|Ostend (Championship) (1907)|
Georges Marquet, who had already financed the earlier tournaments Ostend (1905) and Ostend (1906), provided the Brussels Chess Club with 40,000 francs to stage several chess tournaments. (1) The sum was later raised to 50,000 francs. (2)
Leopold Hoffer was the tournament director. (3) The main event was a quadruple round robin Grandmaster tournament with a prize fund of 10,000 francs and, in addition, 1,200 francs compensation for expenses. (2)
The six participants were: Siegbert Tarrasch, Carl Schlechter, David Janowski, Frank James Marshall, Amos Burn and Mikhail Chigorin.
Negotiations with world champion Emanuel Lasker had failed, because he was contesting the Lasker - Marshall World Championship Match (1907) and feared that it might take so long, that he wouldn't have time to recover between these two events. (4) The organizers declared that they would try everything to arrange a match between the winner of the Grandmaster tournament and the winner of the Lasker - Marshall match, (4) see the Lasker - Tarrasch World Championship Match (1908).
Ostend, Belgium, 16 May - 13 June 1907 (5)
Points accumulated during each cycle:
1 2 3 4 5 6
1 Tarrasch **** ½½10 ½1½½ ½1½1 1½10 1½01 12.5
2 Schlechter ½½01 **** ½010 11½½ ½1½½ ½½11 12.0
3 Marshall ½0½½ ½101 **** 0101 0½11 ½½11 11.5
4 Janowski ½0½0 00½½ 1010 **** 1111 11½1 11.5
5 Burn 0½01 ½0½½ 1½00 0000 **** ½111 8.0
6 Chigorin 0½10 ½½00 ½½00 00½0 ½000 **** 4.5
Prizes: Tarrasch 2,638 francs, Schlechter 2,277 francs, Janowski and Marshall 1,950 francs each, Burn 779 francs and Chigorin 438 francs. (6)
1 2 3 4
1 Tarrasch 3.5 3.5 3.0 2.5 12.5
2 Schlechter 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 12.0
3 Marshall 1.5 3.0 2.5 4.5 11.5
4 Janowski 3.5 2.0 3.5 2.5 11.5
5 Burn 2.0 2.0 1.5 2.5 8.0
6 Chigorin 1.5 1.5 1.5 0.0 4.5
The tie-break system for the distribution of the prizes, used in all tournaments, was the system developed by Viktor Tietz. (2) The Tietz system was designed to adjust the prize money to the performance of the players. This is done by taking the number of wins into account for the calculation of the prize money, based on the following two main principles: (1) Prize winners are those who scored more than 50% of the possible points and (2) the overall number of points of the prize winners is also included in the calculations. (7)
A picture of all the contestants: http://anno.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/a... (8)
Tarrasch edited the tournament book, Das Champion-Turnier zu Ostende im Jahre 1907. (9)
(1) Wiener Schachzeitung, August-September 1907, p. 248. Provided in "ANNO / Österreichische Nationalbibliothek".
(2) Wiener Schachzeitung, January-February 1907, p. 24. Provided in "ANNO / Österreichische Nationalbibliothek".
(3) Wiener Schachzeitung, March-April 1907, p. 66. Provided in "ANNO / Österreichische Nationalbibliothek".
(4) Wiener Schachzeitung, March-April 1907, p. 67. Provided in "ANNO / Österreichische Nationalbibliothek".
(5) Rod Edwards, http://www.edochess.ca/tournaments/....
(6) Wiener Schachzeitung, August-September 1907, p. 249. Provided in "ANNO / Österreichische Nationalbibliothek".
(7) Victor Tietz, Über eine neue Art der Preisverteilung, Wiener Schachzeitung, November 1900, pp. 223-230; Victor Tietz, Über eine neue Art der Preisverteilung, Wiener Schachzeitung, October 1902, pp. 201-204. Provided in "ANNO / Österreichische Nationalbibliothek".
(8) Wiener Schachzeitung, August-September 1907, p. 254. Provided in "ANNO / Österreichische Nationalbibliothek". The names are given on p. 250.
(9) Published by Veit of Leipzig in 1907. http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Recor....
Based on an original collection by User: whiteshark.
| page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 60
|1. Marshall vs Tarrasch
|| ||½-½||26||1907||Ostend (Championship)||D32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch|
|2. Schlechter vs Chigorin
|| ||½-½||30||1907||Ostend (Championship)||C46 Three Knights|
|3. Burn vs Janowski
|| ||0-1||46||1907||Ostend (Championship)||D26 Queen's Gambit Accepted|
|4. Tarrasch vs Burn
|| ||1-0||39||1907||Ostend (Championship)||C78 Ruy Lopez|
|5. Schlechter vs Marshall
||½-½||32||1907||Ostend (Championship)||C12 French, McCutcheon|
|6. Chigorin vs Janowski
||0-1||24||1907||Ostend (Championship)||C25 Vienna|
|7. Burn vs Schlechter
|| ||½-½||52||1907||Ostend (Championship)||C79 Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defense Deferred|
|8. Marshall vs Chigorin
|| ||½-½||30||1907||Ostend (Championship)||D31 Queen's Gambit Declined|
|9. Janowski vs Tarrasch
|| ||½-½||50||1907||Ostend (Championship)||C49 Four Knights|
|10. Chigorin vs Tarrasch
||0-1||30||1907||Ostend (Championship)||B23 Sicilian, Closed|
|11. Schlechter vs Janowski
|| ||1-0||51||1907||Ostend (Championship)||C49 Four Knights|
|12. Marshall vs Burn
||0-1||47||1907||Ostend (Championship)||D60 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense|
|13. Burn vs Chigorin
|| ||½-½||53||1907||Ostend (Championship)||D31 Queen's Gambit Declined|
|14. Janowski vs Marshall
|| ||1-0||78||1907||Ostend (Championship)||C12 French, McCutcheon|
|15. Tarrasch vs Schlechter
|| ||½-½||16||1907||Ostend (Championship)||D61 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox, Rubinstein Attack|
|16. Janowski vs Burn
|| ||1-0||40||1907||Ostend (Championship)||C12 French, McCutcheon|
|17. Chigorin vs Schlechter
|| ||½-½||24||1907||Ostend (Championship)||C45 Scotch Game|
|18. Tarrasch vs Marshall
|| ||1-0||57||1907||Ostend (Championship)||C70 Ruy Lopez|
|19. Janowski vs Chigorin
||1-0||47||1907||Ostend (Championship)||A46 Queen's Pawn Game|
|20. Burn vs Tarrasch
|| ||½-½||26||1907||Ostend (Championship)||C80 Ruy Lopez, Open|
|21. Marshall vs Schlechter
||1-0||29||1907||Ostend (Championship)||D27 Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical|
|22. Schlechter vs Burn
|| ||1-0||31||1907||Ostend (Championship)||D02 Queen's Pawn Game|
|23. Tarrasch vs Janowski
||1-0||30||1907||Ostend (Championship)||C49 Four Knights|
|24. Chigorin vs Marshall
|| ||½-½||65||1907||Ostend (Championship)||A07 King's Indian Attack|
|25. Burn vs Marshall
|| ||½-½||62||1907||Ostend (Championship)||C65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense|
| page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 60
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|Sep-29-13|| ||GrahamClayton: Tarrasch was awarded the title of "World Champion Tournament Player" after his victory in this tournament.|
|Aug-19-14|| ||Karpova: The management of the Ostend kursaal provided the Brussels Chess Club with 50,000 francs for the 1907 tournaments. The management of the tournaments was asssigned to L. Hoffer and Eug. de Lannois. |
The international season opening tournament (<das "internationale Eröffnungsturnier" der Saison>) would begin on 30 March 1907 with a 3,000 francs prize fund.
The master tournaments would begin on 15 May 1907, the rest at the end of June or in the beginning of July:
1) One Grandmaster tournament (<Großmeisterturnier>) - quadruple round robin with 6 participants. A prize fund of 10,000 francs and 1,200 francs compensation for expenses.
2) One Master tournament, single round robin with 30 participants. A 12,000 francs prize fund and 7,000 francs for free lodging.
3) Three Amateur tournaments split in 3 classes (prize funds 3,000 or 2,000 or 1,000 francs respectively).
4) One Women's tournament with a 1,500 francs prize fund.
Tie-break system for all tournaments to distribute the prizes is the Tietz system.
Source: 'Wiener Schachzeitung', January-February 1907, p. 24.
|Aug-19-14|| ||Karpova: The tournament regulations are reproduced on pp. 66-71 od the March-April 1907 'Wiener Schachzeitung'.|
The Grandmaster tournament is called <Championshipturnier> and negotiations with Emanuel Lasker failed, because his match with Marshall could take so long that both players wouldn't have enough time to recover.
The committee hoped for a Congress wherein the winner of the Grandmaster tournament and the <Weltchampion> got the chance to compete with each other.
So they arrange the Grandmaster tournament and will then try everything to arrange a match between the winner of the Grandmaster tournament and the winner of the New York world championship match.
This information is all from p. 67.
Interesting information from p. 68: All the participants of the Women's tournament receive an additional souvenir - laces from Brussels.
|Aug-20-14|| ||Karpova: Georges Marquet, general director of the "Societe anonyme des bains de mer", was most important for the chess tournaments in Ostend. He established chess among the pleasure offered to visitors of the bathing resort. |
Furthermore, he provided the Brussels Chess Club with considerable funds: 20,000 francs for the 1905 tournament, 30,000 francs for the 1906 tournament, 40,000 francs for the 1907 tournament and, as the tournament director Eugene de Lannoy said, 40,000 francs for the 1908 tournament. Regarding the discrepancy to my first post - Ostend (Championship) (1907) - they wrote back then that the Brussels Chess Club received 40,000 francs which was then raised to 50,000 francs.
The tournaments began on 16 May 1907. (p. 248)
Prizes: Tarrasch 2,638 francs, Schlechter 2,277 francs, Janowski and Marshall 1,950 francs each, Burn 779 francs and Chigorin 438 francs (overall 10,000 francs). (p. 249)
Picture (p. 253, see p. 254 for the names): http://anno.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/a...
Source: 'Wiener Schachzeitung', August-September 1907
|Feb-02-15|| ||poorthylacine: After such a result, its difficult for me to believe that Tarrasch, like some persons are still attesting it, was just exactly declining because of age the following year, and that Lasker knew it, better than doctor Tarrasch himself, so he choose to wait until 1908 for playing their match; |
I just add that I admire Tarrasch AND Lasker, two chess giants, in a similar way...
I would believe rather that Tarrasch, upset by his unexpected -for him- defeat, began to decline from 1909, not earlier.... After all, he could know then that probably he would never be world champion, losing all hope about it, which he kept such a long time before the match...
|Feb-02-15|| ||Sally Simpson: Hi poorthylacine,
I agree, I'm sure Lasker never delayed the match till 1908 because he felt (knew) Tarrasch was ageing.
But for a skating accident they agreed to meet in 1904. I always understoof the reason for the delay was lack of financial backing.
Tarrasch was still a force in 1914. The coming war years were unkind to him. He lost all three of his sons (one KIA, one a tragic suicide and the other in a tram accident.)
Not surprisingly after that he was never same player.
|Feb-02-15|| ||offramp: <Sally Simpson:... He lost all three of his sons (one KIA, one a tragic suicide and the other in a tram accident.)>|
One of them was attacked by a King's Indian?!?
|Feb-12-16|| ||ughaibu: <The organizers declared that they would try everything to arrange a match between the winner of the Grandmaster tournament and the winner of the Lasker - Marshall match> |
Was this the first candidates tournament?
|Jul-06-16|| ||zanzibar: The Master tournament had a none too shabby list of participants, and would itself make a worthy entrant in the <CG> TI.|
(Check out the names of all those pictured in the photograph)
|Jan-12-18|| ||diagonal: Those were the days:
<The Maters' Tournament at Ostende is arguably the largest all-play-all chess competition ever played on top-level!>
The Ostend Masters', held from 16 May to 25 June 1907, offered a <round robin (all-play-all) with thirty players>.
Ossip Bernstein and Akiba Rubinstein were the equal winners at that Ostend-II (1907) in a fabulous field including such luminaries as Blackburne, Duras, Mieses, Nimzowitsch, Spielman, Tartakower, or Teichmann; in total 30 players (P. Johner had to withdraw early) in a round robin.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osten... (scroll down)
In 2017, hundred years later, FIDE organised tournaments in a <swiss system of nine rounds with eighteen players>..
|Jan-13-18|| ||JimNorCal: Hmmm, 2017 vs 1907. Perhaps 110 years later?|
|Jan-13-18|| ||diagonal: Yes and thanks! Perhaps I should have written "more than hundred years later".|
Thirty chess players in a round robin on top level, incredible.
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