The 31st Hastings Christmas Chess Festival was held at the end of the year 1955. Ten players were invited to participate in the round robin format of the premier event, including grandmasters Viktor Korchnoi and Mark Taimanov from the Soviet Union, West German champion Klaus Darga, Spanish champion Jesus Diez del Corral, Yugoslavian grandmaster Borislav Ivkov, Icelandic master Fridrik Olafsson, Swiss master Raphael Persitz, British correspondence champion John Fuller, and previous Hastings winners Harry Golombek and Jonathan Penrose. Olafsson gained international recognition by tying Korchnoi for first place in the final. Both players finished undefeated with +5, while Ivkov trailed by half a point for clear third.
The final standings and crosstable:
This annual tournament fell between Hastings (1954/55) and Hastings (1956/57) and continued to succeed.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
=1 Korchnoi * ˝ 1 ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 7
=1 Olafsson ˝ * ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1 1 ˝ 1 7
3 Ivkov 0 ˝ * 1 1 ˝ 1 1 1 ˝ 6˝
4 Taimanov ˝ 0 0 * 1 1 1 1 1 ˝ 6
5 Darga 0 ˝ 0 0 * ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1 4˝
=6 Fuller ˝ 0 ˝ 0 ˝ * ˝ 0 ˝ 1 3˝
=6 Persitz ˝ 0 0 0 0 ˝ * 1 1 ˝ 3˝
8 Diez del Corral 0 0 0 0 ˝ 1 0 * ˝ 1 3
9 Penrose 0 ˝ 0 0 0 ˝ 0 ˝ * 1 2˝
10 Golombek 0 0 ˝ ˝ 0 0 ˝ 0 0 * 1˝
| page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 45
|1. J Diez del Corral vs Korchnoi
|| ||0-1||51||1955||Hastings 1955/56||B64 Sicilian, Richter-Rauzer Attack|
|2. Golombek vs Ivkov
|| ||½-½||19||1955||Hastings 1955/56||E86 King's Indian, Samisch, Orthodox, 7.Nge2 c6|
|3. J Penrose vs K Darga
|| ||0-1||68||1955||Hastings 1955/56||B58 Sicilian|
|4. F Olafsson vs Taimanov
||1-0||34||1955||Hastings 1955/56||A35 English, Symmetrical|
|5. J Fuller vs R Persitz
|| ||½-½||19||1955||Hastings 1955/56||B13 Caro-Kann, Exchange|
|6. Taimanov vs Golombek
|| ||½-½||23||1955||Hastings 1955/56||A16 English|
|7. K Darga vs F Olafsson
|| ||½-½||23||1955||Hastings 1955/56||E14 Queen's Indian|
|8. J Diez del Corral vs J Penrose
|| ||½-½||22||1955||Hastings 1955/56||D50 Queen's Gambit Declined|
|9. Korchnoi vs R Persitz
|| ||½-½||35||1955||Hastings 1955/56||E31 Nimzo-Indian, Leningrad, Main line|
|10. Ivkov vs J Fuller
|| ||½-½||42||1955||Hastings 1955/56||B90 Sicilian, Najdorf|
|11. J Penrose vs Korchnoi
|| ||0-1||34||1955||Hastings 1955/56||B88 Sicilian, Fischer-Sozin Attack|
|12. J Fuller vs Taimanov
|| ||0-1||54||1955||Hastings 1955/56||B58 Sicilian|
|13. Golombek vs K Darga
|| ||0-1||58||1955||Hastings 1955/56||E86 King's Indian, Samisch, Orthodox, 7.Nge2 c6|
|14. F Olafsson vs J Diez del Corral
|| ||1-0||39||1955||Hastings 1955/56||A07 King's Indian Attack|
|15. R Persitz vs Ivkov
||0-1||24||1955||Hastings 1955/56||B67 Sicilian, Richter-Rauzer Attack, 7...a6 Defense, 8...Bd7|
|16. J Penrose vs F Olafsson
|| ||½-½||46||1955||Hastings 1955/56||A73 Benoni, Classical, 9.O-O|
|17. Taimanov vs R Persitz
||1-0||28||1955||Hastings 1955/56||D35 Queen's Gambit Declined|
|18. J Diez del Corral vs Golombek
|| ||1-0||52||1955||Hastings 1955/56||B18 Caro-Kann, Classical|
|19. K Darga vs J Fuller
|| ||½-½||67||1955||Hastings 1955/56||A61 Benoni|
|20. Korchnoi vs Ivkov
||1-0||36||1955||Hastings 1955/56||E69 King's Indian, Fianchetto, Classical Main line|
|21. J Fuller vs J Diez del Corral
|| ||0-1||35||1956||Hastings 1955/56||B59 Sicilian, Boleslavsky Variation, 7.Nb3|
|22. R Persitz vs K Darga
|| ||0-1||51||1956||Hastings 1955/56||B88 Sicilian, Fischer-Sozin Attack|
|23. Golombek vs J Penrose
|| ||0-1||35||1956||Hastings 1955/56||A22 English|
|24. Ivkov vs Taimanov
||1-0||33||1956||Hastings 1955/56||B56 Sicilian|
|25. F Olafsson vs Korchnoi
|| ||½-½||32||1956||Hastings 1955/56||A97 Dutch, Ilyin-Genevsky|
| page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 45
|Dec-28-15|| ||diagonal: It's now sixty years ago, since the <Hastings Christmas Chess Congress 1955/56> started - and six of ten participants are still alive:|
Korchnoi, Olafsson (both on 7/2 undefeated as joint winners), Ivkov, Taimanov, Darga, and Penrose.
After that tournament win, IM Korchnoi was awarded the GM title, Olafsson got the IM title, and his GM title automatically after the Interzonal in Portoro 1958, being qualified as a Candidate. Ivkov and Taimanov have already been Grandmasters. Darga got the title later in 1964. Jonathan Penrose is Honorary Grandmaster, the only living today.
Viktor Korchnoi was the 50th player to be awarded as a Grandmaster by FIDE (at its inauguration in 1950, there were 27 Grandmasters installed, among them also some older inactive players based on previous successes). There were no ELO metrics / norms in the 1950s and 1960s, the title was primarily granted on winning an important international tournament or outstanding achievements such as an individual Gold medal at the Chess Olympiads or the qualification as a Candidate.
In the year <1956>, three players (all International Master, a requirement) got the FIDE GM title, in chronological order:
<Viktor Korchnoi> from the Soviet Union as 17th USSR player, for winning the traditional Hastings Winter Congress 1955/56, see above, or http://www.ajschess.com/lifemastera... with crosstable,
<Albéric O'Kelly de Galway> from Belgium after winning the 6th Ostend 1956 http://www.belgianchesshistory.be/t... maybe also in recognition of earlier international tournament results, and great
<Bent Larsen> from Denmark after the Chess Olympiad in Moscow 1956, http://www.olimpbase.org/1956/1956i... - Larsen won the individual Gold medal on board one, ahead of then reigning World Champion Botvinnik; Denmark (10th) and USSR (1st) in the Final A.
|May-03-16|| ||diagonal: press release - winner's handshake :)
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