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Viswanathan Anand vs Anish Giri
Gashimov Memorial (2019), Shamkir AZE, rd 5, Apr-04
Spanish Game: Berlin Defense (C65)  ·  1-0


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Kibitzer's Corner
Apr-04-19  CaradhrasAiguo: As both players pointed out at the press conference, 20...Qh5 allowing 21. Bc7-b6 (monster bishop), freeing White's d1-rook from the defence of the d4-pawn and and allowing doubling with 25. Rde1.

Anand excellently punished Giri for not playing dynamically.

Apr-04-19  GFTSP: Vicious Anand!!!
Apr-04-19  goodevans: Trying to understand Giri's play from <35...Qh1> onward isn't easy.

click for larger view

It seems to me that 35...Qh1 is designed to stop white playing e6, which it does temporarily since <36.e6 hxg4 37.hxg4 Qg2+ 38.Ke1 Qxg4> would be fine for black. The trouble is that this move is easily countered by <36.Kg3> and the threat of e6 is back on.

This suggests preparing ...Qh1 with first <35...h4>.

click for larger view

This is just as effective against the immediate e6 because of <36.e6? Bxe6 37.fxe6? Rf8+ 38.Kg2 Qf1+>.

So why didn't Giri play this? Perhaps he wanted to retain the option of playing <...hxg4> at some point.

But then why didn't he do just that? There were at least two subsequent moves where that would have been better than what he played.

Maybe time pressure had something to do with his odd choices?

Apr-04-19  Caleb554: Giri was equal and very slightly better
before 22 Bb4.

Anand's moves starting from 23.Ne1 24.Nd3 25.Rde1 26.f4 are engines first suggested moves and plan. Still goes to show how strong Anand is, in finding the right plan in the middle game.

Apr-04-19  Ulhumbrus: It may be that the move 20...Qh5? is a serious positional error for the following reason.

Black's compensation for White's advantage in space and central pawn superiority consists of his bishop pair.

The value of this will be reduced at least if White can gain a good post for his knight eg on e5 or c5.

The pawn on f6 prevents Ne5 but what about c5?

At the moment Black may be able to answer Nc5 with ...b6, forcing the knight out.

However Black can't do that if White can play the manoeuvre Bg3-c7-b6.

At the risk of repetition the move 20...Qh5 allows the manoeuvre Bg3-c7-b6 preventing the move ...b6 in reply to the manoeuvre Nc5, so that Black can't stop White's knight from occupying a good post and so reducing at least the value of his bishop pair, and so reducing Black's compensation for White's advantage in space and central pawn superiority.

After 22 Bb6 one alternative for Black is the manoeuvre Bf8-e7-d8 making possible the move ...b6 if the N goes to c5. However this will cost time and besides the move ...b6 will make the c6 pawn backward and a target.

Premium Chessgames Member
  ChessHigherCat: Thanks for all the analysis, youz guyz!

Huge stretch from moves to 14 to 27 with pure maneuvering and no captures, it's kind of like watching a silent movie.

Premium Chessgames Member
  jith1207: Anand's first ever win in Classical games against Giri. He still trails 1-2.

When I saw the Giri's diamond pawn structure on queen side, it looked like a good place for Anand's DSB. If Anand places the bishop over there (as shown in diagrams just above), the only piece from the opponent that can attack the bishop without changing the pawn structure would be a Knight or Black's DSB. Once that bishop is gone, White's DSB found a safe place without requiring a support.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Ron: After White's 20 Bg3 my Stockfish 9 gives Black the advantage, which Black whittles away to zero with 20. ... Qa5.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Ron: After 22. Bg6 my Stockfish 9 evaluates the position as about equal.

The error for Black was 22. ... Bb4, where my Stockfish 9's evaluation jumps for White:

23. Ne1 Bd6 24. Nd3 f5 25. e5 Be7 26. Nf4 Qf7 27. Rg3 Bh4 28. Nxe6 Qxe6 29. Rgd3 g6 30. Qd2 Be7 31. a4 bxa4 32. bxa4 Qc4 33. a5 Bb4 34. Rc1 Bxd2 35. Rxc4 Bg5 36. Rb3 Kf7 37. Kh2 f4 38. Rcb4 Be7 39. Bc5 Bxc5 40. dxc5 Rxe5 41. Rxb7 Rxb7 42. Rxb7+ Ke6 43. Rb6 Rxc5 44. Rxa6 Rc2 45. Rb6 Ra2 46. Rxc6+ Kd7 + (0.33++) Depth=40/52 0:06:41 589 MN

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