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Linares Tournament

Anatoly Karpov11/13(+9 -0 =4)[games]
Garry Kasparov8.5/13(+6 -2 =5)[games]
Alexey Shirov8.5/13(+6 -2 =5)[games]
Evgeny Ilgizovich Bareev7.5/13(+5 -3 =5)[games]
Joel Lautier7/13(+5 -4 =4)[games]
Vladimir Kramnik7/13(+4 -3 =6)[games]
Gata Kamsky6.5/13(+3 -3 =7)[games]
Viswanathan Anand6.5/13(+4 -4 =5)[games]
Veselin Topalov6.5/13(+5 -5 =3)[games]
Vassily Ivanchuk6/13(+4 -5 =4)[games]
Boris Gelfand5.5/13(+1 -3 =9)[games]
Miguel Illescas Cordoba4.5/13(+4 -8 =1)[games]
Judit Polgar4/13(+2 -7 =4)[games]
Alexander Beliavsky2/13(+0 -9 =4)[games]
* Chess Event Description
Linares (1994)

The 12th Annual Linares Super Tournament held from February 23rd to March 14th, 1994 was the first Category XVIII event ever held. Fourteen of the world's best players, including both World Champions, competed in a round robin format. The participants were (in order of Elo): Garry Kasparov (2805), Anatoli Karpov (2740), Alexey Shirov (2715), Vishwanathan Anand (2715), Vladimir Kramnik (2710), Vassily Ivanchuk (2710), Gata Kamsky (2695), Boris Gelfand (2685), Evgeny Bareev (2685), Alexander Beliavsky (2650), Veselin Topalov (2640), Judit Polgar (2630), Joel Lautier (2625), and Miguel Illescas-Cordoba (2590). When asked about the strength of the tournament, Kasparov famously stated that the winner could consider himself the world champion of tournament chess. Ironically, it was to be Karpov, his longtime rival, who would be the man of destiny, culminating in the greatest single tournament performance of all time! Karpov won the whole ball of wax, undefeated with an astonishing 11/13!! The final standings and crosstable are as follows:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 1 Karpov * = = 1 1 1 = = 1 1 1 1 1 1 11.0 2 Kasparov = * = 1 0 0 1 1 = 1 = 1 1 = 8.5 3 Shirov = = * 0 0 1 1 = 1 1 = 1 1 = 8.5 4 Bareev 0 0 1 * = = = = 1 1 0 1 = 1 7.5 5 Lautier 0 1 1 = * = 0 1 1 0 = 0 1 = 7.0 6 Kramnik 0 1 0 = = * = = 0 = = 1 1 1 7.0 7 Kamsky = 0 0 = 1 = * 0 = = = 1 = 1 6.5 8 Anand = 0 = = 0 = 1 * 0 0 = 1 1 1 6.5 9 Topalov 0 = 0 0 0 1 = 1 * 1 1 = 0 1 6.5 10 Ivanchuk 0 0 0 0 1 = = 1 0 * = 1 = 1 6.0 11 Gelfand 0 = = 1 = = = = 0 = * 0 = = 5.5 12 Illescas-Cordoba 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 = 0 1 * 1 1 4.5 13 Polgar 0 0 0 = 0 0 = 0 1 = = 0 * 1 4.0 14 Beliavsky 0 = = 0 = 0 0 0 0 0 = 0 0 * 2.0

Original collection: Game Collection: Linares 1994, by User: suenteus po 147.

 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 91  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Kramnik vs Gelfand  ½-½411994LinaresE92 King's Indian
2. Bareev vs Kasparov 0-1311994LinaresA58 Benko Gambit
3. Lautier vs Karpov 0-1491994LinaresA29 English, Four Knights, Kingside Fianchetto
4. Beliavsky vs Shirov  ½-½561994LinaresB33 Sicilian
5. Illescas Cordoba vs Judit Polgar  1-0401994LinaresB40 Sicilian
6. Topalov vs Ivanchuk 1-0541994LinaresB13 Caro-Kann, Exchange
7. Anand vs Kamsky 1-0391994LinaresB90 Sicilian, Najdorf
8. Gelfand vs Ivanchuk  ½-½201994LinaresE47 Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 O-O 5.Bd3
9. Kamsky vs Beliavsky 1-0311994LinaresE47 Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 O-O 5.Bd3
10. Judit Polgar vs Topalov 1-0481994LinaresA46 Queen's Pawn Game
11. Karpov vs Bareev 1-0361994LinaresC07 French, Tarrasch
12. Kramnik vs Anand ½-½171994LinaresA14 English
13. Kasparov vs Illescas Cordoba 1-0431994LinaresD34 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
14. Shirov vs Lautier  0-1601994LinaresD31 Queen's Gambit Declined
15. Beliavsky vs Kramnik  0-1311994LinaresB65 Sicilian, Richter-Rauzer Attack, 7...Be7 Defense, 9...Nxd4
16. Illescas Cordoba vs Karpov 0-1631994LinaresA13 English
17. Ivanchuk vs Judit Polgar  ½-½241994LinaresE97 King's Indian
18. Bareev vs Shirov 1-0401994LinaresD47 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
19. Topalov vs Kasparov ½-½441994LinaresE76 King's Indian, Four Pawns Attack
20. Lautier vs Kamsky 0-1461994LinaresD85 Grunfeld
21. Anand vs Gelfand ½-½441994LinaresB80 Sicilian, Scheveningen
22. Kasparov vs Ivanchuk 1-0391994LinaresD44 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
23. Shirov vs Illescas Cordoba  1-0311994LinaresB33 Sicilian
24. Karpov vs Topalov 1-0391994LinaresA32 English, Symmetrical Variation
25. Kamsky vs Bareev  ½-½431994LinaresD15 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 91  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

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Kibitzer's Corner
Jan-09-14  Samuel David: karpov a truly brilliant chess player and one of the most misunderstood world champions.It is an honour to be able to play through your games.
Sep-07-14  AngeLa: kudos' to GM Karpov, boa constrictor :P

ahihihi cheers guys :P

Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: Karpov started out the tournament 6/6. His streak was snapped when he drew Kasparov with black, who was champion at the time. Fast forward 20 years to Sinquefield Cup (2014), Caruana started out 7/7 before he drew Carlsen, the current world champion with white to snap the streak. Anyone predicting something like this to happen in 2034?

Anyway, it's amazing how many players in this tournament are still active, including Topalov who participated in both tournaments.

Sep-29-14  SpiritedReposte: What a score and against that field...Maybe the best tournament performance ever?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Fusilli: <Samuel David> <one of the most misunderstood world champions> Hmm... why this statement?
Premium Chessgames Member
  OhioChessFan: It is mind boggling to see what Karpov did in the tournament. Shirov was the only player with Black able to hold Karpov to a draw.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: Another tournament with past, present and future World Champions with Kramnik, Anand and Topalov having only middling results and Karpov showing what he could do when he put his mind to it. Kasparov might have regretted his earlier comment about the winner being regarded as the World tournament champion.


Premium Chessgames Member
  PawnSac: < Penguincw: Karpov started out the tournament 6/6. His streak was snapped when he drew Kasparov with black, who was champion at the time. Fast forward 20 years to Sinquefield Cup (2014), Caruana started out 7/7 before he drew Carlsen, the current world champion with white to snap the streak. Anyone predicting something like this to happen in 2034? >

The Karpov / Linares - Caruana / Sinquefield comparison is interesting, and in the Singuefield post game commentary and closing ceremony there was the same discussion.

I do not wish to detract from either player, as the performance of both was superb, providing some wonderful games for chess fans! And overall the win/draw ratio is as equal as possible given the 10 to 13 game ratio.

There are however some distinct differences. Sinq.. was a small field double round robin, so everyone played everyone once with each color. Linares was a larger field with everyone playing once. The bottom ranked players (Bareev, Polgar and Cordoba) all lost to both current champ Kaspy and Karpov, and frankly, Polgar was an easy win. Tho a creative and aggressive player, Judit was never in the same class as the KK's. Whereas the low man out at Sinque.. (MVL) actually managed to draw champ Magnus! This suggests a slightly stronger field. And lastly, there were some errors at Sinque, but NOBODY blew a drawn game, or even a lost game with a gross blunder like Bareev's ..Ba7?? That was an amazing blunder gift game that should have drawn. These factors seem to tip the vote in Caruana's favor, especially from a non-WCC champ or challenger, tho I must say I have enjoyed Karpov's games immensely over the decades, and see him still as beyond what Fab has yet to demonstrate. Karpov was for a long time the leader of the pack in every rite. The clash of the titans raged from 1978 to 1998. During the KK battles those two were a whole other level above the rest. But Fab will get his fair shot.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Zhbugnoimt: This is the second best tournament performance of all time. Caru in 2014 Sinquefield Cup was the best. The field was stronger, and THERE WAS ONLY ONE REST DAY FOR 10 GAMES. I am therefore not surprised he didn't beat naka in a winning position. 9/10 would have been too much. Also, Caru got 85% of possible points, Karpov about 84.6%.
Jul-07-15  nok: But sustained over more games.
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: Re <PawnSac>'s post: Eric Schiller went so far as to write that Karpov's sterling achievement was possible due, in large part, to the fact that most players had to face Karpov, then Kasparov in successive rounds; believe the phrase used by Schiller was 'softened up'.
Jul-08-15  Troller: <perfidious> I have seen that theory put forward also. It is a difficult claim to verify - one might also say that the players had instead been "toughened up" to play better.

The Bareev game has one of the worst blunders in modern top level chess (although of course it decided point, not from 1 to 0). Also Ivanchuk played quite bad vs Karpov and resigned prematurely. On the other hand, in 3 out of Karpov's 4 draws he was actually pushing for the win with an extra pawn, but his opponents (Kasparov, Shirov and Kamsky) defended stubbornly. So his 11 pts seem well deserved and not the result of opponents blundering away their games.

Nov-06-15  Mr. V: <perfidious>

And also on that subject, it's a pretty empty claim because Karpov even performed quite well against the players who were not "softened up" by Kasparov - those who beat Kasparov or managed a draw.

Karpov beat the two players in the tournament who beat Kasparov: Kramnik and Lautier.

Karpov had a good score against the players who drew Kasparov: Beliavsky, Gelfand, Topalov. He only managed to draw against Shirov. None of those players can be said to be "softened up" by Kasparov, especially not the two who beat him.

Jan-12-16  Mr 1100: BTW, wondering if anyone's got any newspaper reports on this tournament?

Most online newspaper archives don't seem to go that far back...

There was no back then... nor even a, if I'm not mistaken...

Just curious to look back and see how it was reported back then...

Aug-07-16  tonim: Great performance by Karpov is certanly main feature of this tournament, but there are 2 other amazing facts: - very low percentage of draws (33/91), cca 36%
- worst tournament for Beliavsky ever, only 2/13(+0 -9 =4)
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