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Lasker / Chigorin / Marshall / Teichmann vs Janowski / Marco / Schlechter / Lawrence
"Cage Fight" (game of the day Oct-07-2015)
Atlantic (en-route to Cambridge Springs) (1904), Atlantic (SS Pretoria en-route to America), Apr-13
King's Gambit: Accepted. Kieseritsky Gambit Rice Gambit (C39)  ·  1-0
ANALYSIS [x]

FEN COPIED

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Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Oct-19-03  drukenknight: the default browser: MyChess has comments in the comment box beneath underneath the board. (For benefit of those who are confused. )
Oct-19-03  MoonlitKnight: It reads "-Black has a decisive advantage (-+)" on white's 24th move. I think that's something a computer has printed out based on some shallow analysis.
Oct-20-03
Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: Maybe 18...Qh2+ 19.Kf1 Qh1+ 20.Qg1 Qh4 could keep the balance.
Oct-20-03  DWINS: Black has a win with the stunning 18...Rd5!! (Found by Junior6)

The Rook is immune because of
19.Bxd5 Qh2+ 20.Kf1 Bd3+
21.Re2 Qh1+ 22.Qg1 Bxe2+

Junior6 gives the best line as:
19.Nd2 Qh2+ 20.Kf1 c5!! (Cutting of the Queen. This is the point of 19...Rd5) 21.Nf3 Qh1+ 22.Ng1 f3 and White is dead.

It's very late where I live but if I have a chance tomorrow I will subject the whole game to computer analysis. It's likely that there are other wins to be found.

Oct-20-03  ughaibu: DWINS: Very nice, thanks for posting that. After c5 the king can hide from checks at b8, great.
Oct-20-03
Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: 18...Rd5 seems to be a right solution.
Nov-30-03  CambridgeSprings1904: In case it is not clear from the Java viewer, Black in this game was the team of Janowski, Marco, Schlechter and Lawrence. Reportedly, this game was played over the course of three days. The opening variation is the Rice Gambit, which was the pet line of a benefactor named Isaac L. Rice. He was the principal financial sponsor for the famous Cambridge Springs 1904 tournament. To learn more, do a Google search on "Rice Gambit".
Sep-11-04  Swindler: <DWINS>Did you know that your analysis is refered to in an issue of the Swedish chess magazine "Tidskrift för schack"? They give you credit and refer to this site.
Sep-11-04
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: The main reason I think this is one of the greatest games ever is that it is the only one where the game heading actually spills over onto the board... Do you see it? At h8.

That rook must be REALLY annoyed!
It's like his house has been graffitied!

Dec-03-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  Pawn and Two: As noted by CambridgeSprings1904, this was a consultation game by 8 masters, Lasker, Chigorin, Marshall & Teichmann vs Schlechter, Janowski, Lawrence & Marco. The game was played aboard the Hamburg-American Liner "Pretoria", enroute to the 1904 Cambridge Springs tournament.

In the Rice Gambit, MCO 10 shows 10...Nh5 11.d4 Nd7 to be the main line, tending to favor Black.

Fritz 9 indicates that Black gave up most of his advantage with 10...Bf5.

Instead of 10...Bf5 or 10...Nh5, Fritz suggested 10...f3 11.d4 Ne4 12.Rxe4 Bh2+ 13.Kxh2 Qxe4 as better for Black.

In the main MCO line, Fritz suggested 10...Nh5 11.d4 0-0, and after 12.Rxe5 Qxh4 13.Rxh5 Qxh4 14.Bxf4 c6 15.dxc6 Nxc6, Black has some advantage.

Instead of 12.dxe5, Fritz indicates 12.Bxf4 as best and White then has only a minimal disadvantage.

At move 17, Black could have clinched the win with 17...Ng3 18.Qxf4 Be4 19.Qh6 Ne2+ 20.Bxe2 Qxe1.

As pointed out by DWINS, Black also has a win at move 18 with 18...Rd5! 19.Nd2 Qh2+ 20.Kf1 c5 21.Nf3 Qh1+ 22.Ng1 f3, and Black wins. Black could also play 18...Qh2+ first and then 19...Rd5 winning.

At move 19, Black could play for a draw with 19...Qh2+ 20.Kf1 Qh1+ 21.Qg1 Qh4 22.Qa7 Qh1+. If in this line White plays 21.Nf3, then 21...Rxf3! 22.gxf3 b5! and Black has the advantage.

Al Horowitz once suggested that Black could win by playing 19...Qh2+ 20.Kf1 Re3. If now, 21.Rxe3 fxe3 22.Qxe3? Rd8! and Black has considerable advantage. Fritz evaluates this position as (-2.25) (18 ply) and gives the following continuation: 23.b3 Kb8 24.Ba3 Bh3! 25.Bc5 Qxg2+ or in another continuation, (-2.10) (18 ply) 23.Ke1 Qxg2 24.Qf3 Re8+ 25.Kd1 Qxf3+. However, White can obtain a draw in this line by: 19...Qh2+ 20 Kf1 Re3 21.Rxe3 fxe3 22.Qa8+ Kd7 23.Qxh8 Qh1+.

Black's 36th move is a serious mistake, but even after 36...Nf4 37.Rf1 Qxe2+ 38.Qxe2 Nxe2 39.Kxe2, White will win the ending.

Mar-10-09  WhiteRook48: what a long name!
Nov-19-13  GumboGambit: What a wild game. Maybe since this was a consultation game, they just threw caution to the wind.
Mar-11-14  vktj: This game plays a variation called the "Rice Gambit", named after one Isaac Rice, who was a wealthy patron of chess tournaments -- for example, he financed the legendary 1904 Cambridge Springs tournament.

Rice created a line of the Kieseritzky Gambit (sub-tree of the King's Gambit) called the Rice Gambit, characterized by 8. O-O (sacrificing a piece). The reason why these strong players are playing this opening (and why there are so many games with this particular sequence of moves in the early 20th century) is because Rice paid them good money (In total, some $50,000, which is over a million dollars when adjusted for inflation) to do so.

The definitive book on the Rice Gambit is "Twenty Years of the Rice Gambit", written just after Isaac Rice passed away.

The line "Pawn and Two" notes above (10... f3) is called the "Simonson's Defense" in that book; it appears that 13. ... Qxe4 was not studied back then, but a pair of masters (Georg Marco and Adolf Zinkl) studied 13. ... g3+ 14. Kxg3 Qxe4. This line appears to favor black.

The most popular line of Rice's Gambit became 10. ... Nh5; this is called "Jasnogrodsky's Defense" and appears to be black's best move; Rice called upon Lasker, Capablanca, and other masters to try and find a good white response to this move. After Rice passed away, Capablanca and Lasker analyzed Jasnogrodsky's defense and concluded it was a draw: 11. d4 Nd7 12. dxe5 Nxe5 13. b3 O-O 14. Ba3 Nf3 15. gxf3 Qxh4 (Rice knew this line), followed by 16 Re5 Bf5 17. Nd2 Qg3 18. Kf1 Qh2 19. Bxf8 g3 20. Bc5 g2 21. Ke1 Qh4 22. Ke2 Ng3 23. Kf2 Ne4 24. Kxg2 Bh3 25. Kh1 Bf5 26. Kg1 Qg3 27. Kh1 Qh3

Mar-11-14  vktj: Another note: The line of Jasnogrodsky's Defense that Fritz appears to like (10... Nh5 11. d4 O-O 12. Rxe5 Qxh4 13. Rxh5 Qxh5) is called the "Monte Carlo Variation" and appears to favor White.
Apr-23-14  GumboGambit: To add: that variation is named after the 1904 Monte Carlo tournament, where the line was played frequently. This game was played right after that event en route to Cambridge Springs.

Monte Carlo (1904)

Nov-27-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: This consultation game was played aboard the S.S. Pretoria, enroute to the 1904 Cambridge Springs tournament.

It was played on April 13,14 & 15, 1904.

Oct-07-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: Good old Lawrence.
Oct-07-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: Imagine what fun Anderssen would have had with the Rice Gambit...
Oct-07-15  SeanAzarin: This game makes the Rice Gambit look good indeed.
Oct-07-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: Fun game!
Oct-07-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: The Elo of white was 10,875.
Oct-07-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  kevin86: Must have been a very large ship!
Oct-07-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: Marshall went on to score 4 wins and 3 draws against the 7 others at Cambridge Springs, finishing first.

"Thanks for the lesson Dr Lasker!"

Oct-07-15  The Unprocrastinator: Such extremely sharp play could be only properly calculated out by 4 different people, lol, but white won XD
Oct-08-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: JANOWSKI: "We're going to need a bigger boat."
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