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Alexander Alekhine vs Edgar Colle
Baden-Baden (1925), Baden-Baden GER, rd 2, Apr-17
Queen's Gambit Declined: Chigorin Defense. Main Line Alekhine Variation (D07)  ·  1-0


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Given 11 times; par: 95 [what's this?]

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Kibitzer's Corner
Premium Chessgames Member
  al wazir: 44...Rb6 might have been better. If 45. Qb8+ then 45...Kg7, and if 46. d6 then 46...Qxa4 47. Rc1 (47. Re1 Qc6) Qd4.
Jan-19-07  themadhair: This is an amazing game IMHO. It isn't the most spectacular but it is highly instructive. White has a clear plan throughout.

After 17.f4! whites pawns deny black the freeing move e5 as well as denying the black knights any outposts for counterplay.

26.d5!!. White has placed his pieces admirably while black remains tied down and now achieves the breakthrough.

31.Qxf5. White has liquidated into a winning endgame. Blacks position is littered with weaknesses and white keeps pressing them until the black position collapses.

36.Qd3! Removes the threat of black liquidating into an endgame where his queenside majority would provide counterplay.

39...f5 Another weakness in the black position which already hanging by a thread.

44.h3 Why risk a back rank mate when you have time to play this?

51.Rg6 and black is bust.

Excellent game.

Nov-08-08  Karpova: This game is thoroughly discussed in Marin, Mihail: "Learn from the Legends - Chess Champions at their Best", 2nd edition, Quality Chess, Gothenburg 2006.

After 36...Rd6 [see diagram]

click for larger view

White has a passed pawn and Black's king position is weak. But Black also has a Queenside pawn majority which could be transformed into a passed pawn to create counterplay and force White to play very accurate. So White's next moves are directed against the Black pawn majority on the Queen's side.

After 40.Qd3 see diagram]

click for larger view

Black is forced to play 40..a5 because 40...Qc8 would be met by 41.Qg3+ winning the Rd6. Mission accomplished.

Premium Chessgames Member
  plang: Alekhine had played the innovation 4 Qa4 a few months earlier in a win against the same opponent at Paris 1925. Nowadays, 5 gxf is considered stronger. In the earlier game Alekhine had played 10 cxd. 10..dxc?! seems illogical as it strengthens White's position in the center and opens diagonals for his bishops. None of the analysis I have mentions 15..Nf6 as an alternative but it looks more natural to me than Colle's 15..Nb6 and 16..Nbc8. Romanovsky thought that Black would have been OK after 29..Ng8 30 f5..e5 31 cxd..Rfd8 32 Bb3..Qd6.

Lasker after 40..a5: "Black is helpless. The b-pawn is backward, his king's side is disorganized and his king bereft of refuge. Alekhine wins methodically by making himself safe and slowly manoeuvering his opponent into zugzwang."

52 Qd4 gave Black the opportunity to break with 52..b5 but after 53 axb..Qxb5 54 Rc3!..Qxd5 55 Rc7+ followed by 56 Qa7 White would have had a dangerous attack.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: <plang> said "52 Qd4 gave Black the opportunity to break with 52..b5 but after 53 axb..Qxb5 54 Rc3!..Qxd5 55 Rc7+ followed by 56 Qa7 White would have had a dangerous attack."

Alekhine claims "Zugzwang!" after 51.Rd3 and then gives the same variation and says "56.Qa7 with a mating attack"

Anybody see a mating attack or zugzwang? Position after 52..b5 53 axb Qxb5 54 Rc3! Qxd5 55 Rc7+ Kg6 56 Qa7

click for larger view

Premium Chessgames Member
  beatgiant: <Calli>
At first glance from your diagram above, Black's king slips out of the net with 56...f4 57. Rg7+ Kf5, when I don't see anything better than 58. Rh7 regaining the pawn but with no winning chances.

Checking with Fritz, it gives 56...Qe6 57. Rg7+ Kh5. Now if 58. Qxa5 Rd1+ 59. Kh2 Qe5+ 60. Qxe5 fxe5, Black's king is cut off but I don't see a way to take advantage. This also looks like a draw.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: <beatgiant> Thanks - I was thinking 56...f4 too. Certainly there is a lot of play left and Black's king position looks precarious. Still, it's a wonder that he got away with such annotations as "Zugzwang!" and "mating attack". These which are from the "On the Road" book. I checked the tournament book where AA, Lasker and Romanowsky contributed notes. AA does not mention Zugzwang there. Lssker does on move 55 and Romanowsky on move 51. AA apparently just copied Romanowsky. AA does claim "mating attack" in the Tournament book - same variation as the Road book.
Mar-26-13  notyetagm: Alekhine vs Colle, 1925

<Game 103, Alekhine-Colle, Paris 1925:

This is actually a comment on the
Alekhine-Colle game from Baden-
Baden1925, which is included in the notes
to their game from Paris 1925. First, the
score given in the note to move 10 omits a
few repetitive moves. More importantly,
and as pointed out in the edition we edited
of Laskerís Manual of Chess (Russell
Enterprises, 2008), a critical saving move
for Black was overlooked. At move 41 for
Black in Alekhineís score (or move 45 in


<<<rather than the immediate recapture 41...Kxg2?, Black could have drawn with
and after 42.Re1 Kxg8 White, to avoid losing to Blackís connected
passed pawns, has to force perpetual check
by, for example, 43.Qg3+ Rg6 44.>

So the <ZWISCHENZUG> 41 ... ♕d7xa4! draws, while the game continuation 41 ... ♔h7x♖g8 loses.

Mar-27-13  notyetagm:

click for larger view

Mar-27-13  notyetagm: Alekhine vs Colle, 1925

45 ... ?

click for larger view

White has just captured a Black rook on g8 with 45 ♖g3x♖g8. Should Black make the obvious recapture on g8 or does he have a better move?

Colle playing Black simply recaptured the White g8-rook and lost.

45 ... ♔h7x♖g8?

click for larger view

Instead he could have forced White to take a perp by playing the *much* stronger <ZWISCHENZUG> 45 ... ♕d7xa4!, threatening mate on the <WEAK BACK RANK> while simultaneously creating <CONNECTED PASSERS> on the queenside.

45 ... ♕d7xa4!=

click for larger view

Jun-27-17  NoraNora: 28. Qg4 Kh8 29. Qh4 Kg7 30. Qg4 Kh8 31. Qh4 Kg7 32. Qg4 Kh8

threefold repetition, isn't it?

Premium Chessgames Member
  beatgiant: <NoraNora>
<threefold repetition> This comes up a lot with old games. The definition of the threefold repetition rule has changed over the years, and this was not a draw by the rules then in force.
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