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Carl Friedrich Schmid vs William Wayte
Dresden (1880)
King's Gambit: Accepted. Bishop's Gambit Bogoljubow Variation (C33)  ·  0-1
ANALYSIS [x]

FEN COPIED

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Kibitzer's Corner
Apr-28-05
Premium Chessgames Member
  bumpmobile: Hey, who out there has the underpromotions game collection?
Apr-28-05
Premium Chessgames Member
  tpstar: A: Sneaky!

Game Collection: Underpromotions

Dec-19-14  sls: Unbelieveable!
Jun-09-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  YouRang: I came across this game in Wikipedia:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Willi...

Since it's such an interesting game, I thought I'd review it with an engine, and see it it compares with the pre-engine annotations mentioned in the article.

I'll begin with <18...Qxf8>:


click for larger view

Article: <19.Rf1? 19.cxd4 was correct, with a slight advantage to White according to Reinfeld.>

Some truth to this, but according to the engine, the difference wasn't quite so dramatic to warrant the '?', IMO.

Stockfish_15091020_x64_modern @ 39 ply:
-0.08 19.cxd4 Re8 20.Rf1 Qd6 21.Kh1 Nf6 22.Qb5
-0.13 19.Qb5 Rd8 20.cxd4 Qe8 21.Qc6 Qxc6 22.Nxc6
-0.27 19.Rf1 Qd6 20.cxd4 c5 21.Qh5 cxd4 22.Qf7+

Article: <19...dxe3! A strong queen sacrifice. 20.Rxf8+ Rxf8 21.Nf3 g5! Threatening to dislodge the knight with ...g4.>


click for larger view

Article: <Here, Steinitz analysed 22.Nd4 c5! 23.Nb3 d4! 24.cxd4 cxd4 25.Nxd4 (or 25.Nc1 Rf2 26.Qc4+ Kg7 27.Nd3 Rf1+! 28.Kxf1 Nd2+ and wins) Bxd4 26.Qc4+ Rf7 27.Qxd4 e2 28.Qd8+ Kg7 29.Qd4+ Kh6 30.Qxe4 Rf1#>

Well, Steinitz didn't quite analyze the best line either it seems:

Stockfish_15091020_x64_modern @ 32 ply:
-0.31 22.a4 a5 23.Nd4 c5 24.Nc6 c4 25.Ne7+
-0.95 22.Kh1 c6 23.a4 h5 24.a5 Bxa5 25.b4
-1.12 22.a3 c6 23.a4 Rf4 24.a5 Bc5 25.Nd4
-1.15 22.Kf1 g4 23.Qb5 gxf3 24.Qxd5+ Kg7 25.gxf3
-1.49 22.h4 Ng3 23.Qe1 e2+ 24.Kh2 gxh4 25.c4
-2.39 22.Nd4 Rf2 23.Qxe3 c5 24.Ne2 c4 25.Nd4
-4.28 22.c4 g4 23.Ne5 h5 24.Nxg4 hxg4 25.cxd5

White's best is 22.a4!, threatening to dislodge the B's defense of Pe3, prompting 22...a5, but this leaves Bb6 unguarded, allowing Steinitz's 23.Nd4 to work (e.g. 23...c5 24.Nc6 c4 25.Ne7+ Kg7 26.Nxd5 attacks the Bb6, which doesn't give black time to play ...Rf2, which works wonderfully if Bb2 is guarded).

However even Steinitz's 22.Nd4 was better than what white's 22.h3? (which the annotation failed to give a '?')!

Article: <22.h3 Ng3 23.Qe1 e2+ 24.Kh2 Nf1+ 25.Kh1 Be3!>

Worth a diagram, and engine analysis to show how bad white is here:


click for larger view

Stockfish_15091020_x64_modern @ 29 ply:
-10.08 26.Ng1 Bd2 27.Qxd2 Nxd2 28.Nxe2 Rf2 29.Nd4
-10.63 26.h4 g4 27.Ng1 Bf2 28.Qxe2 Ng3+ 29.Kh2
-10.67 26.c4 Rxf3 27.gxf3 Bd2 28.Qxe2 Ng3+ 29.Kg2
-12.55 26.Nd4 Ng3+ 27.Kh2 Rf1 28.Qxe2 Nxe2 29.Nxe2
-17.67 26.a4 Rxf3 27.gxf3 Bd2 28.Qxe2 Ng3+ 29.Kg2

Article: <Threatening 26...Rxf3! 27.gxf3 Bd2! followed by queening the pawn. The pawn is immune from capture, since Qxe2 is met by Ng3+, forking White's king and queen. 26.Qb1 Rxf3!>

Actually, 26...Ng3+!! is even stronger, 27.Kh2 Rxf3 28.gxf3 Bf2>


click for larger view

Nothing stops ...e1Q, and black goes into the endgame with a crushing two piece advantage. As played, it's a one piece advantage (27.gxf3 Bf2 28.Kg2 e1Q 29.Qxe1 Bxe1 30.Kxf2). But, no point in quibbling.

Article: <27.gxf3 Bf2 28.Qd3 Ng3+ 29.Kg2 e1(N)+!>

Sure, 29...e1N+ wins and it's cuter, but not necessary since 29...e1Q also wins. However, the N promotion is preferable IMO since it simplifies, and denies white opportunity to delay with checks (Qxd5+).

Article: <30.Kxf2 Nxd3+ 31.Kxg3 Nxb2 0-1>

Black finishes with a piece, and black has none: an easy win for black. But the key blunder was <22.h3?>, not so much <19.Rf1>.

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