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Samuel Reshevsky vs Mikhail Botvinnik
FIDE World Championship Tournament (1948), Hague NLD/Moscow RUS, rd 19, May-03
French Defense: Winawer. Classical Variation (C18)  ·  0-1
ANALYSIS [x]

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Given 12 times; par: 74 [what's this?]

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Kibitzer's Corner
Jan-08-04  Rejlii: Duplicate of Reshevsky vs Botvinnik, 1948
Jan-09-04
Premium Chessgames Member
  chessgames.com: But which one is the right score?
Jan-09-04
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: This is the correct game score.
Sep-18-05  rjsolcruz: was this game part of the first round robin tournament for the world title vacated by alekhine?
Sep-18-05  aw1988: Right, this was the world (match) chess championship of 1948, won by Botvinnik.
Aug-12-07  sanyas: 29.Bf6+ was a big mistake.
Jan-11-08  xombie: This game is remarkably similar to Petrosian vs Hort (also in collection) Hort vs Petrosian, 1970
though I think Petrosian's game is more elegant with the knight concerto.
Nov-28-09  Lt.Surena: 13.Ne2 I'd prefer Nf3 to put more resources in protecting the d4 and freeing up the queen. Later on Ng5 could pressure the e6. *This is what the French game boils down to for white.

By the 20th move, white clearly has an advantage.

21.Rc1 doesn't make sense. Sammy wouldn't wanna open up the queen-side with the c4.

Sammy's game loses steam by the 24th move and hands over the momentum to black.

Nov-29-10  MTuraga: Did Petrosian use this game as a model for his games in this variation?
Apr-19-12  LoveThatJoker: According to Stockfish, if 42. Qb5, Black would have also continued with 42...g3! with - once again - the threat of 43...gxf2.

<MTuraga> I'm sure he had this game memorized.

LTJ

PS. Here is a game that the authors of "Petrosian vs The Elite" (Ray Keene and Julian Simpole) give as a companion to this one as an example of how not to deviate from this one, Kasparov vs Short, 1997.

Apr-19-12  King Death: There's no good move for White but 42.Qb5 is the only one that would've given Botvinnik a chance to make a mistake if they were playing after the first time control without adjourning.
Jul-25-13  zydeco: <Lt Surena> Agreed. 21.Nh3 looks good.
Mar-21-17  Zephyr10: Benzol: This is the correct game score.

I'd like to think so, as 10. Bd2 just looks better than 10. Kd2, but ... 1) as Surena pointed out, 21. Rc1 doesn't make sense, ... the alternate score's move (the only other different move from this score) is 21. Ke1, which makes more sense. 2) Why wouldn't white just castle at some point if he could, instead of carrying out an underfunded attack with Rh1-h3-g3? 3) Karpov/Matsukevich give 10. Kd2.

Mar-26-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <Zephyr10: Benzol: This is the correct game score. I'd like to think so, as 10. Bd2 just looks better than 10. Kd2, but ... 1) as Surena pointed out, 21. Rc1 doesn't make sense, ... the alternate score's move (the only other different move from this score) is 21. Ke1, which makes more sense. 2) Why wouldn't white just castle at some point if he could, instead of carrying out an underfunded attack with Rh1-h3-g3? 3) Karpov/Matsukevich give 10. Kd2.>

Keres' tournament book has 10.Bc1-d2 and 21.Ra1-c1, although he agrees that the latter move doesn't make a lot of sense: <It is difficult to grasp the point of this move. Because if it was a preparatory step to play the c2-c4 thrust, it must have been totally clear to him that Black is able to simply thwart this in several ways. Moreover, even if this advance was executed, it is not very dangerous for Black at all. Hence the immediate 21.Ne2 was better, clearing the route to g5 for the bishop.> I assume Reshevsky was having a hard time deciding how to press home his attack on the king, and decided to make a waiting move. He was probably already getting into time trouble.

I don't agree Reshevsky's attack was <underfunded>, although I do like the term! Keres' thought Botvinnik's knight maneuver beginning with 22....Nc6-b8 was too slow and gave White dangerous chances. Reshevsky's idea of Bf6+ followed by pressure on the e-file was good but he ruined it by playing it a move early. After 29.Bg5-f6+? Ng8xf6 30.e5xf6 Na5-c4! (preventing White from doubling rooks) Reshevsky just lost a pawn for nothing. Instead White could have kept up the pressure, Keres wrote, with 29.Rge3 Nc4 30.R3e2 Ne7 31.Bf6+ Kg8. In addition to 29.Rge3, Keres thought 29.Kh2 followed by Rh1, Kg1, and Bh4 or 29.Qd2 Nc4 30.Qc1 followed by Kh2, etc. were promising for White.

Botvinnik could have safely grabbed a second pawn with 33....Qxh6, but given Reshevsky's time-trouble he preferred to play for a mating attack. Keres thought Botvinnik's 36....Qg6 was inaccurate, allowing White to partially close up the kingside. Of 39.Nd3-f4?, he wrote <For the second time in the game, Reshevsky makes a completely unintelligible mistake. Because the subsequent exchange sacrifice suggests itself, and leads to a speedy finish.> 41....Rf4-f5 was the sealed move. Must have been a very unpleasant adjournment analysis for Sammy.

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