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Anderssen - Morphy Match

Paul Morphy8/11(+7 -2 =2)[view games]
Adolf Anderssen3/11(+2 -7 =2)[view games] Chess Event Description
Anderssen - Morphy (1858)

After having cemented his status, by virtue of his triumph 1st American Chess Congress (1857), as one of the greatest masters in the world, Morphy traveled to Europe to play Howard Staunton and other chess greats. Morphy made numerous attempts at setting up a match with Staunton, but none ever came to fruition. Staunton was later criticised for avoiding a match with Morphy. Seeking new opponents, Morphy crossed the English Channel to France.

In Paris, Morphy suffered from a bout of intestinal influenza. In accordance with the medical wisdom of the time, he was treated with leeches, resulting in his losing a significant amount of blood. Although too weak to stand up unaided, Morphy insisted on going ahead with a match against the visiting German master Adolf Anderssen, considered by many to be Europe's leading player. Despite his illness Morphy triumphed easily, winning seven while losing two, with two draws. When asked about his defeat, Anderssen claimed to be out of practice, but also admitted that Morphy was in any event the stronger player and that he was fairly beaten. Anderssen also attested that in his opinion, Morphy was the strongest player ever to play the game, even stronger than the famous French champion Louis Charles Mahe De La Bourdonnais.

Paris, 20-28 December 1858 (1)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 Morphy 0 = 1 1 1 1 1 = 1 0 1 8 Anderssen 1 = 0 0 0 0 0 = 0 1 0 3

Morphy had White in the odd-numbered games.

Original collection: Game Collection: WCC Index ( Morphy - Anderssen 1858 ), by User: Benzol. (1) Wikipedia article: Paul Morphy.

 page 1 of 1; 11 games  PGN Download 
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Morphy vs Anderssen 0-172 1858 Anderssen - MorphyC52 Evans Gambit
2. Anderssen vs Morphy ½-½44 1858 Anderssen - MorphyC77 Ruy Lopez
3. Morphy vs Anderssen 1-020 1858 Anderssen - MorphyC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
4. Morphy vs Anderssen 1-054 1858 Anderssen - MorphyB01 Scandinavian
5. Anderssen vs Morphy 0-151 1858 Anderssen - MorphyC77 Ruy Lopez
6. Anderssen vs Morphy 0-142 1858 Anderssen - MorphyA00 Uncommon Opening
7. Anderssen vs Morphy ½-½51 1858 Anderssen - MorphyA00 Uncommon Opening
8. Morphy vs Anderssen 1-025 1858 Anderssen - MorphyB01 Scandinavian
9. Anderssen vs Morphy 1-077 1858 Anderssen - MorphyA00 Uncommon Opening
10. Morphy vs Anderssen 1-017 1858 Anderssen - MorphyB44 Sicilian
11. Morphy vs Anderssen 1-036 1858 Anderssen - MorphyC00 French Defense
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
Mar-04-13  andyatchess: Morphy slashed Anderssen in this match.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Joshka: Any match info, such as time control? Days they played on ? There should be some biographical information regarding the match? News paper clippings from France? The purse? thanks any help appreciated!
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: The introduction could well be supplemented by <Joshka>'s suggestions. We do have dates on each individual game. but not knowing their source I am hesitant to add the information to the intorduction.

Aslo, the first sentence may required discussion and research:

<"After having cemented himself in the 1st American Chess Congress (1857) as one of the greatest masters in the world, Morphy traveled to Europe to play Staunton and other chess greats.">

How true was this at the time? The United States had very little independent standing in the eyes of European chess masters, and it may well be that any testimonyu by Lowewenthal would have been taken more seriously than the results of the tournament.

Nov-17-13  devere: If only Kirsan had been running things in 1858, Anderssen would have eliminated Morphy in a 2-game knockout.
Mar-31-14  Marmot PFL: < Any match info, such as time control? >

I don't think chess clocks had even been invented then.

Jul-30-14  Ke2: Funny how in this match, and Morphy-Harwitz, after losing the 1st game or two, Morphy goes on a tear.

A little like the 1972 match. I think the term "Steinitz Match Gambit" was suggested as he did this often.

Aug-17-15  morfishine: <Phony Benoni> Philip W. Sergeant's book: I think is the authoritative book on Morphy's games, dates, etc.


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