal
|| ||½-½||28||1936||Moscow||A06 Reti Opening|
|18. Capablanca vs Ragozin
||1-0||63||1936||Moscow||E22 Nimzo-Indian, Spielmann Variation|
|19. Flohr vs Levenfish
||½-½||80||1936||Moscow||D42 Queen's Gambit Declined, Semi-Tarrasch, 7.Bd3|
|20. Kan vs Lasker
|| ||½-½||42||1936||Moscow||D66 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, Bd3 line|
|21. Ragozin vs Riumin
||½-½||18||1936||Moscow||E33 Nimzo-Indian, Classical|
|22. Lilienthal vs E Eliskases
|| ||½-½||61||1936||Moscow||E33 Nimzo-Indian, Classical|
|23. Levenfish vs Capablanca
||½-½||33||1936||Moscow||D55 Queen's Gambit Declined|
|24. Lasker vs Flohr
||½-½||21||1936||Moscow||B05 Alekhine's Defense, Modern|
|25. Botvinnik vs Kan
||1-0||40||1936||Moscow||E33 Nimzo-Indian, Classical|
| page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 90
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|Aug-16-14|| ||whiteshark: <'Sleep is extremely important to a chess player,'> Mikhail Botvinnik said. <'When I was young I slept wonderfully, but during the third Moscow international tournament of 1936 it was so hot and the streets were so noisy all the time that I lost sleep. But I was 25 and I could play well despite the lack of sleep, I forced myself to play.'>|
Source: Genna Sosonko, 'Smart Chip from St.Petersburg and other tales of a bygone chess era', New in Chess 2006, p.38
|Feb-23-17|| ||ZonszeinP: These gentlement (Flohr, Ragozin, Kan, Riumin) losing to Botvinnik in the second half of the tournament..............
Didn't prevent Capa from winning
But then, Botvinnik was already one of the best at the time
Probably only second to the one (and only) who won this tournament
|Feb-23-17|| ||keypusher: < ZonszeinP: These gentlement (Flohr, Ragozin, Kan, Riumin) losing to Botvinnik in the second half of the tournament.............. Didn't prevent Capa from winning
But then, Botvinnik was already one of the best at the time Probably only second to the one (and only) who won this tournament>|
|Feb-23-17|| ||plang: No way Capablanca was the strongest player in the world in 1936.|
Alekhine? Botvinnik? Euwe?
|Feb-23-17|| ||ZonszeinP: <keypusher> the second of your examples doesn't impress me.
Capa lost a game to Flohr mainly because Euwe was interfering with his focusing (and also, because Flohr played very well. True)
Hadn't he lost that game (which I believe could have been drawn) then he wouldn't have shared first with Botvinnik...(But won alone)
Last: I would kindly refer you to my several concecutives dots in my kibbitz....
During those tormentous years, any Russian could throw some games to Botvinnik...(I am not 100% sure about that though. Have to admit) |
And <plang>: Alekhine didn't give a return match to Capa, simply, because he was frighten!!
|Feb-23-17|| ||ughaibu: You realise that Flohr wasn't a Soviet in 1936?|
|Feb-23-17|| ||ZonszeinP: Good point!
I prefer them not to throw a game at all!
|Feb-23-17|| ||ZonszeinP: Riumin was an excellent player.
I believe he even beat Capablanca once.
I don't really believe he lost to Botvinnik without a real fight.
|Feb-23-17|| ||keypusher: <ZonszeinP: <keypusher> the second of your examples doesn't impress me. Capa lost a game to Flohr mainly because Euwe was interfering with his focusing (and also, because Flohr played very well. True) Hadn't he lost that game (which I believe could have been drawn) then he wouldn't have shared first with Botvinnik...(But won alone)>|
Very tiresome, these excuses every time Capablanca loses. If he'd listened to Euwe he would have realized that he'd reached the time control and not made his losing blunder on move 37. But Flohr had already missed a chance to finish him off.
Capablanca and Botvinnik finished at Nottingham with 10 points each. Euwe, Fine, and Reshevsky were just a half point behind. Alekhine was just a half point behind that group. Flip the result for any of a dozen games among that group (for example, Alekhine giving away his game to Capablanca) and the standings change completely.
In short, <Euwe cost Capablanca the tournament> is another stupid chess myth.
<Last: I would kindly refer you to my several concecutives dots in my kibbitz.... During those tormentous years, any Russian could throw some games to Botvinnik...(I am not 100% sure about that though. Have to admit)>
You didn't even know that Flohr was Czech? I'm guessing you don't know what Botvinnik's overall score was against Ragozin, Kan, and Riumin, either.
You want to see a point being given away at Moscow 1936?
Capablanca vs Riumin, 1936
You want another?
Botvinnik vs Capablanca, 1936
As long as we're changing the results of games, can we give Botvinnik 28.Qa5 -- and the tournament?
|Feb-23-17|| ||ZonszeinP: I knew very well that Flohr was an Ukrainian who became Czech.
I admitted already that I shouldn't have include him among the Soviets in 1936. |
And thank you for all the other lessons...
|Feb-23-17|| ||ZonszeinP: And BTW, I knew about Salo Flohr background even before this website ever existed|
|Feb-23-17|| ||ZonszeinP: Even before I ever saw a computer in my whole life!
Or even knew they existed!
I already knew about Salo Flohr
|Dec-29-17|| ||Jonathan Sarfati: Capablanca was still a blitz monster at the time. Botvinnik says he was giving odds of one minute to five against “almost every Soviet master” (according to Soltis' biography https://www.amazon.com/dp/078647337...).|
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