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Richard Teichmann vs Joseph Henry Blackburne
Berlin (1897), Berlin GER, rd 1, Sep-13
Spanish Game: Morphy Defense. Modern Steinitz Defense (C71)  ·  0-1
ANALYSIS [x]

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Kibitzer's Corner
Feb-07-04  capanegra: This is probably one of the most interesting and controversial pawn endings ever seen (apparently it took more than fifty years to find the right solution), and I would like to share it and discuss one variation with you.

For many years, some analysts weren’t convinced about the quality of moves from 57 to 59. Berger expressed his doubts about the possible 58.♔h3, but he didn’t follow the analysis and abstained from giving a general appreciation of the position. In 1941 Reuben Fine approved Blackburne’s winning maneuver starting from move 57.

In 1950, Bonch-Osmolovski and Ter-Pogosov criticized Fine’s line, and stated that if Teichmann had had his king on g2 instead of h2 before 59…♙h4, he would have drawn. The correct continuation was 58.♔h3! (and no 58.♔g2? as it happened) ♔g6 59.♔g2 ♙h4 60.♙f4!. If 60…♙g5x♙f4 61.♙g3x♙h4 followed by 62.♔f3. And if 60…♔f5 61.♙f4x♙g5 ♙h4x♙g3 62.♔x♙g3 ♔x♙g5 and in this case the opposition is useless for black.

Feb-07-04  capanegra: Conclusion: black’s maneuver wasn’t correct. Nevertheless, according to Bonch-Osmolovski and Ter-Pogosov there still would be a winning continuation. To them, the triangulation of the black king over f5-f6-g6 was unnecessary, and should have played directly 57…♙h4!! 58.♔h3 ♔e5!! 59.♙f4+ (main variation) ♙g5x♙f4 60.♙g3x♙h4 ♔e4 61.♔g2 ♔d3 62.♔f3 ♔x♙c3 63.♙h5 ♔b3 64.♙h6 ♙c3 65.♙h7 ♙c2 66.♙h8=♕ ♙c1=♕ and wins.

Humidly, I have to disagree with this line. After 57…♙h4, how in the hell could black win if, instead of ♔h3 white plays 58.♔g2??…♔e5 would be meet by 59.♙f4+, but with a crucial extra tempo that changes his entire existence!

Feb-07-04
Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: Black has an extra tempo move ...♙c6-c5, but it doesn't seem to help him in any lines. That is as much as I can understand tonight. Are you saying, capanegra, that the ending should be drawn?
Feb-08-04  capanegra: Yes tamar, I beleive this is a draw. What worries me is that books say win for black, but I don't see it.
Mar-07-04  capanegra: I think I’ve found it!! After a long study, I noticed that Black’s ideal position is after 56.♔g2, but with White’s turn to move. So, Black must triangulate in order to reach that position: 56…♔e6! 57.♔h3 (if 57.♔h2 ♙h4 58.♔h3 ♙h4xg3 59.♔xg3 ♔f5 60.♔g2 ♔f4 61.♔f2 ♙c5) ♔f6 58.♔g2 (if 58.♙g4 ♙h4 59.♙f4 ♙g5xf4 60.♔xh4 ♔e5 and wins) ♔e5 and now it is White’s turn and loses in any variation. If there is any expert in pawns endings out there, I would appreciate if he checked the correction of this analysis. This is so complicated that another opinion would me feel safer.

I hate when books make mistakes!

May-26-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: If <59.Kh3>, how does Black win?

I must be wrong about this, but I see it as a draw all the way till <59.Kh2>, even though E. Richter quotes Dedrle as praising both sides for playing the best moves through this section...

May-27-06  pawn to QB4: Hi Gypsy. After much thought, tentative suggestion: if there's still a win after 59.Kh3! it lies in 59...Kf5 60.Kg2 h4 61.Kh3 Ke5. a)62.Kg2/g4 hxg3 63.Kxg3 Kf5 = the game.
b)62.f4+ gxf4 63.gxh4 Ke4 64.Kg2 Kd3 65.Kf2 Kxc3 66. h5 Kb3 etc. c)62.gxh4 gxh4 63.Kg4 h3 64.Kxh3 Kf4 65.Kg2 Ke3 66.Kg3 Kd3 67.f4 Kxc3 68.f5 Kb2 69.f6 c3 70.f7 c2 71.f8=Q c1=Q e.g. 72.Qb4+ Ka2 winning the a pawn.
May-29-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: <pawn to QB4> Thnx for being a sounding board; a most impressive analysis! <...if there's still a win after 59.Kh3! it lies in 59...Kf5 60.Kg2 h4 61.Kh3 Ke5 ..> In this variation though, if White plays 60.Kh2 (instead of your 60.Kg2), we are back in the position that already occured after White move 57.

In the game Black started the triangulation maneuver Kf5-f6-g6, whereas Bonch-Osmolovski and Ter-Pogosov suggest immediate h5-h4 as winning <57...h4!! 58.Kh3 Ke5!!...>.

The Bonch-Osmolovski and Ter-Pogosov line seems to be busted by <capanegra>'s 58.Kg2, however; he writes <... I have to disagree with this line. After 57…Ph4, how in the hell could black win if, instead of Kh3 white plays 58.Kg2??…Ke5 would be meet by 59.Pf4+, but with a crucial extra tempo that changes his entire existence!>

May-29-06  pawn to QB4: Ouch. I think you and capanegra have proved the draw. At least I'm going down in the good company of Messrs. B-O & T-P.
May-29-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: <pawn to QB4> Of course, if Fine, Berger, Dedrle, E. Richter, and Bonch-Osmolovsky disagree about the particulars of this endgame, it is bound to be extraordinarily complex. It is practically given that usual theoretical tools, like corresponding squares, will likely be strethed beyond their range of usefulness, because of the dynamic variations in which the breaks, counterbreaks and liquidations can happen on the K-side.
May-29-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: Incidentally, <Frantisek Dedrle> was an endgame theoretician and study composer of first magnitute. For instance, his "Dedrle line of attack" theory gives the winning procedure for Black in this game even against the best defense of White after <61...Kf5>: The winning line goes

62.Kg2! Kf4 63.Kf2 c5! 64.Ke2 Kg3 65.Ke3 Kh3! 66.Kd2 Kh2! 67.Ke3 Kg1 68.Ke2 Kg2 69.Ke3 Kf1 70.Ke4 Ke2 71.f4 gxf4 72.Kxf4 Kd3 ... 0-1.

The key ingrediences of the winning king maneuvers are the critical squares d3e3f3 of the c-pawn, and the three sensitive squares f1f2f3 of the f-pawn.

Oct-01-08  penguin496: Max Euwe analyzes this end game.

He gives 56...Ke6 as the winning move. The idea being that black wins in this position if he does not have the move.

56...h4 fails to 57.f4+ kf5 58.fxg5 hxg3 59.Kxg3 Kxg5

May-23-16  DWINS: A thorough study of the position after 56.Kg2 would help anyone increase their understanding of chess whether a beginner or grandmaster. Yes, I said grandmaster. LOL! I say this because of the sheer number of analysts that have misanalyzed this, such as Znosko-Borovsky, Steiner, Fine, Bonch-Osmolovsy, Euwe, Ter-Pogosov to name a few.

I would certainly have studied this deeply when I was a younger man, but I no longer have the desire to put in the effort. I did, however, subject the ending to computer analysis (Stockfish 7 and Komodo 9.4.2) and it turns out that Blackburne played the ending perfectly. He had the win in hand the entire way. All the analysts that said that Teichmann could have drawn were wrong.

Dec-23-16  Straclonoor: I wanna add some more. Pawn endgame initially won for black! Here the line
Analysis by Stockfish 160916 64 POPCNT: (-12.97): 50...Ke6 51.Kf3 Ke5 52.Ke3 h5 53.f3 Kf5 54.Kd4 g5 55.hxg5 fxg5 56.Ke3 h4 57.Kf2 Ke5 58.Kg2 hxg3 59.Kxg3 Kf5 60.Kg2 Kf4 61.Kf2 c5 62.Ke2 Kg3 63.Ke3 Kh3 64.Kf2 Kh2 65.Kf1 Kg3 66.Ke2 Kg2 67.Ke3 Kf1 68.Ke4 Ke2 69.Kd5 Kxf3 70.Kxc4 g4 71.Kxc5 g3 72.c4 g2 73.Kb5 g1Q 74.c5 Qb1+ 75.Kc6 Qd3 76.Kc7 Qxa3 77.Kc6 Kf4 78.Kd6 Qd3+ 79.Ke6
Aug-24-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  mifralu: According to the TB and https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/...

White resigned after < 65. ...Kg2. >

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