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Garry Kasparov vs Greg Hjorth
World Junior Ch (1980), Dortmund FRG, rd 10, Aug-27
Tarrasch Defense: Classical. Advance Variation (D34)  ·  1-0


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Given 48 times; par: 37 [what's this?]

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Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Sep-24-09  gulliver: Amazing. Impressive. Kasparov has such percision!
Dec-20-09  shakespeare: after 27 g6 Q g5 and the situation is as before cause the pawn is pinned - and black looses the bishop
Nov-29-13  Zhbugnoimt: 27...g6 28.Rfxd5! 1-0
Mar-01-14  estrick: 19. ...Qe8 was best, according to Schiller
Jul-05-14  1971: Garry the great.
Premium Chessgames Member
  al wazir: I got the first two moves, but didn't expect 23...Qb5 and so didn't have a plan ready. It's not perfectly obvious how white should proceed; but I suppose for Kasparov it was obvious.
Jul-05-14  mruknowwho: (Looking at the position after move 18): Look at White's king. He's safe yet at first glance you would think not so. Amazing.
Premium Chessgames Member
  diagonalley: <al wazir> yep... me too... (the man operates in a diferent universe)
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  al wazir: I think I would have played 24. Qh4, which also wins a piece: 24...Bd7 (24...Qxd5 25. Rd4) 25. Qd8+ Be8 26. Re4 (26. d6 wins too) Kf8 27. Rfe1.
Premium Chessgames Member
  morfishine: 22.e6 Bxe6 23.d5
Jul-05-14  SimonWebbsTiger: ak, another of those positions which I knew beforehand from e.g. "Fighting Chess" by Bob Wade and Garry. (pp. 57-58, Batsford, 2.ed. 1985.)
Premium Chessgames Member
  patzer2: Great choice for a Saturday puzzle as 22. e6!! incorporates a number of simple tactical themes in building a complex combination.

<22. e6!!> discovers an attack on the Bishop, pins the f-pawn and threatens a back rank mate (e.g. 22...fxe6?? 23. Rf8#), obstructs the Bishops protection of f7, deflects the Bishop from d5, decoys the bishop to e6 and clears the way for White's moves to follow.

<22...Bxe6 23. d5!> deflects and removes the Bishop's guard over f7 and forces a self-destructing pin which loses to a counter pin.

<23...Qb5> defends the Bishop by pinning the d-pawn due to the threat against the undefended White Queen.

<24. Rh4> protects the undefended Queen, threatens a mating attack with 25. Qxh7+ , renews the threat of pawn takes Bishop and prepares a decisive counter pin.

<24...Qc5+ 25. Rf2 Bxd5 26. Rd4> establishes the decisive pin on the Black Bishop and prepares to decisively overload on this pinned piece.

<26...Rd7 27. Rf5> completes the overloading of pieces on the pinned Bishop. The threat is so powerful, even the double attack (pawn fork) 27...g6 fails (e.g. 27...g6 28. R(f)xd5 .

P.S.: With the exchange up, I suspect almost any reasonable 22nd move wins for White. However, the combination here is the strongest and clearest route to a decisive result.

Jul-05-14  Cheapo by the Dozen: In a speed game I'd play

22 e6 Bxe6
23 d5,

the point being that White gets a numbers advantage against f7 after the bishop moves, and also if the initial pawn sacrifice is declined. An interpolation of ... g6 doesn't help Black either.

But in truth I haven't seen what to do against Black replies on Move 23 such as Qa5/Qb5, which both pin and send a second attacker against the d-pawn.

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  OhioChessFan: The first two moves were (relatively) obvious, but I really had to work after 23...Qb5. I'm guessing Kaspy found the answer much quicker than I did.
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  Penguincw: Wow! I got a Saturday puzzle with 22.e6 Bxe6 23.d5. I didn't anticipate 23...Qb5 however, but if I saw it, it shouldn't be hard to get out of.
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  thegoodanarchist: Unfortunately for Black, 27...g6 loses to 28.Rfxd5
Premium Chessgames Member
  patzer2: Ran the puzzle position (22. ?) on Fritz 12 to 22/49 depth on my dual core 2.1GHZ processor lap top with the following result:

1. (3.42): 22.e6 Bxe6 23.Rh4 h6 24.d5 Qd7 25.dxe6 Qxe6 26.Rd4 Kh7 27.Kg2 a6 28.Rff4 b5 29.Rfe4 Qf6 30.Qd5

2. (1.42): 22.Qg5 Rd7 23.Rg4 g6 24.Qd2 a5 25.Rh4 Qa3 26.g4 Qf8 27.Qa2 Qd8 28.Rf6 Rd6

3. (1.03): 22.Qd1 Qc6 23.R1f2 a5 24.Ra2 b6 25.Qb1 h6 26.Ra1 Ra7 27.Qc2 a4 28.Qb2 Qg6

4. (1.03): 22.Qh4 Rd7 23.Qg4 h6 24.Qd1 Qc6 25.R1f2 a5 26.Ra2 b6 27.Qc2 Re7 28.Rb2 Rb7 29.Rb1 a4 30.Ra1 Ra7 31.Raf1 Qe6

5. (1.03): 22.Qe2 h6 23.Qd1 Qd7 24.Qc2 a5 25.Ra1 b6 26.Qf5 Qb5 27.Rb1 Qc6 28.Qc2 Rd7 29.Qb2 Rb7 30.Ra1 Qd7 31.Qc2 Bc6 32.Rb1 Qd5

6. (1.03): 22.R4f2 h6 23.Qd1 Qc6 24.Ra2 b6 25.Qb1 Be4 26.Qa1 a5 27.Rf4 Bd5 28.Qb2 Rb7 29.Qb1 Ra7 30.h4 a4 31.Rb2 Rb7 32.Rd2

7. (1.03): 22.Qf5 h6 23.Qb1 b6 24.Re1 Re7 25.Rf2 Qc6 26.Qb4 Rd7 27.Rf4 a5 28.Qb2 Rc7 29.Qa3 Rd7 30.Re2 Qe6 31.Qb2 Rd8 32.Qc2

8. (1.03): 22.Re1 h6 23.Qd1 Qc6 24.Qa1 b6 25.Qa3 Rd7 26.Qb4 a5 27.Qb2 a4 28.Rb1 Rb7 29.Ra1 b5 30.Qb4 Be4 31.Ra2 Rd7 32.Raf2 Qd5

9. (0.97): 22.Rc1 h6 23.Qf5 a5 24.Rf2 Qc6 25.Ra1 b6 26.Rfa2 Rd7 27.Rf1 a4 28.Qb1 Be4 29.Qb4 b5 30.Rf4 Bd3 31.Raf2

Bottom line: Kasparov's bold 22. e6!! is the only clear winning move.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Jimfromprovidence: <patzer2> <1. (3.42): 22.e6 Bxe6 23.Rh4 h6 24.d5 Qd7 25.dxe6 Qxe6 26.Rd4 Kh7 27.Kg2 a6 28.Rff4 b5 29.Rfe4 Qf6 30.Qd5>

I'm surprised that 23 Rh4 is better than the text 23 d5 because black has 23...Qc2?! in response, protecting h7.

click for larger view

It seems that this position is more difficult to win from.

In that same vein if white plays 22 Rh4 instead of 22 e6 then 22...Qc2 with a mate threat appears.

click for larger view

That might be why Kasparov played 22 e6 followed by 23 d5 instead of 23 Rh4, to force black's queen off of that diagonal.

Premium Chessgames Member
  agb2002: White has a rook for a bishop and a pawn.

Black's rook and back rank are defenseless. This suggests the maneuver 22.e6 Bxe6 (22... fxe6 23.Rf8#; 22... Qb5 23.Rxf7 Rc8 24.Rxg7+ Kxg7 25.Rf7+ and 26.Qxh7#) 23.Qe5, with the double threat 24.Qxc7 and 24.Qxe6. However, after 23... Rc8 24.d5 Qb5 25.Rxf7 Bxf7 26.Rxf7 Kxf7 27.Qe6+ Kf8 28.Qxc8+ Ke7 Black seems to hold.

Another option is to take advantage of the defenseless h7 pawn with 22.e6 Bxe6 23.d5 Qb5 (23... Rc5 24.Rxf7 Rc8 25.dxe6 + -) 24.Rh4:

A) 24... Qxd5 25.Qxh7+ Kf8 26.Qh8+ Ke7 27.Rd4 wins the queen or mates.

B) 24... Bxd5 25.Qxh7+ Kf8 26.Re1 Be6 27.Qh8+ Ke7 28.Qxg7 and White can combine the attack against the black king with the advance of the h-pawn.

C) 24... Bc8 25.Qxh7+ Kf8 26.Re1 + -.

D) 24... h6 25.dxe6 + -.

Jul-05-14  Cheapo by the Dozen: Ooh. 2-way pin. Nice. I totally missed that idea.
Premium Chessgames Member
  patzer2: <Jimfromprovidence> After 22.e6 Bxe6 23.Rh4 Qc2, Fritz finds 24. Qe5! (diagram below)

click for larger view

From here, Black is busted after 24...Rc8 25. d5! Bd7 26. Qe7 , 24...Qxc3 25. Qxc7 , 24...Rc6 25. d5 , 24...Rd7 25. Qc8+ or 24...Re7 25. Qc8+ .

Jul-06-14  PJs Studio: Maybe this is a fair time to point out that we are so very lucky to live in a time to be able to view the greatest in their respective fields: Einstein, Peyton Manning, Tiger Woods, Wayne Gretzky, Gary Kasparov...

Yup- Kasparov is THE man. So dangerous, yet with so few losses! A scientific player with the attacking skill of Tal, accuracy of Botvinnik, feel of Capablanca and sheer will of Fischer.

We will never again witness such a dominating force in our lifetimes as we have with our thirteenth World Champion.

Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: Of those named, I have seen Gretzky (numerous times) and Kasparov play live--pure genius on both counts.
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  patzer2: <Jimfromprovidence> After 22.e6 Bxe6 (position below),

click for larger view

Fritz 12 at 21/49 depth assesses 23. Rh4 at +3.54 and 23. d5 at +2.27:

1. (3.54): 23.Rh4 h6 24.d5 Qd7 25.dxe6 Qxe6 26.Rf2 Kh7 27.Re2 Qb6+ 28.Rd4 a5 29.Rf2 a4 30.Qf5+ Qg6

2. (2.27): 23.d5 Qb5 24.Rd4 Bc8 25.Qe5 Qc5 26.Qe8+ Qf8 27.Qxf8+ Kxf8 28.d6 Rd7 29.Rxc4 Rd8 30.Rc7 f6 31.Rb1

Dec-13-14  MelbourneChessClub: Lecture by GM Ian Rogers on this game:
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