Members · Prefs · Laboratory · Collections · Openings · Endgames · Sacrifices · History · Search Kibitzing · Kibitzer's Café · Chessforums · Tournament Index · Players · Kibitzing

Hastings 1954/55 Tournament

Vasily Smyslov7/9(+5 -0 =4)[games]
Paul Keres7/9(+6 -1 =2)[games]
Andrija Fuderer5.5/9(+4 -2 =3)[games]
Ludek Pachman5.5/9(+3 -1 =5)[games]
Laszlo Szabo5.5/9(+4 -2 =3)[games]
Wolfgang Unzicker5/9(+3 -2 =4)[games]
Conel Hugh O'Donel Alexander4.5/9(+2 -2 =5)[games]
Jan Hein Donner2.5/9(+1 -5 =3)[games]
William Albert Fairhurst1.5/9(+1 -7 =1)[games]
Alan Phillips1/9(+0 -7 =2)[games]
* Chess Event Description
Hastings 1954/55

Ten grandmasters and masters were invited to the 30th Hastings Christmas Chess Festival premier tournament, led by Vasily Smyslov and Paul Keres from the Soviet Union. The field also featured Luděk Pachman, two-time Hastings winner and returning co-champion Conel Hugh Alexander, three-time Hastings winner László Szabó, previous Hastings winner Wolfgang Unzicker, Dutch champion Jan Hein Donner, British co-champion Alan Phillips, and international masters William Fairhurst and Andrija Fuderer. 1 Robert Wade served as tournament director, F. A. Rhoden was tournament organizer, and Hastings mayor F. T. Hussey presided over the opening and closing ceremonies. 2 Funding for the event was provided primarily by private donations and a grant from the Hastings Corporation. 3

St Leonards-on-Sea 29 Dec 1954 - 7 Jan 1955 4

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 =1 Smyslov * ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1 ˝ ˝ 1 1 7 =1 Keres ˝ * 0 ˝ 1 1 1 1 1 1 7 =3 Fuderer 0 1 * 1 0 ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ 1 5˝ =3 Pachman ˝ ˝ 0 * ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 ˝ 5˝ =3 Szabo 0 0 1 ˝ * ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 5˝ 6 Unzicker 0 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ * ˝ 1 1 1 5 7 Alexander ˝ 0 ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ * ˝ 1 1 4˝ 8 Donner ˝ 0 0 0 0 0 ˝ * 1 ˝ 2˝ 9 Fairhurst 0 0 ˝ 0 0 0 0 0 * 1 1˝ 10 Phillips 0 0 0 ˝ 0 0 0 ˝ 0 * 1

The contestants lodged at the stately Royal Victoria Hotel, and played in the nearby Sun Lounge in St Leonards-on-Sea. 5 The tournament kicked off with victories by Unzicker, Pachman and Szabó, but the surprising absence of Paul Keres in the first and second rounds became the main news story. He was sick with influenza, and was forced to play two games on the first off-day, Sunday 2 January. His illness and heavy day's workload didn't seem to bother him, however, as he posted a draw against Smyslov and a win over Unzicker. 2 Bizarrely, this incident was soon blown up into a scandal by the London Daily Express, which published an article accusing Keres and Smyslov of being "unfriendly" to the other people at Hastings, especially towards some of the Americans participating in the minor events. Keres' absence at the start of the tournament was cited as the prime evidence. The Soviet delegation in Hastings dashed off an angry letter of protest to the offending newspaper, but it soon became apparent that some of the players in the premier event did not endorse or support this letter. 2

Undaunted by this suddenly frosty atmosphere, the Soviets forged ahead, seemingly in lockstep. By round five they shared the lead with four points each. Smyslov was in stirling form, and had been for some time. He had lost the Botvinnik - Smyslov World Championship Match (1954) in May, but since that date he had played four major events, including the Amsterdam Olympiad, without losing a single game. 6 In round six Keres suffered a disaster against the unheralded Andrija Fuderer, who sacced his Queen en route to a sparkling victory over the three-time USSR champion. Keres fought back to share the lead again after round eight, with one game to go. Both Soviet champions triumphed in the final round, sharing the tournament first prize. The giant killer Fuderer shared 3d with Pachman and Szabó. Incumbent co-champion C. H. Alexander proved something of a disappointment, managing only 7th place. More had been expected of him by the home crowd, given that a year earlier at Hastings he had shared first with David Bronstein, finishing ahead of Alexander Kazimirovich Tolush, Aleksandar Matanovic, and Fridrik Olafsson.

Photos of St Leonards-on-Sea:

Photo of the Sun Lounge:

Photo of the Royal Victoria Hotel:

Hastings (1953/54)) and Hastings (1955/56) were the previous and next annual Christmas tournaments.


1 Britbase, Hastings,
2 Chess Life, 1955, Jan 20th, pp. 3, 8.
3 Harry Golombek, Golombek's Encyclopedia of Chess (Crown Publishers Inc. 1977), p. 138.
4 British Chess Magazine, 1955, pp. 61-68.
5 Jan van Reek at
6 Gino Di Felice, Chess Results 1951-1955, pp. 420-23; Edward Winter, ed., World Chess Champions (Pergamon Press 1981), p. 152.

Original collection: Game Collection: Hastings 1954/55, by User: suenteus po 147; Introduction written by User: WCC Editing Project and User: suenteus po 147, and sourced by User: WCC Editing Project.

 page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 45  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. J H Donner vs Szabo  0-1561954Hastings 1954/55E00 Queen's Pawn Game
2. W Fairhurst vs A Fuderer  ½-½221954Hastings 1954/55C66 Ruy Lopez
3. Pachman vs C H Alexander 1-0361954Hastings 1954/55A81 Dutch
4. A Phillips vs Unzicker  0-1381954Hastings 1954/55A05 Reti Opening
5. W Fairhurst vs J H Donner  0-1671954Hastings 1954/55A42 Modern Defense, Averbakh System
6. Smyslov vs A Fuderer 1-0371954Hastings 1954/55A21 English
7. C H Alexander vs A Phillips  1-0491954Hastings 1954/55C79 Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defense Deferred
8. Szabo vs Pachman  ½-½171954Hastings 1954/55E62 King's Indian, Fianchetto
9. J H Donner vs Smyslov  ½-½351954Hastings 1954/55E19 Queen's Indian, Old Main line, 9.Qxc3
10. A Fuderer vs Unzicker  ½-½191954Hastings 1954/55A04 Reti Opening
11. Pachman vs A Phillips  ½-½471954Hastings 1954/55E87 King's Indian, Samisch, Orthodox
12. Szabo vs W Fairhurst  1-0461954Hastings 1954/55B10 Caro-Kann
13. Keres vs C H Alexander 1-0221954Hastings 1954/55C42 Petrov Defense
14. W Fairhurst vs Pachman 0-1351955Hastings 1954/55D82 Grunfeld, 4.Bf4
15. Unzicker vs J H Donner  1-0301955Hastings 1954/55C97 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin
16. C H Alexander vs A Fuderer  ½-½261955Hastings 1954/55B90 Sicilian, Najdorf
17. Smyslov vs Szabo 1-0431955Hastings 1954/55D74 Neo-Grunfeld, Nxd5, 7.O-O
18. A Phillips vs Keres 0-1301955Hastings 1954/55D32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
19. Unzicker vs Keres 0-1441955Hastings 1954/55C71 Ruy Lopez
20. Keres vs Smyslov ½-½251955Hastings 1954/55D14 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Exchange Variation
21. A Fuderer vs A Phillips 1-0341955Hastings 1954/55A54 Old Indian, Ukrainian Variation, 4.Nf3
22. W Fairhurst vs Smyslov 0-1391955Hastings 1954/55E46 Nimzo-Indian
23. J H Donner vs C H Alexander  ½-½391955Hastings 1954/55A81 Dutch
24. Pachman vs Keres  ½-½281955Hastings 1954/55E14 Queen's Indian
25. Szabo vs Unzicker  ½-½351955Hastings 1954/55E53 Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3
 page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 45  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
There is no kibitzing for this page, yet.
NOTE: You need to pick a username and password to post a reply. Getting your account takes less than a minute, is totally anonymous, and 100% free—plus, it entitles you to features otherwise unavailable. Pick your username now and join the chessgames community!
If you already have an account, you should login now.
Please observe our posting guidelines:
  1. No obscene, racist, sexist, profane, raunchy, or disgusting language.
  2. No spamming, advertising, duplicate or nonsense posts.
  3. No malicious personal attacks, including cyber stalking, systematic antagonism, or gratuitous name-calling of any member Iincludinfgall Admin and Owners or any of their family, friends, associates, or business interests. If you think someone is an idiot, then provide evidence that their reasoning is invalid and/or idiotic, instead of just calling them an idiot. It's a subtle but important distinction, even in political discussions.
  4. Nothing in violation of United States law.
  5. No malicious posting of or linking to personal, private, and/or negative information (aka "doxing" or "doxxing") about any member, (including all Admin and Owners) or any of their family, friends, associates, or business interests. This includes all media: text, images, video, audio, or otherwise. Such actions will result in severe sanctions for any violators.
  6. NO TROLLING. Admin and Owners know it when they see it, and sanctions for any trolls will be significant.
  7. Any off-topic posts which distract from the primary topic of discussion are subject to removal.
  8. The use of "sock puppet" accounts to circumvent disciplinary action taken by Moderators is expressly prohibited.
  9. The use of "sock puppet" accounts in an attempt to undermine any side of a debate—or to create a false impression of consensus or support—is prohibited.
  10. All decisions with respect to deleting posts, and any subsequent discipline, are final, and occur at the sole discretion of the Moderators, Admin, and Owners.
  11. Please try to maintain a semblance of civility at all times.
Blow the Whistle See something that violates our rules? Blow the whistle and inform a Moderator.

NOTE: Keep all discussion on the topic of this page. This forum is for this specific tournament and nothing else. If you want to discuss chess in general, or this site, visit the Kibitzer's Café.

Messages posted by Chessgames members do not necessarily represent the views of, its employees, or sponsors. All Moderator actions taken are at the sole discretion of the Admin and Owners—who will strive to act fairly and consistently at all times.
Spot an error? Please suggest your correction and help us eliminate database mistakes!

home | about | login | logout | F.A.Q. | your profile | preferences | Premium Membership | Kibitzer's Café | Biographer's Bistro | new kibitzing | chessforums | Tournament Index | Player Directory | Notable Games | World Chess Championships | Opening Explorer | Guess the Move | Game Collections | ChessBookie Game | Chessgames Challenge | Store | privacy notice | contact us
Copyright 2001-2019, Chessgames Services LLC