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  1. 100 best games of 20th century by Andrew Soltis
    Soltis has graded thousands of games and published what he regards as the top 100. These are they
    36 games, 1907-1999

  2. 200 open games by David Bronstein (part 1)
    from the book collection 200 open games from David Bronstein.More than 150 of these games appear in here is the link to part 2

    Game Collection: 200 Open Games by David Bronstein (part 2)

    101 games, 1939-1968

  3. 200 Open Games by David Bronstein (part 2)
    Game Collection: 200 open games by David Bronstein (part 1) From Bronstein book
    55 games, 1944-1968

  4. 98_A40 Dzindzi Indian aka The Beefeater
    The <Dzindzi Indian <1. d4 g6 2. c4 Bg7 3. Nc3 c5 4. d5 Bxc3+ 5. bxc3 f5 >>

    click for larger view

    is an extremely offbeat variation – and that’s exactly what makes it so dangerous!

    The effect of this surprising opening system can be devastating on the unprepared opponent, often forcing defensive gut reactions to this very different type of set-up. In this video on the Kingside Fianchetto Variation for white, we will examine black’s typical sources of counterplay against white’s disrupted center. I recommend that black plays to immediately establish pressure on white’s clumsy doubled pawns on c3 and c4 with early …Qa5, …Nd7-Nb6 maneuvers. It is also a great idea to remember the …Qa5-Qa6 idea, similar to variations in the Nimzo-Indian where black changes his focal point on those pawns to exploit white’s difficulty in defending them. Combining this pressure with castling queenside where position is closed, black will have a free hand to attack white’s kingside with pressure on the h-file. It is frequent in the Dzindzi Indian that black will completely tie down white’s pieces to the defense of the doubled c3 and c4 pawns and the defense of white’s kingside, to break the position open in the center with …e5 to fully exploit white’s lack of fluid coordination.

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    This line is usually named after the grandmaster and two-time US Champion Roman Dzindzichashvili, who pioneered the defence in the 1980s. It looks like a strange cocktail of the Benoni, Dutch and Nimzo-Indian!

    Black's decision to capture on c3 unbalances the position in a way he couldn't hope to do otherwise, and for this reason the Dzindzi-Indian is an effective line to play as Black if you are desperate to win. One practical advantage from Black's point of view is that quiet responses by White tend to be at best unchallenging and sometime much worse than that, so the Dzindzi-Indian can be a successful choice against timid players.

    The follow-up of ...f5 is designed to avoid giving White a free hand in the centre.

    Black will usually try to keep the position as closed as possible, and then exploit White's obvious structural weaknesses on the queenside. An example of a successful Black strategy is seen in Handler-Kozul, Graz 2011, where White's 6 Nf3 and subsequent play leaves Black with little to fear.

    Generally speaking, White should be in a hurry to open the position, and the critical tries against the Dzindzi-Indian usually involve some form of gambit. One of these is <6 e4!? fxe4 7 f3>:

    White basically treats the position like a Dutch, and plays a Staunton-type gambit. In fact <7...exf3?!> (see Navara-Rozmbersky, Czechia 2001) is simply too risky, as White gets a very favourable version of the Staunton Gambit.

    Much wiser is <7...Nf6! 8 fxe4> and now either <8...Qa5 9 Qc2 d6> (see Onischuk-Sokolov, Viernheim 1995) or the immediate <8...d6> (see Liascovich-Tristan, Mar del Plata 2007), although even here Black must play accurately and White has some chances to keep an advantage.

    Another aggressive option for White is <6 h4!?>:

    The h2-h4 lunge is seen in a few Leningrad Dutch lines, and here it's more enticing because Black no longer has his dark-squared bishop. The main line runs <6...Nf6 7 h5 Rg8 8 hxg6 hxg6> and here White has more than one option:

    Possibly the most violent try is <9 g4!?>, which can cause Black serious problems if he doesn't know how to respond. However, Black's play in Bunzmann-Okhotnik, France 2002, beginning with <9...Qa5!>, seems quite convincing to me.

    Also possible for White is the strange-looking <9 Qa4!?>, which has been used successfully by one or two very strong players and is certainly more challenging than it initially appears. See Shishkin-Klimov, St Petersburg 2008, for an example of the problems Black can face here.

    Finally, <6 g4!?> is yet another violent attempt against the Dzindzi-Indian:

    This is probably not quite as critical as <6 e4> or <6 h4>, as long as Black remembers to meet <6...fxg4 7 h3> with the typical Dutch response <7...g3!>. See the game Bazart-Okhotnik, Creon 2008, for more details.

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    Opening Explorer

    check out: Game Collection: Modern - Dzindzi's 4...Bxc3+ 5.bxc3 f5

    there's a thematic overlap area to: Game Collection: 50_Bishop pair -how to get it in the opening

    29 games, 1914-2015

  5. 98_D08-D09_Albin Counter Gambit aka aka

    ♙c4♙d4 // ♙d5♙e5 - ♙c4♙d4 // ♙d5♙e5 - ♙c4♙d4 // ♙d5♙e5

    Google search results:

    ♙c4♙d4 // ♙d5♙e5 - ♙c4♙d4 // ♙d5♙e5 - ♙c4♙d4 // ♙d5♙e5

    check out: Game Collection: Albin Counter-Gambit Ideas and Game Collection: Albin Aggression

    83 games, 1893-2016

  6. 98_E24-E29_Nimzo-Indian w/ 4.f3 & Saemisch
    <1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.f3>

    click for larger view

    Opening Explorer || || Nimzo-Indian (E20)

    <Play the 4.f3 Nimzo-Indian> by Yuri Yakovich (Gambit Publications, paperback, ISBN: 1-904600-16-6, 128 pages, 2004.)

    Let’s see how he has divided the material:

    ● Symbols (1 page)
    ● Introduction (2 pages)
    ● 1 4...Nc6 (8 pages)
    ● 2 4...0-0 (7 pages)
    ● 3 4...c5 (16 pages)
    ● 4 4...d5 (11 pages)
    ● 5 4...d5 5 a3 Bxc3+ (11 pages)
    ● 6 4...d5 5 a3 Bxc3+ 6 bxc3 c5! (12 pages) ● 7 The Main Line: 8 dxc5!? (28 pages)
    ● 8 Illustrative Games (26 pages)
    ● Index of Variations (3 pages)

    "I was very excited when this book arrived. The line <1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.f3> was an important part of my repertoire for several years. I cooked up many new ideas and came to appreciate White’s many dynamic possibilities, the system’s many subtle points, and the fact that few players were ready to face it!

    I have to admit feeling somewhat annoyed when I read the following about the sharp position that occurs after <1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.f3 c5 5.d5 Bxc3+ 6.bxc3 Nh5 7.g3 f5 8.e4 f4>:

    click for larger view

    "Up to the end of the 1980s it was generally thought that 7…f4 promised Black a good game. However, Moskalenko’s discovery of <8.dxe6!> gives White the advantage.” Opening Explorer

    Yakovich then gives quite a bit of analysis, including: <9.dxe6 Qf6 10.Ne2 fxg3 11.Bg2 Qe6 12.hxg3 Nf6 13.g4 0-0 14.g5 Ne8 15.Nf4 Qe5 16.Nd5> (Which he correctly assesses as winning for White).

    The problem with the comments above is that I discovered AND played 9.dxe6 (sometimes it’s 8.dxe6, depending on whether or not Black has rushed to play …Bxc3+) back in 1982. Even more irksome was his analysis up to 16.Nd5, which occurred in my game vs. G Kane at the Bagby Memorial (San Francisco) 1982. The finish (rather poorly handled by me) was: <16…Qg3+ 17.Kf1 Nc6 18.Rh3 Qe5 19.Kg1 g6 20.f4 Qg7 21.e5 d6 22.Nf6+ Nxf6 23.exf6 Qf7 24.Re3! Qc7 25.Bd5+ Kh8 26.Qe2 Bf5 27.Bd2 Rad8 28.Rae1 h5 29.Re7! Rd7 30.Re8 Rd8 31.Rxf8+ Rxf8 32.Qe8! Qd8 33.Bxc6 bxc6 34.Qxc6 Qd7 35.Qxd7 Bxd7 36.Re7 Bf5 37.Rxa7 Rb8 38.Ra6 Kg8 39.Rxd6 Ra8 40.Be3>, 1-0.

    This game (with analysis) eventually appeared in The Players Chess News. So "Moskalenko’s discovery” wasn’t his discovery at all. I bring this up to vent, but also to show the reader just how interesting many lines from 4.f3 can be.

    However, the 4.f3 system isn’t all tactics and attack. One must also learn to handle small advantages and the two Bishops, as frequently comes to pass after <1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.f3 d5 5.a3 Bxc3+ 6.bxc3 c5 7.cxd5 Nxd5 8.dxc5>. Another game from 1982 was Silman - MacFarland: <8…f5 9.c4> (Now it’s known that moves like 9.Qc2 and 9.Ng3 give White a better chance to obtain an opening advantage.) <9…Qf6 10.Bd2> (This offers nothing, though the superior 10.Bg5 also grants Black equality with careful play.) <10…Nc7?> (10…Nc3 11.Qc1 Na4 is better) <11.Nh3 Nc6 12.Rc1 0-0 13.Bc3 Qe7 14.Qd6 Na6 15.Qxe7 Nxe7 16.Be5 Bd7 17.Rb1 Bc6 18.Nf2 Rfe8 19.Nd3 Rad8 20.e3 Ng6 21.Bd6 Nb8 22.Be2 Nd7 23.Kf2 Rc8 24.Rhc1 Red8 25.Rb2 Nf6 26.Nf4 Kf7 27.Nxg6 Kxg6 28.h3 Kf7 29.g4 h6 30.Rg1 Ne8 31.Be5> Black is suffering, and White won a long, hard game.

    Yakovich, who plays this system himself with great success, does an impressive job in giving all the analysis you will need, and also in sharing new moves and general plans with the reader as well. He mixes prose with variations nicely, and this makes the book a joy to read.

    Though I was tossing 4.f3 out in 1982, the system seems as fresh and effective now as it did then (in fact, it seems even more effective then it did back in my day). If you are looking for a way to challenge the Nimzo-Indian for White, then I highly recommend 4.f3. And if you play the Nimzo-Indian for Black and wish to be properly prepared for the hordes of players who will soon embrace this system, then Yakovich’s book is a must buy."

    review by IM Donaldson:

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    "John's entirely correct - Yakovich supplies many new ideas throughout, and even several in the critical main line after 8 dxc5! Overall it's a very impressive effort, although he could perhaps have been more thorough on the fun (but speculative or dangerous?) 4...c5 5 d5 Nh5 6 Nh3 (6 g3!? ⩲ ?) when 6....Qh4+ grabs pawns in return for the centre and initiative." --IM Richard Palliser

    E20 player:

    121 games, 1928-2017

  7. 98_E30-E31_Nimzo-Indian Defense: Leningrad Varia
    I have often wondered why this variation does not get more attention and appreciation, because it seems one of the best ways to counter the ever-solid Nimzo-Indian. This was the first book to explore the possibilities inherent in the Leningrad system (an early Bg5 by White, a main theme in many d4 openings). The only great name knowledgeable chess fans are likely to recall in connection with this way of attacking the "Nimzo" is that of the tenth world champion, Boris Spassky, (1969-1972), who used it with good results, thanks probably to his trainer at the time, Vladimir Zak, who was apparently the pioneering theoretician of this variation.

    click for larger view

    Leningrader System
    Im Leningrader System beantwortet Weiß die Fesselung seines Springers mit der Gegenfesselung 4. Lc1-g5. Es ist eine interessante Möglichkeit, Schwarz aus dem Konzept zu bringen, weil sich das Spiel ganz anders entwickelt als in den anderen Systemen der Nimzowitsch-Indischen Verteidigung. Die Chance von Schwarz besteht darin, mit 4. ... h7-h6 5. Lg5-h4 den weißen Läufer abzudrängen, so dass er am Damenflügel nicht mehr eingreifen kann, und dann am Damenflügel den Angriff zu suchen. Auf c7-c5 antwortet Weiß meist mit d4-d5.

    In der Partie Spasski – Tal (Tallinn 1973) antwortete Tal nach 4. ... h7-h6 5. Lg5-h4 c7-c5 6. d4-d5 im Geiste des Blumenfeld-Gambits mit 6. ... b7-b5.

    Den Namen erhielt diese Variante, weil sie von starken Meistern aus Leningrad oft angewandt wurde, etwa Sak, Spasski, Kortschnoi und Tolusch.

    <4. Bg5 - < The Leningrad Variation <>> received its name because its theory was developed extensively by players from that city, such as Boris Spassky. The main line runs <4...h6 5. Bh4 c5 6. d5 d6 7. e3 Bxc3+ 8. bxc3 e5>,

    click for larger view

    when Black has achieved a Hübner Variation-like blockade, the difference being that White's dark-squared bishop is outside the pawn chain.

    The pin on the f6-knight is very annoying, and Black often finds himself compelled to break it by playing the drastic <...g7-g5>, which also clamps down on a potential f2-f4 break by White. This move weakens Black's kingside, so he often will not castle, walking his king to c7 via d8. An alternative to <6...d6> is <6...b5>, much played in the 1970s after Mikhail Tal scored a crushing win over Spassky at Tallinn 1973. Spassky vs Tal, 1973 annotated:

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    Nimzo-Indian, Leningrad (E30) Nimzo-Indian, Leningrad, Main line (E31) Opening Explorer

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    79 games, 1951-2016

  8. 107 Great Chess Battles: 1939-45 Alekhine
    Alekhine, Alexander. 107 Great Chess Battles: 1939-1945. Edward Winter, ed. & trans., New York: Dover, 1980. ISBN-0-486-27104-8.
    106 games, 1908-1945

  9. 107 Great Chess Battles: 1939-45 Alekhine
    Alekhine, Alexander. 107 Great Chess Battles: 1939-1945. Edward Winter, ed. & trans., New York: Dover, 1980. ISBN-0-486-27104-8.
    106 games, 1908-1945

  10. Art of Sacrifice in Chess, R. Spielmann
    Spielmann, Rudolf. The Art of Sacrifice in Chess, New York: Dover, 1995. ISBN 0-486-28449-2.
    37 games, 1903-1934

  11. Art of Sacrifice in Chess, R. Spielmann
    Spielmann, Rudolf. The Art of Sacrifice in Chess, New York: Dover, 1995. ISBN 0-486-28449-2.
    37 games, 1903-1934

  12. Art of Sacrifice in Chess, R. Spielmann
    Spielmann, Rudolf. The Art of Sacrifice in Chess, New York: Dover, 1995. ISBN 0-486-28449-2.
    37 games, 1903-1934

  13. Pawn Power in Chess by Hans Kmoch
    Kmoch, Hans. Pawn Power in Chess, New York: Dover, 1990. Previous ed.: New York: McKay, 1959. ISBN 0-486-26486-6.
    17 games, 1909-1949

  14. Pawn Power in Chess by Hans Kmoch
    Kmoch, Hans. Pawn Power in Chess, New York: Dover, 1990. Previous ed.: New York: McKay, 1959. ISBN 0-486-26486-6.
    17 games, 1909-1949

  15. Pawn Power in Chess by Hans Kmoch
    Kmoch, Hans. Pawn Power in Chess, New York: Dover, 1990. Previous ed.: New York: McKay, 1959. ISBN 0-486-26486-6.
    17 games, 1909-1949

  16. A0 Alansky Collection [Black] CHARLIE
    15 games, 2013-2016

  17. A00 D38 QGD: Ragozin Complex Defense [Black]
    44 games, 2011-2016

  18. A00 D38 QGD: Ragozin Complex Defense [Black]
    44 games, 2011-2016

  19. A00 D38 QGD: Ragozin Complex Defense [Black]
    44 games, 2011-2016

  20. A00 D47 Semi-Slav: Meran [Black]
    Semi-Slav Defence: Meran Variation
    75 games, 2004-2015

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