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New York 1880
Compiled by suenteus po 147
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The 5th American Chess Congress was held at the Manhattan Chess Club in New York City, the United States from January 6th to the 31st, 1880. Ten American chess masters and players participated in the nine "double rounds" of the main event. The participants included two-time US Chess Congress winner George Henry Mackenzie, 4th US Chess Congress runner-up Max Judd, previous Congress participants James Adams Congdon and Preston Ware, as well as Albert Cohnfeld, Eugene Delmar, James Grundy, Charles Moehle, John Ryan, and Alexander Sellman. Each of the players gained entrance to the masters tournament via a $20 entry fee. Games began promptly at 1 p.m. each day with a break for dinner between 5 p.m. and 7 p.m. whereby the games resumed until 11 p.m. Games were adjourned if the players could not reach a conclusion by midnight. The time control for the tournament was fifteen moves an hour, with an increment of whatever time unspent being carried over to the next time control. Sundays were reserved for rest days. I recommend reading Charles Gillsburg's account of the Congress, which he gives in great detail and can be found easily on Google Books. The final of the event saw a tie for first between Mackenzie and Grundy. The Congress rules stipulated in the event of a tie that a playoff match would follow the congress with the grand prize going to the first player to win two games. Mackenzie defeated Grundy handily and claimed the grand prize of $500 and a gold medal to commemorate his victory. Grundy received $300 for second place, while Moehle received $200 for third, Sellman received $100 for fourth, and Judd received $50 for fifth. It was Mackenzie's third and final US Congress victory and cemented his legacy as one of the strongest chess players living and playing in the United States in the 19th century.

The final standings and crosstable:

=1st Mackenzie 13/18 ** 0 10 1 11 11 11 1 11

=1st Grundy 13/18 1 ** 10 1 11 1 01 11 11

3rd Moehle 13/18 01 ** 0 1 10 11 11 11 11

4th Sellman 12/18 01 1 ** 10 1 11 0 11 11

5th Judd 11/18 0 0 0 01 ** 1 11 11 01 11

6th Delmar 9/18 00 00 01 0 0 ** 11 11 1 11

=7th Ryan 5/18 00 0 00 00 00 00 ** 11 01 11

=7th Ware 5/18 00 10 00 1 00 00 00 ** 1 1

9th Congdon 3/18 0 00 00 00 10 0 01 0 ** 00

10th Cohnfeld 2/18 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 0 11 **

Playoff Match:

1st Mackenzie 2/2 1 1

2nd Grundy 0/2 0 0

Round One, First Half, January 6th
A Cohnfeld vs Mackenzie, 1880 
(D00) Queen's Pawn Game, 29 moves, 0-1

J Grundy vs M Judd, 1880 
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 95 moves, 1/2-1/2

C Moehle vs J S Ryan, 1880 
(C01) French, Exchange, 56 moves, 1-0

Sellman vs E Delmar, 1880 
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 49 moves, 1-0

P Ware vs J A Congdon, 1880 
(A00) Uncommon Opening, 79 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round One, Second Half, January 7th
J A Congdon vs P Ware, 1880 
(B00) Uncommon King's Pawn Opening, 60 moves, 0-1

E Delmar vs Sellman, 1880
(C13) French, 66 moves, 1/2-1/2

M Judd vs J Grundy, 1880 
(C45) Scotch Game, 40 moves, 0-1

Mackenzie vs A Cohnfeld, 1880
(C41) Philidor Defense, 45 moves, 1-0

J S Ryan vs C Moehle, 1880
(A84) Dutch, 50 moves, 0-1

Round Two, First Half, January 8th
J Grundy vs Mackenzie, 1880
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 46 moves, 1-0

C Moehle vs A Cohnfeld, 1880
(C29) Vienna Gambit, 52 moves, 1-0

J S Ryan vs E Delmar, 1880
(C42) Petrov Defense, 45 moves, 0-1

Sellman vs J A Congdon, 1880 
(B01) Scandinavian, 67 moves, 1-0

P Ware vs M Judd, 1880 
(A80) Dutch, 71 moves, 0-1

Round Two, Second Half, January 9th
A Cohnfeld vs C Moehle, 1880
(A80) Dutch, 63 moves, 0-1

J A Congdon vs Sellman, 1880
(C01) French, Exchange, 25 moves, 0-1

E Delmar vs J S Ryan, 1880
(A02) Bird's Opening, 53 moves, 1-0

M Judd vs P Ware, 1880 
(B00) Uncommon King's Pawn Opening, 57 moves, 1-0

Mackenzie vs J Grundy, 1880 
(C01) French, Exchange, 37 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Three, First Half, January 10th
J A Congdon vs J S Ryan, 1880
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 39 moves, 0-1

E Delmar vs J Grundy, 1880
(C01) French, Exchange, 70 moves, 0-1

M Judd vs A Cohnfeld, 1880
(C44) King's Pawn Game, 55 moves, 1-0

Mackenzie vs P Ware, 1880
(B00) Uncommon King's Pawn Opening, 58 moves, 1-0

Sellman vs C Moehle, 1880
(B40) Sicilian, 50 moves, 1-0

Round Three, Second Half, January 12th
A Cohnfeld vs M Judd, 1880 
(A80) Dutch, 43 moves, 0-1

J Grundy vs E Delmar, 1880 
(B44) Sicilian, 107 moves, 1-0

C Moehle vs Sellman, 1880
(C14) French, Classical, 66 moves, 1/2-1/2

J S Ryan vs J A Congdon, 1880
(C02) French, Advance, 55 moves, 0-1

P Ware vs Mackenzie, 1880
(A80) Dutch, 49 moves, 0-1

Round Four, First Half, January 13th
E Delmar vs A Cohnfeld, 1880
(C41) Philidor Defense, 25 moves, 1-0

J Grundy vs J A Congdon, 1880 
(B01) Scandinavian, 42 moves, 1-0

Mackenzie vs Sellman, 1880 
(C00) French Defense, 61 moves, 1/2-1/2

J S Ryan vs M Judd, 1880
(C53) Giuoco Piano, 60 moves, 0-1

P Ware vs C Moehle, 1880 
(A80) Dutch, 53 moves, 0-1

Round Four, Second Half, January 14th
A Cohnfeld vs E Delmar, 1880
(A40) Queen's Pawn Game, 40 moves, 0-1

J A Congdon vs J Grundy, 1880
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 56 moves, 0-1

M Judd vs J S Ryan, 1880
(C00) French Defense, 38 moves, 1-0

C Moehle vs P Ware, 1880 
(B00) Uncommon King's Pawn Opening, 24 moves, 1-0

Sellman vs Mackenzie, 1880
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 29 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Five, First Half, January 15th
E Delmar vs M Judd, 1880
(C48) Four Knights, 73 moves, 1/2-1/2

Mackenzie vs J A Congdon, 1880 
(C14) French, Classical, 66 moves, 1/2-1/2

C Moehle vs J Grundy, 1880
(C25) Vienna, 28 moves, 1/2-1/2

J S Ryan vs A Cohnfeld, 1880
(C00) French Defense, 46 moves, 1-0

Sellman vs P Ware, 1880
(B00) Uncommon King's Pawn Opening, 33 moves, 0-1

Round Five, Second Half, January 16th
A Cohnfeld vs J S Ryan, 1880
(A40) Queen's Pawn Game, 34 moves, 0-1

J A Congdon vs Mackenzie, 1880
(C65) Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense, 56 moves, 0-1

J Grundy vs C Moehle, 1880
(C70) Ruy Lopez, 61 moves, 1/2-1/2

M Judd vs E Delmar, 1880
(C45) Scotch Game, 56 moves, 1-0

P Ware vs Sellman, 1880
(D00) Queen's Pawn Game, 52 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Six, First Half, January 17th
A Cohnfeld vs J Grundy, 1880 
(C44) King's Pawn Game, 44 moves, 0-1

J A Congdon vs E Delmar, 1880 
(C61) Ruy Lopez, Bird's Defense, 44 moves, 1/2-1/2

C Moehle vs Mackenzie, 1880
(C48) Four Knights, 32 moves, 0-1

Sellman vs M Judd, 1880
(C01) French, Exchange, 41 moves, 1-0

P Ware vs J S Ryan, 1880 
(A40) Queen's Pawn Game, 81 moves, 0-1

Round Six, Second Half, January 19th
E Delmar vs J A Congdon, 1880 
(B01) Scandinavian, 67 moves, 1-0

J Grundy vs A Cohnfeld, 1880
(C41) Philidor Defense, 30 moves, 1-0

M Judd vs Sellman, 1880 
(C11) French, 54 moves, 1-0

Mackenzie vs C Moehle, 1880 
(A85) Dutch, with c4 & Nc3, 36 moves, 0-1

J S Ryan vs P Ware, 1880
(B00) Uncommon King's Pawn Opening, 56 moves, 1-0

Round Seven, First Half, January 20th
A Cohnfeld vs P Ware, 1880
(B00) Uncommon King's Pawn Opening, 39 moves, 0-1

J Grundy vs Sellman, 1880
(C01) French, Exchange, 65 moves, 1-0

M Judd vs J A Congdon, 1880 
(B01) Scandinavian, 61 moves, 0-1

Mackenzie vs J S Ryan, 1880 
(C00) French Defense, 34 moves, 1-0

C Moehle vs E Delmar, 1880
(C46) Three Knights, 65 moves, 0-1

Round Seven, Second Half, January 21st
J A Congdon vs M Judd, 1880 
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 21 moves, 0-1

E Delmar vs C Moehle, 1880
(B20) Sicilian, 54 moves, 0-1

J S Ryan vs Mackenzie, 1880 
(A84) Dutch, 76 moves, 0-1

Sellman vs J Grundy, 1880 
(C10) French, 37 moves, 1-0

P Ware vs A Cohnfeld, 1880
(A80) Dutch, 44 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Eight, First Half, January 22nd
J A Congdon vs C Moehle, 1880
(C70) Ruy Lopez, 49 moves, 0-1

E Delmar vs P Ware, 1880
(B00) Uncommon King's Pawn Opening, 35 moves, 1-0

Mackenzie vs M Judd, 1880
(C14) French, Classical, 37 moves, 1/2-1/2

J S Ryan vs J Grundy, 1880
(D31) Queen's Gambit Declined, 47 moves, 0-1

Sellman vs A Cohnfeld, 1880
(C41) Philidor Defense, 23 moves, 1-0

Round Eight, Second Half, January 23rd
A Cohnfeld vs Sellman, 1880
(C42) Petrov Defense, 49 moves, 0-1

J Grundy vs J S Ryan, 1880
(C00) French Defense, 57 moves, 1/2-1/2

M Judd vs Mackenzie, 1880 
(C45) Scotch Game, 36 moves, 0-1

C Moehle vs J A Congdon, 1880
(B01) Scandinavian, 54 moves, 1-0

P Ware vs E Delmar, 1880 
(A00) Uncommon Opening, 57 moves, 0-1

Round Nine, First Half, January 24th
A Cohnfeld vs J A Congdon, 1880 
(C02) French, Advance, 38 moves, 1-0

J Grundy vs P Ware, 1880 
(B00) Uncommon King's Pawn Opening, 57 moves, 0-1

M Judd vs C Moehle, 1880 
(B46) Sicilian, Taimanov Variation, 61 moves, 0-1

Mackenzie vs E Delmar, 1880
(C46) Three Knights, 32 moves, 1-0

J S Ryan vs Sellman, 1880
(C42) Petrov Defense, 33 moves, 0-1

Round Nine, Second Half, January 26th
J A Congdon vs A Cohnfeld, 1880
(C32) King's Gambit Declined, Falkbeer Counter Gambit, 24 moves, 0-1

E Delmar vs Mackenzie, 1880 
(A13) English, 49 moves, 0-1

C Moehle vs M Judd, 1880
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 79 moves, 1/2-1/2

Sellman vs J S Ryan, 1880
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 51 moves, 1-0

P Ware vs J Grundy, 1880 
(D00) Queen's Pawn Game, 64 moves, 0-1

1st Place Playoff, Game #1, January 31st
Mackenzie vs J Grundy, 1880
(C46) Three Knights, 37 moves, 1-0

1st Place Playoff, Game #2, January 31st
J Grundy vs Mackenzie, 1880
(C65) Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense, 38 moves, 0-1

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