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Siegbert Tarrasch vs Mikhail Chigorin
Chigorin - Tarrasch (1893), St. Petersburg RUE, rd 9, Oct-24
Spanish Game: Open. St. Petersburg Variation (C82)  ·  1-0
ANALYSIS [x]

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Kibitzer's Corner
Aug-22-04
Premium Chessgames Member
  Chessical: Could Chigorin have drawn the ending with <37...Rb2>?

<38.Ra5> Kf6 39.g4 b4 40.g5+ Kg6 41.Ra6+ Kh5 42.cxb4 a3 43.Rxa3 Kxh4 44.g6 Rxb4 =; or

<38.h5> 38...Kf7 39.Ra5 Rb3 40.Kf2 Rxc3 41.Rxb5 Kg7 42.Ra5 Kh6 43.g4 a3=

Aug-22-04  capanegra: You seem to be right, <Chessical>. But even after 37♖c2 Chigorin could have saved the game. However, he did miss his drawing opportunity after 43♖a2? That move violates one of the main principles of Rook endings the worst way you can defend a passed Pawn, is putting your Rook in front of it. After that, the Black Rook lost his liberty, and couldn't fight the White Pawns.

As Maizelis demonstrated, the correct line was 43a2! 44.h5+ (44.♔g4 ♖c4+) ♔f6 45.♔h4 (45.g4 ♖c5! 46.♖xa2 ♔g5!) ♖h2+ 46.♔g4 ♖b2 47.♖a6+ ♔g7 48.♔g5 ♖b5+ 49.♔h4 ♖b2! 50.g4 ♔f7 51.♖a7+ (51.h6 ♖b6!) ♔f6! 52.g5+ ♔f5 53.h6 ♖h2+ 54.♔g3 ♖h1! 55.♖xa2 ♔xg5 and draws.

Feb-01-12  King Death: <capanegra> The drawing method was known even before Maizelis as Kasparov wrote. Horwitz and Kling had given 43...Ra2 during the middle of the 19th century.

Chigorin chose not to test his opponent with one last trap in the final position as also noted by Kasparov, after 63...Kh7 64.Rf8 Rf8 White now wins by promoting to either minor piece.

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