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Andre Lilienthal vs Salomon Flohr
Moscow (1935), Moscow URS, rd 9, Feb-27
Queen's Gambit Declined: Semi-Tarrasch Defense. Exchange Variation (D41)  ·  1/2-1/2


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Kibitzer's Corner
Jan-22-18  ughaibu: So, what do Keres and Kotov say about this game?
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <ughaibu: So, what do Keres and Kotov say about this game?>

They say it's the greatest ever example of the chess player's art.

Jan-23-18  Granny O Doul: It depends on how many they've put away already.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: Let us now take up the question as to how position with a fixed centre can be changed into central formations of another type.

By demolishing the opponent's pawns one can easily change the position from that of a fixed to a mobile central type, and if both players' pawns disappear then an open centre may arise. Alternatively, from positions with a closed center, there can easily arise the type with fixed centres and even mobile centres may occur. A problem which demands particular care arises when the player who has the mobile centre must determine in what fashion it should be fixed. It is then that a player may get into great difficulties which demand the greatest playing skill.

Let us, for example, consider the following example. In this there occurs an interesting case of change in the centre.

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In this there occurs an interesting case of change in the center!

In this position, Black exerts strong pressure on e4. If White confines himself merely to defending the pawn then he runs the risk of having the initiative taken out of his hands. So he must do something about his pawn position in the centre. But what? Why not play P-K5? (Such a move is indeed playable at the appropriate time. In this connexion the reader should study the game Kotov vs Gligoric, 1947, but it should be observed that special positional circumstances existed to justify the move.) Lillienthal finds an elegant solution to the difficult problem.
17. d5! exd5
18. Nd4!
A remarkable move. Now he threatens the decisive 3. Nf5 and 4. Qg5. Quite suddenly Black's position takes on a most unprepossessing appearance. White has opened up the centre and has not only activated his Bishops but has also united all his pieces for the attack in the ensuing moves.
19. e5.

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Lilienthal wants to use his pawns for the attack, but in so doing he allows his opponent the opportunity of organizing a defence. Excellent winning chances would have been given by <19.Rxc5 bxc5 20.Nf5 d4 21.Qg5.>
20. f3 Qe8!
Excellent! By means of the piece sacrifice Black obtains a dangerous mobile centre supported by active forces.

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21.fxe4 Qxe5
22. Re1 Re8.
Now Black gains his third pawn for the Knight and thus, in addition to everything else, he restores the balance in material. White must in his turn strive for equality.
23. Kh1 dxe4
24. Bc2 Rd8
25. Rd1 h6

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Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: Part 2

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26. Bc3 f5
How is White to escape from the threatened attack by Black's mobile pawn centre? With the ensuing elegant play Lilienthal solves the difficult problem in a combinational way.

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27. Rd2! Rf8
<If 27... f4 there would now follow 28. Ne6! Re8 <(28... Rxd2 29. Qxd2 Qxe6? 30. Bb3)> 29. Qh3 Qb8 30. Bb3with a win for White).>
28. Qe1 Kh8?
Now Black loses the initiative. the right procedure consisted in 28. ...f4 with the deadly threat of e3 and f3. This loss of a tempo affords White a chance of saving himself.
29. Ne2 Qc7
30. Qd1 Bc6
31. Nd4 Bd7

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32. Nb3 Be6
33. Nxc5 Qxc5.
Black's most dangerous Bishop has been exchanged off and one can already speak of an advantage for White. But now in fact Lilienthal allows himself to commit an inaccurate move, and the highly interesting game reaches a friendly outcome.

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34. Rd6?
<Correct was 34. Qa1 Qe2 35. Be5 or Rd6.>
35. Rxe6 Kh7
36. h3 Rc8
37. Bb3 Qe3
38. Bc2 Qf2

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39. Bb3 Rc3
40. Re8 Rd3

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41. Qh5 Qe1+
Drawn by perpetual check on the square g3 and e1.

Jan-23-18  ughaibu: Fantastic! Thanks.
Jan-23-18  Olavi: That's Kotov. The book in question has four chapters, two each.
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