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Albert Marder vs Jose Raul Capablanca
"Marder in the Dark" (game of the day Apr-16-2016)
Rice CC Masters (1913), New York, NY USA, Jul-26
Spanish Game: Closed Variations (C84)  ·  0-1
ANALYSIS [x]

FEN COPIED

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Kibitzer's Corner
Dec-17-12  12.12.12: white's king gets tied to the defense of f3. tsk tsk
Jul-11-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: So gentle. One can imagine Capabalanca saying afterward, "Now that didn't hurt, did it?"
Apr-16-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Mendrys: The final position is very prosaic. All 4 pieces on the board occupy white's second rank and white is powerless to stop h5 and h6.
Apr-16-16  goodevans: Remove black's h-pawn and the position would be zugzwang but with the h-pawn an the board technically it isn't.

Shame, 'coz I love zugzwangs.

Apr-16-16  WickedPawn: Interesting that after 15.Nxe5 'winning' a pawn, 15...Nxe5, 16.Qxh5, Bg4 traps the white queen

I would have taken on e5 immediately in a blitz game.

Apr-16-16  morfishine: definition of prosaic: adjective
1.commonplace or dull; matter-of-fact or unimaginative

Frankly, I find the final position interesting and not dull or prosaic at all

Apr-16-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  kevin86: Oops, white has no moves!
Apr-16-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Peligroso Patzer: I am perplexed by <goodevans>'s post. The final position certainly seems to me as one in which White <is> in zugzwang.

It is possible that <goodevans>'s post meant to refer to <mutual> zugzwang positions (sometimes referred to by the term "trebuchet", especially in pawn endings; see: https://www.chess.com/chessopedia/v...), but if one considers the position after <39. a4> with Black's h-pawn removed, Black would not be in zugzwang. He would still have a waiting move with his king, such as 39. ... Kf6, which would leave White in zugzwang.

In conclusion, I would definitely classify this position under the heading "zugzwang", and I find it a rather elegant one. I agree with <morfishine> that it is by no means "prosaic", as characterized in a different post.

Apr-16-16  The Kings Domain: Fine game from the young Capablanca.
Apr-16-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Mendrys: <morfishine: definition of prosaic: adjective 1.commonplace or dull; matter-of-fact or unimaginative> Dang it! You are right. Not a word I use very often but certainly not the correct choice for the final position. Thanks for the correction!
Apr-16-16  morfishine: <Mendrys> You are very kind to respond sir, sometimes we interject the wrong word or a word that is less effective...no problem at all sir

*****

Apr-16-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  jith1207: What's with that kind of prosaic conversation on the Internet!!!

You two get banned from commenting until you undergo calm-management courses.

Apr-16-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Garech: From move 29 why doesn't white try Ng4? Looks like an annoying move to meet.

Interesting comments, I especially loved <phony Benoni's>!

Apr-16-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  northernfox: "A. Marder is Announced"
Apr-16-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: Hey Albert, don't be such a martyr.
Apr-16-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: <Grech> You definitely have a point. After <28...a5>:


click for larger view

<29.Ng4> would be aggravating, since Black cannot protect the e-pawn (29...Rc5 30.Nxe5!). And this holds for several moves, becoming especially bad after <31...Kf6>


click for larger view

When 32.Ng4+ simply wins the e-pawn directly and probably the game as well. (OK, maybe not against Capablanca, but still...)

When two strong players -- and Marder wasn't all that bad -- miss a simple continuation, it can be shrugged off. Time pressure, distraction, fatigue, or any of a dozen different reasons. When both strong players not only miss a simple continuation, but do so for several mvoes and even make the situation worse by their play, the reason is almost surely a bad score.

Now, I've looked into this tournament a bit (something I recommend to anyone who values their insanity) and had a few of the early sources of the game at hand. Here's the earlies I found, from the <New York Sun>, August 3, 1913:

http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/l...

If you don't want to bother, I'll tell you -- it's identical to our score. So if a mistake is in there, it's been there form the beginning and has simply been copied by everybody else. You don't need a computer to do that.

Why wasn't this brought up then? Because players like Capablanca get a pass on this sort of thing. We assume there's some devilish trap and move on.

After all this, here's my suggestion: after <28.Kg2>


click for larger view

28...P-QR4 is a typo for 28...P-KR4. Simple, easy, uncomplicated, and makes perfect sense as the game goes on. And one added benefit: after <39.a4>:


click for larger view

It turns out the quiet killer move is <39...a5!> -- even better than the game finish.

Unfortunately, there is probably no way this can be "proven", but by cracky I'll bet my bottom Chessbuck I'm right on this one.

Apr-16-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: Sorry, <Garech> -- but I'm not starting all over to correct the post!
Apr-16-16  Jim Bartle: "Marder Most Foul!"
Apr-17-16  goodevans: <Peligroso Patzer> The losing player in a zugzwang only loses because he/she is forced to move. In this position if white could forgo his moves black would still win by advancing the h-pawn.

That is why I say that although this position is very similar to a zugzwang it isn't truly a zugzwang.

You may be unsurprised to find that at work I have a bit of a reputation as a pedant. ;o)

Apr-17-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: Information from sources cited in the Biographer Bistro indicates that 28...h5 and 39...a5were the moves played.

THe discussion begins here:

Biographer Bistro (kibitz #13862)

Apr-27-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Garech: Wow, great analysis <Phony Benoni>!

I'm delighted that you took such an interest in my comment and glad that together we uncovered the truth - although the vast majority of the credit of course belongs to you. Great detective work!

-Garech

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