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New York Tournament

Emanuel Lasker16/20(+13 -1 =6)[games]
Jose Raul Capablanca14.5/20(+10 -1 =9)[games]
Alexander Alekhine12/20(+6 -2 =12)[games]
Frank James Marshall11/20(+6 -4 =10)[games]
Richard Reti10.5/20(+9 -8 =3)[games]
Geza Maroczy10/20(+6 -6 =8)[games]
Efim Bogoljubov9.5/20(+8 -9 =3)[games]
Savielly Tartakower8/20(+4 -8 =8)[games]
Fred Dewhirst Yates7/20(+5 -11 =4)[games]
Edward Lasker6.5/20(+2 -9 =9)[games]
David Janowski5/20(+3 -13 =4)[games] Chess Event Description
New York (1924)

In December 1923, following an aborted attempt to arrange a World Championship match between Capablanca and Alekhine, Hermann Helms, publisher of the American Chess Bulletin, Harry Latz, the General Manager of the Hotel Alamac in New York and Norbert Lederer, the Secretary of the Manhattan Chess Club, set about organizing (1) a tournament to rival Cambridge Springs (1904). The tournament took place in the Hotel Alamac from the 16th of March to the 18th of April 1924.

The participants were Dr. Emanuel Lasker, Capablanca, Alekhine, Marshall, Janowski, Maroczy, Bogolyubov, Reti, Tartakover, Edward Lasker and Yates. The time limit was 30 moves in two hours and 15 moves per hour thereafter. Capablanca was expected to be the winner but the 55-year-old Dr. Lasker proved that he was by no means a spent force and ran away with the tournament. In a number of ways, the tournament paralleled the St Petersburg (1914) tournament with the top three place getters ten years older. It was also notable for Reti's use of his own opening, resulting in Capablanca's first tournament loss in eight years, and a number of masterpieces that were created.


1 Em Lasker ** ½0 1½ ½1 11 11 11 ½1 ½1 ½1 11 16 2 Capablanca ½1 ** ½½ ½½ 01 ½1 11 11 1½ ½1 ½1 14½ 3 Alekhine 0½ ½½ ** ½½ 10 1½ ½½ ½½ 11 ½½ 11 12 4 Marshall ½0 ½½ ½½ ** ½1 0½ 01 ½0 ½1 1½ 11 11 5 Reti 00 10 01 ½0 ** ½½ 01 11 10 10 11 10½ 6 Maroczy 00 ½0 0½ 1½ ½½ ** 01 ½½ 11 ½1 10 10 7 Bogolyubov 00 00 ½½ 10 10 10 ** 01 11 ½1 10 9½ 8 Tartakover ½0 00 ½½ ½1 00 ½½ 10 ** 10 ½0 ½1 8 9 Yates ½0 0½ 00 ½0 01 00 00 01 ** 11 ½1 7 10 Ed Lasker ½0 ½0 ½½ 0½ 01 ½0 ½0 ½1 00 ** 0½ 6½ 11 Janowski 00 ½0 00 00 00 01 10 ½0 ½0 1½ ** 5


1st $1500
2nd $1000
3rd $750
4th $500
5th $250

Brilliancy prizes:

A silver cup and $75 in gold went to Reti for his win over Bogolyubov in Round 12 (Reti vs Bogoljubov, 1924).

$50 to Marshall for his win over Bogolyubov in Round 18 (Marshall vs Bogoljubov, 1924).

$25 to Capablanca for his win over Em Lasker in Round 14 (Capablanca vs Lasker, 1924).

New York (1927) was the next tournament of this series.

The main source for this collection was The Book Of The New York International Chess Tournament 1924 published by Dover Publications, Inc. ISBN 486-20752-8.

(1) Wikipedia article: New York 1924 chess tournament. Original Collection: Game Collection: New York 1924, by User: Benzol.

 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 110  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Marshall vs Reti ½-½501924New YorkE60 King's Indian Defense
2. Ed. Lasker vs Maroczy ½-½411924New YorkB08 Pirc, Classical
3. Tartakower vs Bogoljubov 1-0581924New YorkC33 King's Gambit Accepted
4. Janowski vs Capablanca ½-½211924New YorkD67 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, Bd3 line
5. Yates vs Alekhine 0-1351924New YorkC72 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense, 5.O-O
6. Lasker vs Capablanca ½-½301924New YorkC66 Ruy Lopez
7. Ed. Lasker vs Bogoljubov ½-½491924New YorkC41 Philidor Defense
8. Maroczy vs Alekhine 0-1241924New YorkB02 Alekhine's Defense
9. Yates vs Janowski ½-½451924New YorkC79 Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defense Deferred
10. Marshall vs Tartakower  ½-½371924New YorkA84 Dutch
11. Alekhine vs Lasker 0-1361924New YorkD35 Queen's Gambit Declined
12. Capablanca vs Ed. Lasker ½-½271924New YorkD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
13. Tartakower vs Yates 1-0441924New YorkC33 King's Gambit Accepted
14. Reti vs Maroczy ½-½321924New YorkA37 English, Symmetrical
15. Bogoljubov vs Marshall 1-0561924New YorkD02 Queen's Pawn Game
16. Tartakower vs Maroczy ½-½571924New YorkA00 Uncommon Opening
17. Yates vs Ed. Lasker 1-0541924New YorkC91 Ruy Lopez, Closed
18. Janowski vs Lasker 0-1681924New YorkB83 Sicilian
19. Capablanca vs Alekhine ½-½621924New YorkC12 French, McCutcheon
20. Bogoljubov vs Reti 1-0451924New YorkC12 French, McCutcheon
21. Maroczy vs Bogoljubov 0-1271924New YorkD05 Queen's Pawn Game
22. Ed. Lasker vs Janowski 0-1621924New YorkA47 Queen's Indian
23. Marshall vs Yates  ½-½401924New YorkA48 King's Indian
24. Reti vs Capablanca 1-0311924New YorkA15 English
25. Lasker vs Tartakower ½-½261924New YorkB43 Sicilian, Kan, 5.Nc3
 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 110  PGN Download
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Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 3 OF 3 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Sep-18-13  SeanAzarin: Given that Edward Lasker was the only amateur tossed into the lion's den with 10 of the top 15 professional chess players in the world [at the time], the fact he got a result in 11 of 20 games, including 2 wins, and did not finish last is a very impressive performance.
Sep-18-13  Strongest Force: Thx God I got to meet Ed Lasker; it was at the Marshall club where i also got to meet the wife of Frank Marshall. They knew how to have tournaments in the good old days: I miss those mega 20-plus rd tournaments.
Oct-26-13  Karpova: The steamship "Cleveland" left Hamburg for New York on February 28. But Dr. Lasker would almost have missed the trip. He had toured Russia and when he travelled back, his ship became stuck in the Baltic Sea ice at Tallinn. Icebreakers saved the day and he reached Hamburg via Stockholm in due time.

From page 64 of the February 1924 'Neue Wiener Schachzeitung'

Nov-01-13  Karpova: Rubinstein was not invited and never considered for an invitation, although he was willing to participate.

Kagan had the task to ask the European chessmasters (Dr. Lasker, Maroczy, Reti and Tartakower) [1]. On his own initiative, he also asked Rubinstein who would have been happy about an invitation, but the tournament committee ignored it.

Later, Lederer sent Kagan a statement of grounds why some masters had not been invited. Kagan explained: <Die Frage, weshalb große Künstler wie Rubinstein nicht teilnehmen konnten, lässt sich sehr leicht beantworten. Die Zahl der Teilnehmer war beschränkt und die Herren Großmeister, welche seinerzeit in New York waren, konnten ein gewichtiges Wort mitreden.> [2] (The question why great artists like Rubinstein couldn't participate, is very easy to answer. The number of participants was limited and the Grandmasters, who were at that time in New York, were able to have an influential word.)

Alekhine was at that time in New York. In the infamous articles of the 1941 'Pariser Zeitung', he describes how he had to prevent a match between Capablanca and Rubinstein, a goal which guided him through his tournament successes. He reached his aim after Karlsbad 1923 and the failed invitation to New York 1924.

For sure, the reasons why he wasn't invited cannot be found out any longer and Alekhine needn't have had a say in it.

Source: Toni Preziuso on pages 38-39 of Karl 3/2013

[1] 'Kagan's Neueste Schachnachrichten' 1924, p. 47 f.

[2] 'Kagan's Neueste Schachnachrichten' 1924, p. 176

Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: <There is, moreover, the complication that the champion himself pronounced the stressed middle syllable as 'ye' whereas nearly all Russians pronounce it as 'yo' (a sort of Smythe/Smith distinction!)".>

AAA was very adamant about insisting on the 'ye' pronunciation of his name! There are anecdotal stories about AAA immediately blacklisting luckless soles who mistakenly used the 'yo' pronunciation when addressing him.

Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <Benzol: BTW didn't Lasker own a chicken farm near Thule?> I thought Thule was the North Pole. That's a very bad place for a chicken farm.
May-26-14  john barleycorn: Lasker owned a <Krupp Geschützwagen 14.>
Premium Chessgames Member
  Richard Taylor: I was on the local Mt Wellington (Maungarei = the watchful mountain in Maori) and a Russian saw us playing over a chess game, I think it was one by Alekhine, but I also had a book of Kasparov's games etc

He was interested as his daughter in Russia was apparently a keen player...

He told me how to pronounce the name, or how he did, but in the end I forgot, and or couldn't really pronounce it - for me

It is still Alek hine Alek as in smart aleck, and hine as hein (like Stein).

No messing about, as I am so habituated to it.

I also have no idea of how to pronounce Bogoljubov's name (just playing over the second match, so far have found two games he came very close to winning, it was quite an interesting match): but there is no real point in me trying to pronounce Polish or Russian. I cant even really pronounce much French very well.

I prefer my own versions of his name.

English, or Kiwi-English English (as my father was English) is hard enough.

I can pronounce some Maori and Samoan words quite well (but not perfectly). Samoan and Tongans use the glottal stop. But there aren't yet any Samoan GMs! But there are Edward Tanoi and Fuatai to name two I know who play...

I also did learn Spanish for a short time and was a bit better there but not much. Like most European kiwis (a dwindling group) I am blissfully ignorant of (wait for it!): of, that is, ignorant OF other languages rather than English and Commando comic German etc

But Russian? An impossible language.

Nov-21-14  ughaibu: Had Tarrasch played, would he have scored 11.5?
Premium Chessgames Member
  visayanbraindoctor: <Richard Taylor: glottal stop> Glottal stops might be common in Austronesian languages. At least it's a characteristic trait of the languages I speak. It could be confusing to foreigners because some words are spelled the same but the latin orthography we use does not give an indication if a glottal stop is occurring. A certain word spelled the same can have two different meanings if pronounced differently, one without a glottal stop and the second way with a glottal stop.
Premium Chessgames Member
  visayanbraindoctor: From certain perspectives this is Lasker's greatest tournament victory. As in Maehrisch - Ostrau (1923) the previous year, he shows no sign at all of slowing down, playing the same accurate dynamic chess he displays earlier in his career.

Lasker's style has always been more puzzling to me than most of the world champions. It isn't as clearly defined. I believe that he purposefully went for positions that maintained potential for multiple options in which piece activity figure prominently and tactical solutions gave more chances for winning. However, Lasker did not necessarily play the objectively best moves.

The closest player of recent times I can think of with a similar style is Korchnoi. To a certain extent Morozevich, Aronian, and Nakamura among presently active top masters also resemble him, but they are doing it with less accuracy than Lasker.

I believe that the years 1914 to 1925 were actually Lasker's peak years. He played his most imaginative and effective chess in these years.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <The Times>, February 14, 1924, p.14:

<Sir G. A. Thomas, the British Chess Champion, informs me that he has decided regretfully to decline the invitation to compete in the forthcoming New York Tournament. He is engaged in the Badminton Championships, which do not finish until Saturday, March 8, and could not arrive in New York by the 17th, the date fixed for the tournament to begin.>

Yates was invited instead.

Apr-29-15  RookFile: Lasker get 16 out of 20 points. A ridiculously strong performance for someone of his age.
Sep-09-15  The Kings Domain: One of the marvels of Chessgames is having the complete games of historic tournaments and matches available for all to play and study.

One qualm I have though is why are previous comments repeated on the following page? Is this site policy or a bug that has yet to be fixed? Its been going on for years.

Premium Chessgames Member
  diceman: <offramp: <Benzol: BTW didn't Lasker own a chicken farm near Thule?>

I thought Thule was the North Pole. That's a very bad place for a chicken farm.>

...not if it's frozen chicken.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Jonathan Sarfati: Australian aboriginal languages are distinctive in almost lacking fricatives; a form of hearing loss is unfortunately common making it hard to hear fricatives properly.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Jonathan Sarfati: <Benzol>, you can hear Capablanca pronouncing the name AlYEKHeen in this rare film footage. They met in Russia and spent a lot of time together in 1913-14, so the pronunciation is almost certainly right.
Feb-12-16  TheFocus: Special Prizes

First Brilliancy Prize (silver cup from W.M. Vance of Princeton, New Jersey, and $75 in gold from Albert Loeb of Chicago), to Richard Reti of Czechoslovakia for his game against Bogoljubov.

Second Brilliancy Prize ($50 from Abb Landis of Nashville, Tennessee), to Frank J. Marshall of America for his game against Bogoljubov.

Third Brilliancy Prize ($25 from Edward L. Torsch of Baltimore, Maryland), to Jose R. Capablanca of Cuba for his game against Dr. Lasker.

First special prize for the best-played game among non-prize winners ($35 from Edward L. Torsch of Baltimore, Md.), to Dr. S.Tartakower of Austria for his game against Yates.

Second special prize for the best-played game ($25 from Albert H. Loeb of Chicago), to E. Bogoljubov of Ukrainia for his game against Dr. Tartakower.

Special prize for the best-defended game ($25 from J. Appleton, New York), to E. Bogoljubov of Ukrainia for his game against Maroczy.

Special prize for the best score by a non-prize winner against the prize winners ($40 from the a Tournament Committee), equally divided between G. Maroczy of Hungary and Edward Lasker of America, each 3.5 points.

Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: That is presumably the same Albert Loeb who was the father of Richard, soon to achieve worldwide notoriety as half of Leopold and Loeb.

Albert Loeb did not survive the year, dying weeks after his son was sent up the river.

Jun-02-16  RookFile: This tournament even had the great Geza Maroczy in it, who put a 50 percent up on the board.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <ughaibu: Had Tarrasch played, would he have scored 11.5?>

That looks like a very likely score. Higher than Marshall and Réti but just below the big three. 11 or 11½ looks reasonable.

Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <offramp: <ughaibu: Had Tarrasch played, would he have scored 11.5?> That looks like a very likely score. Higher than Marshall and Réti but just below the big three. 11 or 11½ looks reasonable.>

Poppycock. In March 1924 Tarrasch was ranked 19th in the world. Bogoljubov, Tartakower, Reti, and Maroczy were all in the top 10. Marshall was #26, largely because of inactivity, but was shortly to bounce back into the top 10.

Tarrasch would have ranked below everyone in the tournament except Marshall, Edward Lasker, Yates, and Janowski, and there is good reason to think his ranking overstated his actual strength. He was 62 and going through a steep rating decline. He had one really good tournament result in those years, +4 at Vienna (1922), finishing fourth. He was -2 at Hastings (1922), -1 at Karlsbad (1923), = at Maehrisch-Ostrau (1923), -5 at Baden-Baden (1925), and -4 at Breslau (1925).

He would have been very unlikely to reach 50% in this tournament.

Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <keypusher> I think you are right.

Of course he might have had a good tournament, just like Efim D Bogo had a fairly bad one.

But I agree that 11 points might be too optimistic. WWI was shattering to Tarrasch.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <When he had his good days Yates played some delightful chess. Alekhine didn't want him to play in the New York 1924 Tounament as Yates had beaten him in the two previous clashes.>

Alekhine vs Yates, 1923

This is ambiguous - at first, I took it to mean that Alekhine had intervened in order to blackball Yates's participation, but then it occurred it could simply be that Alekhine had stated he was worried about having to meet Yates again. If the former, corroboration is requested.

Incidentally, Yates's wins over Alekhine weren't consecutive, but separated by Yates vs Alekhine, 1922.

Oct-13-16  JimNorCal: Wow! Thanks for posting the link, just awesome....

Jonathan Sarfati: you can hear Capablanca pronouncing the name AlYEKHeen in this rare film footage.

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