chessgames.com
Members · Prefs · Laboratory · Collections · Openings · Endgames · Sacrifices · History · Search Kibitzing · Kibitzer's Café · Chessforums · Tournament Index · Players · Kibitzing

(If you register a free account you won't see all these ads!)
Joseph Henry Blackburne vs West
ENG (1885)
French Defense: Exchange Variation (C01)  ·  1-0
ANALYSIS [x]

FEN COPIED

NOTE: You are using our new chess viewer, "Olga." For more info see the Olga Quickstart Guide. You can switch back to the old viewer (pgn4web) from the pulldown menu below. If you have questions or suggestions see our Olga chessforum.

explore this opening
find similar games 991 more games of Blackburne
sac: 20.Qxh7+ PGN: download | view | print Help: general | java-troubleshooting

TIP: To access more information about the players (more games, favorite openings, statistics, sometimes a biography and photograph), click their highlighted names at the top of this page.

PGN Viewer:  What is this?
For help with this chess viewer, please see the Olga Chess Viewer Quickstart Guide.
PREMIUM MEMBERS CAN REQUEST COMPUTER ANALYSIS [more info]

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Mar-28-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  thegoodanarchist: This is Kanye's most famous game.
Mar-28-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  patzer2: <bbouaziz: 17. Qg5 being the best of the game> Objectively, stronger than 17. Qg5 (+0.99 @ 22 depth, Deep Fritz 15) is 17. Rad1 (+4.56 @ 20 depth, Deep Fritz 15)

After 17. Rad1 (diagram below)


click for larger view

White either wins the pinned Bishop (e.g. 17...e3 18. Qxd7 Qxd7 19. Rxd7 ) or picks off the Queen with a discovered attack mate threat after 17...Bc6 18. Qh6 Rg8 19. Rxd8 (#10, Deep Fritz 15).

Mar-28-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Abdel Irada: ∞

<bbouaziz>: Are you by any chance from Tunisia?

Mar-28-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Abdel Irada: ∞

<zb2cr: Blackburne was nicknamed <The Black Death>. He must have felt he needed to live up to the name with 20. Qxh7+, Kxh7; 21. Rh4#.>

Ironically, in this case, he received his nickname thanks to his play with the black pieces, which he tended to handle particularly aggressively.

This victory (and others like it) might better have qualified him for the alternative sobriquet "The White Death" — although admittedly that would sort rather less well with his name.

Mar-28-16  Timi Timov: Blackburne vs Ken West
Mar-28-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  kevin86: Mate in two by queen sac. Typical Monday.
Mar-28-16  dfcx: <Phony Benoni: I do get tired of the queen sacrificing herself to enforce checkmate. Why not play 20.Rh4, and give Black's queen a chance to sacrifice herself gloriously in a lost cause?>

The longer variation with black sacrificing both queen and rook:

20.Rh4 Qb6+ 21.Kh1 Qb1+ 22.Rxb1 Rg7 23.Qxg7#

Mar-28-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  David2009: The Monday puzzle shows the climax to a now well-known forced mate pattern starting 19.Qh6 etc.

Blackburne played to entertain and instruct his simultaneous opponents. When this game was played (1885) this smothered-mate mating tactic was much less well known. Amateurs like me and my peers (fellow kibitzers) are standing on the shoulders of forgotten giants who have popularised the game by writing about and diffusing knowledge of this mating tactic. Nowadays in any club match I would expect my opponent to be aware of this kind of mating attack, to defend against it. A hundred and forty years ago this would not have been true.

Sure, 20.Rh4 wins: but replace the Bd7 by a Nd7 and the Q sacrifice is the only way to bring home the bacon quickly. The Q sacrifice is both more aesthetic (IMO) and more instructive


click for larger view

Alternative puzzle: White to play and win

Mar-28-16  saturn2: Qxh7 and the rook mates afterwards.
Mar-28-16  lentil: I've actually played this combo a few times!
Mar-28-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  chrisowen: Kin mid h7 it ships in no time like kid over at h7 it ok ave ogle am and mate vent again at two mind dink over kind eaky pivots am jz edit ok ave ogle am visual basic as we gaffer h7 it seem like over at mate at two votes b6 am glib baffles baz it zip ave then am kind farm from as we glad over dictum bless riven am jostle go build aquip julie h6 it ships in no time like over at h7 it ok ave ogle am and mate vent again at two vents kind pass kid diminish it hive mid h8 it harangues around ilk mink ermine vote again dish it hip ave passed it zips on queries ive va va vents am quintessential as o pop a queries ave que back need it edge vent a5 banal again b6 equal am baffles am go build equal vine pots and dots to victory am route h6 it huffles around again arrive h7 it seem like over at mate at two vents over visual basic h6 it ships in no time like overone bots am riven band pivot able eaky votes and puz it zip ive bawl am wa bind ive visual basic we eg few am vote god men gews bag vagrant awe vote am glib goof a5 link arrive banal b6 baffles am go build equal vine iffy am fry am year rune an quip run event and job quill ebullient ill agog que julie h6 it huffles again around arrive h7 it seem like over at mate at two vent ramble gives at ado hit h4 cob vim and hither come mate at milk vote vents again bane quad one at efface off dead delve trys deems free ditch in cad and vine bind am dug cutoff punt team infer overt tiles b6 baffles am fluffs am glad a5 arrive cream win events am cad be cap again duffed it hocus again mind event votes efface off find my fair h7 it seem like over glean gens lady vote flare link eline best event i dutiful again learn fluffs angle b6 baffles among and i flip flop a5 avow arrive cream win efface off at rev guffaw an aid as off in evermore mind vote ash ebbs and eggs i do bet as it harangue live line glean again cutoff h7 it seem likes over quad one punt lare aim as find a5 alive no more mind votes b6 baffles am go build an equal vine quick free lady as among die it h6 up in ash it ok ave ogle givenarms ave mind boggle vine bottle by 20Qx7;
Mar-28-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  chrisowen: cod ive h7 it seem likes over quad won mooted it hot it houses call i wagged it hivelong ive at queened it hovel in mins am voted it homeaway ive main am route won am blessed hithered it hovels am again am glad gang agog ive gig fog fag flung frag frigate fang forge b6 baffles go build lady a5 guff arrive gift gaff at ash it h6 ive off hithers come vim cleaned it edict ave bid devour feint at enact jas call i wags h7 it seem like over quad won am mate at two vents ave hit slotter mins vote again am flogger trues and delight uv ray it hangs abacus in count vim alimony alink kibble baulk dark dock aid g8 cant bad get out an givenaids mind vote a5 bad vantage off ive at district cages b6 baffles am go build an equal vine on hah it hire in rushed it hark kind again flurry am bended it hovel and ive reinstate clunge an dip back do by a3 kin aids as doge god ever tickle glowed it edict vent devours aid back beak bunk bonk basically am win plans mind vote again am glad gabs and glabs ball kash it ok ive ogle am and mate at two vent ave win often gland man vain calm common ive gained it hit jam bowl ive wobble jive vine wibble h7 it seem like over quad one vent jabs it how indeed it ok ives ogle am and mind vote vine mate in two vent ban f4 off farms clean man ukelele backs lid h4 it house quite vent again offer gash mary am dote plans mind vote again am fangs wads civic at a3 casts cost won am do deft win forgers am free main and gleam free give god thine vent ja vine on hit ok ave ogle civic fog as am dome rove cosy las nips tracksith am glad and dote batten dimes come eg core vine bind a5 link arrive baboon bad buffs b6 baffles am go build etc able wire bus am b6 equal vine gave free glad covet male fire ebullient ill roster h7 it seem likes quad one vents mins vote mans win am cosy deaf a5 angles am build b6 baffles and equal vine off and tow ramps bidicate givenarms minds lever mid dip dive vote costead back ive win flubb give burly recategory am routes wins limb man pop h7 ok ave ah it hovel ogle vine would tull mind jangle vote cove cave tanker dark docks at bay in cream and i vent rove g5 lean guild fend cost am pin as a3 vain cost back as am fan fog lanes ide calls mall dive pan pocket quip etc able wire bus am bonfire vines win enough mary clam ashed it ok ave ogled it jaffa bled it edict ave mind jangle wads bad cob at a3 rab doot licks ques g5 lean gave back need it edge vent anjo dip dame exhonorates balances call i wag dame blend first bands long on diffuse mins events lair code band ive cain drive free aid biff buff as moon dint district cage line give in rushed it hark on kind have mid i vote again remake pans a5 bind arrives alma mater at five over pans am queries lady a5 glads b6 baffles am go build etc able wire bus am equal vine rad e8s dark cream events inch it hovels wall again am bless civic fog as code gap creed it edict ave then devour code odds ebullient ill h4 it hovels again mate;
Mar-28-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Richard Taylor: These are useful combinations to remember as the pattern recurs. I've done quite a few of these. They never cease to be beautiful even if they are "easy". They are not easy for every one. I don't think I would ever have discovered any of these kinds of moves without studying tactics for hours years ago.

I needed also to study how to avoid blunders: in fact we all do. They say its worth about 100 to 200 points to at least minimalize blunders.

The other way is to give up chess. This means that one gets a perfect score with no losses.

Mar-28-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Richard Taylor: <lost in space: I love Mondays, especialaly when they are bank holidays! 20. Qxh7+ Kxh7 (forced) 21. Rh4#>

You spelt or spelled "especially" wrong, I mean wrongly....

I know they have bank holidays in England or Britain, but I always keep thinking that that means the Bank goes on holiday. Be a bastard if there were no holes in the wall as there wasn't when I was younger...

Here in Kiwiland it is Tuesday already and the Easter holidays have ended. But Monday was a holiday. The Americans usually use the term vacation.

Mar-28-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Richard Taylor: I suppose the Exchange French at least means you get away from the normal stodge lines in the French. I've never essayed it...
Mar-28-16  TheTamale: Why didn't Blackburne play 17) Qh6 instead of 17) Qg5, since that's where the queen was headed anyway?
Mar-28-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  chancho: <The Tamale> 17.Qh6 right away allows 17...Rxe5 which ruins the intended tactic.

So 17...Rxe5 and if White continues with 18.Rf4, Black has 18...Rh5 and the attack is beaten back.

(not to mention that White loses his Queen.)

Blackburne knew what he was doing.

Mar-28-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  maladictum: I agree with <TheTamale> : if, as <Chancho> suggests, after 17.Q-h6, Black plays 17... Rxe5 18. Q-g7#... ; the rook must guard g7,as in the game...
Mar-28-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  chancho: <maladictum> You're right.

(forgot about the unprotected g7 square.)

But after 17.Qh6 Rg8 18.Rf4 Qf8. The combination Blackburne intended does not work.

Mar-29-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  maladictum: <chancho> 19.BxQ ... and all is as it should be :-)
Mar-29-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  chancho: <maladictum> I missed the unprotected g7 square and then add to it by missing the Bishop on a3.

At least when I go wrong I go wrong big.

Mar-29-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  maladictum: In fact, that one lost tempo allows Black to play c6, but he misplays with 18...Q-a5. I suggest 18... Q-b6+ followed by 19.(almost any)Q-e3,pinning the R to the Q, thereby buying a few more moves in a lost game.
Mar-29-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  maladictum: <Chancho> Nope, I'm wrong about 17.Qh6. Blackburn DID know what he was doing. 17.Qh6 Rg8 18.Rf4 g5, and Black holds in a strange looking position. However, I still think West went awry with Qa5
Mar-29-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Abdel Irada: ∞

<Here in Kiwiland it is Tuesday already and the Easter holidays have ended. But Monday was a holiday. The Americans usually use the term vacation.>

No, we don't.

May-23-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: The Decline of the West
search thread:   
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
NOTE: You need to pick a username and password to post a reply. Getting your account takes less than a minute, totally anonymous, and 100% free--plus, it entitles you to features otherwise unavailable. Pick your username now and join the chessgames community!
If you already have an account, you should login now.
Please observe our posting guidelines:
  1. No obscene, racist, sexist, or profane language.
  2. No spamming, advertising, or duplicating posts.
  3. No personal attacks against other members.
  4. Nothing in violation of United States law.
  5. No posting personal information of members.
Blow the Whistle See something that violates our rules? Blow the whistle and inform an administrator.


NOTE: Keep all discussion on the topic of this page. This forum is for this specific game and nothing else. If you want to discuss chess in general, or this site, you might try the Kibitzer's Café.
Messages posted by Chessgames members do not necessarily represent the views of Chessgames.com, its employees, or sponsors.
Spot an error? Please submit a correction slip and help us eliminate database mistakes!
This game is type: CLASSICAL (Disagree? Please submit a correction slip.)

Featured in the Following Game Collections [what is this?]
20.? (Monday, March 28)
from Puzzle of the Day 2016 by Phony Benoni
French Defense: Exchange Variation (C01) 1-0 Q sac opens h-file
from KP More Minis - Save by fredthebear
French Defense: Exchange Variation (C01) 1-0 Q sac opens h-file
from Hammer the 6th Rank (Black hits 3rd Rank) by fredthebear
French Defense: Exchange Variation (C01) 1-0 Q sac opens h-file
from QThee Queen is MEAN to Fredthebear Volume Two!! by fredthebear
Why didn't Blackburne play 17.Qh6 instead of Qg5?
from Französisch Verzögerte Abtauschvariante by Beachy
French Defense: Exchange Variation (C01) 1-0 Q sac opens h-file
from h-file Attacks, some Greek Gifts by Fredthebear by fredthebear
French Defense: Exchange Variation (C01) 1-0 Q sac opens h-file
from Anderssen - Blackburne - Charousek - Fredthebear by fredthebear
85#__How to get away with Checkmate otb
by whiteshark
French Defense: Exchange Variation (C01) 1-0 Q sac opens h-file
from h-file Attacks, some Greek Gifts by Fredthebear by JoseTigranTalFischer
French Defense: Exchange Variation (C01) 1-0 Q sac opens h-file
from Anderssen, Blackburne, Charousek by monet11
French Defense: Exchange Variation (C01) 1-0 Q sac opens h-file
from 1870s - 1890s Classic Chess Principles Arise by fredthebear
000_-> Middlegames Opp col Bishops 2
by whiteshark
French Defense: Exchange Variation (C01) 1-0 Q sac opens h-file
from Leearn Checkmates on the 3rd/6th Outer File by fredthebear
French Defense: Exchange Variation (C01) 1-0 Q sac opens h-file
from Fight or Flight: Let's Test Their Metal by fredthebear
20.? (March 28, 2016)
from Monday Puzzles, 2011-2017 by Phony Benoni
French Defense: Exchange (C01) 1-0 Q sac opens h-file
from Exchange In a Hurry to Exchange by fredthebear
French Defense: Exchange Variation (C01) 1-0 Q sac opens h-file
from 22 Caliber Rifle Aint fur Fredthebear Huntin' by fredthebear
French Defense: Exchange Variation (C01) 1-0 Q sac opens h-file
from Checkmate Patterns # Fredthebear Mating Patterns by fredthebear


home | about | login | logout | F.A.Q. | your profile | preferences | Premium Membership | Kibitzer's Café | Biographer's Bistro | new kibitzing | chessforums | Tournament Index | Player Directory | Notable Games | World Chess Championships | Opening Explorer | Guess the Move | Game Collections | ChessBookie Game | Chessgames Challenge | Store | privacy notice | advertising | contact us
Copyright 2001-2017, Chessgames Services LLC