Members · Prefs · Laboratory · Collections · Openings · Endgames · Sacrifices · History · Search Kibitzing · Kibitzer's Café · Chessforums · Tournament Index · Players · Kibitzing

There are 2 clues unsolved right now on the Holiday Contest Clues Page!   [Official Contest Rules]
(If you register a free account you won't see all these ads!)
Theodore Lichtenhein vs Paul Morphy
1st American Chess Congress (1857), New York, NY USA, rd 3, Oct-27
Dutch Defense: Raphael Variation (A80)  ·  0-1


Click Here to play Guess-the-Move
Given 80 times; par: 70 [what's this?]

explore this opening
find similar games 11 more T Lichtenhein/Morphy games
sac: 32...Bxb3+ PGN: download | view | print Help: general | java-troubleshooting

TIP: To see the raw PGN for this game, click on the PGN: view link above.

PGN Viewer:  What is this?
For help with this chess viewer, please see the Olga Chess Viewer Quickstart Guide.

Kibitzer's Corner
Premium Chessgames Member
  InspiredByMorphy: Interesting endgame. Morphy gives up his bishop for two pawns and leaves white (although a piece up) with a hopeless position.
Feb-19-05  RookFile: I don't get it. Are you sure that
black, Paul Morphy, didn't resign
here? White plans Kc3, Nd4, Nxe6.
Feb-19-05  aw1988: You know, I think RookFile has a point.
Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: This is not the complete score. Sergeant writes "Black eventually won, though there is no further score of the game. The advance of the Q side pawns must decide the issue, enabling Black to turn the hostile centre."

<rookfile> gives a natural plan Kc3 and Nd4 for White, pressuring e6. What is Black's winning sequence?

Feb-19-05  RookFile: It seems tricky.... how would it
go? Something like 34... b5
35. Kc3!? with this Nd4 and Nxe6
Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: <Rookfile> That's it. Morphy had to have played 34...b5 and either gotten two connected pawns or if 35 Kc3 bxc4 36 Nd4 Kd5 and Black is winning.
Feb-19-05  RookFile: I think you're right. 34.... b5
35. Kc3 bxc4 (!!) 36. Nd4 Kd5
37. Nf3 c5! 37. Nd2 and it seems
like black is too fast in eating
white's kingside pawns before white
eats black's queen side pawns.

Thinking back on this, what an
amazing concept this is by Morphy!
By all appearances, Lichtenhein
set a trap for him, winning a piece,
yet Morphy sees that he's winning
anyway! Very deep!

Premium Chessgames Member
  beatgiant: I tried to save this for White after 34...b5 35. cxb5 cxb5 36. Ng1, with the idea of liquidating the kingside pawns so Black's remaining passers will be closer together and easier for the knight to deal with.

But it doesn't quite work after 36...a5 37. Nf3 a4+ 38. Ka3 Kd5 39. h4 gxh4 40. Nxh4 Kxe5 41. Ng6+ Ke4 42. Kb4 e5, followed by 43...Kd4 followed by the advance of the e-pawn, etc. and Black is still winning.

Mar-15-05  csmath: I just refuse to believe Morphy was able to calculate the ending completely. He might have seen that he cannot lose, which I guess would be good enough to try. In either case absolutely remarkable ending. I don't get why did Lichtenheim resigned without trying further.
Mar-15-05  RookFile: tamar says he did try further,
but this is all the moves we have.

This ending is a fantastic
conception from Morphy.

May-10-05  Jaymthetactician: Ahhh! So Morphy was a Dutch player? I heard the 2.Nc3 is objectivly best.
May-10-05  Jaymthetactician: I meant Aha!
Dec-19-07  RandomVisitor: After 33...c6

click for larger view

1. (0.00): 34.Na2 b5 35.Kc3 bxc4 36.h3 a5 37.Kd2 Kd4 38.Nc3 Kc5 39.Ne2 Kd5 40.Ke3 Kc5 41.Ke4 Kb4 42.Nd4 a4 43.Nxe6 a3 44.Nd4 Kc3

2. (0.00): 34.Ne2 b5 35.Kc3 bxc4 36.Ng1 a5 37.h3 a4 38.Nf3 Kd5 39.Kb4 c5+ 40.Kxa4 Ke4 41.Nd2+ Kd4 42.Kb5 c3 43.Nb3+ Kxe5 44.Kc4 c2 45.Kc3 Kf4 46.Kxc2 Kg3 47.Nxc5 Kxh3 48.Kd3

Premium Chessgames Member
  heuristic: This is game #4 of the semifinal match of the American Chess Congress.
Premium Chessgames Member
  heuristic: since engines declare this a draw, then with Sergeant's comment in mind; the losing strategy might have been to switch the roles of K & N. Since I perceive the drawing strategy is to have the N watch the passed Q pawns and the K defend the middle.

then something like :
34.Ne2 b5 35.cxb5 cxb5 36.Kc3 b4+ 37.Kb3 a5 38.Ng3 Kd4 39.Nh5 Kxe5 40.h3 Ke4 41.Nf6+ Kf3 ...

so the "advance of the Q pawns" is stopped by the K; but this leaves the N as a poor defender of the middle and its pawns.

Jan-22-15  Tal1949: It is a shame we do not have the final position. Engines say this is a plain old draw, so Lichtenhein must have blundered somewhere.
Premium Chessgames Member
  fredthebear: Black will have connected passed pawns on the kingside, which will tie down the white king from going anywhere. This leaves the white knight trying to protect the white pawns and prevent the black king from penetrating. Even though white has an extra piece, both are passive while the Black king is active.
Oct-10-15  bahamutneo: At move 9 - wouldnt be better for Morphy to play Rf8? then he can let opponent trade queens and have developed the Rook
Premium Chessgames Member
  Marmot PFL: <Sergeant writes "Black eventually won, though there is no further score of the game. The advance of the Q side pawns must decide the issue, enabling Black to turn the hostile centre.">

It seems that this was an informal game, as Morphy had already won the 4 game match with 2 wins and a draw.

Premium Chessgames Member
  beatgiant: <RandomVisitor>
After 34. Na2 b5 35. Kc3, why not reply simply <35...a5>? I don't see a clear way for White to hold the position together after that.
NOTE: You need to pick a username and password to post a reply. Getting your account takes less than a minute, totally anonymous, and 100% free--plus, it entitles you to features otherwise unavailable. Pick your username now and join the chessgames community!
If you already have an account, you should login now.
Please observe our posting guidelines:
  1. No obscene, racist, sexist, or profane language.
  2. No spamming, advertising, or duplicating posts.
  3. No personal attacks against other members.
  4. Nothing in violation of United States law.
  5. No posting personal information of members.
Blow the Whistle See something that violates our rules? Blow the whistle and inform an administrator.

NOTE: Keep all discussion on the topic of this page. This forum is for this specific game and nothing else. If you want to discuss chess in general, or this site, you might try the Kibitzer's Café.
Messages posted by Chessgames members do not necessarily represent the views of, its employees, or sponsors.
Spot an error? Please submit a correction slip and help us eliminate database mistakes!
This game is type: CLASSICAL (Disagree? Please submit a correction slip.)

Featured in the Following Game Collections [what is this?]
Paul Morphy -The Great Chess Genius
by Timothy Glenn Forney
1.d4 f5
from Morphy plays openings other than 1.e4 e5 by Fischer of Men
dutch stonewall
by JakOTheShadows
Is this the correct score?
from Pick & Ch(l)oose Patch o' Berries fo Fredthebear by fredthebear
Is this the correct score?
from Paul Morphy Conquered the World Says Fredthebear by fredthebear
Games Of My Name
by DutchKnight
Morphy Favorites
by chocobonbon
shilohpcg's favorite games
by shilohpcg
[Oct 27 1857] 4th game Morphy wins 3-0-1
from 1857 1st American Chess Congress by date by Calli
Semifinal Round, First Match, Game #4
from New York 1857 by JoseTigranTalFischer
Shibut's Morphy games
by crawfb5
Morphy: A Modern Perspective
by monkeysbum
Is this the correct score?
from Paul Morphy Conquered the World by Atsa
Semifinal Round, First Match, Game #4
from New York 1857 by suenteus po 147
Dutch Def: Raphael Variation (A80)0-1Is this the correct score?
from Tromp, Torre Attack, Byrne Bg5 Stuff Fredthebear by Jersey Joe

home | about | login | logout | F.A.Q. | your profile | preferences | Premium Membership | Kibitzer's Café | Biographer's Bistro | new kibitzing | chessforums | Tournament Index | Player Directory | Notable Games | World Chess Championships | Opening Explorer | Guess the Move | Game Collections | ChessBookie Game | Chessgames Challenge | Store | privacy notice | contact us
Copyright 2001-2018, Chessgames Services LLC