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Reuben Fine vs Robert Levenstein
Ch Marshall Chess Club (1932), New York, NY USA, rd 10, Jan-09
Old Indian Defense: General (A53)  ·  1-0


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sac: 55.Nd4 PGN: download | view | print Help: general | java-troubleshooting

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Kibitzer's Corner
Premium Chessgames Member
  fredthebear: The final position is a forced zugzwang loss for Black with BLACK TO MOVE. For example, 63...Kb6 64.Kb4 Kb7 65.Kb5 etc. (If 64...Ka6 65.Kc5 Ka5 66.b4+ etc.) The White king will be able to lead his pawn to promotion and control the b8 promotion square. Therefore, Black resigned.

However, if it were WHITE TO MOVE instead, it's a draw because the Black king would be able to copy the White king (gain/maintain the opposition) to force a draw (by eventual stalemate Kb6 & Pb7 vs Kb8 or three-fold repetition of the position, or capture the pawn if abandoned). Simply getting in front of his White pawn is not enough for the White king, because he will not be able to remain there once Black mirrors on the b-file. If the Black king could move last to mirror the White king, the White king could make no forward progress. White must not lead with the pawn!

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