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Svetozar Gligoric vs Robert James Fischer
Bled-Zagreb-Belgrade Candidates (1959)  ·  Sicilian Defense: Najdorf Variation. Main Line (B99)  ·  1/2-1/2
To move:
Last move:

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Kibitzer's Corner
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Mar-05-13  snakebyt: This puzzle stumped me. So, I looked it up. Kb8! This is a famous KPK endgame example. I learned a thing or two. Reading up on KP endgames. Thanks!
Premium Chessgames Member
  beenthere240: Another handy trick to remember is that if the advancing pawn delivers check to the king, a draw is in the offing.
Mar-05-13  LIFE Master AJ: 57...Kb8.

Not a terribly difficult move to find, yet many of m lower-rated students will miss this one.

Mar-05-13  LIzzard: Nice puzzle today! I didn't get it, but, thanks to explanations here, learned more than I usually do. Thanks everyone (Once and Sfm in particular)
Mar-05-13  The Last Straw: I wonder if white or black missed a win anywhere in the game.
Premium Chessgames Member
  chrisowen: Stripped away the bones pawn bed,

in face black king chuffing at hind maneovre ignoble defeat any square except b8 in success making a bid for freedom is the white king plus,

clink b4 plug rooks off in see be heeding the call it is king in b5 advantage off bin game.

oh at chef in b8 ar it gain little for white in seems it hope in good game thod in king carry hammers 57...Kb8 youll shine it through in huffer great endgame skill needed,

going back to hind call it doctor in kaputz of cool aid eli see trick yu 52...rh5! allow ground forth in 52...rh8 man i marvel it these in comic guys going to the wire see kings for 53.kxb5 in just the bill of rights for black can now finger true delight in heads 52...rb8+ only maneovre at or tail off h8 in white has the inter low 53.rc7+ or bet rookc5 when cutter in get between defer too 53...Kd6:

click for larger view

jocular height force the king away in het up the purpose again a oomph free the king in d8:

click for larger view

i net have cordon it blew away in light bind had having look in low time see king east in diagrams pale in comparison kicking d8 inceed the point in wall it is what in a mare have wind in cease to be jovial one together at creedence in rueing golly it statue in see you since bygone era i l0 stipulated c5 will get rounded c7 ram he in steep earned it honest in harvest i mate after b8 you lent in one for he it her bind off i vain pump head it tomatoe h8 ok in b8 low old drawing method.

Mar-05-13  tbentley: Move 53: white to play and win:

click for larger view

Premium Chessgames Member
  Jimfromprovidence: I am not sure if anyone has mentioned it, but today's puzzle position is a draw no matter whose turn it is to move.

This is one of the possible outcomes, with black to play.

click for larger view

Premium Chessgames Member
  kevin86: Black's move is very coy-when white's king moves forward,black will seize the opposition. For white to win,he must lead wuth the king AND have the opposition-here Fischer makes it impossible.
Mar-05-13  BOSTER: After putting a couple books about king and pawn endgames in front of me, I made the conclusion which I'm sure the kids know in the kindergarden.

White main hope to win occurs when his king is in front of pawn. So, when white king moves to b5, black king should be on b7 to take the opposition. When white king moves on c5 black king should be on c7. So, in <POTD> pos. correct move is 57...Kb8 to draw.

Mar-05-13  MountainMatt: I would play 57...Kb8, but only because that's my best guess.

Fortunately, I guessed right.

Mar-05-13  Bondsamir: the turkish referee destroyed man u. intentionally
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sneaky: My effort at minimalist poetry (apologies to ee cummings)

what does little bobby croon,
in his draw in afternoon?
(king pawn r 2 zugzwang snobby
wus de woids uf lil bobby

Mar-05-13  Patriot: 57...Kb8 is the only drawing move.

58.Kc5 Kc7 59.Kb5 Kb7 =

That's the key. Avoid losing the opposition and if the white king steps onto b5, black must be ready to step into b7.

57.Kc7?? Kc5 58.Kb8 Kb6 wins.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Jimfromprovidence: Here's another basic opposition example (in which the 2 kings face each other along a rank or a file with just one square in between).

click for larger view

With white to move it's a draw; with black to move it's a win for white no matter where black moves his king.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Shams: <Sneaky> Ha! Winner.
Mar-05-13  tbentley: 52...Rh5 was the only theoretically drawing move, and after 52...Rh8, 53. Rc5 and Rc7+ both theoretically mate in 40.

Here's a sample line: 53. Rc7+ Kd6 54. Kc6+ Kd7 55. Kxb5 Rb8+ 56. Rb6 Re8 57. Ka6 Kc7 58. Rb7+ (only move) Kc8 59. b5 Re1 60. Rh7 Rb1 61. Kb6 Rb2 62. Rh8+ Kd7 63. Rb8 Rb1 64. Ka7 Ra1+ 65. Kb7 Rb1 66. b6 Rb2 67. Ra8 Kd6 68. Ra1 Rb3 69. Rd1+ Ke6 70. Ka7 Ra3+ 71. Kb8 Rb3 72. b7 Rb2 73. Ra1 Kd7 74. Ra7 Rb1 75. Ka8

click for larger view

and white will win in 17 more moves. Somewhere in here was the Lucena position or something similar.

The key is that black cannot force the white king behind the pawn as in the game, as white can respond to the rook check with 56. Rb6 in the above line, or something like 53. Rc5 Rb8+ 54. Ka7 Rc8 55. Rxb5.

Mar-06-13  JPi: I remember Joel Lautier using this Fischer's scheme gxB 0-0 Kh8 and winning a valuable game on the Junior world Championship. I can't find this game in the data base of this site.
Mar-15-13  LIFE Master AJ: classic distant opposition ...
Premium Chessgames Member
  morfishine: As much as I admire Fischer, its a pity Gligoric threw away the win with 53.Kxb5??
Sep-01-14  RookFile: Fischer admired Gligoric too. Despite some flaws, Gligoric played some terrific moves in this game and probably deserved to win.
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: How many among us would have followed in Gliga's footsteps and plumped for the obvious 53.Rxb5, which relinquishes victory when it seemed within White's grasp at long last?

This is an object lesson in how difficult it can be to defeat a top player, for they are a slippery lot!

Jan-19-15  WDenayer: Probably most lower rated players - 1000 - 1500 - could gain 300 rating points in one month if they would study elementary pawn and rook endings, not anything fancy, but endings that very often appear. Here we have an example. What is Black to play after 57.Kc4? The only thing that Black has to know is that he has to play 57. ... Kb8, because whatever White plays next, Black will be able to move in such a way that at a certain point there will be two squares between the two kings on the same rank with White to move. Any direction White takes, Black will also take and there is no way through. That's all you need to know. If White starts by pushing his pawn, so much the better, it just takes away a square for his king. There is no need to calculate anything here. Just keep the rule of the two squares in mind. White has to give up the opposition, not you. Then he can never win.
Premium Chessgames Member
  tpstar: An instructive video on key squares which cites this game:

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