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TOURNAMENT STANDINGS
Munich Tournament

Harry Nelson Pillsbury12/15(+9 -0 =6)[games]
Carl Schlechter12/15(+9 -0 =6)[games]
Geza Maroczy12/15(+10 -1 =4)[games]
Amos Burn10.5/15(+9 -3 =3)[games]
Georg Marco10/15(+7 -2 =6)[games]
Wilhelm Cohn8/15(+6 -5 =4)[games]
Heinrich Wolf7.5/15(+6 -6 =3)[games]
David Janowski7.5/15(+6 -6 =3)[games]
Jackson Whipps Showalter7.5/15(+7 -7 =1)[games]
Johann Nepomuk Berger7.5/15(+5 -5 =5)[games]
Hermann von Gottschall6.5/15(+5 -7 =3)[games]
Ignatz von Popiel6.5/15(+4 -6 =5)[games]
Alexander Halprin5/15(+2 -7 =6)[games]
Moritz Billecard3/15(+1 -10 =4)[games]
Curt von Bardeleben3/15(+2 -11 =2)[games]
Franz G Jacob1.5/15(+1 -13 =1)[games]
*

Chessgames.com Chess Event Description
Munich (1900)
The 12th German Chess Federation Congress was held in Munich from July 22nd-August 18th, 1900. It featured several of the world's best players plus the usual gang of cannon fodder, to wit:

Johann Nepomuk Berger; Moritz Billecard; Amos Burn; Wilhelm Cohn; Alexander Halprin; Franz G Jacob; David Janowski; Georg Marco; Geza Maroczy; Harry Nelson Pillsbury; Carl Schlechter; Jackson Whipps Showalter; Curt von Bardeleben; Hermann von Gottschall; Ignatz von Popiel; Heinrich Wolf.

By round 4 the tournament had developed into a three-way race among Maroczy, Pillsbury and Schlechter, and they stayed there the rest of the way. Janowski was never a factor, Marco kept up for a while but couldn't stand the pace, and Burn made only a mild charge. By round 10, the big three were a full point ahead and it seemed obvious one of them would be the eventual winner.

The plot began to thicken after round 13. Pillsbury had taken his first sole lead at 11.0 points, Maroczy and Schlechter being 1/2-point behind. The latter two were scheduled to play in round 15, and neither could have relished the thought of trying to beat each other in order to catch Pillsbury. It was essential that Pillsbury be slowed down in round 14 to give them a chance to catch up, but he was playing Halprin whose score of 3.5-9.5 didn't inspire much confidence.

What happened next is one of the classic stories. To understand it fully, we need to go back to H Wolf vs Pillsbury, 1900 from round 12:

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.0-0 Nxe4 5.d4 Nd6

In round 3, Maroczy played the quieter 6.Bxc6, and the game was eventually drawn after Pillsbury had the advantage. Wolf goes for a more complicated line, with which Pillsbury was also familiar.

6.dxe5 Nxb5 7.a4 d6 8.e6 fxe6 9.axb5 Ne7

This appears to be an innovation by Pillsbury; previously, 9...Nb8 was played.

10.Nc3 Ng6 11.Ng5 Be7 12.Qh5 Bxg5 13.Bxg5 Qd7


click for larger view

Now Wolf tried <14.Ra3>. This allowed Black to castle safely, beat back a kingside attack and convert his extra pawn in 40 moves.

Maroczy studied the position, and discovered the astounding idea of <14.b6> and 15.<Nd5>, giving White a strong attack. He went over the line with Halprin the night before round 14, hoping to give Pillsbury the surprise of his life.

Pillsbury was probably suspicious as soon as Halprin, who normally played 1.d4, came out with 1.e4 instead. Then when Halprin went into the complicated 6.dxe5 line, the radar was probably on full blast. But 14.b6 and 15.Nd5 were still a total surprise, leaving him facing a dangerous opening innovation with the clock ticking and first place at stake. Despite all this, Pillsbury managed to fend off the attack in what is generally considered one of the greatest draws in chess history.

It wasn't enough to maintain his lead, though, as both Maroczy and Schlechter won to catch Pillsbury. All three played hard in the last round, but draws resulted and the tournament itself ended with a three-way tie for first.

However, there were still tiebreak games to be played. Originally each of the three players were scheduled to have two games with each other. However, Maroczy lost the first game to Pillsbury after a horrible blunder and withdrew due to ill health.

The format was then changed to a four-game mini-match between Pillsbury and Schlechter. Schlechter won the first game, Pillsbury the second, then after two more draws they finally called it a day.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 Maroczy * 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 12.0 2 Pillsbury * 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 12.0 3 Schlechter * 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 12.0 4 Burn 0 0 * 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 10.5 5 Marco 0 0 * 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10.0 6 Cohn 0 0 0 * 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 8.0 7 Berger 1 0 0 * 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 7.5 8 Janowski 0 0 0 0 1 * 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 7.5 9 Showalter 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 * 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 7.5 10 Wolf 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 * 1 1 1 1 1 7.5 11 Von Popiel 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 * 0 1 1 6.5 12 Von Gottschall 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 * 1 1 1 6.5 13 Halprin 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 * 5.0 14 Von Bardeleben 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 * 1 0 3.0 15 Billecard 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 * 1 3.0 16 Jacob 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 = 1 0 * 1.5

If you're looking for other interesting games, take a glance at Janowski vs Maroczy, 1900 from round 4. The finish is particularly fascinating.

Original collection: Game Collection: Munich 1900, by User: Phony Benoni.

 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 125  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. J N Berger vs Janowski  ½-½771900MunichD46 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
2. Maroczy vs Von Bardeleben  1-0731900MunichC82 Ruy Lopez, Open
3. W Cohn vs M Billecard  1-0231900MunichC50 Giuoco Piano
4. Halprin vs H Wolf  ½-½721900MunichD05 Queen's Pawn Game
5. Showalter vs Schlechter ½-½481900MunichC77 Ruy Lopez
6. Von Popiel vs F G Jacob  1-0461900MunichC44 King's Pawn Game
7. G Marco vs Pillsbury  ½-½451900MunichB73 Sicilian, Dragon, Classical
8. Von Gottschall vs Burn  0-1431900MunichC53 Giuoco Piano
9. Burn vs Maroczy 0-11041900MunichD46 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
10. Janowski vs G Marco 0-1581900MunichD35 Queen's Gambit Declined
11. M Billecard vs Von Popiel  ½-½431900MunichD60 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
12. Halprin vs J N Berger  1-0281900MunichD05 Queen's Pawn Game
13. Pillsbury vs Von Gottschall  1-0251900MunichD55 Queen's Gambit Declined
14. Schlechter vs W Cohn  ½-½361900MunichD09 Queen's Gambit Declined, Albin Counter Gambit, 5.g3
15. Von Bardeleben vs Showalter 0-1191900MunichC47 Four Knights
16. H Wolf vs F G Jacob 1-0341900MunichC68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange
17. Von Gottschall vs Janowski  0-1301900MunichC26 Vienna
18. Maroczy vs Pillsbury ½-½581900MunichC67 Ruy Lopez
19. Von Popiel vs Schlechter  0-1491900MunichC44 King's Pawn Game
20. Showalter vs Burn 1-0491900MunichD20 Queen's Gambit Accepted
21. W Cohn vs Von Bardeleben  1-0291900MunichB45 Sicilian, Taimanov
22. F G Jacob vs M Billecard  0-1471900MunichD63 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
23. J N Berger vs H Wolf  1-0491900MunichD05 Queen's Pawn Game
24. G Marco vs Halprin  1-0431900MunichC49 Four Knights
25. J N Berger vs G Marco  ½-½231900MunichD05 Queen's Pawn Game
 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 125  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  
 

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Kibitzer's Corner
Mar-27-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: "The prize winners are:

First: Pillsbury and Schlechter split the first prize of 1,000 marks and second prize of 800 marks. Third: Maroczy - 600 marks
Fourth: Burn - 400 marks
Fifth: Marco - 300 marks
Sixth: Cohn - 250 marks
Seventh and eighth: 200 marks and 150 marks split between Berger, Showalter, Janowsky and Wolf

Maroczy received Baron Rothschild's prize, 300 marks, for having won the largest number of games exclusive of draws," - <The Field>, August 18, 190, pg. 233.

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