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TOURNAMENT STANDINGS
Portoroz Interzonal Tournament

Mikhail Tal13.5/20(+8 -1 =11)[games]
Svetozar Gligoric13/20(+8 -2 =10)[games]
Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian12.5/20(+6 -1 =13)[games]
Pal Benko12.5/20(+7 -2 =11)[games]
Fridrik Olafsson12/20(+8 -4 =8)[games]
Robert James Fischer12/20(+6 -2 =12)[games]
David Bronstein11.5/20(+4 -1 =15)[games]
Yuri Averbakh11.5/20(+6 -3 =11)[games]
Aleksandar Matanovic11.5/20(+6 -3 =11)[games]
Laszlo Szabo11.5/20(+7 -4 =9)[games]
Ludek Pachman11.5/20(+6 -3 =11)[games]
Oscar Panno11/20(+4 -2 =14)[games]
Miroslav Filip11/20(+4 -2 =14)[games]
Raul Sanguineti10/20(+4 -4 =12)[games]
Oleg Neikirch9.5/20(+5 -6 =9)[games]
Bent Larsen8.5/20(+5 -8 =7)[games]
James T Sherwin7.5/20(+5 -10 =5)[games]
Hector Decio Rossetto7/20(+3 -9 =8)[games]
Rodolfo Tan Cardoso6/20(+4 -12 =4)[games]
Boris De Greiff4.5/20(+1 -12 =7)[games]
Geza Fuster2/20(+1 -17 =2)[games]
*

Chessgames.com Chess Event Description
Portoroz Interzonal (1958)

Portoroz was the fourth FIDE interzonal, and the first one ever played outside of Sweden. It was a 21-player round robin, with the top six players qualifying for the Bled-Zagreb-Belgrade Candidates (1959) tournament, with the proviso that no more than four players from any one country could advance.1 Harry Golombek served as arbiter, assisted by Vladimir Vukovic. The tournament committee was composed of Gligoric, Averbakh, Neikirch, Rossetto and Ozren Nedeljkovic. The prize money for 1st through 12th places was 300.000, 225.000, 200.000, 150.000, 120.000, 100.000, 80.000, 60.000, 50.000, 45.000, 40.000, and 30.000 "dinarer". In addition, the remaining players received 2.000 dinarer for each point scored. Several special prizes were also offered. The opening ceremony featured the debut of the FIDE Hymn, composed by Dal Verme.2

Photo montage: http://soloscacchi.altervista.org/w...

It was won by Tal with 13.5/20 (+8 =11 -1), Gligoric was second with 13. Also qualifying were: Benko and Petrosian with 12.5, and Fischer and Olafsson with 12.

Portoroz, Yugoslavia (Slovenia), 5 August - 12 September 19583

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 1 Tal * ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 1 ˝ 1 1 ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1 13.5 2 Gligoric ˝ * ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 1 ˝ ˝ 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 13.0 3 Petrosian ˝ ˝ * ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 1 1 1 ˝ 1 12.5 4 Benko 0 ˝ ˝ * ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1 ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 12.5 5 Olafsson ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ * 1 0 1 ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 12.0 6 Fischer ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 0 * ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1 ˝ 1 1 1 12.0 7 Bronstein ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ * ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ 0 ˝ 1 11.5 8 Averbakh ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 0 ˝ ˝ * 1 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ 1 11.5 9 Matanovic 1 ˝ 0 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 * 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 1 ˝ 1 ˝ 1 11.5 10 Szabo 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ 1 0 * ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ 0 ˝ 1 1 1 1 1 11.5 11 Pachman ˝ 0 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ * ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 ˝ 1 1 1 11.5 12 Panno 0 0 ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ * ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ 11.0 13 Filip 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ * ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 11.0 14 Sanguineti ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ 0 ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ * 1 ˝ 1 1 ˝ 1 ˝ 10.0 15 Neikirch ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ 1 0 ˝ 0 0 * 0 ˝ 1 1 ˝ 1 9.5 16 Larsen 0 0 1 ˝ 0 0 ˝ 0 0 ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 * 1 1 ˝ 0 1 8.5 17 Sherwin ˝ 1 0 ˝ 1 0 0 ˝ 0 0 0 0 ˝ 0 ˝ 0 * 1 0 1 1 7.5 18 Rossetto 0 0 0 ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 0 0 0 * 1 ˝ 1 7.0 19 Cardoso ˝ 0 0 0 0 0 1 ˝ 0 0 0 0 0 ˝ 0 ˝ 1 0 * 1 1 6.0 20 De Greiff 0 0 ˝ 0 0 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 0 ˝ 0 0 ˝ 1 0 ˝ 0 * 0 4.5 21 Fuster 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ˝ 0 ˝ 0 0 0 0 0 1 * 2.0

<Round-by-round score>

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 1 Tal 1.0 2.0 2.5 2.5 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 8.5 9.0 9.5 10.5 11.0 12.0 12.5 12.5 13.0 13.5 2 Gligoric 0.5 1.0 2.0 2.5 3.5 3.5 4.0 4.5 4.5 5.5 6.0 7.0 7.5 8.0 9.0 9.0 10.0 11.0 12.0 12.5 13.0 3 Petrosian 1.0 1.5 2.0 3.0 4.0 4.5 5.5 6.0 6.5 7.5 8.5 9.0 9.5 10.0 10.5 10.5 11.0 11.5 12.0 12.5 12.5 4 Benko 1.0 1.5 1.5 2.5 3.0 4.0 4.5 5.5 5.5 6.0 6.0 6.5 7.0 8.0 8.5 9.0 10.0 10.5 11.5 12.0 12.5 5 Olafsson 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.5 4.5 4.5 5.5 5.5 6.0 7.0 7.0 8.0 9.0 9.5 10.0 10.0 10.5 11.0 11.0 12.0 6 Fischer 0.5 1.5 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.5 3.0 4.0 5.0 5.5 5.5 6.0 6.5 7.5 8.5 9.0 9.5 10.0 10.5 11.5 12.0 7 Bronstein 0.5 1.0 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.5 6.5 7.0 7.5 8.5 9.0 9.5 10.5 11.0 11.5 11.5 8 Averbakh 0.5 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 7.5 7.5 8.0 8.5 9.0 9.5 9.5 10.0 11.0 11.5 9 Matanovic 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.5 2.5 3.5 4.0 5.0 5.5 5.5 6.0 7.0 7.5 8.0 9.0 9.5 9.5 10.0 10.5 10.5 11.5 10 Szabo 0.0 0.0 0.5 1.5 2.5 2.5 3.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 5.5 5.5 6.5 7.5 8.0 8.5 9.0 10.0 10.5 11.0 11.5 11 Pachman 0.5 1.0 1.5 1.5 2.5 3.5 4.0 4.0 4.5 5.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 8.5 9.0 9.5 9.5 10.0 11.0 11.5 12 Panno 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.5 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.5 7.0 8.0 8.0 8.5 8.5 9.0 10.0 10.5 11.0 13 Filip 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.0 2.5 3.0 4.0 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.0 6.0 6.5 7.5 8.5 9.0 9.5 10.0 10.5 11.0 14 Sanguinetti 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 3.0 3.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 5.0 5.0 5.5 5.5 5.5 6.0 6.5 7.0 8.0 9.0 9.5 10.0 15 Neikirch 0.5 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.5 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.5 5.5 6.0 6.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 8.0 9.0 9.5 16 Larsen 0.5 1.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 4.5 4.5 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 8.0 8.5 8.5 8.5 17 Sherwin 0.0 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.5 1.5 2.5 3.0 4.0 5.0 5.5 5.5 5.5 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 7.5 18 Rossetto 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 2.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.5 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 19 Cardoso 0.5 1.0 1.5 1.5 1.5 2.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 6.0 20 De Greiff 0.0 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.5 1.5 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.5 3.0 4.0 4.0 4.5 4.5 21 Fuster 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0

The Gothenburg Interzonal (1955) and Stockholm Interzonal (1962) were the previous and next in the Interzonal cycles held by FIDE.

Notes

1 Yuri Averbakh "Centre-Stage and Behind the Scenes", Steve Giddins transl. (New in Chess 2011), pp. 110-114.

2 "Tidskrift för Schack", no. 7 September 1958, p. 195 (http://www.schack.se/tfs/history/19...).

3 "Magyar Sakkelet" 1958, p. 147. In Di Felice, "Chess Results 1956-1960", p. 250.

Mikhail Tal, "The Life and Games of Mikhail Tal" (Cadogan 1997), p. 105;

Original collection: Game Collection: Interzonals 1958: Portoroz, by User: capybara.

 page 1 of 9; games 1-25 of 210  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Bronstein vs Gligoric ½-½421958Portoroz InterzonalE86 King's Indian, Samisch, Orthodox, 7.Nge2 c6
2. Petrosian vs J Sherwin 1-0581958Portoroz InterzonalD27 Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical
3. F Olafsson vs Szabo 1-0421958Portoroz InterzonalD33 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
4. Fischer vs O Neikirch ½-½161958Portoroz InterzonalC67 Ruy Lopez
5. R Sanguineti vs A Matanovic  ½-½521958Portoroz InterzonalC84 Ruy Lopez, Closed
6. Tal vs B De Greiff 1-0291958Portoroz InterzonalA17 English
7. Larsen vs Filip  ½-½321958Portoroz InterzonalA07 King's Indian Attack
8. Benko vs G Fuster 1-0261958Portoroz InterzonalB91 Sicilian, Najdorf, Zagreb (Fianchetto) Variation
9. Panno vs Pachman  ½-½261958Portoroz InterzonalE07 Catalan, Closed
10. Averbakh vs Rodolfo Cardoso ½-½601958Portoroz InterzonalA34 English, Symmetrical
11. Pachman vs F Olafsson  ½-½201958Portoroz InterzonalB26 Sicilian, Closed, 6.Be3
12. Szabo vs Tal 0-1491958Portoroz InterzonalB52 Sicilian, Canal-Sokolsky (Rossolimo) Attack
13. Rodolfo Cardoso vs Larsen  ½-½541958Portoroz InterzonalB39 Sicilian, Accelerated Fianchetto, Breyer Variation
14. Gligoric vs Averbakh  ½-½251958Portoroz InterzonalE59 Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3, Main line
15. G Fuster vs Fischer 0-1361958Portoroz InterzonalE86 King's Indian, Samisch, Orthodox, 7.Nge2 c6
16. B De Greiff vs Petrosian  ½-½301958Portoroz InterzonalE93 King's Indian, Petrosian System
17. H Rossetto vs Benko  ½-½651958Portoroz InterzonalB65 Sicilian, Richter-Rauzer Attack, 7...Be7 Defense, 9...Nxd4
18. O Neikirch vs Bronstein  ½-½201958Portoroz InterzonalA37 English, Symmetrical
19. Filip vs R Sanguineti  ½-½421958Portoroz InterzonalA12 English with b3
20. A Matanovic vs Panno  ½-½541958Portoroz InterzonalB64 Sicilian, Richter-Rauzer Attack
21. R Sanguineti vs Rodolfo Cardoso  ½-½691958Portoroz InterzonalC97 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin
22. Tal vs Pachman  ½-½501958Portoroz InterzonalC11 French
23. Fischer vs H Rossetto ½-½731958Portoroz InterzonalC99 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin, 12...cd
24. J Sherwin vs B De Greiff  1-0491958Portoroz InterzonalA54 Old Indian, Ukrainian Variation, 4.Nf3
25. Petrosian vs Szabo  ½-½211958Portoroz InterzonalE12 Queen's Indian
 page 1 of 9; games 1-25 of 210  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
Dec-28-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  thegoodanarchist: Larsen had a surprisingly poor showing.
Mar-07-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: Cardoso could be said to have kept both Bronstein and Averbakh from advancing, or at least potentially doing so. Olafsson and Fischer were the last qualifiers, with 12 points each. Bronstein and Averbakh gave up a loss and a draw, respectively, to Cardoso. Both finished with 11.5 points. Tal was the only other player in the top 13 finishers who did not beat Cardoso.
Mar-07-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: Cardoso gave Fischer all he could handle before succumbing.
Mar-07-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  RookFile: A very good result indeed in this tournament for Cardoso. Looks like he played fighting chess.
Mar-07-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: <perfidious> You're not kidding. Had Cardoso played 13...Nd5! in Fischer vs R T Cardoso, 1958, Fischer would have been in "deep doo doo," as George H.W. Bush would say. Had Cardoso won or drawn (instead of losing) from his much superior position against Fischer and/or lost or drawn (instead of winning) from his much inferior position against Bronstein, chess history might have been much different.
Jul-31-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Here is the FIDE Anthem that was played at the opening ceremony:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zlA...

Feb-24-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: A fantastic montage of all the participants (and arbiter) is online.

Click here: http://soloscacchi.altervista.org/w...

And also: http://soloscacchi.altervista.org/?... (IT)

Feb-24-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  moronovich: Wow,thanks <zanzibar>!
Feb-24-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: <moronvich> you're welcome, and both our thanks go to the soloscacchi site.
Feb-25-16  ozmikey: <http://soloscacchi.altervista.org/w...>

Panno looks a dead ringer for Peter Hitchens in that photo!

Feb-25-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  diceman: <zanzibar:

And also: http://soloscacchi.altervista.org/?... (IT)>

I wonder what the (what looks like) "38" after Brooklyn on the Fischer postcard to Jack Collins is?

Feb-26-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  NeverAgain: The "38" is a postal zone/district number, the predecessor of the ZIP code.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ZIP_c...

Feb-26-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  diceman: <NeverAgain: The "38" is a postal zone/district number, the predecessor of the ZIP code.>

That's what I was thinking, but I don't remember it ever being two digits. (even now hearing it)

However, as a kid I don't remember being focused on mailing things.

Aug-15-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: I just noticed something. The intro says that no more than four players from any one country could qualify for the candidates. But there were only four Soviets in the tournament (Tal, Petrosian, Bronstein, and Averbakh).

My impression is that the real "discrimination" against the Soviets in the 1958-60 and 1962-63 cycles was less that there was a limit on the number that were allowed to qualify for the candidates from the interzonal and more that so few of them got to play in the interzonal to begin with.

The Soviet zonal qualifier for the interzonal was the 1958 USSR championship.

USSR Championship (1958)

Imagine the non-qualifiers from that tournament playing a team event against everyone in the interzonal field from Matanovic down to Fuster. It would be a massacre.

Aug-15-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  WannaBe: <diceman> Here's more on 2 digit zip code...

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ZIP_C...

Aug-15-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <I just noticed something. The intro says that no more than four players from any one country could qualify for the candidates. But there were only four Soviets in the tournament (Tal, Petrosian, Bronstein, and Averbakh).>

But this is inconsistent with Tal's own account of the internzonal. He writes:

<For the first time, the rule came into force that, from any one country (read -- USSR!) no more than two (at first) and then no more than three (as was decided after 12 rounds) players could go forward from the Internal to the Candidates' tournament. Therefore, each of the Soviet quartet was required not only to win, but to come ahead of at least one of his compatriots. In short, only 1st-3rd places guaranteed success, compared to 1st-6th places for the remaining contestants.>

As it turned out, only two Soviets finished in the top six, which is not to say that the limit had no effect, since Bronstein and Averbakh finished a half-point behind the last two qualifiers, Olafsson and Fischer.

Aug-15-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  beatgiant: There was a whole big discussion on the so-called "3 Soviets Rule" here Curacao Candidates (1962) and the conclusion was that the rules and their implementation were pretty vague.

That discussion concluded that the limit was raised from 2 to 3 (plus seeded players) sometime between 1959 and 1962. It's a big surprise to learn that happened while the interzonal was actually in progress. Can any other source confirm this?

Aug-16-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <beatgiant> It would be nice to see another source on the change from two to three Soviets while the interzonal was in progress, I agree. It would be a strange thing for a (Soviet) participant to get wrong, though. In his autobiography, published many years later, Tal's indignation over the rule is palpable.

My first thought was that Smyslov's defeat in the rematch with Botvinnik had something to do with the change, but the timing doesn't work. The match was in the spring, and the interzonal was from August 5 to September 12. But maybe it was only in August that FIDE decided how many automatic seeds there would be in the candidates?

For anyone who wants to check whatever archives might be helpful, I think Round 12 took place on August 23 and Round 13 was on August 27.

Aug-16-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <beatgiant>

See attached, courtesy of <Sally Simpson>.

https://www.chess.com/blog/Spektrow...

I just lost a huge post discussing it, so I'll just put up some excerpts.

<By the rules established at 1956 Moscow FIDE Congress, five Interzonal winners were to progress to the Candidates'. But Smyslov (ex-World Champion) and Keres (runner-up of the last Candidates') already received personal invitations, so, out of our Soviet four, only two at most could progress! Of course, we didn't like that, and all other participants thought that it was unfair that only five players qualified, while at the previous Interzonals, there were nine qualifying places, and so they asked the FIDE officials to increase the number.

For the first half of the tournament, I was in the top three, behind only Tal and Petrosian. Still, that third place gave me nothing. But before the 13th round, we got good news: the number of qualifying places was increased to six, and the number of Soviet players eligible for qualifying was increased to three.>

Now the background:

<At the 1956 Moscow FIDE Congress, the round-robin tournament rule was cancelled, and the World Champion got the right for a return match instead.

This decision looks unfair towards the candidates. As I have already said, in 1950s, Botvinnik was just the first among equals. He couldn't defeat neither Bronstein nor Smyslov. Moreover, we already knew the new candidate's name - Smyslov again won the right to play Botvinnik in 1957.

Why would FIDE make such a concession to Botvinnik?

To answer this question, we'll have to look at other decisions made at the Moscow Congress. Knowing Folke Rogard, then FIDE President, a renowned Swedish lawyer and experienced politician, I can say that in his work, he'd always strived to maintain a parity between us and the West. For instance, when M. Tal, the USSR Champion, was given the International Grandmaster title without meeting all necessary requirements, the U.S. Champion A. Bisguier was given the title as well. That was the strategy: if we concede something to Soviet Union, we have to take something away from them.

And so, acting by this principle, the Congress limited the number of players from one country (read: USSR) in the Candidates' tournament to four. As I said, it was done by request of our federation, but in fact it was more of a personal request of the World Champion.

Botvinnik later wrote diplomatically (in the book Botvinnik - Smyslov: The Return Match): "There was a "danger" that all or almost all candidates would represent only one country - this could decrease the interest towards chess in other parts of the world and harm the international chess community."

It looks logical, but it's only the external part of the story. Botvinnik had his own ulterior plans - to create new obstacles for his main compatriot competitors. They posed the greatest threat for him, and he wanted to decrease their numbers.>

Aug-16-17  Howard: Geez, this discussion regarding no-more-than-five-Soviets, has me confused. Is someone saying that FIDE changed the rules while the 1958 interzonal was still in progress?!

That's a new one on me.

Aug-16-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  beatgiant: <Howard>
<Is someone saying...> Tal and Averbakh are saying. And it's consistent with what we discussed on the Curacao Candidates (1962) page, the new bits being the timing and the background. So, I'm inclined to believe this.
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