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Jose Raul Capablanca vs Efim Bogoljubov
Moscow (1925), Moscow URS, rd 19, Dec-05
Queen's Gambit Accepted: Rosenthal Variation (D21)  ·  1-0


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Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 1 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Sep-13-03  tud: Nice one. In 1925 Moscow and 1924 NewYork, Capa wakes up just to win against the 1st place, Lasker, and this time Bogoljubov. However he manages to loose against Verlinski (??), Hotimirski (?) and Reti (hmmm), good theoreticians but far from the force of a supergreatmaster. These are Capa's "mysteries".
Sep-13-03  ughaibu: At move 26 it looks like Capablanca was happy with a draw and Bogolubow was going for a win. Hotimirski=Dus Chotimirsky?
Dec-23-03  Lawrence: At move 26 Junior 8 finds 26.....Nc5, 26.....Rg7, and 26.....Kh6, all stronger than what Bogo played. And he should have played 27.....hxg6.
Dec-23-03  Resignation Trap: It wasn't Duz-Khotimirsky, but the other hyphenated Russian, Ilyin-Zhenevsky who defeated Capablanca in the tournament of Moscow, 1925.

Here's that game:

Capablanca vs Ilyin-Zhenevsky, 1925

Capablanca has a terrific bind around Black's King after move 23, and he probably missed a win somewhere.

Dec-23-03  Lawrence: R.T., in the game you mention the position appears to be of the kind that computers excel at and my friend of the silicon persuasion finds nothing.
Dec-24-03  Lawrence: Junior 8 gives +1.17 to Capa's 13.Qb3 but +2.01 (a considerable difference!) to 13.Qg4 yet Kasparov does not mention this possible move in O.M.G.P. vol. 1. Is there a hidden fault in 13.Qg4?

Isn't it discouraging to us mere mortals that all those moves marked by Gazza with an exclamation mark are found by the computer in about a tenth of a second! All, that is, except 9.Bxe6! My silicon friend finds that move mind boggling (but who wouldn't?).

Premium Chessgames Member
  Chessical: <Lawrence> 13.Qg4 seems strong with the threat to g7 and of Nd5. I cannot see a way of preventing Black's K being chased across the board under a hail of checks. Perhaps Capablanca did not want to calculate all the variations after the Black K takes the Ne6?
Dec-24-03  CapablancaRules: Lawrence, what do you mean with +1.17 and +2.01?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Chessical: <CapablancaRules> These are the program's evaluations of the position in terms of pawns; a negative score showing a disadvantageous position for the player.
Dec-25-03  Lawrence: Chessical, if I may rephrase your explanation I'd say "A positive score shows an advantageous position for White, a negative score shows an advantageous position for Black."

CapaRules, if you haven't got Fritz, Shredder, Junior, Hiarcs etc. I'd earnestly suggest you get one. Just a few days ago I learned how to load chessgames into the computer--I had been laboriously copying them out by hand and putting them in!!--and it's so quick, and so fabulous to have every move analyzed at GM level, that now I just automatically load every game I study into Junior.

May-20-04  mtatewaki: 16.g4? is a mistake, 16.Qf7 was winning, for example: 16...g6 17.g4 qe3 18.kg2 gf5 19.g5 kg5 20.qg7 kf4 21.rf1 ke5 22.qe7 kd4 23.rd1 kc4 24.qe6 kc5 25.b4 kb4 26.qb3 kc5 27.qb5 mate.
Sep-17-04  Sergey Sorokhtin: Look new Kasparov's very detailed correktion this game!

Jul-01-05  DWINS: From "Combinations:The Heart of Chess" by Irving Chernev.

"Rarely did Capablanca miss the quickest way to win, no matter how complicated the position. At the conclusion of his game with Bogolyubov, Capablanca pointed out this magnificent combination which could have ended their exciting struggle in a blaze of glory:

26.Rh3+ Kg4 27.Kg2! Nxe4

The alternative is 27...Nc5 28.Nh6+ Rxh6 29.Rxh6 Ncxe4 30.Nxe4 Nxe4 31.h3+ Kf5 32.Rd5#

28.Rd5! Nxc3 29.Rh4+! gxh4 30.Nh6+! Rxh6 31.h3#! 1-0

Sep-26-05  CapablancaFan: Here's an interesting game by Capablanca. In this game Bogoljubov dosen't even get to complete his opening before Capa has already sacraficed a piece by move 9! Bogo's King is suddendly flushed out in the open complications arise and as usual Capa's straight no-nonsense play cuts through the gridlock and Bogo soon turns down his King. Further proof that even in the opening mundane positions you could'nt take Capa lightly!
Dec-14-05  DeepBlade: Remarkable
Move 10: Capa sacs his Bishop, to recapture with his Knight, and attacking the Queen (developing while attacking something rule). Capa plants the Shotgun type (its moving pattern) Knight in Blacks camp.

Move 11: Capa waits for Black to take his Bishop so he can recapture with his pawn in front of his Rook, thus activating it on the semi-open f file.

Move 17: Exhanges the Queens, disables mate prevention by Queen, also nice timing, so the lesser pieces may reign.

Move 19: Capa has enough of this, with snowball effect (first a little snowflake sliding of the mountain, until its to big to be stopped) he pulls of his mating combination.

Dec-21-05  Norman Glaides: Edward Winter has just put up a lengthy article on this game here:
Aug-09-06  Gouki: why didnt Bogoljubov take the knight after, 18.Rd1 gxf4?

Premium Chessgames Member
  InspiredByMorphy: <Gouki> 18. ...gxf4 19.g5+ Kg6 20.gxf6 fxe3 21.Nd5 appears to give white a positional advantage.

click for larger view

White threatens 22.Ne7+ Kf7 23. Nxc8 Raxc8 24.Rxd7+ and if black plays 21. ...Nc5 then 22.Ne7+ Kf7 23.Nxc8 Raxc8 24.Rad6

Aug-09-06  Boomie: <Gouki> Bogo was in time trouble. Taking the knight or Ra5 are winning moves for black.
Aug-09-06  Boomie: <Gouki and Inspired> To expand on my last post:

18...gxf4 19. g5+ Kg6 20. gxf6 fxe3 21. f7

(21. Nd5 Kf7 22. Rg5 e2 23. Re1 Nxf6)

21...Kg7 22. Nd5 e2 23. Re1 Nc5 24. Rf3 Rxa2 25. Rxe2 Ra1+ 26. Kg2 Be6 27. Ref2 Rf8

18...Ra5 19. Nfd5 Nxg4 20. h3 Nge5 21. Ne7 Kg7

In either case white's attack peters out.

Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: <Alekhine: ‘Incomprehensible! By simply taking the knight Black would have obtained at least a draw. For example: 18...gxf4 19 g5+ Kg7 20 gxf6+ Nxf6 21 Rg5+ Kf7 22 exf4 h6 23 Rg3 Nh5.’>

The Winter article linked above gives side by side notes.

Boboljubov won Moscow 1925, but his result would have been immeasurably more sensational had he won this game.

May-18-07  BadTemper: This game definitely deserves more kibitzing. Please refer to the above mentioned Winter article re 20 annotations of this game.
May-05-08  CharlesSullivan: To make a long story short, Kasparov (and everybody else) concludes that Capablanca missed a win at move sixteen (16.Qf7!), after which Bogoljubov had a winning game until missing 18...Ra5! Was Capa's 16th move so awful that he went from won to lost? Kasparov must think so, because he awarded White's 17th and 18th moves exclamation points! However, 17.Qxb6 is actually an error--the correct move to draw is 17.Qf7! Rf8! and now 18.Qe7! (which seems to have gone unnoticed) draws. Black's obvious attempt to win is 18...Qxe3+ 19.Kh1 gxf4 (if 19...Qf3+ then 20.Ng2 Qxg4 21.Ne3 and White now has the edge), but White plays 20.Rg1! and the threat of 21.g5+ is so horrific that Black, two pieces ahead, must take the draw: 20...Qf3+ 21.Rg2 Qf1+ 22.Rg1 Qf3+ and perpetual check! By the way, 18.Qe7 can now be found at the very end of the Edward Winter article at
Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: My favorite line is Capablanca's analysis of 26 Rh3+ Kg4 27 Kg2! Nxe4 28 Rd5 Nxc3

click for larger view

and now 29 Rh4!+ gxh4 30 Nh6!+ Rxh6 31 h3 mate Beautiful

Feb-20-09  jsteward: Why not 26.Rh3# Kg4 27.h3 mate!
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