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  1. Abbazia 1912
    This King's Gambit Accepted (1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4) theme tournament was organized by Georg Marco and took place in Abbazia on the Adriatic coast, then part of Austria-Hungary, known today as Opatija in Croatia. The venue was the Casino des Étrangers, a fitting location for the King's Gambit.

    Of the 12 players, who met each other twice, only Spielmann, Duras, Cohn and Leonhardt were regarded as masters at the time. This may be one of the reasons that no tournament book appeared, and many of the games are apparently lost forever.

    Aurbach forfeited his round 7 game against Flamberg, upset after he lost his round 6 game against Rosselli on time in a winning position, and withdrew from the second cycle for medical reasons. So only 120 games were played. 77 games are available here, including a few incomplete ones, 43 games are lost.

    The tournament was s a big success for Rudolf Spielmann, but a tragedy for the King's Gambit. White scored only +40 -59 =21, even worse than in Vienna 1903 (+32 -37 =20). It's not just the "modern" systems of defence (with an early .. d5) that caused white trouble. From the games available, white scored +4 -6 =2 against the Abbazia Defence (3.Nf3 d5 4.exd5 Nf6) and +4 -9 against 3.Bc4 d5, but the Hanstein, Philidor and Muzio did just as bad.

    For Spielmann's funeral oration a decade later, see Game Collection: Vom Krankenlager des Königsgambits

    table[
    1. Spielmann 15/21 ** ˝0 1˝ 11 11 11 10 10 1˝ 10 1˝ 1- 2. Duras 13,5/21 ˝1 ** 10 10 ˝1 01 01 01 01 11 ˝1 1- =3 Cohn 11,5/21 0˝ 01 ** 00 01 01 11 ˝˝ 11 01 11 0- =3 Reti 11,5/21 00 01 11 ** 10 10 1˝ 10 1˝ 10 ˝1 0- 5. Lowcki 11/21 00 ˝0 10 01 ** 11 00 11 ˝1 01 11 0- =6 Flamberg 10,5/21 00 10 10 01 00 ** 00 1˝ 1˝ 11 1˝ 1- =6 Freymann 10,5/21 01 10 00 0˝ 11 11 ** 00 10 0˝ ˝1 1- 8. Szekely 9/21 01 10 ˝˝ 01 00 0˝ 11 ** 0˝ 01 01 0- 9. Leonhardt 8/21 0˝ 10 00 0˝ ˝0 0˝ 01 1˝ ** 01 ˝˝ ˝- =10 Nyholm 7,5/21 01 00 10 01 10 00 1˝ 10 10 ** 00 0- =10 Rosselli 7,5/21 0˝ ˝0 00 ˝0 00 0˝ d0 10 ˝˝ 11 ** 1- 12. Aurbach 5,5/11 0- 0- 1- 1- 1- 0- 0- 1- ˝- 1- 0- ** ]table

    The missing games:

    (Round 5) Flamberg vs Von Freymann (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.O-O) 0-1, 21 moves; Duras vs Lowcki (3.Bc4) draw

    (Round 7) Rosselli vs Duras (3.Nf3) draw; Flamberg vs Aurbach (forfeit) 1-0; Leonhardt vs Von Freymann 0-1; Szekely vs Lowcki (3.Nf3) 0-1

    (Round 8) Szekely vs Rosselli (3.Nf3) 0-1

    (Round 9) Leonhardt vs Aurbach (3.Nf3) draw; Rosselli vs Lowcki (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.O-O) 0-1

    (Round 10) Cohn vs Reti (3.Nf3) 0-1; Aurbach vs Nyholm (3.Nf3) 1-0

    (Round 11) Flamberg vs Lowcki (3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5) 0-1

    (Round 12) Lowcki vs Cohn (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.h4) 0-1

    (Round 13) Flamberg vs Leonhardt (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.O-O) draw; Rosselli vs Nyholm (3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Nc3 Nc6 5.d4 d5 6.exd5 Nxd5 7.Nxd5 Qxd5 8.Bxf4 Bd6 9.Bxd6 Qxd6 10.c3 Bg4 11.Bc4 O-O-O 12.O-O f6 13.Qa4) 1-0

    (Round 14) Cohn vs Duras (3.Bc4) 1-0; Reti vs Rosselli (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.h4) 1-0; Nyholm vs Flamberg (3.Bc4) 0-1; Leonhardt vs Spielmann (3.Bc4) draw

    (Round 15) Rosselli vs Von Freymann (3.Bc4) 0-1; Szekely vs Cohn (3.Pf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.h4) draw

    (Round 16) Nyholm vs Leonhardt (3.Bc4) 0-1; Reti vs Spielmann 0-1; Lowcki vs Duras (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.h4) 0-1

    (Round 17) Leonhardt vs Reti (3.Nf3) draw; Spielmann vs Von Freymann (3.Bc4) 0-1; Flamberg vs Cohn (3.Bc4) 0-1; Szekely vs Duras (3.Nf3) 0-1

    (Round 18) Cohn vs Spielmann (3.Bc4) draw

    (Round 19) Nyholm vs Von Freymann (3.Bc4) draw; Leonhardt vs Cohn (3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5) 0-1; Reti vs Lowcki (3.Nf3) 0-1

    (Round 20) Szekely vs Flamberg (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.O-O) draw; Cohn vs Nyholm (3.Bc4) 1-0; Von Freymann vs Reti (3.Nf3) draw; Lowcki vs Rosselli (3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5) 1-0

    (Round 21) Reti vs Cohn (3.Ne5 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.O-O d6 6.d4 h6 7.c3 Ne7 8.g3 g4 9.Nh4 f3 10.Na3 O-O 11.Bf4) 1-0; Flamberg vs Rosselli (3.Bc4) draw; Leonhardt vs Duras (3.Bc4) 0-1

    (Round 22) Rosselli vs Spielmann (3.Bc4) draw; Szekely vs Leonhardt (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.O-O) draw; Duras vs Nyholm (3.Bc4) 1-0; Cohn vs Von Freymann (3.Bc4) 1-0; Lowcki vs Flamberg (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.h4) 1-0


    77 games, 1912

  2. Amsterdam Interzonal 1964
    This qualification tournament for the 1965 candidates matches was held in May and June in the building of the GAK (Social Security Organization) in Amsterdam.

    The first six finishers would qualify, with the restriction that from this tournament only 3 players from one country could reach the Candidates. Since all five participants from the Soviet Union ended in the top six, numbers 5 and 6 (Stein and Bronstein) were unlucky. Instead Ivkov qualified and, after a play-off with Reshevsky, Portisch. The American champion Fischer chose not to play for reasons of his own.

    The top 4 finishers are listed here in Sonnenborn-Berger order.

    table[
    1= Smyslov 17 * ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 1 ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 1 1 1= Larsen 17 ˝ * 1 ˝ 0 1 0 ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1= Spassky 17 ˝ 0 * ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 0 ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1 1 1 ˝ 1 1 1 1 1 1= Tal 17 ˝ ˝ ˝ * ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 1 1 1 ˝ 1 1 1 1 1 5 Stein 16,5 ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ * 0 1 ˝ 0 1 ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1 1 ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1 1 1 6 Bronstein 16 ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ 1 * ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 ˝ 1 1 1 1 7 Ivkov 15 ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ * ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 1 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 1 ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1 1 8= Reshevsky 14,5 ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ * ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 1 1 1 8= Portisch 14,5 0 0 0 ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ * ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1 1 1 1 10 Gligoric 14 0 ˝ 0 ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ * ˝ 1 1 ˝ 1 ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1 0 1 1 1 11 Darga 13,5 0 0 1 ˝ ˝ 0 1 ˝ 1 ˝ * 0 ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1 ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ 12 Lengyel 13 0 0 ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ 0 1 * ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 1 1 1 13 Pachman 12,5 ˝ 0 0 0 ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ * ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1 1 1 1 1 ˝ ˝ 14 Evans 10 0 ˝ ˝ 0 0 0 ˝ 0 0 ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ * 1 ˝ 1 1 0 1 ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ 15 Tringov 9,5 ˝ ˝ 0 0 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 0 ˝ 0 0 0 * ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 1 ˝ ˝ 1 1 16 Benko 9 ˝ ˝ 0 0 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ * 1 0 ˝ 0 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ 17= Bilek 8 0 ˝ 0 0 ˝ 0 0 ˝ ˝ 0 0 ˝ 0 0 ˝ 0 * 1 ˝ ˝ 1 1 ˝ ˝ 17= Foguelman 8 ˝ 0 0 0 ˝ 0 0 ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 0 ˝ 1 0 * ˝ 0 1 1 0 1 17 Rosetto 8 ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ 0 0 ˝ 0 ˝ 0 ˝ 0 0 1 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ * ˝ 0 1 0 1 20 Quinones 7 0 0 0 0 ˝ ˝ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 ˝ 1 ˝ * ˝ 1 ˝ 1 21 Porath 5,5 0 0 0 0 0 0 ˝ 0 0 1 ˝ 0 0 ˝ ˝ 0 0 0 1 ˝ * 0 ˝ ˝ 22 Perez 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ˝ 0 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 0 0 0 1 * 1 1 23 Berger 4,5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ˝ 0 0 ˝ ˝ 1 1 ˝ ˝ 0 * 0 24 Vranesic 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ 0 0 0 ˝ 0 1 * ]table

    279 games, 1964

  3. Believe it or not
    The incorrigibles


    6 games, 1834-1898

  4. Berlin 1920
    This tournament, organized (and partly sponsored) by chess publisher Bernhard Kagan, was held in December 1920 in the Kerkaupalast in Berlin. Its owner, Herr König (Mr. King), supplied the playing hall for free and also donated a large sum to the prize fund. Playing hours were from 2 PM to 8.30 PM, with half an hour rest after the first time control.

    The surprising winner was the original and undaunted Gyula Breyer, whose "type of play predestines to both successses and failures", as the Deutsche Schachzeitung wrote on this occasion.

    Striking is the small number of draws. I could try to explain that, but (fortunately for you) I won't.

    table[
    1. Breyer 6,5/9 * 1 0 1 1 0 1 ˝ 1 1
    =2 Bogoljubov 5,5/9 0 * ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 1 ˝ 1
    =2 Tartakower 5,5/9 1 ˝ * 0 ˝ 1 0 ˝ 1 1
    4. Réti 5/9 0 ˝ 1 * 1 1 1 0 0 ˝
    =5 Maróczy 4,5/9 0 ˝ ˝ 0 * ˝ 1 ˝ 1 ˝
    =5 Mieses 4,5/9 1 ˝ 0 0 ˝ * 0 1 ˝ 1
    =5 Tarrasch 4,5/9 0 0 1 0 0 1 * 1 ˝ 1
    8. Sämisch 3,5/9 ˝ 0 ˝ 1 ˝ 0 0 * ˝ ˝
    9. Leonhardt 3/9 0 ˝ 0 1 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ * 0
    10. Spielmann 2,5/9 0 0 0 ˝ ˝ 0 0 ˝ 1 *
    ]table

    45 games, 1920

  5. Buenos Aires 1960
    This tournament to celebrate the 150th anniversary of the May revolution took place in the Aula Magna of the Faculty of Medicine. The best of East and West shared first place, while Argentinian masters Guimard and Rossetto gained the GM title and the prodigy acquired some non-chessical compensation.

    table[
    =1 Korchnoi 13/19 * ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 0 ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1 ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 ˝ 1 1 0 =1 Reshevsky 13/19 ˝ * ˝ 0 1 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ 1 1 ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 3. Szabó 12/19 ˝ ˝ * 1 0 1 1 ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 =4 Evans 11/19 ˝ 1 0 * 0 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ 1 1 ˝ =4 Guimard 11/19 0 0 1 1 * 0 1 ˝ 0 1 1 1 0 ˝ 1 1 ˝ 0 1 ˝ =4 Rossetto 11/19 1 0 0 0 1 * ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ 1 1 0 1 ˝ 1 ˝ 0 1 ˝ =4 Taimanov 11/19 ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ 0 ˝ * 1 ˝ ˝ 0 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 1 =8 Olafsson 10,5/19 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 0 * ˝ ˝ 1 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 0 1 =8 Unzicker 10,5/19 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ * ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 0 0 ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ 1 10. Gligoric 10/19 0 ˝ ˝ 0 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ * ˝ 0 ˝ 1 1 ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1 =11 Benkö 9/19 0 0 ˝ ˝ 0 0 1 0 ˝ ˝ * 1 1 0 ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 0 =11 Uhlmann 9/19 ˝ ˝ 1 0 0 0 0 0 ˝ 1 0 * 1 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 1 1 =13 Fischer 8,5/19 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 1 ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ 0 0 * ˝ 0 ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ 1 =13 Pachman 8,5/19 0 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ 1 0 1 0 ˝ * 1 ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ 1 =13 Wexler 8,5/19 0 0 0 1 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 0 ˝ ˝ 1 0 * 0 1 ˝ ˝ 1 =13 Ivkov 8,5/19 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 * ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 17. Eliskases 8/19 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ 0 0 ˝ 1 ˝ 0 ˝ * 1 0 ˝ 18. Bazán 6/19 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 ˝ 0 1 ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ 0 * 0 1 =19 Foguelman 5,5/19 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 ˝ 0 0 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 1 * 0 =19 Wade 5,5/19 1 0 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 ˝ ˝ 0 1 * ]table

    190 games, 1960

  6. Hastings 1937/38
    With the foreign masters, Mikenas excepted, practicing the art of the bloodless draw against each other, Alexander the Great emerged as the most conspicuous character of this edition.

    table[
    1. Reshevsky 7/9 * ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 1 1
    2= Alexander 6,5/9 ˝ * ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1 1
    2= Keres 6,5/9 ˝ ˝ * ˝ ˝ 1 1 ˝ 1 1
    4= Fine 6/9 ˝ ˝ ˝ * ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ 1 1
    4= Flohr 6/9 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ * 0 1 1 1 1
    6. Mikenas 5/9 0 0 0 0 1 * 1 1 1 1
    7= G A Thomas 3/9 0 ˝ 0 ˝ 0 0 * ˝ ˝ 1
    7= Tylor 3/9 0 0 ˝ ˝ 0 0 ˝ * 1 ˝
    9= Fairhurst 1/9 0 0 0 0 0 0 ˝ 0 * ˝
    9= A R B Thomas 1/9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ˝ ˝ *
    ]table

    45 games, 1937-1938

  7. Hastings 1938/39
    table[
    1. Szabo 7,5/9 * ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 ˝ 1 1 1
    2. Euwe 6,5/9 ˝ * 0 ˝ 1 1 1 1 1 ˝
    3= Landau 6/9 ˝ 1 * 0 1 ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ 1
    3= Pirc 6/9 0 ˝ 1 * 0 1 1 ˝ 1 1
    5= Klein 4,5/9 0 0 0 1 * ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ 1
    5= Milner Barry 4,5/9 0 0 ˝ 0 ˝ * 1 1 1 ˝
    7. Golombek 4/9 ˝ 0 ˝ 0 ˝ 0 * ˝ 1 1
    8. G.A. Thomas 2,5/9 0 0 0 ˝ 0 0 ˝ * 1 ˝
    9. Tylor 2/9 0 0 ˝ 0 ˝ 0 0 0 * 1
    10. E.G. Sergeant 1,5/9 0 ˝ 0 0 0 ˝ 0 ˝ 0 *
    ]table
    45 games, 1938-1939

  8. Hilversum 1973 - the second AVRO tournament
    The second AVRO tournament in June 1973 took place to celebrate 50 years of sponsor AVRO (a broadcasting society) and 100 years of organizer KNVB (the Royal Dutch Chess Association). The same formula (8 players, double rounds) was used as in 1938, but fortunately for the players only one location in Hilversum, where AVRO is settled, was used. Of the 1938 line up only Keres and Reshevsky were still active players. They may have been invited, but if so they both declined because they had to play a few weeks later in the Petropolis Interzonal. The Leningrad Interzonal, also played in June 1973, made it impossible for some other strong players to participate.

    So the tournament took the form of a trial of strength between the older generation (Szabó, who had already won the 1938/39 Hastings tournament ahead of Euwe, as well as Geller, Ivkov and Polugaevsky) and the young whippersnappers (Andersson, Ljubojevic, Sax and Timman). The old men won.

    Polugaevsky, who with 2645 was equal 3rd (with Petrosian) on the ELO list at the time, played an awfully bad tournament, with horrible blunders against Sax and Timman in the first cycle, but would recover miraculously a month later in Petropolis, qualifying for the 1974 Candidates.

    table[
    =1 Geller 9,5/14 ** 01 ˝˝ ˝˝ 1˝ 1˝ 1˝ 11
    =1 Szabo 9,5/14 10 ** 1˝ ˝˝ ˝1 1˝ ˝1 1˝
    3. Ljubojevic 8,5/14 ˝˝ 0˝ ** ˝1 ˝1 ˝˝ ˝˝ 11
    4. Andersson 6,5/14 ˝˝ ˝˝ ˝0 ** ˝˝ ˝˝ ˝˝ ˝˝
    =5 Sax 6/14 0˝ ˝0 ˝0 ˝˝ ** ˝˝ 10 ˝1
    =5 Ivkov 6/14 0˝ 0˝ ˝˝ ˝˝ ˝˝ ** 0˝ 1˝
    =5 Polugaevsky 6/14 0˝ ˝0 ˝˝ ˝˝ 01 1˝ ** 0˝
    8. Timman 4/14 00 0˝ 00 ˝˝ ˝0 0˝ 1˝ **
    ]table

    56 games, 1973

  9. Krabbé's collection
    It takes a big man to make big mistakes.

    " ... but consider, one who never tries to reach beyond his power is the greatest patzer of them all." (J. H. Donner)

    Tim Krabbé's infamous collection of Donner miniatures was first published in the November 1971 issue of Schaakbulletin.

    51 games, 1947-1979

  10. London 1862
    under construction

    1. Anderssen 12/13
    2. Paulsen 11/13
    3. Owen 10/13
    =4 MacDonnell 9/13
    =4 Dubois 9/13
    6. Steinitz 8/13
    =7 Barnes 7/13
    =7 Hannah 7/13
    =9 Löwenthal 4/13
    =9 Blackburne 4/13
    =11 Deacon 3/13
    =11 Mongredien 3/13
    =13 Green 2/13
    =13 Robey 2/13

    85 games, 1862

  11. Maastricht 1946
    This 1946 Easter tournament was a belated celebration of the 25th birthday (in 1945) of the Chess Club Maastricht. Euwe showed again he was still the boss and local champion Alex Vinken did very well.

    table[
    1.Euwe 7,5/9 * 1 1 1 ˝ 0 1 1 1 1
    =2 Van Scheltinga 5,5/9 0 * 1 0 ˝ 1 1 ˝ 1 ˝
    =2 Devos 5,5/9 0 0 * ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 ˝ 1
    =4 Alexander 5/9 0 1 ˝ * 1 1 0 ˝ 1 0
    =4 Vinken 5/9 ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 * 0 1 ˝ 1 1
    =4 Prins 5/9 1 0 0 0 1 * 0 1 1 1
    7. Soultanbeieff 4,5/9 0 0 0 1 0 1 * ˝ 1 1
    =8 Doerner 2,5/9 0 ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ * 0 ˝
    =8 Vlagsma 2,5/9 0 0 ˝ 0 0 0 0 1 * 1
    10. Wolthuis 2/9 0 ˝ 0 1 0 0 0 ˝ 0 *
    ]table

    45 games, 1946

  12. Mannheim 1914 - the unfinished tournament
    The 19th Congress of The German Chess Federation in Mannheim, July and August 1914, was rudely interrupted by non-chessical interference. The master tournament was discontinued after round 11, and part of the prize money was awarded according to the scores after that round.

    table[
    1. Alekhine 9,5/11 * - - 1 - - 0 1 1 1 - - 1 1 1 ˝ 1 1 2. Vidmar 8,5/11 - * ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 1 - - ˝ 1 1 - 1 1 1 - - 3. Spielmann 8/11 - ˝ * - 1 ˝ 0 - 1 ˝ 1 ˝ 1 - - - 1 1 =4 Breyer 7/11 0 ˝ - * - ˝ ˝ 0 1 - - - 1 ˝ 1 - 1 1 =4 Marshall 7/11 - ˝ 0 - * 1 1 ˝ ˝ - 1 ˝ 1 - - - ˝ ˝ =4 Réti 7/11 - 0 ˝ ˝ 0 * ˝ - - 1 1 1 1 ˝ - 1 - - 7. Janowski 6,5/11 1 0 1 ˝ 0 ˝ * 1 - - 0 1 - - ˝ - 1 - =8 Bogoljubov 5,5/11 0 - - 1 ˝ - 0 * ˝ 0 - - - 1 1 ˝ 0 1 =8 Tarrasch 5,5/11 0 - 0 0 ˝ - - ˝ * 1 0 - - 1 1 1 ˝ - =10 Duras 5/11 0 ˝ ˝ - - 0 - 1 0 * 1 0 0 - - - 1 1 =10 John 5/11 - 0 0 - 0 0 1 - 1 0 * 1 1 - - 1 - 0 12 Tartakower 4,5/11 - ˝ ˝ - ˝ 0 0 - - 1 0 * ˝ 0 - ˝ - 1 =13 Fahrni 4/11 0 - 0 0 0 0 - - - 1 0 ˝ * 1 1 ˝ - - =13 Post 4/11 0 0 - ˝ - ˝ - 0 0 - - 1 0 * 0 - 1 1 = 15 Carls 3,5/11 0 0 - 0 - - ˝ 0 0 - - - 0 1 * ˝ ˝ 1 = 15 Krüger 3,5/11 ˝ 0 - - - 0 - ˝ 0 - 0 ˝ ˝ - ˝ * ˝ ˝ 17 Flamberg 3/11 0 - 0 0 ˝ - 0 1 ˝ 0 - - - 0 ˝ ˝ * - 18 Mieses 2/11 0 - 0 0 ˝ - - 0 - 0 1 0 - 0 0 ˝ - * ]table

    No tournament book appeared at the time. In 1964, 50 years after the event, the librarian of the Mannheimer Schachklub 1865 Werner Lauterbach edited one with all the games he could find in available games collections, newspapers and magazines. Some games, unfortunately, seem to have been lost forever.

    The missing games are (R.1) Vidmar vs Janowski 1-0; (R.2) Fahrni vs Tartakower 1/2-1/2; (R.6) Reti vs Spielmann 1/2-1/2 ; (R.7) Krüger vs Fahrni 1/2-1/2 and (R.11) Breyer vs Reti 1/2-1/2.

    Ken Whyld about the legend and the facts of Mannheim 1914 in the British Chess Magazine, May 1991: http://www.chesscafe.com/text/mannh...

    94 games, 1914

  13. Margate 1938
    Another great triumph for world champion Alekhine.

    table[
    1. Alekhine 7/9 * ˝ 0 1 1 1 ˝ 1 1 1
    2. Spielmann 6/9 ˝ * 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ 1 ˝
    3. Petrov 5,5/9 1 0 * 0 1 1 0 1 ˝ 1
    =4 Böök 5/9 0 ˝ 1 * ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ 0 1
    =4 Milner Barry 5/9 0 ˝ 0 ˝ * ˝ ˝ 1 1 1
    6. Golombek 4,5/9 0 ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ * 1 ˝ 1 ˝
    7. Alexander 4/9 ˝ 0 1 0 ˝ 0 * ˝ ˝ 1
    8. Sergeant 3,5/9 0 ˝ 0 ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ * 1 ˝
    9. Menchik 3/9 0 0 ˝ 1 0 0 ˝ 0 * 1
    10. Thomas 1,5/0 0 ˝ 0 0 0 ˝ 0 ˝ 0 *
    ]table

    45 games, 1938

  14. Moscow 1963
    table[
    1. Smyslov 11,5/15 * ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 1 1 2. Tal 11/15 ˝ * 1 ˝ 1 0 ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1 1 ˝ 3. Gligoric 10/15 0 0 * ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 4. Antoshin 9,5/15 ˝ ˝ ˝ * ˝ 0 1 1 ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ 1 5. Vladimirov 9/15 ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ * 1 ˝ 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 =6 Liberzon 8,5/15 0 1 ˝ 1 0 * 1 0 1 ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ 0 1 ˝ =6 Keres 8,5/15 ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ 0 * 0 1 ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 =8 Simagin 8/15 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 * 1 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 1 ˝ =8 Szabó 8/15 ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ 1 0 0 0 * ˝ ˝ 1 1 ˝ 1 1 =10 Hort 7,5/15 ˝ ˝ 0 0 1 ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ * ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ 1 =10 Matanovic 7,5/15 ˝ 0 1 ˝ 0 ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ * ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ 1 12. Pietzsch 6/15 0 ˝ 0 ˝ 0 0 ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ * ˝ ˝ 1 1 13. Padevsky 5,5/15 0 0 0 0 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ * 1 1 ˝ 14. Jimenez 4,5/15 0 0 0 ˝ 0 1 0 0 ˝ 1 0 ˝ 0 * ˝ ˝ 15. Kuijpers 3/15 0 0 0 ˝ 0 0 0 0 0 ˝ ˝ 0 0 ˝ * 1 16. Balcerowski 2,5/15 0 ˝ 0 0 0 ˝ 0 ˝ 0 0 0 0 ˝ ˝ 0 * ]table
    120 games, 1963

  15. Murray's Collection of European Games
    The incompatibles
    18 games, 1680-1851

  16. Nimzowitschian avant la lettre
    The inconveivables
    10 games, 1830-1883

  17. Noordwijk 1938
    Apparently spurred by the 1936 Zandvoort tournament, the seaside resort Noordwijk had its own international tournament in 1938, organised by the Daniel Noteboom Chess Club. The main sponsor (also the actual playing site) was the Rembrandt Hotel, high on a dune overlooking the North Sea. Games started at 5.30 p.m., to enable the amateur Dr. Euwe to finish his classes in Amsterdam before driving to Noordwijk to match his strength with the old (Bogoljubov, Tartakower, Spielmann) and new (Eliskases, Keres, Pirc) masters.

    table[
    1.Eliskases 7,5/9 * ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1 1 1 1
    2.Keres 6,5/9 ˝ * ˝ 1 ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1 ˝
    3.Pirc 5,5/9 ˝ ˝ * ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ 0 1 1
    4.Euwe 5/9 0 0 ˝ * ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1
    5=Bogoljubov 4,5/9 ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ * ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1
    5=Landau 4,5/9 0 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ * ˝ 1 1 ˝
    7.Thomas 4/9 0 ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ * ˝ ˝ 1
    8=Schmidt 2,5/9 0 0 1 ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ * 0 0
    8=Spielmann 2,5/9 0 0 0 0 ˝ 0 ˝ 1 * ˝
    8=Tartakower 2,5/9 0 ˝ 0 0 0 ˝ 0 1 ˝ *
    ]table

    45 games, 1938

  18. Oegstgeest 1970
    To celebrate the 75th anniversary of the Leidsch Schaakgenootschap (LSG, Leiden Chess Club) in 1970 an attempt was made to stage a match between former world champion and honorary member of the LSG, Dr. M.M. Botvinnik, and the would-be world champion Robert J. Fischer. Unfortunately, in the end insurmountable obstacles blocked this interesting plan.

    As an almost equally attractive alternative, a match-tournament was organized between the former world champion Botvinnik, the new world champion Boris Spassky, the tournament world champion Bent Larsen and the world champion of the Leidseplein, Hein Donner. The games were played in April and May in the Rijnlands Lyceum (a high school) in the neighbouring village of Oegstgeest. World champion Spassky won, as he should, and Donner, the local whipping boy, did much better than expected.

    table[
    1. Spassky 7/12 **** 1˝˝˝ ˝˝˝˝ ˝˝1˝
    2. Donner 6/12 0˝˝˝ **** ˝˝˝˝ 1˝˝˝
    =3 Botvinnik 5,5/12 ˝˝˝˝ ˝˝˝˝ **** 01˝0
    =4 Larsen 5,5/12 ˝˝0˝ 0˝˝˝ 10˝1 ****
    ]table

    Interviews by Godfried Bomans with Larsen (in Dutch!) and Donner during this event: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=39yB...

    24 games, 1970

  19. Philidor's Legacy
    In 1497 Luis Ramirez de Lucena published this problem


    click for larger view

    white mates in 5 moves.

    Some 3 centuries later the same tactical motif appeared in one of Phildor's books. It became known as Philidor's Legacy, but that should really be Lucena's Legacy.

    40 games, 1620-2012

  20. Salzburg 1943
    The second Salzburg tournament in June 1943 used the same formula as the one from 1942. The site was again the Mirabell Palace. Time control was 32 moves in 2 hours, then after adjournment 16 moves an hour.

    Stoltz had gone back to Sweden en Junge had other obligations. They were replaced by Czechoslovakian master Jan Foltys en German champion Ludwig Rellstab.

    This time Keres shared first place with Alekhine.

    table[
    =1 Alekhine 7,5/10 ** ˝˝ 1˝ ˝1 ˝1 11
    =1 Keres 7,5/10 ˝˝ ** ˝1 11 ˝1 1˝
    3. Schmidt 4,5/10 0˝ ˝0 ** 10 ˝˝ 1˝
    4. Bogoljubov 4/10 ˝0 00 01 ** 1˝ ˝˝
    5. Foltys 3,5/10 ˝0 ˝0 ˝˝ 0˝ ** 10
    6. Rellstab 3/10 00 0˝ 0˝ ˝˝ 01 **
    ]table

    30 games, 1943

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