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Frank James Marshall vs Norman Tweed Whitaker
"Swindled!" (game of the day Jan-08-2016)
Casual game (1909), Manhattan CC, New York, NY USA, Aug-27
King's Gambit: Accepted. Traditional Variation (C38)  ·  1/2-1/2
ANALYSIS [x]

FEN COPIED

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Kibitzer's Corner
Mar-16-07
Premium Chessgames Member
  An Englishman: Good Evening: And speaking of Mr. Norman Tweed Whitaker, featured in today's Game of the Day, here is one of the wildest draws of Marshall's career, which is saying a lot. I'm surprised no one has noticed this wild brawl before--a bias against half-points, perhaps? The play gets wild very quickly, and it would be best to feed this one to the silicon monsters to try and figure it out.
Mar-16-07  mrbiggs: I can't find any improvements to this line from Fritz, though I haven't spent much time on it. Most of the moves are forced:

28. Re8 Rxe8 29. Qe4 Qxg5 30. Ng6+ Qxg6 31. Qxe8+ Bf8 32. Qxf8+ Kh7 33. Bxg6+ Kxg6

Fritz gave some opportunities for black later on, but I didn't try to verify them yet.


click for larger view

I think white's in good shape :)

Jul-08-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: A truly memorable game. One that shows the very best of both Marshall and Whitaker.

Mr Biggs, just above this post, has shown a very interesting episode ....


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...the very surprising 28.Re8!! leaving lots and lots of pieces en prise, but wins.

Here is a good piece of defence (move 21):


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Black's queen has just been attacked. Unto whomce should it move? Whitaker makes the right choice!

Jan-08-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  al wazir: White MUST have had a win here. How about 28. Re8 ?

A) 28...Qxf4 29. Nf6#.

B) 28...Nxf7 29. Rxf8+ Bxf8 30. Qxf6.

C) 28...Bf5 29. Rxf8+ Bxf8 30. Ng6+ Kg7 31. Nxf8 Kxf8 32. Nh7+.

D) 28...Rxe8 29. Ng6+ Qxg6+ 30. Bxg6.

Jan-08-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  al wazir: I see I'm a few years late. I'll leave it up anyway.
Jan-08-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  kevin86: This one looks like one of the games where NEITHER player could save it.
Jan-08-16  Willber G: I would have played 28. Re6 with much the same result, I think.
Jan-08-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: after the game did Whitaker try and steal Frank's wallet?
Jan-08-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <HMM> More'n likely, Norm offered Frank a sweet deal iffen he would take a piece of his latest action.

Bet Whitaker made the acquaintance of the great Titanic Thompson during their careers.

Jan-08-16  RandomVisitor: After 21.Be7


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Komodo-9.3-64bit:

<+0.00/35 21...Qc6> 22.Ne6 Bg4 23.Qg6 Bxe6 24.Bxe6 f3 25.Bf6 fxg2+ 26.Kg1 Nxe6 27.Rxe6 Qc5+ 28.Kxg2 Nf5 29.Qf7 Kh7 30.Bxg7 Nxg7 31.Re4 Qc6 32.Qf3 Rg8 33.Re7 Qc5 34.Qh3+ Kg6 35.Qg4+ Kh7 36.Qh4+ Kg6 37.Qg3+ Kf6 38.Qh4+ Kg6

Jan-08-16  RandomVisitor: After 17.Bd2:


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Komodo-9.3-64bit:

<-4.45/27 17...Ndf5> 18.Bb4+ Kg8 19.Bxf7+ Kh8 20.Be1 Ne3+ 21.Kg1 Bg4 22.Bc3 Bxh5 23.Bxe5 Bxe5 24.Bxh5 Rg8 25.c3 Rxg5 26.Bf3 c6 27.Rc1 Bc7 28.Nc2 Bb6 29.Nd4 Nef5 30.Kf1 Nxd4 31.cxd4 Bxd4 32.Ke2 Nf5 33.Kd3 Be3 34.Rh1+ Kg7 35.Be4 Nd6 36.Bf3 Kf7 37.b3

Jan-03-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: Whatever the occasion of this game, it was not played in the Manhattan Chess Club Championship. A report int he "American chess Bulletin" (April 1911, p. 71) shows that neither Marshall nor Whitaker played in the event.

Quite possibly, it was just a casual game. it certainly has the feel of one.

Jan-03-19  Retireborn: <Pnony Benoni> Edward Winter has this game in one of his books (Kings etc) and he quotes as his source American Chess Bulletin, July 1911, page 165.

Clearly one of the ACB reports must be incorrect. Winter does mention that Whitaker was a student at the University of Pennsylvania at the time, which is perhaps a long way to travel for a casual game.

Jan-03-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: Soltis reports in his book on Marshall that in 1921 Whitaker challenged Marshall for the USA title.

Marshall wanted $300 for signing the contract and 60% of the $2,000 purse win, lose or draw. The deal fell through, eventually Edward Lasker appeared with a new challenge. Marshall - Ed Lasker US Championship (1923)

Jan-03-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: Dang: that $300 merely to sign was the equivalent of just about 4000 of today's quid.
Jan-03-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <Clearly one of the ACB reports must be incorrect.>

You've misread <PB>'s point. The April <ACB> report concerns the Manhattan CC championship, not this game.

Jan-03-19  Retireborn: <MissS> You're correct, of course. Winter's book/ACB July does attribute the game to the Manhattan Chess Club in 1911, but doesn't use the word championship, so yes there is not necessarily a contradiction, and the game may very well have been an offhand one.

Sorry about that. Getting too big for my boots, probably.

Jan-03-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: I'll see if I can find this game in the <BDE>.
Jan-03-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: <Retireborn> Don't beat yourself up too much. Turns out you were right about one of the reports from being wrong.

The report in the July 1911 ACB, pl. 165, states the game was played "...in the rooms of the Manhattan Chess Club earlier this year." Everybody has assumed from this statement that the game was played in1911.

But here's something from the "Broolyn Daily Eagle", August 28, 1909. Whitaker was in New York at the time, preparing to sail for Europe.

<"At the rooms of the Manhattan Chess Club, yesterday, Whitaker encountered Frank J. Marshall, the Brooklyn master, end the enthusiasts over the Bridge promptly arranged a game between them. ".It last four hours and proved to be one the most complicated specimens of chess play seen here recently...">

There follows the score of the game on this page. with addition of the move 43.Qe5+.

Jan-03-19  Retireborn: <Phony Benoni> Thanks for that. Must be very satisfying to find an actual date for the game!
Jan-03-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Nice find, but surprised this hadn't been spotted before given how well-mined the <BDE> has become.

Hilbert in <Shady Side> hypothesised the game was played about the time of Whitaker's participation in the New York State championship, which took place on February 22 1911.

<Winter does mention that Whitaker was a student at the University of Pennsylvania at the time, which is perhaps a long way to travel for a casual game.>

Hilbert asserts that Whitaker was no longer attending the university by the start of 1911, even though he continued to play for its chess team, at least until February.

Jan-03-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: <Hilbert in <Shady Side> hypothesised the game was played about the time of Whitaker's participation in the New York State championship, which took place on February 22 1911.>

That's can't be right, because Marshall was playing at San Sebastian (1911) at the time.

Another thought that occurred to me was they might have met when Whitaker was in New York for the annual Triangular League tournament (Penn, Cornell, Brown) from December 27-20, 1910. But Marshal ws touring out West and did not return to New York until January 12. (ACB, February 1911, p. 36).

Of course, if Hilbert is right and Whitaker was no longer attending classes at Penn, he could have been in New York at any time.

By the way, I hadn't been aware that Helms' column in the BDE had been discontinued from November, 1907 to March, 1911. (ACB, May 1911, p. 114). There are still brief reports (as of the the Marshall - Whitaker game), but no regular column.

Jan-03-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <I hadn't been aware that Helms' column in the BDE had been discontinued from November, 1907 to March, 1911.>

You mean you don't have every Chess Note committed to memory?

C.N. 4784

Jan-03-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <Another thought that occurred to me was they might have met when Whitaker was in New York for the annual Triangular League tournament (Penn, Cornell, Brown) from December 27-20, 1910>

And I wonder if they knew each other before this game at the Manhattan CC. The club had visited Philadelphia earlier in the year for the annual showdown with the Franklin CC: G Simonson vs N Whitaker, 1909

Alas, Marshall had his hands full back in New York: Capablanca - Marshall (1909)

Jan-03-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: Marshall was generally in Europe when the Franklin - Manhattan match was played on May 30. He didn't play in it at all between 1904 and 1910.

They had met at least once before in a simul:.

October 27, 1906
Mercantile Library, Philadelphia
Marshall score +14 -1 =5.
Whitaker drew.
(ACB 1906 p.240)

No score given in ACB, and I don't propose to search further. I wouldn't be surprised if there were other simuls, though.

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