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WCC: Botvinnik-Tal 1960
Compiled by WCC Editing Project
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ORIGINAL: Botvinnik - Tal World Championship Match (1960)

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"Chess Life" Sun. March 20, 1960 Vol XIV no.14, pp.1-2

Tal interview in "Chess Life" May 1957

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Tal's Chess Record

-<Tournament of Pioneer's Palaces of the 3 Baltic Republics 1948> In Vilnius. 2d board for Riga, with +1 -3 =0. Tal won the "most interesting game" prize for his victory over an Estonian player- a "luxurious edition of Tolstoy's 'Peter the First.'" Riga finished last. Mikhail Tal, "The Life and Games of Mikhail Tal" (Cadogan 1997), p.20

-<Riga Junior Championship Semifinal 1949> Tal won his first 3 games. He had a 4th category rating. "The Life and Games of Mikhail Tal," p.19

-<Riga Championship Quarterfinal 1950> 1st, with 12.5/13. Tal achieved 1st category rank. "The Life and Games of Mikhail Tal," p.23; Hilary Thomas "Complete Games of Mikhail Tal 1936-1959," p.7

-<Latvian Championship 1951> In Riga (3 March - 1 April) Shared 9th, behind Pasman, Koblents, Akmentinsh and others, with +5 -6 =8. Di Felice, "Chess Results 1951-1955," p.65; [rusbase-1] Edward Winter, ed. ""World Chess Champions" (Pergamon Press 1981), p.153

-<Latvian Championship 1953> Game Collection: Tal at the Latvian Championship 1953 In Riga (20 Feb - 22 March) 1st over Koblents, Gipslis, Klovans, Pasman and Zdanovs, with +12 -2 =5. Tal was awarded the title of Candidate Master. Winter, p.153; [rusbase-2] Di Felice, "Chess Results 1951-1955," p.280; Hilary Thomas "Complete Games of Mikhail Tal 1936-1959," p.22

-<USSR Republics Team Championship 1953> In Leningrad (September) 2d board for Latvia, with +3 -1 =3. Latvia finished 4th, behind Leningrad, RSFSR and Moscow, ahead of Ukraine, Georgia, Belarus and Estonia. Tal achieved his master norm, but so had Kliavin, who had gained more points on 3d board. Kliavin was awarded the master title, but Tal had to play a match against Saigin in order to gain his title. "The Life and Games of Mikhail Tal," p.26; [rusbase-3] Di Felice, "Chess Results 1951-1955," pp.305-307

-<Tallinn-Riga Match 1954> In Tallinn. 1st board vs. Keres, with +0 -1 =1. Tal's loss in game one was the first time he played a grandmaster in a tournament. Keres vs Tal, 1954 "The Life and Games of Mikhail Tal," p.27; Di Felice, "Chess Results 1951-1955," p.425

-<Master Title Qualification Match 1954> Game Collection: Tal-Saigin Master Title Qualification Match 1954 In Riga (summer). Tal beat Saigin +4 -2 =8. Although he should have received the Soviet master title at this point, in his autobiography Tal explains that he was not actually awarded the title until after he played in the <USSR Clubs Team Championship>, which was held 3-17 September in Riga:

"The year (1954) was concluded at home, in Riga, by the Team Championship of the Country, only this time for adults. Here for the first time I won against a Grandmaster, the USSR champion Yuri Averbakh. After this, still a candidate master, I drew a couple of games, and then received notification that I was a master." (p.31)

"...although formally I took part with the 'rank' of candidate master, the decision was expected to arrive literally any day."(p.55)

Di Felice, "Chess Results 1951-1955," p.409; Winter, p.155; [rusbase-4] "The Life and Games of Mikhail Tal," pp.28-31,55

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In his autobiography, <Yuri Averbakh> dismisses <Tal's> account of when he got his master title as a "myth":

Averbakh: <"...I... was... appointed chiarman of the Qualification Commission. One of the Commission's tasks was to review awards of the master title... We looked at the games of the (Saigin-Tal Qualification match)..., and decided Tal deserved the title, after which the material was sent on to the Sports Committee for confirmation....In the first bulletins of this event (USSR Clubs Team Championship 1954), there is a picture of us (Averbakh and Tal) playing, with the caption <<<'Master m. Tal>>> and Grandmaster Y. Averbakh!'">

-Yuri Averbakh, "Centre-Stage and Behind the Scenes" Steve Giddins transl. (New In Chess 2011), pp.143-144

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-<USSR Clubs Team Championship 1954> In Riga (3-17 Sept) 4th board for Daugava, with +1 -3 -6. Daugava finished 10th, behind Spartak (Petrosian), Nauka (Korchnoi), Medik (Chistiakov), Lokomotiv (Aronin), Trud (Suetin), Iskra (Taimanov), Dinamo (Lisitsin), Zenit (Averbakh) and Soviet Army (Kan). Tal's win against Averbakh was his first victory over a grandmaster. As stated above, Tal maintains this was when he was awarded the Soviet master title. "The Life and Games of Mikhail Tal," pp.30-31; [rusbase-5] Di Felice, "Chess Results 1951-1955," pp.416-418

-<USSR Championship Semifinal 1955> In Riga (15 Nov - 13 Dec) 1st over Borisenko, Bannik, Zurakhov, Korchnoi, Boleslavsky, Gregenidze and Furman, with +10 -3 =5. Winter, p.153; Di Felice, "Chess Results 1951-1955," p.492; [rusbase-6]

USSR Championship (1956) <23d USSR Championship> In Leningrad (10 Jan - 15 Feb) Shared 5th with Polugaevsky and Kholmov, behind Spassky, Taimanov, Averbakh and Korchnoi, with +6 -2 =9. Bernard Cafferty and Mark Taimanov, "The Soviet Championships" (Cadogen 1998), pp. 88-91; [rusbase-7] "The Life and Games of Mikhail Tal," pp.60-61

-<Uppsala Student Olympiad 1956> (5-15 April) Gold medal on 3d board, with +5 -0 =2. The USSR 1st over Hungary, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Spain, Czechoslovakia, Romania and the USA. This was Tal's first event outside the Soviet Union. "The Life and Games of Mikhail Tal," p.62; http://www.olimpbase.org/1956y/1956... http://www.olimpbase.org/1956y/1956... http://www.olimpbase.org/1956y/1956... Di Felice, "Chess Results 1956-1960," pp.89-91

USSR Championship (1957) <24th USSR Championship> In Moscow (20 Jan - 22 Feb) 1st, over Bronstein, Keres, Spassky, Tolush, Kholmov, Korchnoi, Petrosian and Boleslavsky, with +9 -2 =10. Cafferty and Taimanov, pp.92-95; [rusbase-8] Winter, p.153

-<1st European Team Championship Final 1957> In Baden bei Wien (22-28 Aug) Shared gold medal on 4th board with Trifunović, with +2 -1 =2. The USSR finished 1st over Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, and West Germany. During the event FIDE voted to award Tal with the international grandmaster title. Winter, p.153; Di Felice, "Chess Results 1956-1960," pp.185-186; http://www.olimpbase.org/1957e/1957... http://www.olimpbase.org/1957e/1957... "The Life and Games of Mikhail Tal," pp.66-67

USSR Championship (1958) <25th USSR Championship> In Riga (12 Jan - 12 Feb) 1st over Petrosian, Bronstein, Averbakh, Polugaevsky, Spassky, Geller, Gurgenidze, Boleslavsky and Korchnoi, with +9 -3 =7. This was also a FIDE zonal tournament, giving Tal the right to play in the Portoroz interzonal. Cafferty and Taimanov, pp.96-98; [rusbase-9] Winter, p.153; "The Life and Games of Mikhail Tal," p.67

Portoroz Interzonal (1958) (5 Aug - 12 Sept) 1st over Gligoric, Petrosian, Benko, Olafsson, Fischer, Bronstein and Averbakh, with +8 -1 =11. This was Tal's first international tournament in a non-team event. Di Felice, "Chess Results 1956-1960," p.250; Winter, p.154; "The Life and Games of Mikhail Tal," p.105

Bled-Zagreb-Belgrade Candidates (1959) (7 Sept - 29 Oct) 1st over Keres, Petrosian, Smyslov, Fischer, Gligoric, Olafsson and Benko, with +16 -4 =8. Di Felice, "Chess Results 1956-1960," p.310; Winter, p.153; Harry Golombek, "4th Candidates' Tournament, 1959- Bled-Zagreb-Belgrade- September 7th - October 29th" (Hardinge Simpole 2009), pp.1-272 (originally published in the BCM Quarterly No.3, 1960)

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Draft EDIT

Mikhail Tal was born in 1936 in Riga, Latvia.

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Conditions

1. Canceling the Champion's right to a rematch.

Averbakh:

<"...the FIDE Congress in Luxembourg in 1959 voted to <<<cancel>>> the champion's right to a return match. The delegates to the Congress acknowledged that allowing the champion to retain the title in the event of a drawn match, and to have a return match if he lost, gave him too many advantages... It meant that in order to keep the title, the challenger had to play the world champion not once, but twice- he had to beat him the first time, and not lose the second.">

--Yuri Averbakh
"Centre-Stage and Behind the Scenes- the Personal Memoir of a Soviet Chess Legend."

Steve Giddins, tranls.
(New in Chess 2011), p.114

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EDIT <Whiteshark>

<"...Rogard nevertheless did not change the <<<rules>>> laid down for the three-year cycle 1958-1960, and for this period the right to a return match was retained.">

-Mikhail Botvinnik
"Achieving the Aim."
Bernard Cafferty, transl.
(Pergamon 1981), p.160

===

EDIT <Whiteshark>, <tabanus>

Tidskrift för schack, nr. 9, Nov. 1959, p. 265-26

Reports about FIDE-kongressen in Luxemburg.

Transl. by <tabanus>:

<"A significant news concerning the end phase of the competition system is, that the right for a dethroned World Champion to claim a return match is <<<abolished in principal,>>> though shall the current World Champion keep his right to such a match if he in 1960 should lose his title.">

-Tidskrift för Schack, nr. 9, Nov. 1959, p. 265

-<Return Match>

"Under FIDE rules, the right to a return match was withdrawn at the congress in Luxembourg... in 1959, but this rule only came into effect beginning with the 1963 match. Botvinnik did not protest against this, although he considered it an unjustifiable breach with long-established tradition"

-Igor Botvinnik, ed., Steve Giddens transl. "Botvinnik-Petrosian: The 1963 World Chess Championship Match" (New in Chess 2010), p.10

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World Championship match between chess champion Mikhail Botvinnik and the winner of the Candidates Tournament Mikhail Tal held from March 15 to May 7, 1960 in Moscow . MATCH RULES 24 games at most, with the score 12:12 champion retains title. Chief Arbiter - Gideon Stahlberg (Sweden) and his assistant Harry Golombek (England). Seconds Members: G. Goldberg Botvinnik, A. Koblenz at Tal.

-Russian Wikipedia Match for the title of world chess champion in 1960 Wikipedia article: %D0%9C%D0%B0%D1%82%D1%87 %D0%B7%D0%B0 %D0%B7%D0%B2%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B5 %D1%87%D0%B5%D0%BC%D0%BF%D0%B8%D0%BE%D0%BD%D0%B0 %D0%BC%D0%B8%D1%80%D0%B0 %D0%BF%D0%BE %D1%88%D0%B0%D1%85%D0%BC%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%B0%D0%BC 1960

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Course of the Match

1st game

Tal vs Botvinnik, 1960 <1-0>

Tal: "The match began very well for me. Koblents and I had guessed which opening variation the World Champion would choose, and although Botvinnik had prepared an innovation, I was well familiar with the character of the position. I won after a short, sharp skirmish."

-Mikhail Tal, "The Life and Games of Mikhail Tal" p.161

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2d game

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3d game

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4th game

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5th game

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6th game

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7th game

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8th game

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9th game

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10th game

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11th game

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12th game

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13th game

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14th game

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15th game

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16th game

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17th game

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18th game

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19th game

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20th game

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21st game

Tal vs Botvinnik, 1960 
(C18) French, Winawer, 32 moves, 1-0

Botvinnik vs Tal, 1960 
(A61) Benoni, 44 moves, 1/2-1/2

Tal vs Botvinnik, 1960 
(B11) Caro-Kann, Two Knights, 3...Bg4, 37 moves, 1/2-1/2

3 games

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