|Monte Carlo (1904)|
The last of the series (the Monte Carlo (1903) event preceded it) of chess tournaments held in the quarter of Monte Carlo (1) in the principality of Monaco occurred in 1904. In this year, two events were held simultaneously, a masters tournament (2) and a thematic tournament. Nine players were invited to participate, with three of them, Frank Marshall, Georg Marco, and Rudolf Swiderski, playing in both events. The masters tournament was a double round robin of six players held from February 8th until the 18th. The time control for the tournament was 16 moves every hour. Rather than distribute the prize money at the end of the event, the organizers conspired to disperse the 5000 francs to the participants upon their arrival so that they would be more likely to spend their winnings at the casinos during the tournament. Marco not only participated in both events, but he also reported on the tournament in the Wiener Schachzeitung. Trophies were awarded at the end, with Maróczy earning an additional trophy as tournament winner since it was the second time he won the tournament (the first one was Monte Carlo (1902)).
The final standings and crosstable of the masters event:
The concurrent thematic tournament was conducted using a position within the King's Gambit Accepted (C39) (including Kieseritsky's line and similar branches), called the Rice Gambit. (3, 7) After this tournament, the game Lasker / Chigorin / Marshall / Tei vs Janowski / Marco / Schlechter / La, 1904 (some of which players crossed the Atlantic to play in Cambridge Springs (1904)) popularized the Rice Gambit further due to its promotion by a New York financier named Isaac Leopold Rice. (4) It was arrived at through the following move order: 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.♘f3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.♘e5 ♘f6 6.♗c4 d5 7.exd5 ♗d6 8.O-O:
M S M G M S
1 Maróczy ** ˝˝ ˝1 1˝ ˝1 11 7˝
2 Schlechter ˝˝ ** ˝˝ ˝˝ 11 11 7
3 Marshall ˝0 ˝˝ ** 1˝ 1˝ 11 6˝
4 Gunsberg 0˝ ˝˝ 0˝ ** 0˝ ˝1 4
5 Marco ˝0 00 0˝ 1˝ ** 0˝ 3
6 Swiderski 00 00 00 ˝0 1˝ ** 2
click for larger view
The final standings and crosstable of the thematic event:
References: (1) Wikipedia article: Monte Carlo casino, (2) Wikipedia article: Monte Carlo chess tournament, (3) Wikipedia article: Rice Gambit, (4) http://books.google.ca/books?id=zSG... is one such edition in the example of this opening book series, (5) Wiener Schachzeitung, (6) http://www.montecarlocasinos.com/, (7) http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/..., (8) Original collection: Game Collection: Monte Carlo 1904 by User: suenteus po 147.
S M M M V F
=1 Swiderski ** 11 01 01 01 01 6
=1 Marshall 00 ** 11 10 01 11 6
3 Mieses 10 00 ** ˝1 ˝1 ˝1 5˝
4 Marco 10 01 ˝0 ** 10 1˝ 5
5 von Scheve 10 10 ˝0 01 ** 10 4˝
6 Forgacs 10 00 ˝0 0˝ 01 ** 3
| page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 60
|1. Schlechter vs Marshall
|| ||½-½||37||1904||Monte Carlo||C48 Four Knights|
|2. Swiderski vs G Marco
||1-0||56||1904||Monte Carlo||C68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange|
|3. Maroczy vs Gunsberg
||1-0||47||1904||Monte Carlo||C82 Ruy Lopez, Open|
|4. G Marco vs Maroczy
|| ||½-½||32||1904||Monte Carlo||C42 Petrov Defense|
|5. Schlechter vs Swiderski
||1-0||29||1904||Monte Carlo||D30 Queen's Gambit Declined|
|6. Marshall vs Gunsberg
||1-0||19||1904||Monte Carlo||D06 Queen's Gambit Declined|
|7. Gunsberg vs G Marco
||0-1||23||1904||Monte Carlo||C55 Two Knights Defense|
|8. Maroczy vs Schlechter
|| ||½-½||24||1904||Monte Carlo||C68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange|
|9. Swiderski vs Marshall
||0-1||48||1904||Monte Carlo||D08 Queen's Gambit Declined, Albin Counter Gambit|
|10. Marshall vs G Marco
||1-0||76||1904||Monte Carlo||C45 Scotch Game|
|11. Swiderski vs Maroczy
||0-1||48||1904||Monte Carlo||B38 Sicilian, Accelerated Fianchetto, Maroczy Bind, 6.Be3|
|12. Schlechter vs Gunsberg
|| ||½-½||29||1904||Monte Carlo||D60 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense|
|13. Gunsberg vs Swiderski
|| ||½-½||36||1904||Monte Carlo||C66 Ruy Lopez|
|14. Maroczy vs Marshall
|| ||½-½||43||1904||Monte Carlo||C48 Four Knights|
|15. G Marco vs Schlechter
||0-1||26||1904||Monte Carlo||C68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange|
|16. G Marco vs Swiderski
|| ||½-½||24||1904||Monte Carlo||C00 French Defense|
|17. Marshall vs Schlechter
||½-½||50||1904||Monte Carlo||D32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch|
|18. Gunsberg vs Maroczy
|| ||½-½||31||1904||Monte Carlo||B20 Sicilian|
|19. Maroczy vs G Marco
|| ||1-0||38||1904||Monte Carlo||C79 Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defense Deferred|
|20. Swiderski vs Schlechter
||0-1||40||1904||Monte Carlo||D63 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense|
|21. Gunsberg vs Marshall
||½-½||61||1904||Monte Carlo||C55 Two Knights Defense|
|22. Marshall vs Swiderski
||1-0||32||1904||Monte Carlo||C01 French, Exchange|
|23. Schlechter vs Maroczy
|| ||½-½||32||1904||Monte Carlo||D63 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense|
|24. G Marco vs Gunsberg
||½-½||46||1904||Monte Carlo||C79 Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defense Deferred|
|25. G Marco vs Marshall
||½-½||32||1904||Monte Carlo||C48 Four Knights|
| page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 60
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|Nov-16-12|| ||zoren: White won the majority of the Rice Gambit themed games.|
In modern theory, it looks like after 8...Bxe5 9.Re1 Qe7 10.c3 (to prepare d4) f3 11.d4 Ne4! 12.Rxe4 Bh2+! and black is handily ahead.
|Nov-16-12|| ||Phony Benoni: <zoren> Ah, yes, the Vienna Variation of Simonson's Defense, first pointed out by Gustave Simonson, librarian of the Manhattan Chess Club. Yes, we're everywhere. It's extensively analyzed in "Twenty Years of the Rice Gambit."|
I didn't know there was modern theory.
|Nov-24-12|| ||Sneaky: This whole Rice Gambit thing is one of the most bizarre chapters in chess history. So many great minds spent analyzing what is just a silly footnote in a non-critical variation, all because some crazy rich guy became obsessed with it.|
Well, I shouldn't complain. We could use an Isaac Leopold Rice today.
|Nov-24-12|| ||Benzol: <Sneaky> Indeed it was a bit strange. There was the match at Brighton in 1903 too. See http://www.chessgames.com/perl/ches...|
|Nov-28-12|| ||gauer: Notice Steinitz' (still playing the white side of 8. d4 non-Nh5) score until 1873, when he switched sides (although Steinitz vs Chigorin, 1882 saw him win with a Salvio but Chigorin's pet lines never repaid much revenge to him), and was still doing well afterwards with 8 d4 Nh5. Unlike his previous match with Anderssen, Chigorin vs Steinitz, 1892 was the only King's gambit game in the Steinitz world championship matches against Chigorin the reply was not 2. f4 from Steinitz. Would he revive his old bread'n'butter variation with a test of 8. 0-0 again - or pick the other side in a Rice gambit match (had a note about an odds-game form of the non-h4 Showalter vs Taubenhaus, 1889 line, maybe implying that some of the other lines were still good enough for white to try)?|
Regarding the Rice line, 1902 saw Lasker try 8. 0-0 a few times, but he didn't seem to get on the 8. d4 theory much, especially after Lasker vs S T Sharp, 1904 0-1. Marshall / Allies vs Lasker, 1904 was another line of his from that year, but Pillsbury vs Chigorin, 1903 was also tested during the year prior to this thematic tournament against a player who Lasker had paraphrased: I shall have to have a match against this player someday.
Steinitz vs J Gocher, 1864, Steinitz vs F Deacon, 1863, Steinitz vs Chigorin, 1882 might be some other games to check out.
Thanks for the info about Lasker vs Chigorin 1903 being a match starting from one of the potential so-called "Rice Gambit" lines.
|Feb-06-16|| ||TheFocus: "Frank J. Marshall has been awarded the special prize of 200 francs donated by Herr Leopoldo Trebitsch of Vienna for producing the best chess in the fourth tournament at Monte Carlo. The prize provided by Baron Albert de Rothschild of Vienna - 500 francs - was distributed as follows: 200 francs to C. Schlechter for his game against Marco; 100 francs to R. Swiderski for his game against Marco; 100 francs to G. Maroczy for his game against Gunsberg; 100 francs to G. Marco for his game against Gunsberg" - <American Chess Bulletin>, September 1904, pg. 78.|
|Feb-24-16|| ||luftforlife: The Rice Gambit begins as follows:
1. e4 e5 2. f4 exf4 3. Nf3 g5 4. h4 g4 5. Ne5 Nf6 6. Bc4 d5 7. exd5 Bd6.
Here is the resulting position:
click for larger view
"Professor Rice, a New York amateur, had this position once and inadvertently left his Knight en prise; then later he won the game. He was so impressed with his success that he immediately interested a number of the prominent masters in the move, which was easy enough to do because he had a lot of money."
Reuben Fine, The Middle Game in Chess (New York: David McKay Co. 1952, Tartan softcover reprint, September 1972), at 190-91.
The Monte Carlo Tournament of 1904 "was one in which the Rice Gambit was put to a serious test; all the games opened with it." Id. at 190.
Best to all. ~ lufty
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