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18th DSB Kongress Tournament

Oldrich Duras12/17(+10 -3 =4)[games]
Akiba Rubinstein12/17(+9 -2 =6)[games]
Richard Teichmann11.5/17(+7 -1 =9)[games]
Carl Schlechter11/17(+5 -0 =12)[games]
Siegbert Tarrasch11/17(+9 -4 =4)[games]
Frank James Marshall9.5/17(+7 -5 =5)[games]
Rudolf Spielmann9/17(+7 -6 =4)[games]
Zsigmond Barasz8.5/17(+3 -3 =11)[games]
Gyula Breyer8.5/17(+6 -6 =5)[games]
Jacques Mieses8.5/17(+5 -5 =7)[games]
David Przepiorka8.5/17(+6 -6 =5)[games]
Amos Burn7.5/17(+5 -7 =5)[games]
Erich Cohn7/17(+3 -6 =8)[games]
Stefan Levitsky7/17(+5 -8 =4)[games]
Carl Johan Margot Carls6.5/17(+4 -8 =5)[games]
Moishe Leopoldowicz Lowcki6/17(+4 -9 =4)[games]
Karel Treybal5/17(+3 -10 =4)[games]
Zoltan von Balla4/17(+1 -10 =6)[games]
* Chess Event Description
18th DSB Kongress (1912)

Eighteenth Congress of the German Chess Federation.

Breslau, German Empire, 15 July – 2 August 1912

1 Duras X 1 = = 0 1 0 1 1 = 0 1 = 1 1 1 1 1 12 2 Rubinstein 0 X = = = 1 1 1 1 = = 1 = 1 1 0 1 1 12 3 Teichmann = = X = 0 = = = 1 1 = 1 = 1 = 1 1 1 11.5 4 Schlechter = = = X = 1 = = = = 1 1 = = 1 1 = = 11 5 Tarrasch 1 = 1 = X 0 0 = 1 1 1 1 1 = 0 1 0 1 11 6 Marshall 0 0 = 0 1 X 0 = 1 = = 0 1 1 1 1 = 1 9.5 7 Spielmann 1 0 = = 1 1 X 0 = 0 0 1 = 1 0 0 1 1 9 8 Barasz 0 0 = = = = 1 X = 0 = = = 1 = 1 = = 8.5 9 Breyer 0 0 0 = 0 0 = = X 0 1 = 1 1 1 1 1 = 8.5 10 Mieses = = 0 = 0 = 1 1 1 X 0 = 0 0 1 = = 1 8.5 11 Przepiorka 1 = = 0 0 = 1 = 0 1 X 0 0 0 1 = 1 1 8.5 12 Burn 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 = = = 1 X 1 = = 1 0 1 7.5 13 Cohn = = = = 0 0 = = 0 1 1 0 X 1 = 0 0 = 7 14 Levitsky 0 0 0 = = 0 0 0 0 1 1 = 0 X 1 1 1 = 7 15 Carls 0 0 = 0 1 0 1 = 0 0 0 = = 0 X = 1 1 6.5 16 Lowtzky 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 = = 0 1 0 = X 1 = 6 17 Treybal 0 0 0 = 1 = 0 = 0 = 0 1 1 0 0 0 X 0 5 18 von Balla 0 0 0 = 0 0 0 = = 0 0 0 = = 0 = 1 X 4

The Annual Congress of the German Chess Association embarks upon a Masters’ Tournament every second year, and in 1912 a worthy assembly of first and second class masters participated in an interesting single round tournament, beginning on July 14. The only changes between the Pistyan and Breslau list were that Tarrasch, Mieses, Przepiorka, Burn, Levitsky and Carls took part, instead of Alapin, Hromadka, Johner, Leonhardt, Salwe and Yates. As at Pistyan, the leading masters occupied the leading positions.

Rubinstein seems to have asserted his prerogative to annex a first prize in every tournament, and he followed up his successes at San Sebastian and Pistyan by gaining the highest honors at Breslau, but jointly with Duras in this case. Rubinstein led off well, and although resigning the lead to Tarrasch, Marshall and Teichmann in turn between the eighth and fifteenth rounds, he was half a point to the good before the last round. He drew at this stage, whilst Duras won. Tarrasch lost, or would have tied with the two winners, and Teichmann drew. It will be gathered that the result hung in the balance until the last minute, no uncommon occurrence in modern tournaments.

Taking the scores of the eleven chief prize-winners amongst themselves, we find that Rubinstein and Tarrasch tie with 6.5, Schlechter scored 6, Teichmann and Duras 5.5, Mieses and Przepiorka 5, Spielmann 4.5, Barasz and Marshall 4, Breyer 2.5, a somewhat different order from that in which these players appear on the actual table of the tournament score. It is noteworthy that Schlechter followed up his score of drawn games at Pistyan by going through the Breslau Tournament undefeated – two tournaments running, without defeat, is probably something like a record. Spielmann’s position was a lower one than he had occupied for some time, but Barasz greatly improved upon his Pistyan score. Balla, on the other hand, fell off completely. Mieses made a welcome reappearance, and after a bad start displayed all his former brilliance in many attractive games. Cohn had a very disappointing experience, and was clearly quite “off-color.”

Except to notice the remarkably fine achievement of Dr. Tarrasch, who all but won the Tournament, and to congratulate Burn upon his many stubborn fights and his fine sportsmanship by still representing his country in the most serious encounters, further comment upon the Breslau tournament is unnecessary – The Year-Book of Chess.

Based on an original collection by User: TheFocus.

 page 1 of 7; games 1-25 of 153  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Rubinstein vs Z Barasz 1-046191218th DSB KongressA41 Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6)
2. E Cohn vs S Levitsky  1-034191218th DSB KongressD60 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
3. Tarrasch vs Marshall 0-162191218th DSB KongressC55 Two Knights Defense
4. Z von Balla vs Carls  0-151191218th DSB KongressB16 Caro-Kann, Bronstein-Larsen Variation
5. Przepiorka vs Burn 0-152191218th DSB KongressC88 Ruy Lopez
6. Duras vs Breyer 1-022191218th DSB KongressC68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange
7. J Mieses vs Schlechter  ½-½32191218th DSB KongressB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
8. K Treybal vs Teichmann  0-169191218th DSB KongressC78 Ruy Lopez
9. Spielmann vs M Lowcki  0-145191218th DSB KongressC02 French, Advance
10. Breyer vs Przepiorka  1-042191218th DSB KongressB13 Caro-Kann, Exchange
11. Schlechter vs Duras  ½-½21191218th DSB KongressC50 Giuoco Piano
12. Carls vs Spielmann 1-027191218th DSB KongressA25 English
13. Marshall vs Z von Balla  1-063191218th DSB KongressD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
14. S Levitsky vs M Lowcki  1-023191218th DSB KongressB01 Scandinavian
15. E Cohn vs J Mieses  1-022191218th DSB KongressA43 Old Benoni
16. Z Barasz vs K Treybal  ½-½31191218th DSB KongressC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
17. Burn vs Rubinstein 0-164191218th DSB KongressC01 French, Exchange
18. Teichmann vs Tarrasch 0-154191218th DSB KongressC83 Ruy Lopez, Open
19. M Lowcki vs Carls  ½-½48191218th DSB KongressD10 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
20. Z von Balla vs Teichmann  0-162191218th DSB KongressC80 Ruy Lopez, Open
21. J Mieses vs S Levitsky  0-150191218th DSB KongressC01 French, Exchange
22. Przepiorka vs Schlechter  0-149191218th DSB KongressC87 Ruy Lopez
23. Spielmann vs Marshall 1-031191218th DSB KongressC29 Vienna Gambit
24. K Treybal vs Burn 1-029191218th DSB KongressC29 Vienna Gambit
25. Rubinstein vs Breyer 1-037191218th DSB KongressA41 Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6)
 page 1 of 7; games 1-25 of 153  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
Oct-12-13  Karpova: Josef Emil Krejcik: <Die ersten zwei Preise teilten Rubinstein und Duras, ein feindliches Brüderpaar. Beide interessante Spezialisten. Der Lodzer, das Prototyp des modernen Positionsspielers, der Prager noch mehr Künstler als der Russe, aber mit einer nervenaufpeitschenden Phantastik begabt, der gegenüber der Stil Rubinsteins wie die abgeklärte Ruhe des alten Goethe anmutet. Goethe und Grabbe ins Schach übertragen!>

(The first two prizes were shared by Rubinstein and Duras, antagonistic brothers. Both interesting specialists. The one from Lodz is the archetypal modern positional player, the one from Prague yet more artist than the Russian, but gifted with a nerve-stretching fantasticism, compared to which the style of Rubinstein appears like the wordly-wise calmness of the old Goethe. Goethe and Grabbe transferred to chess!)

From page 269 of the September-Oktober 1912 'Wiener Schachzeitung'

Oct-12-13  sneaky pete: Why do we have only 125 games here, when the tournament book gives all 153 games?
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <sneaky pete> Wondered about this myself, but just came across the missing games, which I will submit within a few days.
Mar-04-14  Karpova: Dr. Emanuel Lasker, Berlin, April 18, 1912:

<Allerdings hat der Vorstand des Deutschen Schachbundes mehrere Meister brüskiert, und es ist unwahrscheinlich, daß diese Differenzen sich ausgleichen lassen. Die hervorragensten deutschen Meister, wenn ich mich nicht rechne, sind Dr. Tarrasch, Teichmann, Mieses, E. Cohn. Von diesen wird vermutlich keiner teilnehmen.>

(But the directorate of the German Chess Federation affronted several masters, and it is unlikely that the differences can be reconciled. The greatest German masters, if I don't count myself, are Dr. Tarrasch, Teichmann, Mieses, E. Cohn. None of them will probably play.)

Source: 'Pester Lloyd', 1912.04.21, page 9

In the end, they did play. But what did the German Chess Federation do? What was the controversy about?

Mar-05-14  Karpova: A bit more information by Dr. Emanuel Lasker, Berlin, April 28, 1912:

<Das Breslauer Komitee gibt sich Mühe, die deutschen Meister zum bevorstehenden Kongreß heranzuziehen, und es ist zu hoffen, daß seine Bemühungen Erfolg haben mögen. Vor nicht langer Zeit ist Erich Kohn von deutschen Turnieren ferngehalten worden. Und Teichmann wurde zum Nürnberger Turnier nicht zugelassen, aus diesem oder jenem Grunde. Das sind Widersinnigkeiten. Der Deutsche Schachbund ist nicht gegründet worden, um deutsche Schachmeister zu befehden. Möge in dem durch Streitigkeiten zerklüfteten Bunde das Breslauer Turnier eine Aera der Versöhnung, der Gerechtigkeit und des vernünftigen Fortschritts beginnen!>

(The Breslau committee exters itself to draw the German masters on the impending congress, and hopefully, its troubles will be successful. Not long ago, Erich Cohn was kept away from German tournaments. And Teichmann was not admitted to the Nuremberg tournament, for this or that reason. Those are absurdities. The German Chess Federation was not founded to feud with German chess masters. May in the Breslau tournament in the ragged by arguments federation usher a new era of reconciliation, of justice and of rational progress!)

Source: 'Pester Lloyd', 1912.05.05, page 10

Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: My poor typing skills in submission having been overcome, we edge closer to completeness of this page.


Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: 18th DSB Kongress (1912) (kibitz #2)

18th DSB Kongress (1912) (kibitz #3)

18th DSB Kongress (1912) (kibitz #6)

Count is currently 136/153, <perfidious> doust thou speakest too soon?

No stubs in sight, I be moving on...

Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: <perfidious> <<sneaky pete> Wondered about this myself, but just came across the missing games, which I will submit within a few days.>

Alan how far did you get with the missing games submissions?

Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: <Benzol> He must have submitted about 11 of the then missing 28 games. CG says the remaining 16 are not in the database. 365Chess has all 153 games (and I plan to submit the missing ones), but I don't know yet if they can be trusted. Perhaps our German experts could help.
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <Paul> and <Tabanus> Now my memory is shot; time to get back to work!!
Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: <perfidious> Right :) But I've now found the 16 games missing from the db, and am preparing an upload. I trust (so far) that 365Chess have them right, and will use their round numbers, with dates from Rubinstein's games. After they are put into DSB 1912 I guess it's time for a health check.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: I just sent the 16 missing games to CG. Hopefully they will take them in, and add them here. They've now added E Cohn vs Z Barasz, 1912 here.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: All 153 games are now here. And the points in the standings table got calculated as in the crosstable. A few points:

1) The original game collection has been deleted. 2) Rounds and pairings are as in 365Chess. 3) About 125 games were dated from before (for all rounds), and I added date to the remaining 28 according to this, with rest days only on July 21 (after rd. 6) and July 28 (after rd. 12). 4) No original source have been checked while trying to clean this up.

Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: "The award of the special prizes of one hundred marks each in the international tournament at Breslau were awarded respectively to E. Cohn of Berlin for the best score against the five prize-winners, and M.L. Lowtzky of Munich for the best score of a non-prize winner in the last six rounds," - <American Chess Bulletin>, November 1912, pg. 245.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: Schlechter undefeated again! What a hard man he was to beat.

I admit that Zsigmond Barasz had not previously invaded my conciousness, but to score 50% at a German Championship is a good achievement.

Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: In May-June, Schlechter scored +3=14-0 at Bad Pistyan, 4=; June, +1=4-0 at Budapest, 1=; and Breslau for three undefeated tournaments in a row.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: There is a very interesting site which calculates historical chess ratings in the Elo manner. The page for this tournament is at

Here are its "Edos" for the players who scores 50% (8½/17):

Barász, Zsigmond 2420
Breyer, Gyula 2478
Mieses, Jacques 2427
Przepiórka, Dawid 2446.

May-26-16  Howard: This event was one of the reasons why 1912 has been referred to as "the Rubinstein year".
Premium Chessgames Member
  Marmot PFL: <It is noteworthy that Schlechter followed up his score of drawn games at Pistyan by going through the Breslau Tournament undefeated – two tournaments running, without defeat, is probably something like a record.>

Perhaps in 1912. Today for players like Anish Giri it's business as usual.

Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: A group photograph is available... stay tuned...
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