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Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian vs Paul Keres
USSR Championship (1951), Moscow URS, rd 16, Dec-10
Queen's Indian Defense: Spassky System (E14)  ·  1/2-1/2


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Kibitzer's Corner
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: Petrosian played to win against the eventual Championship winner. He sent his knights forward and they won a pawn. After 16...Bf8.

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But Keres managed to reach this position

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where he played 28...h5!, a crucial move guaranteeing the draw.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Eyal: Dvoretsky, in his <Endgame Manual>, uses Keres' play here to demonstrate how the weaker side should defend in this type of rook endgames. He comments on 28...h5!:

<The defender should advance his h-pawn. The stronger side, whenever possible, should prevent this by means of g4. The explanation consists in the fact that White's most logical plan is an advance of his e-and f-pawns in order to create a passed pawn. To accomplish this plan, he must sooner or later play g4, allowing a pawn exchange on g4. But, as we know, pawn exchanges are usually favorable for the weaker side, and improve the drawing chances. Without h5, the h-pawns would have stayed on the board.>

Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: Dvoretsky's final comment:

<It should be mentioned that, when the white pawns had been set into motion, Keres used a typical strategic policy for this sort of position: <attacking the pawns from the rear.>>

Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: N.B. Petro's final trap 58.h6+ and now if 58...Kxh6?? White can ignore the fork 59.e6! f5+ 60.Kh3 fxe4 61.e7 etc.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Grandma Sturleigh: White can try 25. g4 to forestall 28...h5.

The 4 vs 3 R+P ending is still drawn, but Black has to work a little harder.

Jan-21-18  RookFile: I think black might be ok after 25. g4 Be7 26. Rd2 h5 !? 27. gxh5 c4 28. Rd4 Rxb2 29. Nc6 Bf6 30. Rxc4 Rb5 31. h6 gxh6. The pawn deficit is no big deal because black would gladly trade pawns when possible and then give up bishop for the final pawn. Carlsen tried to win rook and knight vs. rook against Anand and didn't come close.
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