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Trapped Piece
Compiled by patzer2
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Pieces which wander too far out on their own, without adequate pawn protection or escape squares, are particularly vulnerable to being trapped by pawns (and sometimes by other pieces), as in the Noah's Ark Trap in the Ruy Lopez (capturing a Bishop behind a chain of pawns). Because it's a bit more complex, I've included the Trapped Queen theme in a separate collection.

22. f4!
Van Wely vs Timman, 2003 
(D94) Grunfeld, 24 moves, 1-0

18...Qxc3!! sets up 22...f3!
J Lewi vs J Adamski, 1969 
(A04) Reti Opening, 29 moves, 0-1

11...d3!
Janowski vs Marshall, 1908 
(D09) Queen's Gambit Declined, Albin Counter Gambit, 5.g3, 53 moves, 0-1

20. h3!
Najdorf vs G Idigoras, 1956 
(E81) King's Indian, Samisch, 25 moves, 1-0

4. Ba4?? loses to 4...b5 (variant of Noah's Ark Trap)
Bleischmidt vs Lytschuk, 1976 
(B30) Sicilian, 5 moves, 0-1

Fischer 's 27...Bxh2? drops a Bishop for two Pawns
Spassky vs Fischer, 1972 
(E56) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3, Main line with 7...Nc6, 56 moves, 1-0

32...Rxe4?? allows 33. f3! winning a piece
Anand vs Radjabov, 2003 
(B32) Sicilian, 33 moves, 1-0

13. Nb6! traps the Rook after 14. Bb8
Tal vs Uhlmann, 1970 
(A00) Uncommon Opening, 14 moves, 1-0

19. a5!! traps the Queen or gains other decisive material
S Knott vs D M Adams, 2004 
(D19) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Dutch, 23 moves, 1-0

16. g4!
Bologan vs A Campanile, 1994 
(B12) Caro-Kann Defense, 16 moves, 1-0

37...Rb5! leads to a trapped Knight after 37...Ke7!
Nimzowitsch vs W Winter, 1927 
(A01) Nimzovich-Larsen Attack, 45 moves, 0-1

8...c5!
E Steiner vs Capablanca, 1929 
(C71) Ruy Lopez, 32 moves, 0-1

10...d6!
Ivan Ivanov vs G Minchev, 1992 
(B00) Uncommon King's Pawn Opening, 30 moves, 0-1

32. c4! was set up by the trap Black fell into after 28. Rd1!?
Marshall vs Swiderski, 1904 
(C01) French, Exchange, 32 moves, 1-0

34...h5! 35. Nh6 Re5 -+
P Steinbrueck vs Kramnik, 2005 
(C84) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 37 moves, 0-1

33...Kd7!
J Wempe vs Korotylev, 2005 
(B09) Pirc, Austrian Attack, 38 moves, 0-1

19...fxe5 20. Qxa7+! Kc8 21. Qa8+ Kc7 22. dxe5 +-
Z Gyimesi vs A Fox, 2005 
(D35) Queen's Gambit Declined, 27 moves, 1-0

23. e5! wins the exchange with advantage.
Nakamura vs Sasikiran, 2005 
(C20) King's Pawn Game, 87 moves, 0-1

21. Rxe7+!
Fine vs J Rappaport, 1931 
(A00) Uncommon Opening, 28 moves, 1-0

46...g5!
Adams vs Anand, 2005 
(C42) Petrov Defense, 60 moves, 0-1

18. Nd4!
Hector vs Koneru, 2003 
(D00) Queen's Pawn Game, 41 moves, 1-0

23. Bf7! wins the exchange, a pawn and the game
T Hillarp Persson vs Judit Polgar, 2003 
(E20) Nimzo-Indian, 43 moves, 1-0

36...c6! uses deflection and discovered check to win a piece
F Zita vs Bronstein, 1957 
(A04) Reti Opening, 37 moves, 0-1

38. Rc1! prepares a web to capture the Rook on a3
Ivanchuk vs V P Moskalenko, 1988 
(C05) French, Tarrasch, 46 moves, 1-0

22. Qxd4! Rxd4 23. Rd3 Rd8 24. Rxd8+ Kxd8 25. Bd3 Bh1 26. Bd2+-
Anand vs Lautier, 1997 
(B01) Scandinavian, 25 moves, 1-0

19...Qa5!
T Fogarasi vs D Breder, 2000 
(B63) Sicilian, Richter-Rauzer Attack, 47 moves, 0-1

14...b4! cxb4 15. Qb3! traps a Bishop, Rook or Knight
Aronian vs Ponomariov, 2005 
(D58) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tartakower (Makagonov-Bondarevsky) Syst, 73 moves, 1-0

19. Be6+! Kh8 20. Qb5! Qxe4 21. Ng3 Qe5 22. Bxa5 +-
Furman vs Smyslov, 1949 
(D85) Grunfeld, 55 moves, 1-0

21. g3! would have turned the tables and won for White
S Kalinitschew vs Holzke, 2005 
(A35) English, Symmetrical, 36 moves, 0-1

29...Qb2!
Ermenkov vs V Kovacevic, 1990 
(C04) French, Tarrasch, Guimard Main line, 39 moves, 0-1

17. Qa3? is met with 17...Bd7!
Marshall vs Capablanca, 1909 
(D53) Queen's Gambit Declined, 49 moves, 0-1

White missed 15. Nc7! Rac8 16. Bb5! +-
Boleslavsky vs Lisitsin, 1956 
(B76) Sicilian, Dragon, Yugoslav Attack, 30 moves, 1-0

13...f6! gives winning chances with no worse than equality
A W Fox vs H E Bauer, 1900 
(C67) Ruy Lopez, 21 moves, 1-0

30...Bg5!
A Kargin vs S B Hansen, 2005 
(B42) Sicilian, Kan, 30 moves, 0-1

30. Nxd6!
I Krush vs K B Richardson, 2007 
(E73) King's Indian, 43 moves, 1-0

16...f5!
Carlsen vs Pelletier, 2007 
(E32) Nimzo-Indian, Classical, 48 moves, 0-1

39. e4!
S Savchenko vs A Kogan, 2000 
(D12) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, 44 moves, 1-0

27...f5 -+
Aronian vs Anand, 2007  
(D44) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 41 moves, 0-1

16. f4!
M Ebeling vs J Killane, 2007 
(C21) Center Game, 16 moves, 1-0

16. b5!
Portisch vs Tal, 1967 
(E62) King's Indian, Fianchetto, 24 moves, 1-0

12. g3! is a win white missed
R Luscombe vs Keene, 1962 
(C41) Philidor Defense, 23 moves, 0-1

12. Bg5! Qd4 13. Be7 +- traps the Rook and wins the exchange
V Malakhatko vs M Young, 2007 
(A43) Old Benoni, 26 moves, 1-0

19. Bxc6! appears to set up 23. Qh6+! +-
T L Petrosian vs Anastasian, 2008 
(B43) Sicilian, Kan, 5.Nc3, 41 moves, 1-0

34. Ke2! helps set up 35. Rh3 +-, leaving the Knight helpless
Morozevich vs Lputian, 2007 
(C18) French, Winawer, 40 moves, 1-0

24. Rc4!
Timman vs A Sokolov, 1987 
(E15) Queen's Indian, 25 moves, 1-0

If 25...h6, then 26. Qe7! Qxe7 27. Bxe7 +- traps the Bishop
Beliavsky vs Gulko, 1990 
(D86) Grunfeld, Exchange, 36 moves, 1-0

17. c5! wins material due to threats against the Rook & Queen
Portisch vs A Deze, 1971 
(A30) English, Symmetrical, 20 moves, 1-0

22...b5! and 23...Nb7! -+ set up a neat trapped piece combo
I Krush vs A Zatonskih, 2009 
(D56) Queen's Gambit Declined, 28 moves, 0-1

24. QxQ+! RxQ 25. h5! is a trapped piece combo found by Rybka
Stoltz vs H Steiner, 1952 
(A21) English, 34 moves, 1-0

35...g5! springs a trap on the Rook
Dolmatov vs Browne, 1990 
(B92) Sicilian, Najdorf, Opocensky Variation, 43 moves, 0-1

36. Ne6! forces the loss of the exchange (i.e. traps the Rook)
Gipslis vs Hracek, 1991 
(B56) Sicilian, 55 moves, 1-0

26...e5! is a simple but effective piece trap
A Stefanova vs Kamsky, 2010 
(E01) Catalan, Closed, 38 moves, 0-1

28...f5!
R Tischbierek vs S Ernst, 2009 
(C28) Vienna Game, 35 moves, 0-1

25...Qd3! or 25...Qa2! win the exchange and the game
Ujtelky vs Parma, 1966 
(A14) English, 26 moves, 0-1

28...f5!
E R Lundin vs Julio Bolbochan, 1954 
(E66) King's Indian, Fianchetto, Yugoslav Panno, 40 moves, 0-1

29. Re1!
Shirov vs Jakovenko, 2007 
(C89) Ruy Lopez, Marshall, 43 moves, 1-0

22. f4! exf4 23. Nf3 Qg4 24. e5 fxg3 25. Rc2 +- wins for White
A Burns vs Blackburne, 1885 
(D05) Queen's Pawn Game, 37 moves, 0-1

18. f4!
Sultan Khan vs G A Thomas, 1933 
(D45) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 18 moves, 1-0

21. b4! Rc1 22. a4! +- traps the Rook & wins the exchange
Radjabov vs Shirov, 2008 
(B92) Sicilian, Najdorf, Opocensky Variation, 29 moves, 1-0

27...Ke8! wins the exchange and the game.
R Garcia vs Mecking, 1966 
(E97) King's Indian, 59 moves, 0-1

36. h5!! sets up 38. Bf7!
Judit Polgar vs R Edouard, 2011 
(B33) Sicilian, 38 moves, 1-0

34. Kc3!
Stripunsky vs Seirawan, 2012 
(B10) Caro-Kann, 40 moves, 1-0

30. Rc7!
Adams vs Wang Hao, 2013 
(A15) English, 31 moves, 1-0

17. Ne7+! targets the paralyzed rook on a8
Keene vs M Basman, 1963 
(A33) English, Symmetrical, 24 moves, 1-0

24. Nxc5!
Stefan Djuric vs A Navacchia, 1998 
(B03) Alekhine's Defense, 27 moves, 1-0

23. Rxd7! solves Sunday Feb 25, 2018
Movsesian vs Leko, 2012 
(C67) Ruy Lopez, 36 moves, 1-0

19. f3!
S Shankland vs Y Zherebukh, 2018 
(D37) Queen's Gambit Declined, 71 moves, 1-0

13. Bxd5! Bxd5 14. e3 Nf5 15. e4 +- solves a Monday puzzle
Azmaiparashvili vs R Montecatine Rios, 1994 
(A29) English, Four Knights, Kingside Fianchetto, 14 moves, 1-0

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