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TOURNAMENT STANDINGS
Paris Tournament

Johannes Zukertort16.5/23(+13 -3 =7)[view games]
Simon Winawer14.5/23(+11 -5 =7)[view games]
Joseph Henry Blackburne13.5/20(+11 -4 =5)[view games]
Henry Edward Bird12/22(+12 -10 =0)[view games]
Adolf Anderssen11.5/21(+10 -8 =3)[view games]
George Henry Mackenzie11/19(+9 -6 =4)[view games]
Samuel Rosenthal10/20(+8 -8 =4)[view games]
Albert Clerc8.5/19(+8 -10 =1)[view games]
Berthold Englisch8/17(+5 -6 =6)[view games]
James Mason7/18(+5 -9 =4)[view games]
H W Birkmyre Gifford3.5/17(+3 -13 =1)[view games]
Karl Pitschel2/17(+1 -14 =2)[view games]

Chessgames.com Historical Chess Event
Paris (1878)
In the aftermath of the Franco-Prussian war, a World's Fair was held in the city of Paris to demonstrate France's revival. Among the novelties experienced during the exhibition were cold drinks, a giant steam hammer that stood out front of the exhibition hall, and the introduction of electricity to make Paris a city of lights for the first time. Also by way of exhibition was the first intercontinental European chess tournament, organized with twelve chess masters in attendance. Following a tradition of holding master chess tournaments during world's fairs, the participants at this event gathered in the exhibition hall to battle in "match rounds" where opponents met one another with both colors in a single round. Each round was broken up over consecutive two-day periods. Players included winners of past world's fair tournaments, such as Adolf Anderssen and James Mason, as well as past participants and prize winners such as Simon Winawer, Joseph Henry Blackburne, Samuel Rosenthal, and Henry Edward Bird. Games were played from June 17th until July 31st. Each round began at noon and continued until 4pm, at which point a player could request a one hour intermission. The same opportunity was provided at 9pm, and games that continued past 10pm could be postponed until the following day. After the eleven rounds of matches were completed, playoffs were organized to determine prize disbursement among first and second, and fourth and fifth places. Zukertort and Winawer drew their first playoff match, so a second was arranged, which Zukertort won convincingly, 2-0. Mackenzie also trounced Bird in their playoff match 2-0. Though he was present for the tournament, Wilhelm Steinitz did not participate. Instead he reported on the games for The Field. Zukertort's prize for victory was 1000 Francs and two Sèvres vases, a traditional gift awarded back in Paris 1867. Winawer also received a vase and 500 Francs for second. At sixth place, the once dominant Anderssen still managed to win a prize, 200 Francs, but his poor health and advanced age prevented him from competing as he once had. He died the following year. In addition to the prize money Zukertort's vases were estimated at 5800 Francs, however his dire need for cash at the time forced him to search Paris for three days to find a buyer, eventually selling them for much less than their estimated worth. An important note is that several games no longer exist as complete scores and therefore cannot be included in this collection. However, a majority of the games as well as the final standings remain to trace the players' struggles and victories in this penultimate world's fair tournament.

The final standings and crosstable:

=1st Winawer 16½/22 ** 10 ½½ 0½ 11 ½1 01 11 ½1 11 11 11 =1st Zukertort 16½/22 01 ** 10 ½0 11 1½ ½½ 11 11 ½1 11 11 3rd Blackburne 14½/22 ½½ 01 ** 01 10 00 1½ 1½ 11 1½ 11 11 =4th Mackenzie 13 /22 1½ ½1 10 ** 01 00 01 ½0 01 11 11 1½ =4th Bird 13 /22 00 00 01 10 ** 11 10 10 01 11 11 11 6th Anderssen 12½/22 ½0 0½ 11 11 00 ** 10 0½ 11 10 10 11 =7th Englisch 11½/22 10 ½½ 0½ 10 01 01 ** ½½ 01 ½½ 11 10 =7th Rosenthal 11½/22 00 00 0½ ½1 01 1½ ½½ ** 01 10 11 11 =9th Clerc 8½/22 ½0 00 00 10 10 00 10 10 ** 01 10 11 =9th Mason 8½/22 00 ½0 0½ 00 00 01 ½½ 01 10 ** 11 1½ 11th Gifford 3½/22 00 00 00 00 00 01 00 00 01 00 ** 1½ 12th Pitschel 2½/22 00 00 00 0½ 00 00 01 00 00 0½ 0½ **

First place playoff match:

1st Zukertort 3/4 ½ ½ 1 1 2nd Winawer 1/4 ½ ½ 0 0

Fourth place playoff match:

4th Mackenzie 2/2 1 1 5th Bird 0/2 0 0

*Special thanks goes to <sneaky pete> who helped complete and improve the overall accuracy of this collection.

Original collection: Game Collection: Paris 1878, by User: suenteus po 147

 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 118  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. S Rosenthal vs Mackenzie  1-060 1878 ParisC48 Four Knights
2. Blackburne vs J Mason 1-085 1878 ParisC11 French
3. Winawer vs Bird 1-054 1878 ParisC61 Ruy Lopez, Bird's Defense
4. Anderssen vs K Pitschel 1-033 1878 ParisC41 Philidor Defense
5. Zukertort vs Englisch  ½-½49 1878 ParisC51 Evans Gambit
6. A Clerc vs H Gifford  1-038 1878 ParisC25 Vienna
7. Englisch vs Zukertort  ½-½40 1878 ParisC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
8. H Gifford vs A Clerc 1-025 1878 ParisC15 French, Winawer
9. Mackenzie vs S Rosenthal  ½-½40 1878 ParisC77 Ruy Lopez
10. J Mason vs Blackburne ½-½78 1878 ParisE14 Queen's Indian
11. Bird vs Winawer 0-170 1878 ParisA02 Bird's Opening
12. K Pitschel vs Anderssen 0-155 1878 ParisA13 English
13. Bird vs S Rosenthal 1-034 1878 ParisC53 Giuoco Piano
14. Blackburne vs H Gifford 1-036 1878 ParisC45 Scotch Game
15. A Clerc vs K Pitschel  1-042 1878 ParisC25 Vienna
16. Zukertort vs Mackenzie 0-153 1878 ParisC49 Four Knights
17. H Gifford vs Blackburne 0-130 1878 ParisC48 Four Knights
18. K Pitschel vs A Clerc 0-118 1878 ParisC01 French, Exchange
19. J Mason vs Winawer 0-128 1878 ParisD20 Queen's Gambit Accepted
20. Englisch vs Anderssen 1-031 1878 ParisC46 Three Knights
21. S Rosenthal vs Bird 1-029 1878 ParisC11 French
22. Mackenzie vs Zukertort  ½-½27 1878 ParisC77 Ruy Lopez
23. Zukertort vs Bird 1-030 1878 ParisC00 French Defense
24. Blackburne vs K Pitschel  1-046 1878 ParisC41 Philidor Defense
25. S Rosenthal vs J Mason 0-132 1878 ParisC01 French, Exchange
 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 118  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  
 

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