An international chess tournament was organized in the Netherlands' city of Amsterdam from October 10th to the 18th, 1936. Eight chess masters from Europe and the United States, including the world champion, participated in the round robin event. Among the attendees were the Dutch world champion Max Euwe, former world champion Alexander Alekhine, and the new American chess master Reuben Fine. Euwe and Fine finished equal first, with Euwe scoring a win against Alekhine (who was actively campaigning for a rematch) and finishing undefeated, while Fine scored more wins than any other single participant, leaving both at the final with +3. Alekhine followed in clear third by half a point.
The final standings and crosstable:
Original collection: Game Collection: Amsterdam 1936, by User: suenteus po 147.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
=1 Euwe * ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ 1 5
=1 Fine ˝ * ˝ 1 1 1 0 1 5
3 Alekhine 0 ˝ * ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1 4˝
=4 Gruenfeld ˝ 0 ˝ * ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 3˝
=4 Landau ˝ 0 0 ˝ * ˝ 1 1 3˝
=4 Van den Bosch 0 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ * 1 1 3˝
7 Kmoch ˝ 1 0 ˝ 0 0 * 1 3
8 Van Scheltinga 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 * 0
| page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 28
|1. J van den Bosch vs S Landau
|| ||½-½||51||1936||Amsterdam||C11 French|
|2. S Landau vs Euwe
|| ||½-½||41||1936||Amsterdam||D12 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav|
|3. Fine vs Gruenfeld
||1-0||52||1936||Amsterdam||D39 Queen's Gambit Declined, Ragozin, Vienna Variation|
|4. Gruenfeld vs S Landau
|| ||½-½||47||1936||Amsterdam||D63 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense|
|5. Fine vs J van den Bosch
||1-0||38||1936||Amsterdam||E33 Nimzo-Indian, Classical|
|6. S Landau vs Fine
||0-1||41||1936||Amsterdam||D51 Queen's Gambit Declined|
|7. T van Scheltinga vs Fine
||0-1||40||1936||Amsterdam||D38 Queen's Gambit Declined, Ragozin Variation|
|8. T van Scheltinga vs Gruenfeld
||0-1||23||1936||Amsterdam||D44 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav|
|9. Kmoch vs T van Scheltinga
||1-0||54||1936||Amsterdam||E17 Queen's Indian|
|10. Euwe vs T van Scheltinga
||1-0||43||1936||Amsterdam||E24 Nimzo-Indian, Samisch|
|11. Euwe vs Kmoch
|| ||½-½||43||1936||Amsterdam||A47 Queen's Indian|
|12. Euwe vs Fine
|| ||½-½||33||1936||Amsterdam||D60 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense|
|13. Alekhine vs T van Scheltinga
||1-0||79||1936||Amsterdam||E17 Queen's Indian|
|14. Alekhine vs J van den Bosch
|| ||½-½||43||1936||Amsterdam||D64 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox, Rubinstein Attack|
|15. Gruenfeld vs Alekhine
||½-½||30||1936||Amsterdam||A40 Queen's Pawn Game|
|16. Kmoch vs Alekhine
||0-1||40||1936||Amsterdam||A44 Old Benoni Defense|
|17. S Landau vs Kmoch
|| ||1-0||40||1936||Amsterdam||E48 Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 O-O 5.Bd3 d5|
|18. Fine vs Alekhine
|| ||½-½||24||1936||Amsterdam||A92 Dutch|
|19. J van den Bosch vs Euwe
||0-1||17||1936||Amsterdam||B23 Sicilian, Closed|
|20. Gruenfeld vs J van den Bosch
|| ||½-½||31||1936||Amsterdam||D55 Queen's Gambit Declined|
|21. J van den Bosch vs Kmoch
|| ||1-0||53||1936||Amsterdam||C09 French, Tarrasch, Open Variation, Main line|
|22. J van den Bosch vs T van Scheltinga
||1-0||34||1936||Amsterdam||C99 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin, 12...cd|
|23. Kmoch vs Fine
||1-0||56||1936||Amsterdam||D51 Queen's Gambit Declined|
|24. Euwe vs Gruenfeld
|| ||½-½||30||1936||Amsterdam||E34 Nimzo-Indian, Classical, Noa Variation|
|25. Alekhine vs S Landau
|| ||1-0||72||1936||Amsterdam||C11 French|
| page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 28
|May-15-15|| ||Phony Benoni: This is excerpted from a message by User: thomastonk, written about a year ago. The full message can be found at
Biographer Bistro (kibitz #5622)|
<Yesterday I read a German chess column from 1936 with a report on a tournament played in different cities of the Netherlands. Among the participants were Euwe, Alekhine, Fine, Kmoch and Grünfeld. I had a look at our Tournament Index and found Amsterdam (1936). Different cities are not mentioned there, and so I became curious.
After about 2 hours of research I had found an incredible number of mistakes! Five of the seven rounds were indead played in Amsterdam, but in two different locations. One round was played in The Hague, another round in Rotterdam. But that's only the tip of the iceberg!
If you have a closer look to the dates and round numbers, you will find that *the* eight players played seven rounds on October 10, 11, 13, 14, 16, 17 and 18. Everything looks quite regular.
But the story of the tournament is completely different. Already before the tournament Dutch newspapers reported that the seventh round will be preponed to October 13, and hence several rounds will be postponed by one day, and that the game between van den Bosch and Euwe will be played in advance.
When the first round begun on October 10, the players were not the 8 mentioned in our tournament! Prins was then a regular participant! Van den Bosch was unable to play this evening, and the committee chose van Scheltinga as an unofficial and temporary replacement. The next day van den Bosch was again unable to play, and hence van Scheltinga played another game, van den Bosch being an official participant.
Things became even more confusing when Prins quit the tournament before round 3. Now it payed off that van Scheltinga had play already, because he became an official participant then. Meanwhile van den Bosch had begun to play (the exact day is still unclear to me) and had lost the preponed game against Euwe. Obviously, all other rounds had to be rearranged somehow.
On October 18, the day of the last round, only the two victors (Euwe and Fine) were known. There were still two adjourned games, and the game van den Bosch vs Landau had not even begun!
After all you won't be surprised to learn that the majority of dates in our tournament are wrong, and almost all round numbers are doubtful.>
As of yet, these concerns have not been addressed.
|May-15-15|| ||Phony Benoni: User: sachistu has been looking into this. A tournament book, originally issued by E.R. Cordinley in 1937 and reprinted (with some corrections) by Chess Enterprises in1980, provides the following roun-by-round schedule of games. This information has been verified in other sources. |
Euwe 1/2 Gruenfeld 1/2
Kmoch 1 Fine 0
Alekhine 1 Landau 0
Bosch 1 Scheltinga 0
Alekhine 0 Euwe 1
Scheltinga 0 Fine 1 played later
Kmoch 1/2 Gruenfeld 1/2
Bosch 1/2 Landau 1/2 played later
Bosch 0 Euwe 1
Fine 1 Gruenfeld 0 adjourned
Kmoch 0 Alekhine 1
Scheltinga 0 Landau 1
Euwe 1/2 Fine 1/2
Alekhine 1/2 Bosch 1/2
Gruenfeld 1/2 Landau 1/2 adjourned
Kmoch 1 Scheltinga 0 adjourned
Euwe 1/2 Kmoch 1/2
Landau 0 Fine 1
Alekhine 1 Scheltinga 0
Gruenfeld 1/2 Bosch 1/2
Landau 1/2 Euwe 1/2
Fine 1/2 Alekhine 1/2
Bosch 1 Kmoch 0
Scheltinga 0 Gruenfeld 1
Euwe 1 Scheltinga 0
Fine 1 Bosch 0
Gruenfeld 1/2 Alekhine 1/2
Landau 1 Kmoch 0
At best, however, this only provides a list of when games were scheduled, not when they were actually played. That may only be available by scouring the daily newspapers for details.
In any event, I plan to change the game data for round numbers and delete the current day information until it can be established.
|May-15-15|| ||Phony Benoni: One of the game Prins played before withdrawing was against Fine in the original round 2. The score has been submitted.|
[Site "Amsterdam NED"]
[White "Prins, Lodewijk"]
[Black "Fine, Reuben"]
1.d4 Nf6 2.Nf3 d5 3.e3 c5 4.c3 e6 5.Bd3 Nc6 6.0-0 Bd6 7.Nbd2 e5 8.dxe5 Nxe5 9.Nxe5 Bxe5 10.f4 Bc7 11.e4 c4 12.Bc2 0-0 13.h3 Bb6+ 14.Kh1 Ng4 15.Nf3 Nf2+ 16.Rxf2 Bxf2 17.exd5 Re8 18.Qf1 Bb6 19.Qxc4 Qf6 20.Ba4 Re7 21.Bd2 Bf5 22.Be1 Re4 23.Qb3 Bxh3 24.Bg3 Bf5 25.Re1 Rxe1+ 26.Nxe1 Be4 27.c4 Qd4 28.Bh2 Qf2 0-1
|Aug-06-16|| ||parisattack: < Phony Benoni: User: sachistu has been looking into this. A tournament book, originally issued by E.R. Cordinley in 1937 and reprinted (with some corrections) by Chess Enterprises in1980, provides the following roun-by-round schedule of games. This information has been verified in other sources.>|
Ken Whyld also did a 50-copy reprint of the Cordingley in 1955.
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