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Viswanathan Anand vs Hikaru Nakamura
"The All American KID" (game of the day Dec-07-2011)
London Chess Classic (2011), London ENG, rd 4, Dec-06
King's Indian Defense: Orthodox Variation. Bayonet Attack (E97)  ·  0-1
ANALYSIS [x]

FEN COPIED

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Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 8 OF 8 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Dec-09-11  spysfi: Question: Is the engine's evaluation just before Αnand's first "blunder" a final one? Can anybody here tell me for sure that after ten years a super computer (and a hyper algorithm with 1000 ply analysis capability) is going to evaluate the position as +2 or +3 for white? Cheers!
Dec-09-11  bronkenstein: <spysfi> <Can anybody here tell me for sure that after ten years a super computer (and a hyper algorithm with 1000 ply analysis capability) is going to evaluate the position as +2 or +3 for white?>

Machine with such dream capabilities would simply spit out mate in 23 or plain draw instead of the evals , and I believe that it would be mate in 23.

Dec-09-11  spysfi: So, Bronkenstein, don't you think that speaking about "objective" evaluation (arguing about "truth" and ability to measure as in particle physics), is a little bit more complicated than this kibitzing ... in such a chaotic system as chess?
Dec-09-11  loestik: 26.Be6 isn't best who 26.Ne6, because if 26.-Bxe6 27.Nxe6 with fork Q/R! 26.-other 27.Bxc8 and stop the menacing diagonal c8/h3
Dec-09-11  bronkenstein: Welcome to the site Σπύρος , and greetings from Serbia =)

And on topic - I believe that experienced GM ( preferably with lots of XP on both sides of the KID ) armed with strong computer and an hour or two of work on critical positions would give us excellent picture of what happened objectively.

I also know how it feels when you are alone with head in your hands while the clock is ticking.

Dec-10-11  anandrulez: What did vishy say about this game ? I should say that Vishy looked ery immature in dealing with calcultions in this game . Its almost like Anand couldnt calculate anything . Overall his play has become very poor especially complicated games.
Dec-10-11  TheMacMan: what did anand say about this game?
Dec-10-11  arkansaw: Objectively chess is drawn, so why are people wasting their lives away at the board? because they are woodpushers?
Dec-10-11  Shams: <Objectively chess is drawn> Citation needed.
Dec-13-11  frogbert: you can quote me:

"objectively, for players that always offer and accept draws after one half-move, chess is drawn."

that's one of the things i learned from london; "objectively" needs to be qualified with some subject(s).

Dec-16-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  visayanbraindoctor: When the KID first got seriously started in the early 1920s by the hypermoderns (notably Reti), the top masters then seemed to have avoided any variation that led to a closed center made of the black pawns on d6-e5 facing their white counterparts on d5-e4. On the face of it, black obviously plans to attack the base of the white pawn chain by f5, followed by a kingside pawnstorm. Such patterns occur in the much older closed Ruy Lopez, and so they were familiar with it.

Just to take future world champion Alekhine as an example, he seemed to have instinctively opted to play g3 and fianchetto his king bishop and would exchange his d5 pawn whenever black pushed his e-pawn, thus opening the center. This made it all but impossible for black to do a kingside pawn storm. (Until today the g3 and Bg2 idea is employed by many white players in order to attenuate any potential black pawnstorm.)

Alekhine vs G A Thomas, 1923

Alekhine vs J H Morrison, 1923

Kasparov was the greatest KID practitioner in the 1980s to 1990s. Here is a typical Kasparov KID win following the model described above.

Ljubojevic vs Kasparov, 1993

Kasparov quit the KID after Kramnik administered some beatings to him in this opening. Notice though that in Kramnik's KID victories, he never allows black unimpeded kingside play; instead he partially opened the center and went for strong central and kingside activity himself.

Kramnik vs Kasparov, 1994

Kramnik vs Kasparov, 1994

Kramnik vs Kasparov, 1997

These are the crucial games that may have caused Kasparov to quit the KID.

Thus you have two world champions, one in the early and the other in the modern era of the KID, both avoiding a totally closed pawn center; and playing for activity in the center and kingside.

IMO there seems to be something fundamentally unsound with a white strategy of allowing the pattern of a closed center supported by a black c7, d6, e5 pawn chain; and embarking on a pure Queenside pawnstorm. Black's kingside pawnstorm often comes through first, and even if it does not, white still cannot afford a single mistake because it is his king that is at stake. It seems strategically sounder for white to partially open the center and go for strong central and kingside activity himself.

Dec-16-11  bronkenstein: The times of general rules and observations are behind us (in this sad computerised times =), I believe that he simply had issues with the unbelieveable amount of lines he had to memorise and constantly refresh , he was talking that way on his reasons for dropping KID IIRC - <DrMal Kasparov admitted KID simply acquired too much theory in years that followed this game to present> - the opening is much more forced and tactical than many , and white is the one to force in majority of cases , ie his preparation is much narrower.

I can verify this from my own experience , I`m `transitioning` from Volga to KID , and while the former required relatively small amount of theory + some general principles ie strategical patterns of the opening , KID has ENORMOUS amount of lines to learn if you want to have reasonably waterproof repertoire against well prepared opponent. I can imagine the amount of maintenance work required for someone on Kaspy`s level.

Dec-18-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  kingscrusher: <visayanbraindoctor:>

Your post is really good!. Can I use it as a basis for a video?! Also note Kramnik even beat KID exponent John Nunn who was deeply theoretical.

I lost two KID's in my recent Classic unfortunately but they were both fun games to a point.

As a consequence of the pain of these couple of losses, I revised my d5 structure plans recently with this video which may be of interest to KID enthusiasts:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PORH...

What you say intuitively about the fianchetto vs the Kings Indian is very important - Avrukh took the Fianchetto idea and basically did his opening books out of them, playing the Fianchetto against everything. Avukh's volumes seem to receive a lot of praise and even though I did buy them, I haven't had time to read them.

http://www.amazon.co.uk/1-d4-v-1-Gr...

Funny enough also in my two recent KID losses - the opponent did have a defensive fiancheto bishop. In one game though, there was a side effect of playing f3, that I should have picked up on more to save some valuable tempi. Also if White is using more time for prophylaxis with a fianchettoed bishop, sometimes black has alternative plans like play on the Queenside or even to undermine the center. The fianchetto is after all not looking after the f1-a6 diagonal as much, and therefore there is different potential effectiveness of these plans as well as the more direct K-side attack which is less likely to work.

Wasn't it Rubenstein who first introduced the Fianchetto system to stop the attacking potential of the Dutch defence?!

Dec-19-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  visayanbraindoctor: <kingscrusher: Can I use it as a basis for a video?!> Sure!

I think it was Reti who popularized the KID in the 1920s. Reviewing his treatment of the opening, and the reactions of his esteemed opponents, is fascinating, and shows clearly that the pre-WW2 masters were enthusiastically pursuing theoretical opening debates.

Reti's first two KID games in CG database were no less than against Akiba Rubinstein.

Rubinstein vs Reti, 1919

Note that Rubinstein instinctively essays the g3 and Bg2 fianchetto (Rubinstein as you say was fond of the g2 fianchetto), and then exchanges center pawns to open up the d-file. Rubinstein's treatment renders a Kingside pawnstorm impossible, and Reti typically goes for active Queenside play. Rubinstein then was regarded as one of the strongest players in the world, and Reti must have been encouraged with his drawing the game.

Reti's second game with the KID against Rubinstein in 1919 resulted in a loss for him.

Rubinstein vs Reti, 1919

He exchanged his LS bishop for the knight on f3, and tried the f5 push, but Rubinstein typically countered in the center. Nevertheless IMO Reti won the opening battle, winning a pawn. It was Rubinstein's endgame brilliance that overwhelmed him.

Given his generally good result in the opening stage of the game, Reti tries again against Rubinstein.

Rubinstein vs Reti, 1922

Again Rubinstein essays the g2 fianchetto and this time is induced to close the center. Reti then embarks on the f5 pawn push; but we can see here the attenuating effect of the white fianchetto on black's planned kingside attack. Strong Queenside counter-play by white forces black to go for a perpetual.

In the following 1922 games involving Reti, white attempts to counter the black f5 pawn push with g4. Note that Reti himself as white this time played the g2 fianchetto.

Alekhine vs Reti, 1922

Saemisch vs Reti, 1922

Reti vs Yates, 1922

In his next two games, Reti played c5, transposing the game into a Benoni-like structure. He obtained a strong initiative in these games- and probably deemed them an opening success.

Gruenfeld vs Reti, 1923

Marshall vs Reti, 1924

The latter looks distinctively Benko- gambit like.

Reti also tried the KID against the formidable Alekhine in New York 1924,

Alekhine vs Reti, 1924

but Alekhine does the g2 fianchetto and completely opens up the center. This game must have discouraged Reti because he abstained from the KID for two years. By 1926, he must have found improvements and assayed it once again vs Alekhine.

Alekhine vs Reti, 1926

AAA responded again with the g2 Fianchetto, and outplayed Reti in a nice endgame.

Reti then quit playing the KID against top masters. He had waged a theoretical battle against two of the best. First against Rubinstein, although with a losing score, his KID could be deemed an opening success. Second against Alekhine, Reti must have regarded his KID a failure.

Reti did play it against a weaker master, Landau, who used AAA's idea, but Landau was not of AAA's caliber. Reti almost routinely won.

S Landau vs Reti, 1927

Ironically Reti in turn tried Alekhine's idea himself as white against another KID practitioner Yates; and lost:

Reti vs Yates, 1927

Jan-02-12  LIFE Master AJ: http://www.ajschess.com/thegotmman/...

This will be my "Game of The Month" for December, 2011. (I am way behind, I got sick over the Christmas Holidays and then my PC crashed.)

Jan-05-12  LIFE Master AJ: My web page is finished.
Jan-05-12  SChesshevsky: Related to the KID, From an article in Chess Life & Review March 1974 by Edward Lasker. He basically wrote:

When WWI broke out many European players (Alekhine, Janowski, Reti,, Vidmar, Bogolyubov, etc.) happened to be in Germany and were detained. They played chess day and night during the war years and mainly studied the Indian Defense now known as the KID which Nimzovich was said to have invented. These players were so successful with the defense after the war that Reti studied it for use with White and came up with the Reti Opening.

Related to Anand's caution OTB it may have been warranted, Nakamura's Kside attack can be quite dangerous.

An lesson example I use is

Gelfand vs Nakamura, 2010

Feb-12-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  acirce: <14..f4? [...] After 14..Ng6 15.Be3 Nf4 16.Qc2 fxe4 17.fxe4 a6 White definitely stands better, but it is certainly a better try than the game, where I am objectively lost.> -- Hikaru Nakamura, New In Chess 2012/1.
Feb-12-12  Shams: <acirce> Ha!
Feb-12-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  RookFile: King's Indian games can be found in the 1800's, so I don't think Nimzo invented anything here.

W Paulsen vs F Riemann, 1880

Feb-13-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: <SChesshevsky:> Barely have ever read so much b/s in a single post (exempted from the risks contingent pages here or postings of the usual suspects).
Jul-04-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  wordfunph: "GM Naiditsch reckoned that me playing the King's Indian against Anand was something akin to a samurai running at a machine gun with a sword."

- Hikaru Nakamura

Aug-01-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  Landman: "I don't really have to find the difficult moves here. I attack, it if works, it works, if it doesn't, I lose horribly and look like an idiot."

-H. Nakamura

May-16-15  KID Slayer: This game is severely flawed and overrated...

Its reputation only holds high due to KID players that fail to recognize the strategic drawbacks behind Nakamura's play in the opening, or simply retreat back and claim that this was a masterpiece demonstrating the KID's revival in modern play, which it is most definitely not. Such arguments are based only on bias that defends the KID's status as a good opening for aggressive players, but omit the fact that it is actually unsound.

Even Nakamura himself should have been aware that he was genuinely lost to Anand. Denying that he was "objectively" lost implicitly points out that his play was unsound (even he knew it) and that Anand, with simple correct and logically human play (22.Rxa7 and 29.Bh3 for instance rather than 22.Kh1?! and 29.Nc4??), would have crushed Nakamura. It doesn't even take a computer to point out that Anand clearly had a winning position, and the KID would've been proven unsound yet again, like Korchnoi once said. I don't know what Anand was going through at the time, but there was no excuse for his feeble and hesitant play on the queenside that left all of his pieces loose. Had he been in his prime, such a flawed game would not even result.

Bayonet Attack FTW.

Dec-12-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Jambow: <IMO there seems to be something fundamentally unsound with a white strategy of allowing the pattern of a closed center supported by a black c7, d6, e5 pawn chain; and embarking on a pure Queenside pawnstorm. Black's kingside pawnstorm often comes through first, and even if it does not, white still cannot afford a single mistake because it is his king that is at stake. It seems strategically sounder for white to partially open the center and go for strong central and kingside activity himself.>

While I play at a substantially lower level I have some nice scalps with the KID. If the center remains closed and I can regain a tempo or two with a pawn thrust on the kings side I seldom lose and I'm the one posing problems for my opponent.

No matter KID has a nice win loss percentage for a reason and is dangerous and can be very effective. I also know with an open center my positive results are much less likely confirming exactly what <VBD> says so well here. It is by no means an unsound opening and this game was incredibly complex. Nakamura's sentiments when Daniel King questioned it's soundness were to the effect that for engines that may be true but humans make errors and this type of play gives ample opportunity for them to do so.

Korchnoi lost games against the KID himself so maybe he should have been quiet.

People can say this or that is unsound but if the best players to have ever played the game struggle and lose the lessor critics are just blowing hot air.

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