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Decoy
Compiled by patzer2
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The decoy is a sacrifice (usually a sham sacrifice) designed to force a piece (often the King) to a specific square for the purpose of enabling a combination to mate, win material or otherwise improve one's position.


38. Bh7+!
Kasparov vs Browne, 1979 
(E12) Queen's Indian, 39 moves, 1-0

17. Qxf8+!
Judit Polgar vs P Chilingirova, 1988 
(B31) Sicilian, Rossolimo Variation, 17 moves, 1-0

26. Qa1+! (Come here Bishop.)
Sahovic vs Matulovic, 1969 
(A01) Nimzovich-Larsen Attack, 26 moves, 0-1

35...Rxh2+!
Vukcevich vs D Pantaleev, 1958 
(B90) Sicilian, Najdorf, 38 moves, 0-1

28. Rh7+!
Pillsbury vs Tarrasch, 1902 
(C78) Ruy Lopez, 29 moves, 1-0

49...Rh2+! = forces a draw with best play
D Lapiccirella vs R Mantovani, 2001 
(A56) Benoni Defense, 58 moves, 0-1

30... Rxa2+! quickly leads to decisive material or mate
Hitech vs Kudrin, 1988 
(B32) Sicilian, 33 moves, 0-1

32. Bg6+!
Carlsen vs H A Gretarsson, 2003 
(D45) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 32 moves, 1-0

20. Qg8+!
Murey vs E Mortensen, 1982 
(E86) King's Indian, Samisch, Orthodox, 7.Nge2 c6, 20 moves, 1-0

40. Qc8+! sets up 41. Rh8+! for a quick mate to follow
E Vladimirov vs D Donchev, 1975 
(A15) English, 42 moves, 1-0

39. Rxg7+!
A Lein vs Joel Benjamin, 1986 
(E12) Queen's Indian, 40 moves, 1-0

43...Qh1+!
Van Wely vs C Hansen, 1992 
(A46) Queen's Pawn Game, 44 moves, 0-1

37...Qxe1+!
B Ivanovic vs Ftacnik, 1982 
(B97) Sicilian, Najdorf, 37 moves, 0-1

43. g4+!
Larsen vs Spassky, 1981 
(A26) English, 44 moves, 0-1

42...Bc2+!
J Trevelyan vs F Jenni, 2005 
(C68) Ruy Lopez, Exchange, 43 moves, 0-1

41. Bg8+!
Smyslov vs A Magrin, 1968 
(A15) English, 41 moves, 1-0

27. Bxg7+!! sets up 28. Bh8! +-
Tal vs Y Rantanen, 1979 
(B30) Sicilian, 30 moves, 1-0

18...Qxc4!!
Seirawan vs Browne, 1979 
(A27) English, Three Knights System, 18 moves, 0-1

28...Bxe4!!
Rodolfo Cardoso vs Ivkov, 1973 
(A07) King's Indian Attack, 32 moves, 0-1

29...Rxg2+!! sets up 31...Qxf1+!
Igor Ivanov vs Kupreichik, 1978 
(A21) English, 59 moves, 0-1

16. Qxg6+!!
Liu Wenzhe vs J H Donner, 1978 
(B07) Pirc, 20 moves, 1-0

19. Bxc7+!!
I Bilek vs Z Mestrovic, 1975 
(A04) Reti Opening, 46 moves, 1-0

40. Rxf8+!! sets up 42. Bg6+! +-
Geller vs Novotelnov, 1951 
(D43) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 42 moves, 1-0

32. Bxg7+!
Chigorin vs Steinitz, 1892 
(C52) Evans Gambit, 39 moves, 1-0

14. b4!
Vaganian vs M Dvoretsky, 1975 
(A13) English, 31 moves, 1-0

29...Rxc4!! sets up 30...Qxb2+! and 32...Bxb2! +-
K Honfi vs L Barczay, 1977 
(B93) Sicilian, Najdorf, 6.f4, 35 moves, 0-1

24. Rxc5! is the move White should have played
Uhlmann vs A Hennings, 1968 
(D27) Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical, 38 moves, 1-0

22...Rxh1+! 23. Nxh1 Bh2+! mates in six moves
Schiffers vs Chigorin, 1897 
(C20) King's Pawn Game, 34 moves, 1/2-1/2

28...Bg1+! = forces a draw
Lilienthal vs Tolush, 1947 
(E72) King's Indian, 43 moves, 1/2-1/2

17. Qh6+! initiates a forced mate with 20. g4+! helping
Mackenzie vs J Mason, 1878 
(C11) French, 22 moves, 1-0

If 26...Nf6 , then 27. Bxh6! 27...Bxh6 28. Qxh6+!! +/- to +-
Averbakh vs Bondarevsky, 1951 
(A53) Old Indian, 42 moves, 1-0

19. Bxe6+! is a key follow-up in this pursuit mate
Seidman vs Santasiere, 1939 
(B29) Sicilian, Nimzovich-Rubinstein, 24 moves, 1-0

32. Qxf6+!!
C Lutz vs Ftacnik, 2001 
(B90) Sicilian, Najdorf, 35 moves, 1-0

45. f6!
Kasimdzhanov vs Judit Polgar, 2005 
(B84) Sicilian, Scheveningen, 47 moves, 1-0

14. Rh8+!
Chiburdanidze vs N Gaprindashvili, 1996 
(A40) Queen's Pawn Game, 18 moves, 1-0

33...Qh1+!
A Kosten vs Chandler, 1991 
(B33) Sicilian, 35 moves, 0-1

23. Qxc8+!
M Bobotsov vs J Kozma, 1966 
(A18) English, Mikenas-Carls, 24 moves, 1-0

39. Rf7+!
R Mamedov vs D Shengelia, 2001 
(B90) Sicilian, Najdorf, 48 moves, 1-0

72. Qc8+!
L Bruzon Batista vs L Dominguez, 2004 
(B90) Sicilian, Najdorf, 72 moves, 1-0

38. Rh8+! initiates a quick mate
Bronstein vs L Shamkovich, 1961 
(B01) Scandinavian, 40 moves, 1-0

32. Qf6+!
E Vladimirov vs A V Kharitonov, 1977 
(A06) Reti Opening, 33 moves, 1-0

17...d4!
Negi vs M Dzhumaev, 2006 
(B06) Robatsch, 30 moves, 0-1

44...Qh1+!
Mayet vs Anderssen, 1855 
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 45 moves, 0-1

22...Rxb2! 23. Qxb2 exf3 24. Rg1 Rg4!! wins quicker
M Bezuch vs V Hornak, 2000 
(C42) Petrov Defense, 60 moves, 0-1

32. Rxg2+!
L E Johannessen vs A Vouldis, 2003 
(E99) King's Indian, Orthodox, Taimanov, 32 moves, 0-1

19. b5!
Grob vs R Bucher, 1966 
(A00) Uncommon Opening, 22 moves, 0-1

19. Qf6!
H Hamdouchi vs A Simutowe, 2001 
(B23) Sicilian, Closed, 19 moves, 1-0

12. Qxd8+! sets up 13. 0-0-0 for a winning double attack
O Feuer vs O'Kelly, 1934 
(C73) Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense, 13 moves, 1-0

21...Bxf3!!
Kramnik vs Leko, 2004  
(C89) Ruy Lopez, Marshall, 32 moves, 0-1

16. Rxb1!!
Chandler vs I Rogers, 1984 
(B01) Scandinavian, 25 moves, 1-0

36. Qxf8+!
C T Goering vs Anderssen, 1877 
(B46) Sicilian, Taimanov Variation, 37 moves, 1-0

36...Rd1+! leads to mate
V Liberzon vs Taimanov, 1967 
(B28) Sicilian, O'Kelly Variation, 36 moves, 0-1

26. Qxh7+!
Shirov vs O Renet, 1991 
(E25) Nimzo-Indian, Samisch, 28 moves, 1-0

22. Qh8+! is mate-in-two
P A Boll vs A C Timmerman, 1978 
(A57) Benko Gambit, 23 moves, 1-0

32...Bxc4!!
Jakovenko vs Carlsen, 2007 
(E21) Nimzo-Indian, Three Knights, 41 moves, 0-1

43. Rg6+!
Kiril D Georgiev vs Grischuk, 2007 
(E32) Nimzo-Indian, Classical, 43 moves, 1-0

27...b5!! sets up the demolition 28...Rxf3! +-
N Spiridonov vs Tal, 1970 
(E94) King's Indian, Orthodox, 36 moves, 0-1

31...d4! wins if White captures, but 32. Rb3! is problematic
A Matanovic vs Petrosian, 1959 
(B17) Caro-Kann, Steinitz Variation, 41 moves, 0-1

48. Re7!
I Rogers vs D K Johansen, 2006 
(C75) Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense, 64 moves, 1-0

35. Ra7!
L Shamkovich vs V Tukmakov, 1970 
(B23) Sicilian, Closed, 38 moves, 1-0

18...e4!!
Kupreichik vs Chekhov, 1976 
(B33) Sicilian, 37 moves, 0-1

29. Rh8+!! initiates a difficult winning attack
G Kuzmin vs A Choudhary, 1984 
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 33 moves, 1-0

39. Bg8!!
Ljubojevic vs Tringov, 1982 
(B26) Sicilian, Closed, 6.Be3, 42 moves, 1-0

19. Qf2!! offers up the Bishop for a winning attack
L Christiansen vs de Firmian, 1985 
(E10) Queen's Pawn Game, 77 moves, 1-0

31. Bh6+!! also combines the clearance and deflection themes
A Strikovic vs Kurajica, 1994 
(A07) King's Indian Attack, 34 moves, 1-0

38...Rg2!!
J M Bellon Lopez vs G Garcia, 1976 
(B84) Sicilian, Scheveningen, 38 moves, 0-1

14. Rd8+!! enables a winning attack with deep calculation
Anand vs Robatsch, 1992 
(C10) French, 20 moves, 1-0

27. Bxf7+!! offers Black a too tempting poisoned piece
Reshevsky vs J H Donner, 1966 
(E55) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3, Gligoric System, Bronstein Variation, 36 moves, 1-0

44...g5+! is a decisive double threat (mates or wins a Rook)
A Timofeev vs E Guseinov, 2007 
(B27) Sicilian, 48 moves, 0-1

25. g4!
G Agzamov vs Tringov, 1983 
(E73) King's Indian, 34 moves, 1-0

25. a5!!
Kasparov vs Piket, 1997 
(D27) Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical, 30 moves, 1-0

41. Rg8+! is a winning alternative to the game continuation
A Kvon vs E Acuner, 2005 
(B07) Pirc, 43 moves, 1-0

23...Re4!! turns the tables on a weak flank attack
J Heissler vs Kasimdzhanov, 1999 
(B06) Robatsch, 40 moves, 0-1

23...Be4! forces White to surrender the Queen to save the King
P H Nielsen vs Larsen, 1997 
(A31) English, Symmetrical, Benoni Formation, 38 moves, 0-1

34. Nxd7!! sets up 36. Rf8+! +-
Yudasin vs Judit Polgar, 1991 
(B32) Sicilian, 42 moves, 1-0

20...Rd1+!
Suba vs Portisch, 1984 
(A33) English, Symmetrical, 20 moves, 0-1

49. Rb2!! +/- wins if Black takes the Poisoned Rook
Hort vs A Rodriguez Cespedes, 1987 
(A46) Queen's Pawn Game, 55 moves, 1-0

22. Qxf7+!!
Piket vs Gulko, 1990 
(D97) Grunfeld, Russian, 34 moves, 1-0

33. Qf7+!
F Vallejo Pons vs Leitao, 2005 
(B46) Sicilian, Taimanov Variation, 36 moves, 1-0

40...Bxh4!! forces the Queen into position for an attack
O de la Riva Aguado vs Bologan, 2001 
(C41) Philidor Defense, 49 moves, 0-1

29. Rh7!! initiates a decisive attack against the helpless King
Akopian vs Kramnik, 2004 
(B90) Sicilian, Najdorf, 32 moves, 1-0

34...Ra1+! solves a Tuesday puzzle with a quick mate
Kudrin vs M Wilder, 1987 
(B62) Sicilian, Richter-Rauzer, 34 moves, 0-1

32. Qd6! solves a tuesday puzzle with multiple threats
C Bauer vs Korchnoi, 2003 
(E00) Queen's Pawn Game, 32 moves, 1-0

15. Nc7+! wins after Black fails to refute a weak White trap
D Griffith vs K Hopps, 1982 
(B96) Sicilian, Najdorf, 20 moves, 1-0

25 Rh1+! leads to a quick and amusing mate
C F Schultz vs Carls, 1900 
(C45) Scotch Game, 28 moves, 0-1

21. Rxf7!! and 22. Bc4+! set up 25. Bf7+! for a pair of decoys
E Berg vs C C Buhr, 2001 
(B82) Sicilian, Scheveningen, 27 moves, 1-0

45. Be6+! avoids the trap 45. BxQ?? and also wins
Furman vs Keres, 1948 
(E15) Queen's Indian, 56 moves, 1-0

42. Bb4+! stops the passed pawn and wins the game
F Vallejo Pons vs A Nunez, 1992 
(C45) Scotch Game, 42 moves, 1-0

20. Nb5! gives White a crushing attacking position
P Carlsson vs J Avalos Parra, 2010 
(C04) French, Tarrasch, Guimard Main line, 28 moves, 1-0

23...Ra1+!! mates after 24. Bxa1 or wins material after 24. Na1
A Kolev vs Judit Polgar, 1993 
(A05) Reti Opening, 24 moves, 0-1

29...Re1+! uses two decoys and a pin for a mating combo
Sherzer vs Acs, 1998 
(C96) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 32 moves, 0-1

48...Rg1+! forces mate-in-three
Nenarokov vs P Romanovsky, 1927 
(A46) Queen's Pawn Game, 48 moves, 0-1

32. Rxh6+! mates or wins the Queen
Smejkal vs Adorjan, 1972 
(E63) King's Indian, Fianchetto, Panno Variation, 32 moves, 1-0

29. Bxf4!! pair of Decoys & exchange sac yield won endgame
Ding Yixin vs Tan Zhongyi, 2012 
(B32) Sicilian, 36 moves, 1-0

13. Re8+! solves Sunday 3/17/2013
Rossolimo vs I Romanenko, 1948 
(B31) Sicilian, Rossolimo Variation, 17 moves, 1-0

50. Re8+! leads to mate-in-three (or two)
I Zdanovs vs J Klavins, 1963 
(E46) Nimzo-Indian, 51 moves, 1-0

30...Rh2+!
K Wallach vs A Kornfeld, 1982 
(A62) Benoni, Fianchetto Variation, 30 moves, 0-1

20. Nf5!!
O Korneev vs Piskov, 1996 
(C05) French, Tarrasch, 24 moves, 1-0

18...Rd1+!
L Hazai vs Sax, 1971 
(C41) Philidor Defense, 18 moves, 0-1

29...Rxd2!
Kamsky vs Karpov, 1996 
(C43) Petrov, Modern Attack, 29 moves, 0-1

37...Rg4! combines a double pin, deflection and mate threat
S Bjerke vs M Freitag, 2014 
(B92) Sicilian, Najdorf, Opocensky Variation, 38 moves, 0-1

20...Bg5! wins with unprotected pin & mate threat
S Thatte vs M Liu, 2013 
(B80) Sicilian, Scheveningen, 51 moves, 0-1

31. Rh1+ solves a Monday puzzle
W So vs S Fedorchuk, 2015 
(A27) English, Three Knights System, 31 moves, 0-1

32. Qh6+!
N Popov vs A Novopashin, 1979 
(D45) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 32 moves, 1-0

39...Rxf2! 40. Rxf2 Rd3+ -+ forces a piece to f3 for a 2 on 1
L van Foreest vs J Bai, 2016 
(B30) Sicilian, 39 moves, 0-1

21...Nxh4! springs the trap
A Khudaya vs Yifan Hou, 2007 
(E47) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 O-O 5.Bd3, 22 moves, 0-1

36. Rg8+! forces mate and solves a Thursday puzzle
A Adly vs I Vovk, 2007 
(A06) Reti Opening, 38 moves, 1-0

29. Rd7+! solves Tuesday Dec 12, 2017
R J Dive vs P W Stuart, 1987 
(E45) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3, Bronstein (Byrne) Variation, 29 moves, 1-0

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