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Garry Kasparov vs Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian
"The Bogus Indian" (game of the day Feb-10-2017)
Bugojno 3rd (1982), Bugojno BIH, rd 6, May-??
Bogo-Indian Defense: Nimzowitsch Variation (E11)  ·  1-0


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Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 3 OF 3 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Oct-06-10  Everett: <My next five moves were not too brilliant, but still just about the most difficult of my life.>

What a mirror image of Karpov.

Dec-29-10  birthtimes: For whatever reason(s), Petrosian deviated from his normal 5...Nc6, followed by ...Bxd2+, ...d6, ...O-O, and ...e5. Perhaps he was freaked by Kasparov's 6th move, and feared that Kasparov had cooked something since it appears that everyone else that had previously played him played 6.Nbxd2.
Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: White's strategy in this game is eerily like Carlsen vs Short, 2010, although this one arose from a Bogo, and that one from a French.

A knight on e5, control of the d file and gradual advance and win on the queenside.

Jan-10-11  GilesFarnaby: Is amazing how Petrosian (who outplayed positionally the best players of his generation) gets beaten so seemingly effortless by Kasparov (whose positional abilities arenīt his most praised ones), but first Iīd like to repeat a couple of things alredy (well) said here in order to provide a background, and then write a few letters of my own:

This was an important game for Garry because Tigran was one of the leading exponents of the Russian school (the most preeminent back in the time), and also because he had a -2 score so far against him... out of 3 games played. Worth noting in addition is that when Tigran sat in front of Kasparov this time he was over 50 years old.

Also pointed out already is that the 4...Qe7 variation that Petrosian chose is not the most succesful one for black, nor the most active, but it fitted his style at least. Other alternatives are 4...c5, 4...a5 or, once in the ...Qe7 variation, 5...Nc6 or 5...0-0 (and I think that Petrosian would have had greater chances with the former)

The ...Bxd2 serves a very caracteristic purpose: to eliminate early black squares attack or defense while also blockading (because of the central pawns and the black knight who can be exchanged when is appropiated) any attacking attitude of the white LSB. After 6...0-0:

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...none of white pieces can be yet employed in a menacing manner, and that, Petrosian may have thought, worked in favour to prevent Kasparovīs superb theoretical knowledge and early aggresive novelties.

And speaking of novelties here I think 14...Nd5 was the one, and it hasnīt been played ever again in the recorded GM history. A recent game that reached the 14.Nxe5 continued: 14.Rd8 15.Qc2 Nd5 16.Rfd1...

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...f6 17.Nc4 Bd7 (Suschev - Fiodorov, 2005) Is easy for us to see now that 14...Rd8 offers a more active continuation for black that concedes maybe the opportunity to fight for one file; I suggest that Tigran did not played it because he thought that Garryīs Qd2 was misplaced, but since his own rook was going to move soon or later anyway the ...Rd8 move makes a lot of sense. Still I think that the game was too bad for blackīs 14th move, and I would recommend to play ...Rd8 as soon as in the 10th move: and after 11.Qc3 Nc6 12.Rfd1 Rd5...

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...with a much playable position and, not less important, still in Petrosianīs style. Or, even better, 8...c6 instead of ...dxc4 (because, once in c4, the black pawn disturbs nothing and interrupts no white plan)

Exemplary of the tension that underlies so early in the position is the variation 13...Bd7 14.Nxd7 Qxd7 15. Qxd7...

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...Nxd7 Nd6, which means that black will be a pawn down without any compensation, and still the white pressure will not have dispeled.

Also worth noting is that after 17.Rd3, if 17...Rd8...

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...18.Qc5 Qxc5 19.Rxd8+ Qf8 20.Rxf8+ Kxf8 21.Rc7 and the rook will loot what is left in blackīs position.

Soon after that 18.e4 is a move that an orthodox positional player will not consider, and perhaps Tigran missed the idea, with the posterior, and excellent, 19.Bf1 not only recycling the bishop, but also avoiding back rank checks if rooks are traded and, thus, having more tactical possibilities.

The point after Rdd1 is to continue dominating the file but also leaving space for the bishop, being Bb5 very handy in some variations.

After the white maneuvers it takes little effort to see that black position is not flexible at all, in the tradition of the worst played QGA.

We can conclude that Petrosian lost in exactly the opposite way that he liked to win.

Jan-10-11  AnalyzeThis: Petrosian took the black pieces in all 5 games he played against Kasparov, and put 2 wins and a draw up on the board. He's got nothing to apologize for with this result!
Jan-30-12  LoveThatJoker: <GilesFarnaby> Excellent post regarding how to best develop for Black in this version of the Bogo-Indian.

It is a shame that Petrosian didn't play well here, but I must wholeheartedly agree with <AnalyzeThis> on this matter.

There is no shame with losing like this to Kasparov. I'm sure they both had a glass of wine and a chuckle not too long after this game.

And to think that Petrosian had very little time left in his life after this game. I think that this game is a passing of the baton in a way: From one Great Champion to another.


Mar-27-12  DWINS: I've been reviewing this game with Houdini and it seems that Garry's note to Black's 20th move contains a mistake in analysis.

< There is nothing else, since it is no longer possible to buy off the opponent with a pawn sacrifice: 20...f6 21.Nc4 Bd7 22.Nxb6 axb6 23.Qxb6 Bc6 24.Bb5! Bxb5 25.Qxb5 with a straightforward win.>

However, instead of an exclamation point, 24.Bb5 deserves a question mark. Black would respond with 24...Qb4! forcing White to grab a perpetual by 25.Rxc6 bxc6 26.Qxc6 Rac8 27.Qa6 Ra8 28.Qc6 Rac8. All other continuations leave Black with an advantage.

For what it's worth, Houdini feels that 24.b4 Rxa2 25.b5 Rb2 26.Qe3 Rxb5 27.Bxb5 Bxb5 (0.76) is the best continuation.

Aug-15-12  Bezlitosci: Once i started analyzing this game with a computer, I was impressed by the number of possibilities white has in this game. Kasparov exaggerates a bit by giving exclamation marks to his moves that engine lists only as the third or fourth best move (however, all this moves are similar in evaluation).

Black's decisive mistake was 12...♕e7. After 13.♘fe5 black has nothing better than to take the knight - if he f.ex. plays 13...♖d8 than after 14.♘xc6 bc6 15.♕a5 white threatens ♘e5 with triple attack on the undefended at the moment c6 pawn, and black cannot defend this pawn. So 13...♘xe5 14.♘xe5 and as Kasparov pointed out, white has already dominating position, because all the squares controlled by white pieces restrict black's pieces movements possibilities very much.

Kasparov writes that 16.♕a5 prevents 16...f6 in view of 17.♘c4 ♘xc4 18.♖xc4 with a decisive invasion. However, black's position is so bad, that white doesn't really need to prevent f6 and can even play move like 16.a3 or 16.b3. After for example 16.b3 f6 17.♘c4 ♘xc4 18.♖xc4

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black still cannot activate any of his pieces and white can slowly realize his advantage - for example 18...♖b8 19.♕c2 ♖d8 20.♖xd8 ♕xd8 21.♖c7 and white will eventually win the material by provoking weaknesses in black's position, while black can't really do anything.

After 19...♖e8
It's hard to give Kasparov's 20.♖dd1 exclamation mark, since there are other options, that put slightly more pressure. Possible was 20.♖dc3 with a threat of ♖c7 and 20.♖b3 threatinig ♖xb6. White could also play 20.♕b5 threating ♖c7

After 21...♔g7 Kasparov consistently realize his plan of advancing pawns on the queenside. However, at this moment there also were other options: white could play 22.♕c3 with the threat of discovered check and 22.♘g4 with the threat of ♕c3. If 22.♕c3 f6 then 23.♕c7 ♕xc7 24.♖xc7+ The difference between playing ♕c3 at 22th move and earlier is that earlier after ...f6 ♕c7 ♕xc7. ♖xc7 white wouldn't gave check, so he would lost the knight. After 21...♔g7 white could also double his rooks on the c -file with the intention of ♖c7.

Aug-15-12  Bezlitosci: Very interesting situation occurs after 18...♘b6.

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Black threatens 19...f6 20.♘c4 ♘xc4 21.♖xc4 b6.

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Now white cannot play ♕c3 maintaining pressure because of Ga6 and if 22.♕b5 than the whole continuation allows black to free from a pressure to some extent. White has after 18...♘b6 other (and probably better) than 19.♗f1 ways to met possible ...f6.

1) 19.♖dc3 with a threat ♖c7. ...f6 surely doesn't help now in the view of ♖c7

2) 19.♘g4 with the threat of ♕e5, after which white would have threats ♘f6, ♘h6 and ♖c7. If now 19...f6, then 20.e5 f5 21. ♘f6+ or 20.e5 exf5 21.♘xe5 and black weakened his pawns significantly. Black has to do something with white's threats, but f.ex. 19...f5 20.♘e5 fxe4 21.♗xe4 with position similar as in the variation above, or 19...h5 20.♘e5 and black cannot play f6 now, because the g6 pawn would be undefended.

3) 19.♖b3 f6 20.♘xg6 hxg6 21.♖xb6

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4) 19.♗h3 The purpose of this move is that after 19...f6 20.♘c4 ♘xc4 21.♖xc4 b6 22.♕c3 ♗a6 23.♖c7 ♕xc7 24.♕xc7 ♗xd3 white can play 25.♗xe6+,

click for larger view

moreover, after 25...♔h8 26.♗f7 ♗xe4 27.♕e7 black has nothing better than to give a rook for a bishop. If 27...♔g7 than 28.♗d5 with check and simultaneous attack on black bishop.

Oct-06-12  Tigranny: Why did Kasparov always have the white pieces against Petrosian and never played black when the two played? Just curious.
Jul-26-15  Chessman1504: An important game by "The Dark One." Kasparov, known for his brilliant attacks, also had remarkable patience. I regret my preconceived notions and stereotypes of his play. He was an all-around genius.
Mar-20-16  posoo: I HEREBY NOMMANATE dis game for game of da day. I suggest da pun "NUT PUNNISHER."
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: Gary learned how to get a good grip on things.
Nov-14-16  gareeb: Euthanized in Bugojno ..!!
Feb-10-17  Crapablanca: Why not 24. . . .Qe8 25. Ng4 Qf8
Feb-10-17  Nerwal: <Why not 24. . . .Qe8 25. Ng4 Qf8>

26. ♘f6+ and 27. ♕e5.

Feb-10-17  TransfiniteCardinal: Just joined this <intimidatingly intelligent> site, I've been lurking here for years.
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <TransfiniteCardinal>, welcome aboard!
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: I was just getting started in chess back when this was made quite an impression on me, because I hadn't seen Petrosian smothered like this, apart from Fischer vs Petrosian, 1971.

Really, I didn't understand the game at all, and I've lost quite a few times to strong positional players by getting my queenside paralyzed as Petrosian did here. Looks like there has been some good kibitzing on this page, I'll have to work through it.

Feb-10-17  MelvinDoucet: DWINS wrote: <"There is nothing else, since it is no longer possible to buy off the opponent with a pawn sacrifice: 20...f6 21.♘c4 ♗d7 22.♘xb6 axb6 23.♕xb6 ♗c6 24.♗b5! ♗xb5 25.♕xb5 with a straightforward win."

However, instead of an exclamation point, 24.♗b5 deserves a question mark. Black would respond with 24...♕b4! forcing White to grab a perpetual by 25.♖xc6 bxc6 26.♕xc6 ♖ac8 27.♕a6 ♖a8 28.♕c6 ♖ac8. All other continuations leave Black with an advantage.>

Someone beat me to it.. by 5 years! :) Kasparov was quick to give his own moves exclams, it seems, but in his defense ♕b4 is an easy move to miss especially when you're not running the game through an engine.

Feb-10-17  sachman19: why Bogus Indian?
Premium Chessgames Member
  morfishine: <sachman19: why Bogus Indian?> Because its another irrelevant game-title that serves only one purpose: leave people perplexed, shaking their heads

more accurate: Bogus game title


Premium Chessgames Member
  WorstPlayerEver: Pun is not nice to Bogoljubow, but hey... rats will be rats.
Mar-27-17  FredGambit: Quick note: In an otherwise fine book (Chess: The Art of Logical Thinking), GM Neil McDonald placed this game in a chapter called "Strategy Under The Microscope: 1 d4 d5"

Now, McDonald could blast me off the board in his sleep, but I'm pretty sure the Bogo-Indian isn't a 1 d4 d5 opening. But don't let that scare you off, it's quite a good book.

Mar-27-17  Nerwal: <Now, McDonald could blast me off the board in his sleep, but I'm pretty sure the Bogo-Indian isn't a 1 d4 d5 opening.>

There are many transpositions possible in the Catalan and Bogo-indian (like here 1. d4 d5 2. c4 e6 3. ♘f3 ♘f6 4. g3 ♗b4+ 5. ♗d2 ♗xd2+ 6. ♕xd2 0-0 7. ♗g2 ♕e7). The most important feature is that the pawn eventually stands at d5 and give later one of the typical Open Catalan structures (g3 fianchetto, black pawn at e6, c and d pawns exchanged).

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