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TOURNAMENT STANDINGS
Munich Tournament

Harry Nelson Pillsbury15/20(+11 -1 =8)[view games]
Carl Schlechter14/19(+10 -1 =8)[view games]
Geza Maroczy12/16(+10 -2 =4)[view games]
Amos Burn10.5/15(+9 -3 =3)[view games]
Georg Marco10/15(+7 -2 =6)[view games]
Wilhelm Cohn8/15(+6 -5 =4)[view games]
Heinrich Wolf7.5/15(+6 -6 =3)[view games]
David Janowski7.5/15(+6 -6 =3)[view games]
Jackson Whipps Showalter7.5/15(+7 -7 =1)[view games]
Johann Nepomuk Berger7.5/15(+5 -5 =5)[view games]
Hermann Von Gottschall6.5/15(+5 -7 =3)[view games]
Ignatz Von Popiel6.5/15(+4 -6 =5)[view games]
Alexander Halprin5/15(+2 -7 =6)[view games]
Moritz Billecard3/15(+1 -10 =4)[view games]
Curt von Bardeleben3/15(+2 -11 =2)[view games]
Franz G Jacob1.5/15(+1 -13 =1)[view games]

Chessgames.com Historical Chess Event
Munich (1900)
The 12th German Chess Federation Congress was held in Munich from July 22nd-August 18th, 1900. It featured several of the world's best players plus the usual gang of cannon fodder, to wit:

Johann Nepomuk Berger; Moritz Billecard; Amos Burn; Wilhelm Cohn; Alexander Halprin; Franz G Jacob; David Janowski; Georg Marco; Geza Maroczy; Harry Nelson Pillsbury; Carl Schlechter; Jackson Whipps Showalter; Curt von Bardeleben; Hermann Von Gottschall; Ignatz Von Popiel; Heinrich Wolf

By round 4 the tournament had developed into a three-way race among Maroczy, Pillsbury and Schlechter, and they stayed there the rest of the way. Janowski was never a factor, Marco kept up for a while but couldn't stand the pace, and Burn made only a mild charge. By round 10, the big three were a full point ahead and it seemed obvious one of them would be the eventual winner.

The plot began to thicken after round 13. Pillsbury had taken his first sole lead at 11.0 points, Maroczy and Schlechter being 1/2-point behind. The latter two were scheduled to play in round 15, and neither could have relished the thought of trying to beat each other in order to catch Pillsbury. It was essential that Pillsbury be slowed down in round 14 to give them a chance to catch up, but he was playing Halprin whose score of 3.5-9.5 didn't inspire much confidence.

What happened next is one of the classic stories. To understand it fully, we need to go back to H Wolf vs Pillsbury, 1900 from round 12:

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.0-0 Nxe4 5.d4 Nd6

In round 3, Maroczy played the quieter 6.Bxc6, and the game was eventually drawn after Pillsbury had the advantage. Wolf goes for a more complicated line, with which Pillsbury was also familiar.

6.dxe5 Nxb5 7.a4 d6 8.e6 fxe6 9.axb5 Ne7

This appears to be an innovation by Pillsbury; previously, 9...Nb8 was played.

10.Nc3 Ng6 11.Ng5 Be7 12.Qh5 Bxg5 13.Bxg5 Qd7


click for larger view

Now Wolf tried 14.Ra3. This allowed Black to castle safely, beat back a kingside attack and convert his extra pawn in 40 moves.

Maroczy studied the position, and discovered the astounding idea of <14.b6> and 15.<Nd5>, giving White a strong attack. He went over the line with Halprin the night before round 14, hoping to give Pillsbury the surprise of his life.

Pillsbury was probably suspicious as soon as Halprin, who normally played 1.d4, came out with 1.e4 instead. Then when Halprin went into the complicated 6.dxe5 line, the radar was probably on full blast. But 14.b6 and 15.Nd5 were still a total surprise, leaving him facing a dangerous opening innovation with the clock ticking and first place at stake. Despite all this, Pillsbury managed to fend off the attack in what is generally considered one of the greatest draws in chess history.

It wasn't enough to maintain his lead, though, as both Maroczy and Schlechter won to catch Pillsbury. All three played hard in the last round, but draws resulted and the tournament itself ended with a three-way tie for first.

However, there were still tiebreak games to be played. Originally each of the three players were scheduled to have two games with each other. However, Maroczy lost the first game to Pillsbury after a horrible blunder and withdrew due to ill health.

The format was then changed to a four-game mini-match between Pillsbury and Schlechter. Schlechter won the first game, Pillsbury the second, then after two more draws they finally called it a day.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 Maroczy * 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 12.0 2 Pillsbury * 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 12.0 3 Schlechter * 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 12.0 4 Burn 0 0 * 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 10.5 5 Marco 0 0 * 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10.0 6 Cohn 0 0 0 * 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 8.0 7 Berger 1 0 0 * 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 7.5 8 Janowski 0 0 0 0 1 * 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 7.5 9 Showalter 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 * 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 7.5 10 Wolf 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 * 1 1 1 1 1 7.5 11 Von Popiel 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 * 0 1 1 6.5 12 Von Gottschall 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 * 1 1 1 6.5 13 Halprin 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 * 5.0 14 Von Bardeleben 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 * 1 0 3.0 15 Billecard 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 * 1 3.0 16 Jacob 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 = 1 0 * 1.5

If you're looking for other interesting games, take a glance at Janowski vs Maroczy, 1900 from round 4. The finish is particularly fascinating.

Original collection: Game Collection: Munich 1900, by User: Phony Benoni

 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 125  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. J N Berger vs Janowski  ½-½77 1900 MunichD46 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
2. Maroczy vs Von Bardeleben  1-073 1900 MunichC82 Ruy Lopez, Open
3. W Cohn vs M Billecard  1-023 1900 MunichC50 Giuoco Piano
4. Halprin vs H Wolf  ½-½72 1900 MunichD05 Queen's Pawn Game
5. Showalter vs Schlechter ½-½48 1900 MunichC77 Ruy Lopez
6. Von Popiel vs F G Jacob  1-046 1900 MunichC44 King's Pawn Game
7. G Marco vs Pillsbury  ½-½45 1900 MunichB73 Sicilian, Dragon, Classical
8. Von Gottschall vs Burn  0-143 1900 MunichC53 Giuoco Piano
9. Burn vs Maroczy 0-1104 1900 MunichD46 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
10. Janowski vs G Marco  0-158 1900 MunichD35 Queen's Gambit Declined
11. M Billecard vs Von Popiel  ½-½43 1900 MunichD60 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
12. Halprin vs J N Berger  1-028 1900 MunichD05 Queen's Pawn Game
13. Pillsbury vs Von Gottschall  1-025 1900 MunichD55 Queen's Gambit Declined
14. Schlechter vs W Cohn  ½-½36 1900 MunichD09 Queen's Gambit Declined, Albin Counter Gambit, 5.g3
15. Von Bardeleben vs Showalter 0-119 1900 MunichC47 Four Knights
16. H Wolf vs F G Jacob 1-034 1900 MunichC68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange
17. Von Gottschall vs Janowski  0-130 1900 MunichC26 Vienna
18. Maroczy vs Pillsbury ½-½58 1900 MunichC67 Ruy Lopez
19. Von Popiel vs Schlechter  0-149 1900 MunichC44 King's Pawn Game
20. Showalter vs Burn  1-049 1900 MunichD20 Queen's Gambit Accepted
21. W Cohn vs Von Bardeleben  1-029 1900 MunichB45 Sicilian, Taimanov
22. F G Jacob vs M Billecard  0-147 1900 MunichD63 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
23. J N Berger vs H Wolf  1-049 1900 MunichD05 Queen's Pawn Game
24. G Marco vs Halprin  1-043 1900 MunichC49 Four Knights
25. J N Berger vs G Marco  ½-½23 1900 MunichD05 Queen's Pawn Game
 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 125  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  
 

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