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661_tm_DEFLECTION / REMOVING of a defender
Compiled by whiteshark
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tactical motif (tm) DEFLECTION / REMOVING of a defender

Deflection involves a forced move designed to deflect or force the move of an opponent's piece (often the King) "away" from a square (i.e. go away) where the opponent's is at a disadvantage. It differs from the decoy, whose purpose is to force the opponent's piece "to" a specific square (i.e. come here). If the deflection is successful, the resulting position can result in forced mate, material loss or a positional advantage for the aggressor.

Game Collection: DISCOVERED DEFLECTIONS ; Game Collection: Deflection

Generally, on <removing> check Game Collection: Attacking Themes

Petrosian vs Psakhis, 1982 
(A17) English, 34 moves, 1-0

Rxh6+
J Hickl vs Yusupov, 1998 
(A11) English, Caro-Kann Defensive System, 30 moves, 1-0

Korchnoi vs Simagin, 1960 
(E21) Nimzo-Indian, Three Knights, 33 moves, 0-1

Q overworked
Topalov vs Ponomariov, 2005 
(E15) Queen's Indian, 30 moves, 1-0

20...b1Q! 0-1
B E Horberg vs Kotov, 1959 
(B06) Robatsch, 20 moves, 0-1

Qf6+ deflects Qf8
Topalov vs Naiditsch, 2005 
(D39) Queen's Gambit Declined, Ragozin, Vienna Variation, 27 moves, 1-0

22... Rh8 deflects Qh7 from []c2
Geller vs Euwe, 1953 
(E26) Nimzo-Indian, Samisch, 26 moves, 0-1

Invading the back rank by deflections & pins
Velimirovic vs Csom, 1974 
(B90) Sicilian, Najdorf, 26 moves, 1-0

22...Bb6-d4! foils the B&Q battery on a1-h8 diagonal
Winawer vs Chigorin, 1882 
(C51) Evans Gambit, 28 moves, 0-1

32...Rd2!!
B Munguntuul vs Li Chao, 2014
(B73) Sicilian, Dragon, Classical, 35 moves, 0-1

remove + deflect
Nimzowitsch vs Alapin, 1914  
(C11) French, 18 moves, 1-0

Q (f7+d8)
T Broek vs Peter van Diepen, 1982 
(C15) French, Winawer, 14 moves, 1-0

Rb8 deflects Qd8 from Ph4
Botvinnik vs Keres, 1966 
(A29) English, Four Knights, Kingside Fianchetto, 27 moves, 1-0

unprotected {Q}
S Landau vs Reti, 1927 
(A28) English, 18 moves, 0-1

defelct to go LPDO
F Vallejo Pons vs E Perelshteyn, 1999 
(B27) Sicilian, 33 moves, 1-0

34.Qg5!!
Ivanchuk vs Le Quang Liem, 2013 
(A01) Nimzovich-Larsen Attack, 39 moves, 1-0

39.f8Q+ Rxf8 40.d6+ defl Ke7
Lputian vs V Malaniuk, 1995 
(A81) Dutch, 41 moves, 1-0

Saemisch vs Przepiorka, 1925 
(D18) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Dutch, 34 moves, 1-0

Nxd6!! (1:0)
I Saric vs Shirov, 2015 
(B90) Sicilian, Najdorf, 33 moves, 1-0

39...Rh4 40 Kxh4 g5+!
Lasker vs Loman, 1903 
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 41 moves, 0-1

32...Rc1!!
The World vs Karpov, 1996 
(B17) Caro-Kann, Steinitz Variation, 32 moves, 0-1

J L Hammer vs Carlsen, 2003 
(A46) Queen's Pawn Game, 17 moves, 0-1

31.Qh6+!! gxh6 32.Rh7#
McShane vs A Istratescu, 2013 
(C07) French, Tarrasch, 31 moves, 1-0

Caruana vs Ponomariov, 2014 
(C42) Petrov Defense, 41 moves, 1-0

The Siberian trap
Kolenbet vs B Schipkov, 1987 
(B21) Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4, 9 moves, 0-1

F Rechi Perez vs E Grassi, 1986 
(B21) Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4, 7 moves, 1-0

39...h3!!
D Kokarev vs Short, 2015 
(C80) Ruy Lopez, Open, 47 moves, 0-1

Rohde vs Seirawan, 1976 
(B01) Scandinavian, 58 moves, 1-0

...c2 defl Q fm Rd5
Bareev vs Leko, 2002
(A10) English, 44 moves, 0-1

J Aabling-Thomsen vs D Lardot, 2000
(D09) Queen's Gambit Declined, Albin Counter Gambit, 5.g3, 35 moves, 1-0

Ahues vs Najdorf, 1936 
(A45) Queen's Pawn Game, 32 moves, 0-1

F Garcia Jimenez vs L Elamri, 2004 
(A04) Reti Opening, 37 moves, 1-0

B Pratyusha vs B Assaubayeva, 2015
(A67) Benoni, Taimanov Variation, 32 moves, 0-1

decoy - fork
K Kullberg vs T Sigurdsson, 1933
(B18) Caro-Kann, Classical, 24 moves, 1-0

...Bh6 Attacking/pinning an immobile defender
B Schmidtgall vs H Langrock, 2001
(B76) Sicilian, Dragon, Yugoslav Attack, 22 moves, 0-1

28.Rf8+ <--Qe8
Breyer vs Maroczy, 1920 
(A46) Queen's Pawn Game, 32 moves, 1-0

Deflection of a counter attacker
K Wockenfuss vs G Siegel, 1982
(A45) Queen's Pawn Game, 25 moves, 1-0

...Ba6
K Burger vs Benko, 1969 
(A56) Benoni Defense, 27 moves, 0-1

44...Rxb2!
O Girya vs A Kashlinskaya, 2015 
(E20) Nimzo-Indian, 48 moves, 0-1

26...Re2!!! deflects Qc2 fm covering sq c6, else # attack
Kamsky vs Svidler, 2011 
(C78) Ruy Lopez, 28 moves, 0-1

L Hazai vs Sax, 1971 
(C41) Philidor Defense, 18 moves, 0-1

Capablanca vs NN, 1916 
(D37) Queen's Gambit Declined, 27 moves, 1-0

Deflection! Back rank blunder.
Aronian vs Svidler, 2006 
(D80) Grunfeld, 24 moves, 0-1

24.Re7+!!
Bronstein vs V Mikenas, 1941 
(C40) King's Knight Opening, 25 moves, 1-0

A Nickel vs Hydra, 2004 
(B48) Sicilian, Taimanov Variation, 43 moves, 1-0

Keene vs Tarjan, 1975 
(D99) Grunfeld Defense, Smyslov, 23 moves, 1-0

Ra7!!
Keene vs V Kovacevic, 1973  
(A06) Reti Opening, 25 moves, 1-0

The deflection <28.Rg3+> sets up <29.Qg4+>
Anastasian vs L Babujian, 2008 
(A06) Reti Opening, 28 moves, 1-0

30.d6+ (1:0)
T Jugelt vs M Ehrke, 2008 
(D02) Queen's Pawn Game, 30 moves, 1-0

Areshchenko vs A Rustemov, 2014 
(C02) French, Advance, 29 moves, 1-0

24.Re7+ (<--Qd7 / --> Rh3#)
S Levitsky vs A Rabinovich, 1912 
(C44) King's Pawn Game, 27 moves, 1-0

Rxh7+ Nxh7 <-- Qd5 unprotected
Capablanca vs J C Rather, 1936 
(A07) King's Indian Attack, 20 moves, 1-0

Rxh8+ defl Kg8
Keres vs Bronstein, 1959 
(A48) King's Indian, 53 moves, 1-0

32...Rc1+
V Bui vs H Frey Perez, 2002 
(A30) English, Symmetrical, 32 moves, 0-1

34...Tc2!!
E Schaer vs Blatny, 1994
(B00) Uncommon King's Pawn Opening, 35 moves, 0-1

21.RxNe8!
Khalifman vs Seirawan, 1991  
(B15) Caro-Kann, 23 moves, 1-0

23... RxNb1+
E Terpugov vs Petrosian, 1957 
(A46) Queen's Pawn Game, 27 moves, 0-1

9.QxNc6+!!
R Schwarz vs Labau, 1948 
(C15) French, Winawer, 11 moves, 1-0

22...RxBc1!
P Bublei vs I Bukavshin, 2013 
(D45) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 30 moves, 0-1

34...Qh4+!! 35.gxh4 Rh3+!! 36.BxRh3 g3#
D Morozov vs I Makoveev, 2014 
(A30) English, Symmetrical, 36 moves, 0-1

Deflection combination
Uhlmann vs Smyslov, 1956 
(E15) Queen's Indian, 18 moves, 0-1

E Tate vs T Braunlich, 2001 
(B87) Sicilian, Fischer-Sozin with ...a6 and ...b5, 21 moves, 1-0

H Terrie vs E Tate, 2001 
(A21) English, 32 moves, 0-1

27.Rd7!! - DEFLECTION AT WORK
I Saric vs M Bosiocic, 2018 
(B48) Sicilian, Taimanov Variation, 27 moves, 1-0

Yermolinsky vs E Tate, 2001 
(A43) Old Benoni, 9 moves, 1-0

38...Re1+!! w/ perp +
A Braun vs S Siebrecht, 2005 
(D46) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 40 moves, 1-0

Final Deflection
A Hoffmann vs Nakamura, 2004 
(B30) Sicilian, 57 moves, 0-1

31.Re8+ Kxe8 32.g7 Final Deflection
Naiditsch vs A Zhigalko, 2017 
(B20) Sicilian, 32 moves, 1-0

Koltanowski vs A Dunkelblum, 1924 
(C55) Two Knights Defense, 27 moves, 1-0

S Slipak vs T Gibson, 2008 
(A09) Reti Opening, 34 moves, 1-0

70 games

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