|5th American Chess Congress (1880)|
The 5th American Chess Congress was held at the Manhattan Chess Club in New York City, the United States from January 6th to the 31st, 1880. Ten American chess masters and players participated in the nine "double rounds" of the main event. The participants included two-time US Chess Congress winner George Henry Mackenzie, 4th US Chess Congress at Philadelphia (1876) runner-up Max Judd, previous Congress participants James Adams Congdon and Preston Ware, as well as Albert Cohnfeld, Eugene Delmar, James Grundy, Charles Moehle, John Ryan, and Alexander Sellman. Each of the players gained entrance to the masters tournament via a $20 entry fee. Games began promptly at 1 p.m. each day with a break for dinner between 5 p.m. and 7 p.m. whereby the games resumed until 11 p.m. Games were adjourned if the players could not reach a conclusion by midnight. The time control for the tournament was fifteen moves an hour, with an increment of whatever time unspent being carried over to the next time control. Sundays were reserved for rest days.|
The final of the event saw a tie for first between Mackenzie and Grundy. The Congress rules stipulated in the event of a tie that a playoff match would follow the congress with the grand prize going to the first player to win two games. Mackenzie defeated Grundy handily and claimed the grand prize of $500 and a gold medal to commemorate his victory. Grundy received $300 for second place, while Moehle received $200 for third, Sellman received $100 for fourth, and Judd received $50 for fifth. It was Mackenzie's third and final US Congress victory and cemented his legacy as one of the strongest chess players living and playing in the United States in the 19th century.
Charles Gillsburg's account of the Congress provides many more details.
=1st Mackenzie ** 0½ 10 ½½ ½1 11 11 11 1½ 11 13½
=1st Grundy 1½ ** ½½ 10 1½ 11 1½ 01 11 11 13½
3rd Moehle 01 ½½ ** 0½ 1½ 10 11 11 11 11 13
4th Sellman ½½ 01 1½ ** 10 1½ 11 0½ 11 11 12½
5th Judd ½0 0½ 0½ 01 ** ½1 11 11 01 11 11
6th Delmar 00 00 01 0½ ½0 ** 11 11 ½1 11 9½
=7th Ryan 00 0½ 00 00 00 00 ** 11 01 11 5½
=7th Ware 00 10 00 1½ 00 00 00 ** ½1 1½ 5½
9th Congdon ½0 00 00 00 10 ½0 01 0½ ** 00 3½
10th Cohnfeld 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 0½ 11 ** 2½
Original collection: Game Collection: New York 1880, by User: suenteus po 147
1st Mackenzie 1 1 2
2nd Grundy 0 0 0
| page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 92
| page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 92
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