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TOURNAMENT STANDINGS
Montpellier Candidates Tournament

Artur Yusupov9/15(+4 -1 =10)[view games]
Rafael Vaganian9/15(+5 -2 =8)[view games]
Andrei Sokolov9/15(+5 -2 =8)[view games]
Jan Timman8.5/15(+4 -2 =9)[view games]
Mikhail Tal8.5/15(+3 -1 =11)[view games]
Boris Spassky8/15(+4 -3 =8)[view games]
Alexander Beliavsky8/15(+2 -1 =12)[view games]
Vasily Smyslov7.5/15(+2 -2 =11)[view games]
Alexander Chernin7.5/15(+1 -1 =13)[view games]
Yasser Seirawan7/15(+2 -3 =10)[view games]
Nigel Short7/15(+2 -3 =10)[view games]
Lajos Portisch7/15(+3 -4 =8)[view games]
Viktor Korchnoi6.5/15(+2 -4 =9)[view games]
Zoltan Ribli6.5/15(+2 -4 =9)[view games]
Jesus Nogueiras6/15(+2 -5 =8)[view games]
Kevin Spraggett5/15(+2 -7 =6)[view games]
*

Chessgames.com Chess Event Description
Montpellier Candidates (1985)

The purpose of this event was to select a challenger for the winner of the Karpov - Kasparov World Championship Match (1985), or as it turned out (because of the rematch conditions, announced in July 1985), the winner of the Karpov - Kasparov World Championship Rematch (1986). If Anatoly Karpov won the WC match (in 1985), three players would advance, to be joined by Garry Kasparov in two Candidates semifinal matches. If Kasparov won the WC match, four players would advance, to play for the right to meet the WC rematch loser (whether Kasparov or Karpov) in a Candidates final. (1, 2, 3) During the event on this page (after Round 3), Kasparov was leading the WC match, but the outcome was not decided.

Twelve players qualified from three Interzonal tournaments: Yusupov, Beliavsky, Portisch and Chernin from the Tunis Interzonal (1985), Timman, Nogueiras, Tal and Spraggett from the Taxco Interzonal (1985), and Vaganian, Sokolov, Seirawan and Short from Biel Interzonal (1985). Two of these qualified via playoffs: Chernin from the Moscow Interzonal Playoff (1985), and Short from the Biel Interzonal Playoff (1985). In addition, Smyslov, Korchnoi and Ribli qualified by reaching the Candidates semifinal matches in 1983, and Spassky was chosen by FIDE. The fight amongst the 16 players took place in the French city of Montpellier from the 12th of October to the 3rd of November. It was a Category 14 event with an average FIDE Elo rating of 2592. (4) Adjourned games were played on the 15th (Rounds 1-3), 19th (4-6), 24th (7-9) and 28th of October (10-12). Chief organizer was Jean Py (5) and the Cercle d'Echecs Alekhine de Montpellier. (6, 7) The playing venue was the Salle des Rencontres (8) at Mairie du Polygone. (5, 7) Playing time was 3 pm. (6) The total budget was one million francs (nearly £100,000) which also financed side events. The players were billeted in ‘The Sofitel’. (9)

Photos: http://tournoidescandidatsmontpelli...

No event of this kind had been held before in France, (7) but the organisation was well received. The coastal location and excellent weather were also a source of pleasure. Around the building, there were computerised displays showing the current game positions and unlike the main hall demo boards, these would flag up an error when the operators attempted to enter illegal moves. One aspect of the tournament did give John Nunn (Short's second) cause for concern. The £31,000 prize fund had been split over just eight places, meaning that eight of the world’s finest players would spend a month (not counting pre-tournament preparation) working solidly for no return. (10) Most pundits favoured the chances of Timman and Beliavsky; perhaps a safe option given their Elo ratings. There was little variation in ratings generally, and opinion was divided on who else might qualify. As the event unfolded, there were constant changes in the leading group and at the conclusion, matters were influenced by a number of upsets. (10) No player went undefeated, and even Spraggett, who finished last, won two games. Three Soviet players advanced, whilst Tal and Timman tied for fourth place.

Montpellier, France, 12 October - 2 November 1985

Age Elo* 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Pts S-B# =1 GM Yusupov 25 2600 * 0 1 ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1 ½ 9 65.75 =1 GM Vaganian 33 2625 1 * ½ 0 ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1 ½ 1 1 9 64.00 =1 GM Sokolov 22 2555 0 ½ * ½ ½ 0 ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 1 1 ½ 1 9 63.25 =4 GM Timman 33 2640 ½ 1 ½ * ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 1 0 ½ ½ ½ 0 8½ 65.25 =4 GM Tal 48 2565 ½ ½ ½ ½ * ½ ½ ½ 1 0 ½ ½ 1 1 ½ ½ 8½ 62.50 =6 GM Spassky 48 2590 0 1 1 0 ½ * ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 0 8 60.25 =6 GM Beliavsky 31 2640 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ * 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 8 58.25 =8 GM Smyslov 64 2595 ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ 1 * ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 1 7½ 55.25 =8 GM Chernin 25 2560 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ * ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 7½ 54.50 =10 GM Seirawan 25 2570 ½ ½ ½ 0 1 0 ½ ½ ½ * 1 ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ 7 52.75 =10 GM Short 20 2575 ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ 0 * 1 ½ 1 ½ ½ 7 51.50 =10 GM Portisch 48 2625 ½ 0 0 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 * 1 0 ½ 1 7 50.75 =13 GM Korchnoi 54 2630 ½ 0 0 ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ 0 * ½ 1 ½ 6½ 46.50 =13 GM Ribli 34 2605 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 1 ½ * 1 ½ 6½ 46.50 15 GM Nogueiras 26 2555 0 0 ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 0 * 1 6 16 GM Spraggett 31 2550 ½ 0 0 1 ½ 1 0 0 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ 0 * 5

In addition to the main event, there was a Mediterranean Open, won by Maxim Dlugy (6.5 points) ahead of Rini Kuijf (6) and Juergen Marschner (6), a World Open, won by Paul van der Sterren and Yacov Murey (both 8 points), and an international "semi-rapid" event, won by Krunoslav Hulak. (4)

Tal and Timman’s six-game playoff, to resolve their joint 4th place, had been planned for 6 November, but was deferred until early December to allow Tal to compete at the inaugural World Team Championship (commencing 16 November). This was not ideal for Timman, who was already committed to his annual televised (Hilversum) exhibition match, scheduled for December. (11) Moreover, Karpov won Game 22 on 5 November in the WC match in Moscow and was trailing by only one point with two games to go. There was a risk that Karpov would keep the title and that the playoff would be for a reserve spot only. Kasparov did become the new World Champion (on 9 November), but Tal and Timman had then left the venue. They returned a month later, for the

Montpellier Candidates Playoff (1985) (2-8 December):

1 GM Timman 2640 ½ 1 ½ ½ 0 ½ 3 2 GM Tal 2565 ½ 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ 3

Timman had more wins than Tal in the main tournament, and advanced, together with Yusupov, Vaganian and Sokolov, to the Candidates matches:

Sokolov - Vaganian Candidates Quarterfinal (1986)
Yusupov - Timman Candidates Quarterfinal (1986)

The reason for the term "quarterfinal" (with only two matches) is that Kasparov won the WC match and that the rematch loser (Karpov) had the right to play the Candidates winner. Thus the Sokolov - Yusupov Candidates Semifinal (1986) and Karpov - Sokolov Candidates Final (1987) happened next in this cycle.

There is a tournament book, information about which can be found at http://books.google.no/books/about/... The main source for this collection is the booklet Candidates, Montpellier 12/10-3/11-1985, published by Robert Wade (28 pp.).

*From FIDE Rating List July 1985 (http://www.olimpbase.org/Elo/Elo198...).
#Sonneborn-Berger scores from Mark Weeks at http://www.mark-weeks.com/chess/858....

Notes

1) Tidskrift för Schack, June-July 1985, p. 168.
2) Tidskrift för Schack, August 1985, p. 208.
3) Tidskrift för Schack, November 1985, p. 323.
4) Jaque 185, pp. 616-635 (http://www.bartelski.pl/olimpbase/l...).
5) http://tournoidescandidatsmontpelli....
6) Montpellier Notre Ville, September 1985, p. 11.
7) FIDE video at http://www.dailymotion.com/video/xh....
8) Named Salle Jules Pagezy in 2015 (and still used for chess): http://ladiagonaledusud.free.fr/fre....
9) Lev Alburt in CHESS, January 1986, pp. 297-298.
10) John Nunn in British Chess Magazine, January 1986, pp. 2-17.
11) British Chess Magazine, December 1985, p. 535 — the match Kasparov - Timman (1985).

Original collection: Game Collection: Montpellier Candidates 1985 by User: Benzol. Thanks to <TheFocus>, <Tabanus>, and <thomastonk> for their help to make this collection possible, and to <Paint My Dragon> for information from the British Chess Magazine.

 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 120  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Short vs Spassky ½-½57 1985 Montpellier CandidatesC95 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Breyer
2. A Chernin vs Ribli  ½-½15 1985 Montpellier CandidatesD18 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Dutch
3. Smyslov vs Timman  ½-½49 1985 Montpellier CandidatesE12 Queen's Indian
4. A Sokolov vs Vaganian ½-½42 1985 Montpellier CandidatesC09 French, Tarrasch, Open Variation, Main line
5. J Nogueiras vs Tal  ½-½25 1985 Montpellier CandidatesE00 Queen's Pawn Game
6. Seirawan vs Portisch  ½-½18 1985 Montpellier CandidatesE12 Queen's Indian
7. Beliavsky vs Korchnoi  ½-½35 1985 Montpellier CandidatesB17 Caro-Kann, Steinitz Variation
8. K Spraggett vs Yusupov  ½-½34 1985 Montpellier CandidatesD14 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Exchange Variation
9. Timman vs A Chernin ½-½42 1985 Montpellier CandidatesC11 French
10. Portisch vs Spassky  ½-½64 1985 Montpellier CandidatesE17 Queen's Indian
11. Seirawan vs K Spraggett  ½-½26 1985 Montpellier CandidatesA95 Dutch, Stonewall
12. Vaganian vs Smyslov  ½-½72 1985 Montpellier CandidatesD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
13. Ribli vs Beliavsky ½-½74 1985 Montpellier CandidatesD58 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tartakower (Makagonov-Bondarevsky) Syst
14. Korchnoi vs Short  ½-½43 1985 Montpellier CandidatesA15 English
15. Yusupov vs J Nogueiras 1-020 1985 Montpellier CandidatesD43 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
16. Tal vs A Sokolov  ½-½15 1985 Montpellier CandidatesD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
17. Smyslov vs Tal  ½-½24 1985 Montpellier CandidatesE10 Queen's Pawn Game
18. Short vs Ribli  1-039 1985 Montpellier CandidatesB80 Sicilian, Scheveningen
19. K Spraggett vs Portisch  0-140 1985 Montpellier CandidatesE12 Queen's Indian
20. Beliavsky vs Timman  ½-½32 1985 Montpellier CandidatesB81 Sicilian, Scheveningen, Keres Attack
21. J Nogueiras vs Seirawan  ½-½33 1985 Montpellier CandidatesD26 Queen's Gambit Accepted
22. A Chernin vs Vaganian  ½-½14 1985 Montpellier CandidatesA14 English
23. A Sokolov vs Yusupov 0-185 1985 Montpellier CandidatesC80 Ruy Lopez, Open
24. Spassky vs Korchnoi  ½-½15 1985 Montpellier CandidatesB24 Sicilian, Closed
25. Timman vs Short 1-037 1985 Montpellier CandidatesE15 Queen's Indian
 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 120  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
May-08-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: The winner ended up with +3 (+4 -1 =10). Weak or what?
Jun-06-16  Howard: Both of these players needed to win this last-round game in order to have any chance of making the "final four" but it didn't happen here.

However, British Chess Magazine stated that Spassky missed a win just before adjournment. Any idea where it was ?

Jun-06-16  Retireborn: <Howard> Assuming you're referring to the Spassky-Beliavsky game, it was apparently the sealed move 41.c4 which cost the win. The alternative 41.b4 would have kept winning chances.
Jun-10-16  Howard: Oops ! I posted that comment in the WRONG place. You're right---it was the Spassky-Belivasky game I was referring to.

Jeez !!!!!

Jun-10-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  plang: <offramp: The winner ended up with +3 (+4 -1 =10). Weak or what?>

Not sure what you mean by weak. Couldn't it just mean that the field was well-balanced?

Jun-10-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: World Chess Championship Candidates (2014), another event with no outsiders, featured a winning score of +3 =11, a full point clear of second.
Jun-13-16  Howard: Perhaps one reason why a score of +3 was good enough for a three-way tie for first place, was that most of the top players were probably just jockeying for a spot in the top four, rather than trying to win the tournament outright.
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