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Salomon Flohr vs Jose Raul Capablanca
Moscow (1935), Moscow URS, rd 13, Mar-05
Queen's Gambit Declined: Orthodox Defense. Rubinstein Variation Flohr Line (D62)  ·  1/2-1/2


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Kibitzer's Corner
May-27-04  fred lennox: 49 Ke5 saves black from loosing. An example of knight opposition. Vertical opposition would fail because it could not be maintained. 49 Kd5...Kd2
Apr-14-05  RookFile: This game is really the first one
in recorded history where somebody
showed how to defend in a good knight
vs. bad bishop ending. Solution: get those pawns on the OPPOSITE color as the bishop as FAST as possible!
Premium Chessgames Member
  Peligroso Patzer: <fred lennox: 49 [...] Ke5 saves black from losing. An example of knight opposition. Vertical opposition would fail because it could not be maintained. 49 [...] Kd5[?]... [50.] Kd2[!] [and White wins.]>

It also seems worth noting that (after 49. ... Ke5!) Flohr could still have tried 50. Kd2, which would have presented a greater technical challenge to the defense (albeit that Capablanca almost certainly would have been equal to the task). After a hypothetical 50. Kd2, the only drawing move would have been 50. ... h4, after which play could have continued: 51. gxh4 f4 52. h5 (52. exf4+ Kxf4 53. Ke2 is also a draw.) 52... fxe3+ and draws.

Losing (after 50. Kd2) would be such continuations as 50. ... Ke4? 51. Ke2! or 50. ... Kd5? 51. Ke1! .

Mar-13-10  Dr. Siggy: Reuben Fine, "Basic Chess Endings", New York 1941, page 247, about <the bad Bishop>:

"Where there is only one target [on the bad Bishop's side] the game is normally drawn. Thus the isolated QP without any further weaknesses is not fatal. This was shown in [...] Flohr-Capablanca, Moscow 1935 [...]"

Oct-23-11  DrMAL: Thanx <AnalyzeThis> for pointing out game in Pillsbury vs Tarrasch, 1895 yes, after 23.Kxc1 white had some edge with perfectly placed N, black B was not really bad and position was likely draw but it could have been different with play less reasonably accurate than Capablanca's here, cheers. <fred lennox: 49 Ke5 saves black from loosing.> 49...Kf7 also draws.
Oct-23-11  AnalyzeThis: It seems so simple to us today, but Keres for example gave high praise for moves like 25... b6 in his Practical Chess Endings.
Oct-24-11  DrMAL: <AnalyzeThis> Yes, technique considered quite basic today was not well known or easily accessed if known back then. Even few decades ago before computers high level chess was completely different game. Capablanca's play was exceptionally accurate for that time, reflecting his great ability, cheers.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Richard Taylor: Yes, 50 Kd2 needs h4 (and it is still a draw) but Flohr didn't need to exchange the N, the position is drawn, it seems: so he can even play 48. Nh1 or Kc3 and it is still slightly better for White. But a draw with careful play by both it seems according to the machine.
Feb-22-17  Jimmy720: memorize
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