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TOURNAMENT STANDINGS
9th American Chess Congress Tournament

Frank James Marshall10.5/13(+8 -0 =5)[view games]
Edward Lasker7.5/11(+7 -3 =1)[view games]
Morris A Schapiro7.5/10(+6 -1 =3)[view games]
David Janowski7.5/10(+6 -1 =3)[view games]
Abraham Kupchik7.5/10(+7 -2 =1)[view games]
Roy Turnbull Black6/11(+5 -4 =2)[view games]
Oscar Chajes4.5/11(+4 -6 =1)[view games]
Oscar Tenner4/7(+4 -3 =0)[view games]
John Stuart Morrison2.5/6(+2 -3 =1)[view games]
Vladimir Sournin2/8(+2 -6 =0)[view games]
Albert Hodges1.5/7(+1 -5 =1)[view games]
Anthony Santasiere1/8(+0 -6 =2)[view games]
Marvin C Palmer1/8(+1 -7 =0)[view games]
Horace Ransom Bigelow0/6(+0 -6 =0)[view games]

Chessgames.com Historical Chess Event
9th American Chess Congress (1923)
The 9th American Chess Congress was held August 6-21, 1923, in Lake Hopatcong, New Jersey. The time control was 30 moves in 2 hours, followed by 15 moves an hour.

Crosstable

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 1 Marshall X 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10.5 2 Kupchik 0 X 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10.5 3 Janowski 0 X 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10.0 4 Ed. Lasker 0 1 0 X 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 9.0 5 Schapiro 0 X 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 8.5 6 Black 0 0 0 X 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 7.0 7 Tenner 0 0 0 0 1 0 X 1 1 1 0 1 1 6.5 8 Chajes 0 0 0 0 1 0 X 1 1 0 1 1 1 6.5 9 Sournin 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 X 1 1 1 5.5 10 Morrison 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 X 1 1 5.0 11 Hodges 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 X 1 4.0 12 Palmer 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 X 1 0 3.0 13 Santasiere 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 X 2.5 14 Bigelow 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 X 2.5

Business as usual for Marshall, and Janowski had one of the better results of his later year. However, Abraham Kupchik scored perhaps the finest success of his career, coming back from a serious illness the previous year that had made his very participation uncertain until a last-minute medical clearance.

Since nearly 30 of the games remain missing, this round-by-round summary has been compiled to list pairings and scores. An asterisk (*) indicates a game which is in the collection.

Round 1 (Monday, August 6): Morrison Marshall*; Tenner Sournin; Lasker 1 Bigelow*; Kupchik Black* (game played August 10 due to Kupchik's indisposition); Janowski 1 Palmer*; Schapiro Chajes*; Hodges 1 Santasiere

STANDINGS: 1.0: Hodges, Janowski, Lasker; 0.5: Black, Chajes, Kupchik, Marshall, Morrison, Schapiro, Sournin, Tenner; 0.0: Bigelow, Palmer, Santasiere

Round 2 (Tuesday, August 7): Marshall Santasiere*; Chajes 0 Hodges*; Palmer 0 Schapiro*; Black Janowski*; Bigelow 0 Kupchik*; Sournin 1 Lasker*; Morrison 0 Tenner*

STANDINGS: 2.0: Hodges; 1.5: Janowski, Kupchik, Schapiro, Sournin, Tenner; 1.0: Black, Lasker, Marshall; 0.5: Chajes, Morrison, Santasiere; 0.0: Bigelow, Palmer

Round 3 (Wednesday, August 8): Tenner 0 Marshall*; Lasker 1 Morrison*; Kupchik 1 Sournin*; Janowski 1 Bigelow; Schapiro 1 Black*; Hodges Palmer; Santasiere 0 Chajes*

STANDINGS: 2.5: Hodges, Janowski, Kupchik; Schapiro; 2.0: Lasker, Marshall; 1.5: Chajes, Sournin, Tenner; 1.0: Black; 0.5: Morrison, Palmer, Santasiere; 0.0: Bigelow

Round 4 (Thursday, August 9): Marshall 1 Chajes*; Palmer 1 Santasiere; Black 1 Hodges*; Bigelow 0 Schapiro*; Sournin 0 Janowski*; Morrison 0 Kupchik; Tenner 0 Lasker

STANDINGS: 3.5: Janowski, Kupchik, Schapiro; 3.0: Lasker, Marshall; 2.5: Hodges; 2.0: Black; 1.5: Chajes, Palmer, Sournin, Tenner; 0.5: Morrison, Santasiere; 0.0: Bigelow

Round 5 (Saturday, August 11): Lasker 0 Marshall*; Kupchik 1 Tenner; Janowski 1 Morrison*; Schapiro 1 Sournin*; Hodges Bigelow; Santasiere 0 Black*; Chajes 1 Palmer*

STANDINGS: 4.5: Janowski, Kupchik, Schapiro; 4.0: Marshall; 3.0: Black, Hodges, Lasker; 2.5: Chajes; 1.5: Palmer, Sournin, Tenner; 0.5: Bigelow, Morrison, Santasiere

Round 6 (Sunday, August 12): Marshall 1 Palmer*; Black 0 Chajes; Bigelow Santasiere; Sournin 1 Hodges; Morrison Schapiro; Tenner 0 Janowski; Lasker 1 Kupchik*

STANDINGS: 5.5: Janowski; 5.0: Marshall, Schapiro; 4.5: Kupchik; 4.0: Lasker; 3.5: Chajes; 3.0: Black, Hodges; 2.5: Sournin; 1.5: Palmer, Tenner; 1.0: Bigelow, Morrison, Santasiere

Round 7 (Monday, August 13): Kupchik 0 Marshall*; Janowski 1 Lasker*; Schapiro 0 Tenner; Hodges Morrison; Santasiere Sournin; Chajes 1 Bigelow*; Palmer 0 Black

STANDINGS: 6.5: Janowski; 6.0: Marshall; 5.0: Schapiro; 4.5: Chajes, Kupchik; 4.0: Black, Lasker; 3.5: H odges; 3.0: Sournin; 2.5: Tenner; 1.5: Morrison, Palmer, Santasiere; 1.0: Bigelow

Round 8 (Tuesday, August 14): Marshall 1 Black*; Bigelow 1 Palmer; Sournin 0 Chajes*; Morrison 1 Santasiere*; Tenner 1 Hodges*; Lasker Schapiro; Kupchik 1 Janowski*

STANDINGS: 7.0: Marshall; 6.5: Janowski; 5.5: Chajes, Kupchik, Schapiro; 4.5: Lasker; 4.0: Black; 3.5: Hodges, Tenner; 3.0: Slurnin; 2.5: Morrison; 2.0: Bigelow; 1.5: Palmer, Santasiere

Round 9 (Thursday, August 16): Janowski Marshall*; Schapiro 0 Kupchik*; Hodges 0 Lasker*; Santasiere 0 Tenner*; Chajes 1 Morrison; Palmer 0 Sournin*; Black 1 Bigelow*

STANDINGS: 7.5: Marshall; 7.0: Janowski; 6.5: Chajes, Kupchik; 5.5: Lasker, Schapiro; 5.0: Black; 4.5: Tenner; 4.0: Sournin; 3.5: Hodges; 2.5: Morrison; 2.0: Bigelow; 1.5: Palmer, Santasiere

Round 10 (Friday, August 17): Marshall 1 Bigelow*; Sournin 0 Black*; Morrison Palmer; Tenner 1 Chajes*; Lasker Santasiere*; Kupchik 1 Hodges; Janowski Schapiro*

STANDINGS: 8.5: Marshall; 7.5: Janowski, Kupchik; 6.5: Chajes; 6.0: Black, Lasker, Schapiro; 5.5: Tenner; 4.0: Sournin; 3.5: Hodges; 3.0: Morrison; 2.0: Bigelow, Palmer, Santasiere

Round 11 (Saturday, August 18): Schapiro Marshall*; Hodges 0 Janowski*; Santasiere 0 Kupchik*; Chajes 0 Lasker*; Palmer 1 Tenner*; Black 0 Morrison*; Bigelow Sournin

STANDINGS: 9.0: Marshall; 8.5: Janowski, Kupchik; 7.0: Lasker; 6.5: Chajes, Schapiro; 6.0: Black; 5.5: Tenner; 4.5: Sournin; 4.0: Morrison; 3.5: Hodges; 3.0: Palmer; 2.5: Bigelow; 2.0: Santasiere

Round 12 (Monday, August 20): Marshall 1 Sournin*; Morrison 1 Bigelow; Tenner 0 Black*; Lasker 1 Palmer*; Kupchik 1 Chajes*; Janowski Santasiere; Schapiro 1 Hodges*

STANDINGS: 10.0: Marshall; 9.5: Kupchik; 9.0: Janowski; 8.0: Lasker; 7.5: Schapiro; 7.0: Black; 6.5: Chajes; 5.5: Tenner; 5.0: Morrison; 4.5: Sournin; 3.5: Hodges;; 3.0: Palmer; 2.5: Bigelow, Santasiere

Round 13 (Tuesday, August 21): Hodges Marshall*; Santasiere 0 Schapiro*; Chajes 0 Janowski*; Palmer 0 Kupchik*; Black 0 Lasker*; Bigelow 0 Tenner; Sournin 1 Morrison

-----

Although we don't have all the games, a list of the openings utilized was compiled by Hermann Helms. Results are given from White's point of view.

Queen's Gambit Declined 22 +11 -8 =3 Queen's Pawn 13 + 7 -2 =4 Ruy Lopez 13 + 5 -5 =3 Irregular 12 + 2 -9 =1 Sicilian Defense 6 + 2 -0 =4 Caro-Kann Defense 5 + 5 -0 =0 Petroff Defense 4 + 0 -2 =2 Four Knights 4 + 2 -1 =1 Center Counter Gambit 2 + 0 -2 =0 Double Ruy Lopez 2 + 1 -0 =1 French Defense 2 + 2 -0 =0 English 1 + 1 -0 =0 Hollandish 1 + 1 -0 =0 King's Gambit Declined 1 + 0 -1 =0 Philidor's Defense 1 + 0 -1 =0 Queen's Gambit 1 + 0 -0 =1 Vienna 1 + 0 -1 =0

<American Chess Bulletin>, September/October 1923, p. 137-151.

-----

From an essay by Anthony Santasiere published in <Chess Life>, October 20, 1960, p.3:

"In 1923, at the age of eighteen, I was invited to my first international tournament, and, as expected, finished tied for last place. But amazingly enough (and since that time I have always been able to lose to the "duffers", while fighting like hell against the 'big shots'), I played drawn games with three of the first four prize winners--Marshall, Janowski and Edward Lasker. Janowski--the fierce French champion--was mortally wounded. When he saw that he could not win, he swept the pieces off the board. Thereafter he absolutely refused to eat at the same table with me, and always referred to me as--'That schoolboy!'

"There is another story in connection with that same tournament, this having to do with my first visit to a gambling institution. There was such a place across the road from the hotel where we were playing. And when hostilities were over, and the prizes distributed, Marshall--my good friend--and Janowski wanted to gamble. The former, however, took the precaution of handing over all his money to me, except thirty dollars which he kept in play with; he allowed me five dollars to play. He then warned me that no matter what he did or said, I should give him no more money. At the roulette wheel I soon lost my share. Frank, however, held out for quite some time; but then had nothing. Believe it or not, he got on his knees, and with tears in his eyes begged me for his own money. Of course I refused, and walked out. Janowski lost every penny of his prize of almost two hundred dollars, and had to borrow from friends for his needs."

Original collection: Game Collection: Lake Hopatcong 1923 (9th American Chess Congress, by User: Phony Benoni

 page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 63  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. J S Morrison vs Marshall ½-½28 1923 9th American Chess CongressD05 Queen's Pawn Game
2. M A Schapiro vs O Chajes  ½-½63 1923 9th American Chess CongressB73 Sicilian, Dragon, Classical
3. Ed. Lasker vs H R Bigelow 1-035 1923 9th American Chess CongressB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
4. Janowski vs M C Palmer 1-030 1923 9th American Chess CongressD06 Queen's Gambit Declined
5. O Chajes vs A Hodges  0-139 1923 9th American Chess CongressC83 Ruy Lopez, Open
6. R T Black vs Janowski  ½-½30 1923 9th American Chess CongressC79 Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defense Deferred
7. V Sournin vs Ed. Lasker  1-061 1923 9th American Chess CongressD00 Queen's Pawn Game
8. J S Morrison vs O Tenner  0-135 1923 9th American Chess CongressD04 Queen's Pawn Game
9. M C Palmer vs M A Schapiro  0-131 1923 9th American Chess CongressC66 Ruy Lopez
10. H R Bigelow vs Kupchik 0-141 1923 9th American Chess CongressC30 King's Gambit Declined
11. Marshall vs Santasiere  ½-½23 1923 9th American Chess CongressD14 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Exchange Variation
12. M A Schapiro vs R T Black  1-040 1923 9th American Chess CongressD67 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, Bd3 line
13. Ed. Lasker vs J S Morrison  1-045 1923 9th American Chess CongressD40 Queen's Gambit Declined, Semi-Tarrasch
14. Kupchik vs V Sournin 1-051 1923 9th American Chess CongressC48 Four Knights
15. O Tenner vs Marshall  0-160 1923 9th American Chess CongressD30 Queen's Gambit Declined
16. Santasiere vs O Chajes  0-138 1923 9th American Chess CongressA45 Queen's Pawn Game
17. H R Bigelow vs M A Schapiro  0-130 1923 9th American Chess CongressD67 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, Bd3 line
18. Marshall vs O Chajes  1-039 1923 9th American Chess CongressA46 Queen's Pawn Game
19. V Sournin vs Janowski  0-141 1923 9th American Chess CongressA45 Queen's Pawn Game
20. R T Black vs A Hodges  1-058 1923 9th American Chess CongressB40 Sicilian
21. Kupchik vs R T Black ½-½52 1923 9th American Chess CongressC42 Petrov Defense
22. O Chajes vs M C Palmer  1-030 1923 9th American Chess CongressD46 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
23. Ed. Lasker vs Marshall 0-141 1923 9th American Chess CongressC48 Four Knights
24. M A Schapiro vs V Sournin  1-046 1923 9th American Chess CongressC91 Ruy Lopez, Closed
25. Janowski vs J S Morrison 1-033 1923 9th American Chess CongressD30 Queen's Gambit Declined
 page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 63  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  
 

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