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Paul Morphy vs Jules Arnous de Riviere
Paris (1863)
Italian Game: Evans Gambit. Morphy Attack (C51)  ·  1-0


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Kibitzer's Corner
Premium Chessgames Member
  InspiredByMorphy: Morphy's 10.Bb5 is tricky. Strangely enough blacks best reply seems to be 10. ...Bd7 . The text move allowed a viscous attack against the king.
Feb-15-05  Saruman: <37.h4+> is a very clever move as it gives black a chance to blunder.

<37.h4+> ♔g4 38.♗f3+! ♕xf3(-♔h5 ♗f3+ ♕xf3 ♕g5# or ♗f3+ ♔h4 ♕xf4#) 39.♕g5#.

Oct-14-05  Corwin: yes, but 33. Bxd5 clinch it with the same point 6 moves before
Jul-02-06  Helios727: Hard to believe Morphy would miss that 33.Bxd5 move of yours.
Premium Chessgames Member
  MrMelad: <Helios727: Hard to believe Morphy would miss that 33.Bxd5 move of yours.> But it does "clinch" it.. 33. Bxd5 wins the lady. I have no idea why he didn't play it, maybe he thought he had a mate or he was more interested in attacking the king (allways better). Or maybe this is a corrupt game and maybe (just maybe) we all miss a mating pattern (most likely).

As I see it (and it's pretty late here) the queen is gone (after 41 ..Ke6 42 Re8+) and thats the point of our friend from the past <Corwin> because she could of been taken after 33. Bxd5. with less materil loss.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MrMelad: I remember reading that Morphy didn't play games without odds after 1858, But I could be wrong..

<> is this a corrupt game by any chance (sorry for the bother if it's not)?

Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: <33. Bxd5> P.W. Sergeant made the same comment in his book on Morphy. That was 90 years ago. If there is a mistake in the score, it happened before 1915. My guess is that Riviere moved 30...Qf4 or Qh4, but where was this game was originally published?

Morphy did play his friend Riviere on even terms in 1863.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MrMelad: <Calli: My guess is that Riviere moved 30...Qf4> Yes, it seems logical because it still blocks most of the white knight's path. In anycase, white has a big advantage before that.(Rook for knight, more developed pieces, safer king and some other threats).
Jul-03-06  RookFile: I had the sense in playing over this game that Morphy was a little off his form here - the absence of 33. Bxd5 confirms this. However, even a Morphy in second gear was more than enough to win this.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: <"Morphy's ninth is significant. he develops simply. It is like an orderly and irresistible tide. It advance and penetrates--floods.

"And it is casual chess!"> -- William Ewart Napier

One of the great theoretical disputes in the 19th century concerned White's 9th move in the Evans Gambit: 9.d5 or 9.Nc3? Anderssen preferred the former, Morphy the latter, but that didn't settle the question.

Re: 35.Bxd5+:

click for larger view

Morphy was not infalliable, of course, but I would consider a score error more likely than him missing this move. Or, for that matter, De Riviere falling into it.

In the position after <29...Qa4>:

click for larger view

Neither 30.Rbd1 nor 30...Qe4 are the best moves. If <30.Ra1> is substituted instead, the rest of the game runs much more smoothly and the final combination still works.

Napier comments that the score was supplied by De Riviere, so it might well have been in algebraic and mistaking "d" for "a" would be possible. Something for our Morphy Pros to check into.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: Phony is correct! 30.Ra1 is the move. See

Correction sent.

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