Members · Prefs · Laboratory · Collections · Openings · Endgames · Sacrifices · History · Search Kibitzing · Kibitzer's Café · Chessforums · Tournament Index · Players · Kibitzing

Thomas Wilson Barnes vs Paul Morphy
"Barnes Storming" (game of the day Aug-20-2009)
Casual Game (1858), London ENG
Philidor Defense: Philidor Countergambit (C41)  ·  0-1


Click Here to play Guess-the-Move
Given 52 times; par: 35 [what's this?]

explore this opening
find similar games 9 more T W Barnes/Morphy games
sac: 9...Qf5 PGN: download | view | print Help: general | java-troubleshooting

TIP: To flip the board (so black is on the bottom) press the "I" key on your keyboard.

PGN Viewer:  What is this?
For help with this chess viewer, please see the Olga Chess Viewer Quickstart Guide.

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Feb-16-08  notyetagm: Black to play: 15 ... ?

click for larger view

15 ... ♗c8xe6! 16 ♗c4x♗e6? ♘b4-d3+!!

click for larger view

This is a genius combination by Morphy.

Morphy saw that 15 ... ♗c8xe6! 16 ♗c4x♗e6? <DEFLECTS> the White c4-bishop from the defense of the d3-square.

Well, doesn't the White c2-pawn <DEFEND> the d3-square, keeping the Black b4-knight out? NO! That is what Morphy saw.

After 16 ... ♘b4-d3+!!,

click for larger view

the White c2-pawn cannot <DEFEND> the d3-square because this pawn is needed (<OBLIGATION RESTRICTS MOBILITY!>) to advance to c3 in order to meet the threat of ... ♗c5-b4+ by <BLOCKING> the line a5-e1 to the <STALEMATED> White e1-king.

That is, 16 ... ♘b4-d3+!! 17 c2xd3?? ♗c5-b4+ 18 ♕d1-d2 ♕g2x♕d2#, shown below.

click for larger view

What a tactical genius Morphy was!

Premium Chessgames Member
  mjmorri: This game was one of the two games featured in the chess article in the Encyclopaedia Britannic (9th edition 1878-1888). The other was Anderssen's Immortal Game. Anderssen vs Kieseritzky, 1851

My great-grandfather had a copy of this marvelous encyclopaedia, which was passed down to my father. When I first became interested in chess, that article was one of the first I read on the subject. I remember being amazed by all the sacrifices.

Aug-20-09  MohdSalah: Morphy is weired! although he is very strong player but he someimes makes silly mistakes!
Aug-20-09  Autoreparaturwerkbau: <MohdSalah> Morphy is dead for a century-or-so, btw ;)
Premium Chessgames Member
  kevin86: His body is dead-his spirit lives forever.Another Morphy great!
Aug-20-09  xqdashi: mohdsalah can you please explain your assertion that Morphy is "weird" and makes "silly mistakes"???? Can you give an example?
Aug-20-09  The Lone Banana: Calli: <First book of morphy also has 11..Qg2>

Qxg2 in such a situation is a natural move to make as soon as your opponent allows it. Pawn grabbing is not the point, but rather (a.) aggressive posting of your queen (b.) loss of a tempo by your opponent moving the rook (c.) to an unimpressive posting and (d.) forever destroying the prospects of a castle to that side.

HOWEVER, in the game as listed here, I have to ask: why was the black queen *still* able to capture the g2 pawn on move 12? I can understand capturing the rook and letting the black queen onto the g file on move 10, and removing the B from its post guarding the g2 pawn on move 11 (the d6 pawn and the knight's route of retreat intuitively seem more important). However, IF a black player did not pounce at once on the g2 pawn, why should anyone with the white pieces develop the QN on move 12?

Isn't 0-0 the best developing move?

Aug-20-09  slapshots101: i feel like 10. Nxh8 is wrong, maybe Bh4 is better? here is a possible line 10. bh4 bxe6 11. nxh8 nc6 12. c3 d3 13. nd2 nf6. and this seems a more winnable game for white.
Aug-20-09  AnalyzeThis: This whole gambit is very complex. I rememeber one time I let Fritz 10 run on it for 10 hours, it still didn't understand some of the stuff that I've seen written in books about this.
Aug-20-09  shakespeare: It seems that this opening is perfect for really wild games G Salmon vs D Szabo, 1858
Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: <LoneB> on 12. 0-0 Ne5 is too powerful. 12.Nf7 is to stop Ne5.
Aug-20-09  WhiteRook48: 23...Qxf1!!!
Aug-20-09  The Lone Banana: <Calli---12. 0-0 Ne5 is too powerful. 12.Nf7 is to stop Ne5.>

Oops! I totally missed that line. Thank you.

However, it couldn't be much worse than the text. In fact, I think I would prefer

13.Nf7 as a *reply after*

12... Ne5 as opposed to

12.Nf7 to *prevent* it.

After 12. 0-0 Ne5, 13. Nf7, black would still threaten

13... NxB

13... Nf6+

and 13... NxN

but the white threat of 14.NxQ puts the kibosh on most attacks and forces a loss of tempo to defend.

13... NxNf7
14.f7+ K moves
14.pxNb8(Q) [+] wins at once

13... NxBc4

13... Nc6+
14. QxNc6 c6
15. NxQg5

Aug-20-09  Gambit All: I'd never viewed this game before. Every time you play through a good Morphy game for the first time - full of surprising, jaw dropping moves conjured up in the face of material deficits in wild positions - it's like reading a good ghost story for the first time when you hadn't thought you could still be scared; or, discovering a good old movie you'd never seen made by a director or starring an actor you'd loved.
Aug-31-09  mandy64: The Philidor countergambit is weak.
The correct reply is 4.Bc4 and white has a better game.
Aug-31-09  shach matov: To see moves like 15 ... Bc8xe6! one really does need to have a special chess brain like Morphy's.
Mar-21-11  jbtigerwolf: notyetagm, thanks for the informative commentary, but you do not need to put the starting square in your notation. It is really irritating to read: 16 ... Nb4-d3+!! 17 c2xd3?? Bc5-b4+ 18 Qd1-d2 Qg2xQd2# You could make it readable to us players as we do our notation in the clubs (and at home!) like this: 16...Nxd3+ 17.cxd3 Bb4+ 18.Qd2 Qxd2#
Much easier to read.
A player would resign after Black's 16th or 17th move.
Oct-10-11  Llawdogg: Wow! 15 ... Bxe6!
Apr-11-14  yureesystem: Morphy is really amazing, some player said Morphy is 2300 FIDE, I would say at least 2600 FIDE and that is low, maybe 2700 level.
Sep-11-16  oxxo: 10. Bc4 rather than Nxf8 would have worked much better for white.
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: A PGN with Source and Annotations (care of Lowenthal), plus a few asides from Stockfish:


[Event "casual"]
[Site "London ENG"]
[Date "1858.??.??"]
[Round "-"]
[White "Barnes, Thomas W."]
[Black "Morphy, Paul"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "C41"]
[EventDate "1858.??.??"]
[Annotator "Lowenthal, Johann"]
[Source "Morphy's Games (1860), Book IV, G6, p303"]

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 f5 4.dxe5 fxe4 5.Ng5 d5 6.e6 Bc5 7.Nf7
{(a) As we have stated previously, Nxe4 is here the correct move.}
7...Qf6 8.Be3 d4
{(b) This gives Black a fine attack [ed- suspect]}
9.Bg5 Qf5 10.Nxh8
{[? - 10.Bc4, sharp, keeps the advantage]}
( 10.Bc4 h6 11.g4 Qh7 12.Bh4 ) 10...Qxg5 11.Bc4 Nc6 12.Nf7
{[? - 12.O-O is probably best]}
12...Qxg2 13.Rf1 Nf6 14.f3
{(c) Highly objectionable, exposing him unnecessarily to an assault of formible nature. [? - 14.Qd2 or 14.Nd2 are both better]}
{(d) The promptitude with which Mr. Morphy takes advantage of his opponent's error is well worth notice.}
{(e) The only move avert the threatened danger.}
( 15.Qe2 exf3 16.Qxg2 fxg2 17.Rg1 Nxc2+ ) 15...Bxe6
{(f) This is all very instructive.}
16.Bxe6 $201
{(g) Mr. Barnes did not give sufficient attention to the position, or he must have observed how greatly this move compromises his game. The diagram shows the position (top p304).}
( 16.Qe2 Qxe2+ 17.Kxe2 d3+ 18.cxd3 exd3+ 19.Kd2 Kxf7 ) 16...Nd3+ 17.Qxd3
{(h) White was compelled to sacrifice the Queen; for if instead he had captured N with P, he would have been mated in two moves.}
( 17.cxd3 Bb4+ 18.Qd2 Qxd2# ) 17...exd3 18.O-O-O Bxa3 19.Bb3 d2+
{(i) These moves are all in the best style. [ed- not necessarily true, 19...dxc2 is probably slightly stronger]}
( 19...dxc2 20.Rfe1+ Kf8 21.Bxc2 ( 21.Rd3 Bb4 22.Re5 Bd6 23.Nxd6 Qg1+ 24.Kxc2 Qxh2+ 25.Rd2 Qxe5 ) 21...Kxf7 ) 20.Kb1
{(k) It is clear that he could not take the Pawn without incurring the loss of his two rooks.}
20...Bc5 21.Ne5 Kf8 22.Nd3 Re8 23.Nxc5 ( 23.Rf2 Re1 24.Rxd2 Rxd1+ 25.Rxd1 Qxf3 ) 23...Qxf1 24.Ne6+ Rxe6



Sure would be nice to have verbatim mode.

($201 is NAG for D = diagram)

Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: What some call barn storming, others call promptitude!
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <There is no book that has the error, AFAIK. It is only a internet phenomenon. The earliest publication of the game is Chess Monthly Sept 1858, vol3 p.267 which also has 11...Nc6. Morphy himself was an editor of the publication.>

The <ILN> of August 21st 1858, p.181, has <11...Nc6>. Even Staunton was moved to grant that <15...Bxe6> was <highly ingenious>. He terminated the game with <23...Qxf1>.

Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Gheesh <MissS> - show your sources...

T W Barnes vs Morphy, 1858 (kibitz #16)

When quoting Calli, at least say so, damn it!

Aug-29-18  jabinjikanza: So exiting.good end game
search thread:   
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
NOTE: You need to pick a username and password to post a reply. Getting your account takes less than a minute, is totally anonymous, and 100% free—plus, it entitles you to features otherwise unavailable. Pick your username now and join the chessgames community!
If you already have an account, you should login now.
Please observe our posting guidelines:
  1. No obscene, racist, sexist, profane, raunchy, or disgusting language.
  2. No spamming, advertising, duplicate or nonsense posts.
  3. No malicious personal attacks, including cyber stalking, systematic antagonism, or gratuitous name-calling of any member Iincludinfgall Admin and Owners or any of their family, friends, associates, or business interests. If you think someone is an idiot, then provide evidence that their reasoning is invalid and/or idiotic, instead of just calling them an idiot. It's a subtle but important distinction, even in political discussions.
  4. Nothing in violation of United States law.
  5. No malicious posting of or linking to personal, private, and/or negative information (aka "doxing" or "doxxing") about any member, (including all Admin and Owners) or any of their family, friends, associates, or business interests. This includes all media: text, images, video, audio, or otherwise. Such actions will result in severe sanctions for any violators.
  6. NO TROLLING. Admin and Owners know it when they see it, and sanctions for any trolls will be significant.
  7. Any off-topic posts which distract from the primary topic of discussion are subject to removal.
  8. The use of "sock puppet" accounts to circumvent disciplinary action taken by Moderators is expressly prohibited.
  9. The use of "sock puppet" accounts in an attempt to undermine any side of a debate—or to create a false impression of consensus or support—is prohibited.
  10. All decisions with respect to deleting posts, and any subsequent discipline, are final, and occur at the sole discretion of the Moderators, Admin, and Owners.
  11. Please try to maintain a semblance of civility at all times.
Blow the Whistle See something that violates our rules? Blow the whistle and inform a Moderator.

NOTE: Keep all discussion on the topic of this page. This forum is for this specific game and nothing else. If you want to discuss chess in general, or this site, visit the Kibitzer's Café.

Messages posted by Chessgames members do not necessarily represent the views of, its employees, or sponsors. All Moderator actions taken are at the sole discretion of the Admin and Owners—who will strive to act fairly and consistently at all times.
Spot an error? Please submit a correction slip and help us eliminate database mistakes!
<This page contains Editor Notes. Click here to read them.>
This game is type: CLASSICAL (Disagree? Please submit a correction slip.)

Featured in the Following Game Collections[what is this?]
Game 26
from Guinness Book - Chess Grandmasters (Hartston) by Qindarka
Game 29
from Chess Secrets - Power Play (McDonald) by Qindarka
game 12
from GM RAM Game Selection by takking
king's gambit
by georgedai
16 ... Nb4-d3+!! vacates b4-square, a5-e1 for 17 ... Nc5-b4+
from Clearance by notyetagm
Chess Monthly Sept 1858, vol3 p.267 which also has 11...Nc6.
from yFTB Decoys to, Deflections from, Remove Guard by fredthebear
lis great games
by gmlisowitz
a great finish with Q-sac and all
from Morphy's masterpieces by kevin86
Illustrated London News, 1858.08.21, p.181
from Morphy - Barnes series by MissScarlett
game 12
from GM RAM Game Selection by RookHook
GM RAM games
by kirschbaum
Nick's Favorite Games
by nd792001
14 f2-f3? f2-pawn pinned to d2-,e2-flight squares by g2-queen
pink gorilla's favorite games
by pink gorilla
game 12
from GM RAM Game Selection by redlance
Barnes Storming
from Chessmen's favorite games by Chessmen
by hstevens129
Chess Monthly Sept 1858, vol3 p.267 which also has 11...Nc6.
from Pick & Ch(l)oose Patch o' Berries fo Fredthebear by fredthebear
philidor defense
from benjobench's study game's by benjobench

home | about | login | logout | F.A.Q. | your profile | preferences | Premium Membership | Kibitzer's Café | Biographer's Bistro | new kibitzing | chessforums | Tournament Index | Player Directory | Notable Games | World Chess Championships | Opening Explorer | Guess the Move | Game Collections | ChessBookie Game | Chessgames Challenge | Store | privacy notice | contact us
Copyright 2001-2019, Chessgames Services LLC