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Paul Saladin Leonhardt vs Frank James Marshall
Marshall - Leonhardt (1911), Hamburg GER, rd 4, Jun-15
French Defense: Classical. Tarrasch Variation (C14)  ·  1-0


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Kibitzer's Corner
Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: How does White win?
Mar-01-08  psmith: <Calli> Good question! It seems that White wins by Black resigning -- the losing move.

According to Fritz 5.32 it's a draw after 49... ♔d7. The point is that 50. ♔b5 ♔d6 51. ♔xa5 ♔c5 52. h5 h6is stalemate. Another nice line is 50. h5 ♔e6 51. h6 ♔e5 =. You can't win by resigning, and you can't draw either.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni:

click for larger view

(After <44...Kd7>

Mieses, in his book <Instructive Positions from Master Play>, gives a different ending from this point:

<45.Ke5 Kc6> (45...Kc7 46.a5 and wins) <46.h5 a5 47.bxa5 Kc5 48.h6 Kb4 49.Kf6> 1-0

Mieses is not always strong on historical accuracy (for instance, his closing comment is "A pawn ending precisely played by Marshall"), but this is probably worth checking out. By the way, he says nothing about how to win after 45...Ke7, but I think 46.h5 might do the trick.

Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: Marshall was famous as a bitter-ender, and I suspect that a move has been missed out at the end.

click for larger view

The game score gives
49. b6+, which is a draw. Marshall has only one sensible move: 49...Kd7 and the draw is pretty clear.

However, if white had played
49. h5! then Black would probably have responded 49...h6.

click for larger view

50. b6+! is a total winner!

I wonder if it is possible that a move was missed out.

Jul-15-17  WorstPlayerEver: Interesting. Marshall said Leonhardt was a player with fine ideas but Leonhardt blundered too often.

Source: Marshall's best games of chess.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: "American Chess Bulletin", August 1911, p. 183 has the same finish as Mieses. And I have a reference to Casopis Ceskych Sachistu/1911, p.103 which agree with them as well.
Jan-04-19  Telemus: <Phony Benoni: 45.Ke5 Kc6 46.h5 a5 47.bxa5 Kc5 48.h6 Kb4 49.Kf6 1-0>

These are also the moves published in the evening issue of "Hamburgischer Correspondent", 22 June 1911.

BTW, the game was played on 15 June 1911.

Jan-04-19  Retireborn: A very interesting game. I can only find one other example of Marshall playing this kind of French (against Lasker he played the McCutcheon) and it's surprising to see him go for an early exchange of queens; perhaps he had seen this game and wanted to avoid anything similar:-

Leonhardt vs Spielmann, 1910

Possibly 20...Nc6 or 23...a5 24.a4 Ba6 would be enough for equality. By move 31 Black is already in trouble, and the pawn ending (at least in <PB>'s corrected version) is always won for White, although Houdini thinks that 37.a4 or 38.g3 would have won more quickly.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: <Telemus> Thanks for the information. According to ACB, the seven-game series between these players began on June 12. Since game 4 was on June 15, that would imply that games 2 and 3 were played on June 13 and June 14.
Jan-04-19  Telemus: <Phony Benoni> That's right, I assume. The same chess column presented the round 2 game (Leonhardt vs Marshall, 1911) dated 13 June 1911.

However, the seventh and last game (Marshall vs Leonhardt, 1911) was played on Monday, 19 June 1911. So, they had one free day.

Another information given there: the winner recieved 200 M, the loser 100 M.

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<This page contains Editor Notes. Click here to read them.>

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Pawn endgame with White King in dominant position
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