Members · Prefs · Laboratory · Collections · Openings · Endgames · Sacrifices · History · Search Kibitzing · Kibitzer's Café · Chessforums · Tournament Index · Players · Kibitzing

Budapest Tournament

Mikhail Chigorin11.5/16(+10 -3 =3)[games]
Rudolf Rezso Charousek9.5/16(+8 -5 =3)[games]
Harry Nelson Pillsbury7.5/12(+6 -3 =3)[games]
Carl Schlechter7/12(+4 -2 =6)[games]
David Janowski7/12(+6 -4 =2)[games]
Karl August Walbrodt6.5/12(+5 -4 =3)[games]
Simon Winawer6.5/12(+6 -5 =1)[games]
Siegbert Tarrasch6/12(+4 -4 =4)[games]
Adolf Albin5/12(+4 -6 =2)[games]
Geza Maroczy5/12(+4 -6 =2)[games]
Georg Marco4.5/12(+3 -6 =3)[games]
Josef Noa4/12(+2 -6 =4)[games]
Ignatz von Popiel2/12(+2 -10 =0)[games]
* Chess Event Description
Budapest (1896)

In October 1896, the Budapest Chess Club, led by the efforts of Geza Maróczy, organized a chess tournament as part of the Budapest Millennial Exhibition, intended to mark the 1000 years since the Magyar conquest of Hungary by the legendary King Įrpįd in 896. (1) Among the participants were established masters such as Siegbert Tarrasch, Mikhail Chigorin, and David Janowski, as well as young chess stars such as Harry Nelson Pillsbury and Carl Schlechter. Hungary was represented by Rudolf Charousek, Josef Noa, and Géza Maróczy. Maróczy had planned to act solely as tournament director until Semion Alapin withdrew at the last minute, and Maróczy stepped in as a replacement to preserve the original organization. (2) Since Maróczy was now playing in the event, Hungarian master Kornel Havasi took over the duties of chief arbiter. (3) Maróczy managed to secure a fine venue and excellent funding for the event. Emperor Franz Joseph donated the rent for the venue: the monumental restaurant-hall of the fabulous Pest Vigadó, Budapest's premiere entertainment building, although the Budapest Chess Club had usually met in one of the smaller and more affordable back rooms. (2) The Emperor also donated a 12 kilogram solid silver trophy, a statue of "Winged Victory." Baron Albert von Rothschild provided 1000 Kronen and famed explorer Count Jenő Zichy provided 600 kronen towards the prize fund. (4)

Picture of the Pest Vigadó:

Budapest, Austria-Hungary, 4-28 October 1896 (5)

C C P S J W W T A M M N P =1 Charousek * 1 1 ½ 0 ½ 1 ½ 1 1 0 1 1 8½ =1 Chigorin 0 * ½ 0 1 1 ½ 1 1 1 1 ½ 1 8½ 3 Pillsbury 0 ½ * ½ ½ 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 7½ =4 Schlechter ½ 1 ½ * 1 ½ 1 ½ 0 ½ 1 ½ 0 7 =4 Janowski 1 0 ½ 0 * 0 1 0 1 1 ½ 1 1 7 =6 Walbrodt ½ 0 0 ½ 1 * 1 0 1 0 ½ 1 1 6½ =6 Winawer 0 ½ 0 0 0 0 * 1 1 1 1 1 1 6½ 8 Tarrasch ½ 0 1 ½ 1 1 0 * ½ 0 0 ½ 1 6 =9 Albin 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 ½ * 0 1 ½ 1 5 =9 Maróczy 0 0 0 ½ 0 1 0 1 1 * ½ 0 1 5 11 Marco 1 0 0 0 ½ ½ 0 1 0 ½ * 1 0 4½ 12 Noa 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 0 0 ½ ½ 1 0 * 1 4 13 von Popiel 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 * 2

Playoff match:

Chigorin 1 1 0 1 3 Charousek 0 0 1 0 1

Tarrasch was awarded the special prize for best score against the prize winners. (6) Charousek tied Chigorin for first at the end of the tournament, and at first, Maróczy insisted that there be no playoff - he argued that since Charousek had won his tournament game against Chigorin, the Hungarian master should be given clear first. (7) Chigorin, however, insisted on a playoff mini-match, and Charousek was keen to participate in the showdown. Chigorin, a veteran match player, soundly defeated the young Charousek 3-1 in the playoff. After winning it, Chigorin was given a choice: the silver Winged Victory trophy or 2,500 kronen. (8) He took the money, and the trophy sat at the Budapest Chess Club until the advent of World War I, after which the trophy mysteriously was "lost." (4) Charousek received 2000 kronen for second place. (8) The result made Charousek a national hero in Austria Hungary, and he was invited by the nobility of Budapest and Vienna to lecture and to play simultaneous exhibitions. (9) To this day, Budapest 1896 is the strongest chess tournament ever held in Hungary.


1 Victor Charuchin, Chess Comet Rudolf Charousek 1873-1900 (Schachfirma Fruth 1997), p. 117.
2 Charuchin, p. 118.
3 Charuchin, p. 119.
4 Charuchin, p. 125.
5 Rod Edwards, EDO chess "Budapest 1896",
6 Prager Tagblatt, 23 October 1896, p. 10.
7 Charuchin, p. 148.
8 One Hundred Years Ago Budapest 1896. Sakkelet 10-12, 1996, pp. 372-376. In Charuchin, Appendix D.
9 Charuchin, p. 153.

Original Collection: Game Collection: Budapest 1896, by User: suenteus po 147. Special thanks goes to <jessicafischerqueen> for the superb historical details.

 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 82  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Charousek vs Schlechter  ½-½441896BudapestC33 King's Gambit Accepted
2. Chigorin vs Von Popiel 1-0511896BudapestC51 Evans Gambit
3. Janowski vs J Noa 1-0411896BudapestD31 Queen's Gambit Declined
4. Pillsbury vs Albin 0-1341896BudapestC11 French
5. K A Walbrodt vs Maroczy 0-1361896BudapestC11 French
6. Winawer vs Tarrasch 1-0891896BudapestC26 Vienna
7. Schlechter vs Pillsbury ½-½331896BudapestC49 Four Knights
8. Von Popiel vs K A Walbrodt 0-1661896BudapestB30 Sicilian
9. J Noa vs Chigorin ½-½651896BudapestC50 Giuoco Piano
10. Maroczy vs Charousek 0-1341896BudapestA01 Nimzovich-Larsen Attack
11. G Marco vs Janowski ½-½691896BudapestC77 Ruy Lopez
12. Albin vs Winawer 0-1471896BudapestC50 Giuoco Piano
13. Pillsbury vs Maroczy 1-0471896BudapestD55 Queen's Gambit Declined
14. Winawer vs Schlechter 0-1341896BudapestC13 French
15. K A Walbrodt vs J Noa 1-0321896BudapestC15 French, Winawer
16. Tarrasch vs Albin ½-½441896BudapestA84 Dutch
17. Chigorin vs G Marco 1-0561896BudapestC50 Giuoco Piano
18. Charousek vs Von Popiel 1-0251896BudapestC45 Scotch Game
19. Schlechter vs Tarrasch  ½-½451896BudapestC24 Bishop's Opening
20. Von Popiel vs Pillsbury 0-1621896BudapestC23 Bishop's Opening
21. J Noa vs Charousek 0-1561896BudapestC48 Four Knights
22. Maroczy vs Winawer 0-1391896BudapestA07 King's Indian Attack
23. G Marco vs K A Walbrodt  ½-½351896BudapestC67 Ruy Lopez
24. Janowski vs Chigorin 0-1421896BudapestD46 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
25. Winawer vs Von Popiel 1-0551896BudapestC00 French Defense
 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 82  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Feb-20-15  suenteus po 147: <Nosnibor> I appreciate your great compliment. I have made the requested change to the write-up.
Feb-20-15  zanzibar: <sp147> Funny you should mention <thomastonk>, he also took me to task a couple of time. I miss him and hope he's doing well.

I'm fairly new to <CG> (certainly when compared to some of the "lifers"), and so I'm unfamiliar with all of your efforts. But I certainly concur with <jfq>'s sentiments about you, <Benzol>, <phony> and others who pioneered the effort.

At the time when I first came on board, you weren't active on <CG> - so <suenteus_po_147> was more of a legend to me, a legend of heroic proportion that only grew as I discovered more and more of your work.

You brought order out of chaos.

Having done a few collections myself, I fully realize the tremendous effort involved. It's not easy putting together a substantial collection on <CG>, and it gets even hard if trying to fill out the missing games while keeping it organized.

Your prodigious efforts are certainly appreciated by many of us.

Of course, like Odysseus, you've returned to Ithaca. And perhaps your welcome was a little lacking - ha!

But the work continues...

I'm glad you acknowledge the need for this continued work, and express your appreciation in return.

* * * * *

Now, do you have any idea of where the bio info about Maróczy as organizer came from?

I'm digging a little bit more into this tournament, and after reading the BCM report still haven't found any leads.

Feb-20-15  suenteus po 147: <zanzibar> I'm afraid that whatever the sources were that I consulted for this tournament, I've forgotten them. My laptop was stolen last spring and it was the singular storage space for all my PGNs, bookmarks, and links for all the online research I did for these tournament collections. Perhaps <jess> knows? When I credit someone in the intro, it's because they've usually provided critical print sources to which I do not have access. All I do know is that a detail like Maróczy as organizer was something I read <somewhere> or something that <someone> told me at some point. I wouldn't have included it otherwise.
Feb-20-15  zanzibar: <sp> I understand. And sorry about the laptop - they become much more valuable than the mere cost of replacing the equipment.

Of course, a hard-disk failure could also amount to the same.

I try to use a thumb-drive to back up every month or more (when I'm being responsible).

Premium Chessgames Member

<Z>, <Peter>

Good Heavens- I do remember a source for some of the information in this bio- It's <Charushin's> biography of <Charousek>.

I have this book "in theory", meaning that I have to find it. I haven't looked at it for almost three years.

I have more than a thousand chess history books, and they are generally organized in piles around my bed, in boxes, on the floor, in non-alphabetical order on external hard drives, and in the pockets of old coats. Once I couldn't locate my copy of Cafferty and Taimanov's history of the USSR Championships for several days.

And no wonder! I had been using it as a mouse pad.

I will hunt down the Charousek biography, and then I can footnote the parts of the bio that came from this work.

Premium Chessgames Member

Aha- now it's coming back to me. I had been reading the Charousek biography in order to construct this video slide show, "Charousek- the new Morphy":

<Annie K> contributed a great deal of material for this video, and did research on Hungarian chess too. We passed Peter information for the Budapest (1896) intro at the same time I made the video, so Annie might remember or even have some sources for some of the information in the intro.

Peter do you remember? You offered Annie and I a "gift games collection" to thank us for helping with the <Budapest> intro. We chose Bucharest (1954), and you indeed created that tournament collection.

I also passed you information for that intro from two books I have on Rashid Nezhmetdinov.

If I can also locate those two books, then I can footnote and source some of the information in that intro.

Feb-20-15  suenteus po 147: <jessicafischerqueen> I won't soon forget putting together Bucharest (1954) for you and <Annie>. It was a big one, but very enjoyable work, especially because you gave me the resources to turn it into an interesting story. I wish all the tournament collections I made turned out as well as that one.
Jul-02-16  zanzibar: An important post about the history of this tournament:

Tarrasch vs Albin, 1896 (kibitz #4)

Premium Chessgames Member
  mifralu: <zanzibar>
<<Semyon Alapin withdrew at the last minute....> and Gyula Makovetz Source: Neue Hamburger Zeitung / 07 Oct 1896/ Page 6
Premium Chessgames Member
  jnpope: Does anyone know the source of the claim that Tarrasch won a brilliancy prize for Popiel-Tarrasch. I have found no evidence of such a prize being offered during the tournament. It doesn't show up in the Deutsche Schachzeitung, British Chess Magazine or any newspaper source I have access to for 1896. Nor could I find it being belatedly awarded in 1897. And it is not mentioned in Maroczy's book of the tournament. Tarrasch did win the special prize offered for having the best score against the prize winners, but that's the only prize I've found him winning from this event.
Aug-31-18  zanzibar: <jnpope> this probably isn't too informative - but <suenteus po 147> once told me more of his material can from van Reek, but he doesn't seem to cover this tournament (see Wayback - - sad to see his old website no longer works).

I do see <JFQ>'s name mentioned, perhaps she can shed some insight.

Here is mention of Tarrasch winning a special prize:

Does anybody have Owen's book?

Aside - brief info about the Budapest Millennium:

Aug-31-18  zanzibar: *more of his material* = most of his material.
Aug-31-18  zanzibar: <jnpope> RE: Budapest Prizes

which mentions, unlike the above intro, the monetary amounts of the tournament prizes.

Tarrasch won 200 crowns for his best-score against top-5.

Premium Chessgames Member
  jnpope: <z>, the BCM also says "200", but the DSZ and the tournament book give "100". The Literary Digest probably used the BCM article, which I presume was a typo?

Premium Chessgames Member
  jnpope: The 7th place prize is listed as being 200 Kronen and I doubt they would make the value of the Special Prize for best score against the prize winners the same amount as one of the main prizes.
Aug-31-18  zanzibar: <jnpope> quite likely, indeed.

It seems clear the claim of the von Popiel--Tarrasch brilliancy prize was a mistake. The question is, where did it originate?

Aside - how does <CG> determine the ordering for the Tarrasch games?

Budapest (1896)/Siegbert Tarrasch

It should be done by round, but it isn't.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: The von Popiel-Tarrasch game is not in Reinfeld's 'Tarrasch's Best Games.'

The confusion may have come from how the result was printed in some quarters.

In 'Charousek's Games of Chess' by Sergeant (page 40)

It states:

"A special prize was awarded to Tarrasch (6)"

The '(6)' refers to the number of points Tarrasch won. With no other details about what a 'special prize' was, someone has perhaps took this for his round 6 win v von Popiel and it ran on from there.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: Prager Tagblatt 23 Oct 1896 p. 10 says Tarrasch with 6 points won the special prize for best score against the prize winners.

Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <zanzibar> <Aside - how does <CG> determine the ordering for the Tarrasch games?

Budapest (1896)/Siegbert Tarrasch
It should be done by round, but it isn't.>

I don't know what you are seeing, but Tarrasch's games are in order by rounds. The second game is round 3 as Tarrasch had the bye in round 2.

Sep-01-18  Telemus: I wonder that the BCM is mentioned above, but not the special price which L.Hoffer awarded to Tarrasch: 17 volumes of the Chess Monthly. This is mentioned in the BCM 1896, p 440. This is also mentioned in the 1996 article in Sakkélet as given in Charuchin's book. No additional information in Kamm's Tarrasch biography.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: Hi Tabanus,

Did another quick check this morning before going to do some work.

Nothing of note. It would appear someone has seen 'special prize', without any other details thought it referred to a brilliancy prize and decided Tarrasch's Queen sac v Popiel was the game.

No other Tarrasch win from this tournament comes close brilliancy wise. His win Tarrasch vs Janowski, 1896 has been POTD a few times but it is not exceptional.

I only have the Russian copy of Neishtadt's 'Queen Sacrifices' sad to say the Popiel - Tarrasch game does not appear in that either.

He does mention practically other Queen sac from history including the 1763 Lolli study.

click for larger view

White to play and draw.

Neishtadt only gives the less pretty variation.

1. Rf8+ Ka7 2. Ra8+ Kxa8 3. Qf8+ Ka7 4. Qc5+ Qxc5 Stalemate.

I think Lolli intended us to see.

1. Rf8+ Ka7 2. Qc5+ Qxc5 3. Ra8+ Kb6 4. Rxa6+

click for larger view

With three ways of taking the nuisance Rook all ending in a stalemate.

(I have digressed...slightly....just pointing out how what someone else sees and publishes may not be the correct take on things - as is apparent here with 'special' and 'brilliancy'. I do not have the Lolli book so perhaps he only gave the first variation and I have started a new wrong path for others to follow. )

Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: Hi SS, I replaced the sentence in the bio with <Tarrasch was awarded the special prize for best score against the prize winners.>

Not sure if that's good English.

Sep-01-18  zanzibar: <SallyS> sounds very plausible - and stands as the only explanation at the moment!
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: Hi Zanzibar,

Could have happened at anytime. In the 1930's or 40's or even a mistranslation.

These things sneak into chess lore and it can be a devil of a job to get them corrected and accepted.

No real harm done, but it's good to have it corrected.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Jonathan Sarfati: "Since Maróczy was now playing in the event, Hungarian master Kornel Havasi took over the duties of chief arbiter."

Obviously it can't be the Kornel Havasi linked in that sentence, because he was only four years old at the time!

search thread:   
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
NOTE: You need to pick a username and password to post a reply. Getting your account takes less than a minute, is totally anonymous, and 100% free—plus, it entitles you to features otherwise unavailable. Pick your username now and join the chessgames community!
If you already have an account, you should login now.
Please observe our posting guidelines:
  1. No obscene, racist, sexist, profane, raunchy, or disgusting language.
  2. No spamming, advertising, duplicate or nonsense posts.
  3. No malicious personal attacks, including cyber stalking, systematic antagonism, or gratuitous name-calling of any member Iincludinfgall Admin and Owners or any of their family, friends, associates, or business interests. If you think someone is an idiot, then provide evidence that their reasoning is invalid and/or idiotic, instead of just calling them an idiot. It's a subtle but important distinction, even in political discussions.
  4. Nothing in violation of United States law.
  5. No malicious posting of or linking to personal, private, and/or negative information (aka "doxing" or "doxxing") about any member, (including all Admin and Owners) or any of their family, friends, associates, or business interests. This includes all media: text, images, video, audio, or otherwise. Such actions will result in severe sanctions for any violators.
  6. NO TROLLING. Admin and Owners know it when they see it, and sanctions for any trolls will be significant.
  7. Any off-topic posts which distract from the primary topic of discussion are subject to removal.
  8. The use of "sock puppet" accounts to circumvent disciplinary action taken by Moderators is expressly prohibited.
  9. The use of "sock puppet" accounts in an attempt to undermine any side of a debate—or to create a false impression of consensus or support—is prohibited.
  10. All decisions with respect to deleting posts, and any subsequent discipline, are final, and occur at the sole discretion of the Moderators, Admin, and Owners.
  11. Please try to maintain a semblance of civility at all times.
Blow the Whistle See something that violates our rules? Blow the whistle and inform a Moderator.

NOTE: Keep all discussion on the topic of this page. This forum is for this specific tournament and nothing else. If you want to discuss chess in general, or this site, visit the Kibitzer's Café.

Messages posted by Chessgames members do not necessarily represent the views of, its employees, or sponsors. All Moderator actions taken are at the sole discretion of the Admin and Owners—who will strive to act fairly and consistently at all times.
Spot an error? Please suggest your correction and help us eliminate database mistakes!

home | about | login | logout | F.A.Q. | your profile | preferences | Premium Membership | Kibitzer's Café | Biographer's Bistro | new kibitzing | chessforums | Tournament Index | Player Directory | Notable Games | World Chess Championships | Opening Explorer | Guess the Move | Game Collections | ChessBookie Game | Chessgames Challenge | Store | privacy notice | contact us
Copyright 2001-2019, Chessgames Services LLC